96th Infantry Regiment

Pennsylvania Volunteers

The National Light Infantry of Pottsville, a company of over thirty years' standing, the first organized body of men in the United States to offer its services to the General Government at the outbreak of the rebellion, and have them accepted, one of the first five companies from this State to reach the menaced capital, and afterwardsa part of the Twenty-fifth Regiment in the three months' service, formed the nucleus of the Ninety-sixth iegihnent, and recruited and re-organized under its former Second Lieutenaint Lewis J. Martin, was the first to report in camp. Henry L. Cake, who had commanded the Twenty-fifth begiment, had received authority from the War Department, on the 13th of August, 1861, to raise a regiment for three years, and establishing a camp at Lawton's Hill, overlooking the town of Pottsville, at once commenced the work of recruiting, many of theofficers and men of his old command entering the new. With the exception of companies C, E, G and H, in which were some men from Luzerne, Berks, Dauphin, and Montgomery counties, the regiment was recruited in Schuylkill county.

On the 23d of September the command was mustered into the United States service with the following fieldofficers:

  • Henry L. Cake, Colonel
  • Jacob G. Frick, Lieutenant Colonel
  • Lewis J. Martin, Major

A week later, a company under Wm. H. Lessig, organized as a light battery, to be attached to the regiment, came into camp. Subsequently Company C, Captain Beaton Smith, was, by order of the Governor, transferred to the Fifty-second Regiment, when Lessig's company was substituted as infantry in its place. On the 6th of November, Governor Curtin and staff visited Pottsville, and presented, with appropriateceremonies, the State colors.

On the 8th of November the regiment moved by rail to Washington,and upon its arrival went into camp at Kendall Green, where it was armed with Harper's Ferry muskets. Colonel Cake promptly reported to General Casey, and was at once placed in command of the First Provisional Brigade, of which the Ninety-sixth formed part. The regiment was here thoroughly drilled in the imanual, company, and battalion exercises. On the 25th it crossed the Potonmac,and encamped on the Leesburg Pike, a short distance beyond Fort Ellsworth. It was assigned to Slocum's Brigade1 of Franklin's Division, and on the 27th of December went into permanent winter-quarters on the Loudon and Hampshire Railroad, near its crossing of Four Mile Run. It remained engaged in drill and occasional picket duty until the 10th of March, 1862, when it joinedin the abortive movement upon Manassas,but soon returned to camp.

Battle of West Point

On the 4th of April, with M'Dowell's Corps, it took up the line of march for Fredericksburg. On reaching Catlett's Stationit went into camp, and remained until the 12th, when Franklin'sDivision returned to Alexandria, and embarked for the Peninsula. M'Clellan was now engaged in the siege of Yorktown, and on the 23d, the division having arrived, a part of it debarked in the vicinity of Cheeseman's Creek. The enemy having evacuated Yorktown on the 4th of lMay, the troops onshore again embarked, and proceeding up the York River, on the 6th, in companywith the divisions of Sedgwick, Porter, and Richardson, arrived at four P. M. at Brick House Point, below West Point, where the Twenty-seventh New York, andcompanies A, B, C and D, of the Ninety-sixth debarked, and forming in line ofbattle, with skirmishers thrown out, advanced for the protection of thepioneers engaged in slashing timber and obstructing the roads.

"At nineo'clock on the following morning the order was given for the Sixteenth,Thirty-first, and Thirty-second New York, and the Ninety-fifth and Ninety-sixthPennsylvania regiments to advance into the woods and drive off some of therebel scouts who were firing occasional shots at our pickets, supposed to besupported by a force concealed in the woods. This proved correct; for no soonerhad our men made an advance into the woods than they were received with avolley of musketry from the rebels who were hidden in tho dense undergrowth.Our men pressed on and gave thema a volley, after which the enemy retreatedfurther into the woods, with the Thirty-second New York close at their heels;but they were too swift footed for our boys-being more protected-and they soonleft the Thirty-second struggling in the mud."2

The Ninety-sixthwas now held upon the extreme left of the line, nearest to Brick House Point,to prevent a flank movement of the enemy in that direction, while the fightingon the right centre, where his forces were concealed in a dense swamp, wasanimated, the Thirty-first and Thirty-second New York, and the Ninety-fifthPennsylvania sustaining considerable loss.

After the engagement at West Point, the Fifth and Sixth Provisional corps wereorganized, to the latter of which General Franklin was assigned, General Slocumbeing promoted to the command of the division, and Colonel Bartlett, of theTwenty-seventh New York, to that of the brigade. On the 25th the division movedpast Gaines' Mill, and went into camp in the vicinity of Hogan's House, justbeyond. A few days later the brigade moved up to Mechanicsville, where itremained doing picket duty along the Chickahominy until the 6th of June when itreturned to its former position at the Hogan House.

On the 18th the division wasrelieved by the Pennsylvania Reserves, and crossing the Chickahominy atWoodbury Bridge, took position on the right bank, between Smith's Division,which had the right, and Sumner's Corps the left. Here the brigade remainedengaged in arduous picket and fatigue duty until the opening of the Seven Days'Battles. On the evening of that day, the 26th, a detail of three hundred andfifty men of the Ninety-sixth, with a like detail of the Seventh Maine, underLieutenant Colonel Frick, advanced to the front in the direction of Old Tavern,and under cover of darkness, threw up a redoubt in close proximity to theenemy's lines. At early dawn it retired unassailed, leaving the relief to fightduring the day, what was known as the battle of Golden's Farm.

Gaines' Mill

Returning to campnear Strong Courtney's House, it re-joined the brigade, and with the entiredivision moved to a position on the right of Smith's Division, between Lewis'Hill and the Chickahominy, the right resting near Duane Bridge,opposite the left of the Gaines' Mill battle-field. Here it remained until twoo'clock, when Porter's forces being hard pressed in the battle, under orders, Newton's, then Taylor'sJersey Brigade, and shortly after Bartlett's,marched to his support, crossing the Chickahominy by the Woodbury Bridge.Previous to starting, a detail from the Ninety-sixth, with one from the ThirdVermont, under Adjutant M. E. Richards, destroyed Duane Bridge.At twenty minutes past three the brigade reached the scene of action on theleft of the line, moved past General St. George Cooke's Cavalry, occupying asheltered position to the rear and left of Adams' House, and was immediatelyafterwards ordered to the relief of Sykes' command, which was engaged insupporting Weed's, Edwards', and Tidball's batteries, the latter on the extremeright of the position.

The arrival of the brigade wasopportune. The Fifth and Tenth New York, on the left of Sykes, driven back, hadbeen re-placed by the First Pennsylvania Reserve, which in turn was relieved bya part of Newton'sBrigade. The, Regulars, hard pressed, were wavering. Instantly the Fifth Maine,then the Twenty-seventh New York, the Sixteenth New York, and shortly after theNinety-sixth Pennsylvania, advanced across the field under a heavy fire, andtook position along the crest of the hill, from the left of Griffin's-thensupported by Newton's men-to the rear of Tidballs Battery.

The Ninety-sixth was at first heldin support, closed in mass in the open valley below, where it was fearfullyexposed. To shield his men and save them from the destruction to which theyseemed almost inevidently condemned, Colonel Cake moved them close up on theside of the hill. The Sixteenth New York, which was ordered to advance, sooncame under a fearful enfilading fire, and was driven in some confusion. The Ninetysixth,which had in the meantime been deployed in line, was brought to confront theenemy's line, and the word given to advance. It was answered with a cheer, andas by one impulse, the line dashed forward, re-took the lost ground, and heldit until night. The boldness of this charge undoubtedly saved the right of thearmy from disaster. The loss of the brigade in this engagement was severe, thatof the Ninty-sixth was thirteen killed, fifty-nine wounded, and fourteenmissing. Lieutenant Ernest T. Ellrich was among the killed.

Retiring to its old camp beyond Woodbury Bridge,the brigade rested for the night, and on the following morning was moved to Fort Davidson,to the right of the line. Scarcely had it got into position, When the enemyopened a heavy artillery fire from the vicinity of Dr. Gaines' House, on theopposite bluff of the Chickahominy, rendering the position untenable, andobliging it to retire, when, with the entire army, it about faced, andcommenced the march for the James. After crossing White Oak Creek, it wasposted to defend the passage, and in the battle of Charles City Cross Roadsoccupied a position to the right of the line, in the vicinity of Glendale. During thenight of the 30th, it retired to Malvern Hill, where, during the terrificfighting of the 1st of July, it was posted on the extreme left of the field,near Carter's Mill, and Colonel Cake was placed in command of the brigade.Retiring with 1862 CRAMPTON'S GAP. 385 the army to Harrison'sLanding, on the morning of the 3d of July, the regiment pitched tents on themuddy plains of Westover Landing. From this it moved out on the Westover Road, andafter two successive changes of camps, on the 15th moved with the brigade intothe breastworks looking towards Malvern Hill, where it remained employed inpicket and fatigue duty until the evacuation.

While here the regiment received Enfield rifles inexchange for the Austrian muskets with which it had made the campaign. ThePottsville Cornet Band, which had been attached to the regiment from itsorganization, was by a general order of the War Department relieved fromfurther duty, and returned home.

On the 29th Lieutenant ColonelFrick resigned, to take command of the One Hundred and Twenty-ninthPennsylvania, Captain Joseph Anthony of company F, to be Major of the sameregiment, and Lieutenant Z. P. Boyer of company D, to be Lieutenant Colonel ofthe One Hundred and Seventy-third Regiment.

1862 Bull Run

On the 16th ofAugust the brigade moved from camp on the James, and taking transports at Newport News, arrived at Alexandriaon the 24th, and went into bivouac along the Little River Turnpike, below Fort Ellsworth.On the 27th it moved into Fort Lyons, but was relieved on the 29th, and followed therest of the corps, joining it at Annandale.On the 30th the corps pushed forward through Fairfaxand Centreville, crossed Cub Run, and arrived in time to join in stemming thetide of disaster, which was sweeping the Bull Runbattle-field.

Crampton's Gap

Returning to Alexandria, the regiment joined in the Maryland campaign, which was immediatelyafter inaugurated. The army moved for the crossing of the South Mountain,by Crampton's and Turner's passes, each held by strong bodies of the enemy.Franklin's Corps arrived in front of Crampton's Gap, which debouches intoPleasant Valley in the rear of, and but five miles from Maryland Heights,opposite Harper's Ferry, at noon of the 14th of September. The Ninety-sixth inadvance of the column, entered Burkettsville early in the morning, driving outthe rebel skirmishers, and drew the fire of his artillery upon the mountaindeveloping his line of defence. Immediately forming with Slocum on the right,his line being composed of Bartlett's and Torbert's brigades, supported by Newton's, with Smith disposed for the protection ofSiocum's flank, Franklinattacked. The pass was held by M'Laws' Division of the rebel army, underGeneral Cobb, the position an excellent one for defence. The brigade was formedon the right of the line, and advanced to within a thousand yards of a stonewall, where the enemy was making a final stand.

The Ninety-sixth, which had beenengaged upon the left of the line, now came up, and the other regiments of thebrigade, with ammunition exhausted, falling back, advanced upon the concealedfoe, in line with Torbert's Brigade, which had the left. The path of theNinety-sixth was across open fields, intersected by fences and hedges, whereevery man presented a fair mark for the keen eyed rebel sharp-shooter. But theline dashed forward, pausing at each fence to fire a volley, until it reached athin strip of corn. As it approached this field the enemy's fire ceased, andwhile it was passing through it an ominous silence prevailed; but the moment itemerged from this slight cover a perfect sheet of flame was poured upon it, andmany of the bravest fell. But unflinching the survivors dashed forward with thebayonet, completely routed the enemy's line, and took many prisoners. The lossin the Ninety-sixth was twenty killed, seventy-one severely, and fourteenslightly wounded, out of less than four hundred effective men who entered theengagement. Major Martin, and Lieutenant John Dougherty, were among the killed.


On the 17th, atAntietam, Franklin's Corps arrived upon the right of the field, where thefighting had been most terrific, at a time when the corps of Hooker and Sumner,broken and greatly thinned, were yielding ground, and immediately hurled backthe foe, sweeping across the corn field, aind holding firmly the gory ground, overwhich the firey bellows of the battle had been sweeping to and fro, until theclose of the contest. The position of Bartlett'sBrigade was to the rear and left of the batteries of Porter, Walcott, andWilliston, where it remained throughout the day. Though exposed to a continuousand heavy artillery fire the loss in the regiment was only two killed.

After the battle the corps wasposted at the cross-roads north-east of Bakersville. General Slocum, who hadbeen proimoted to the command of the Twelfth Corps, was succeeded in command ofthe division by General W. T. H Brooks. Captain Peter A. Filbert wascommissioned Lieutenant Colonel, to date from July 30th, and Captain William H.Lessig to Major, to date from September 15th.

With the corps the regiment movedback into Virginia, and followed the army inits subsequent manteuvers, until, under Burnside, it entered on the Fredericksburg campaign,Colonel Cake in the meantime being placed in command of a mixed force ofinfantry, cavalry, and artillery, which was in position at Thoroughfare Gap,and subsequently in command of the brigade.

On the 12th of December, afterhaving first assisted in laying the pontoons at Franklin'scrossing, it moved over the Rappahannock, andafter some skirmishing took position with the brigade along the Bowling GreenLoad at a point above where it is crossed by Deep Run. Here it remained, underan almost continuous shower of shot and shell without becoming actively engagedexcept upon the skirmish line, until the night of the 15th, when it re-crossedthe river, the army at the same time retiring, and went into camp near WhiteOak Church.

Late in December, LieutenantColonel Filbert was honorably discharged, Major Lessig being subsequentlypromoted to succeed him.

On the 16th of January, 1863, theregiment moved to Belle Plain Landing on fatigue duty, retiring on the 19th.and on the 20th joined the column in its movement upon the Mud March. Returningto the old camp grounds of the brigade near White Oak Church on the 25tbh, the regimentremained until the 1st of February, when, with the exception of companies C andK, it was detached, and sent to Woodmill Point on heavy fatigue duty. Here,subject to the orders of General Patrick, Provost Marshal General of the army,it was engaged in constant service until the 1st of March, when it againre-joined the brigade.

Colonel Cake received his firstleave of absence since entering the service, in January, 1863, resigned March12th, and his resignation was accepted on the 2d of May following. The commandof the regiment then devolved on Lieutenant Colonel Lessig.

Towards the close of April, thearmy having been thoroughly re-organized under General Hooker, stood ready forthe order to advance on the Chancellorsvillecampaign. To the Sixth Corps, now under command of General Sedgwick, wasassigned the part to advance by way of Fredericksburgand lMarye's Heights. At two o'clock on the afternoon of the 28th of April thebrigade occupied Stafford Heights. On the night ofthe 29th, following closely Russells Brigade, it passed over the Rappalhannoekat Franklin'sCrossing and with slight loss occupied the enemy's works on the Bernard Farm.On the morning of the 3d of May, the regiment was sent out by General Brooks toclear the front of the enemy's sharpshooters, who were annoying the Unionartillerists posted beyond the Bowling Green Road, in front of the Bernard Mansion.This order was successfilly executed, but not without stubborn resistance, theregiment losing five killed and eighteen wounded.

1864 Salem Church

After the captureof Marye's Heights-which was handsomely accomplished by Newton's and Howe'sdivisions-Brooks' Division, which had been held in reserve, now advanced,-withthe exception of the 27th New York, left behind for guard and observation,-andtook the lead in pursuit of the re-treating enemy. In the vicinity of Salem Church,Bartlett'sBrigade was drawn up, and advanced in line of battle on the left of the road,Torbert's Jersey Brigade on the right, Russell's Brigade, with the artillery,moving upon the road in reserve, ready to act as occasion might require. It wasknown that the enemy was in the woods beyond, but it was supposed to be therear guard of his retreating columnn, and the information had been derived fromrebel deserters, doubtless sent back to mislead the Union generals, that histrains had fallen into hopeless confusion and could be easily captured. Withoutstopping to shell the woods or develope the enemy's strength, Brooks' Divisionwas pushed forward, on the very heels of the skirmishers, until it camesuddenly upon three divisions of the rebel army,-most of which had been sentback from Chancellorsville,-drawn up in ambush, awaiting the advance of theUnion column.

The surprise was complete, and thedivision with its support was driven back, suffering grievous slaughter. Theloss in the regiment, including that at the Bowling Green Road,was sixteen killed,fifty-seven wounded and twenty missing. Lieutenant Alexander Allison was amongthe mortally wounded.

Unable to hold the ground the corpsretired by Banks' Ford, and at midnight of the 4th of May, the regimentbivouacked on the heights overlooking the ford. The Twenty-third New Jerseyhaving been left to cover the ford and remove the pontoons, unable to accomplishthe work, the Ninety-sixth was sent to take its, place, and successfullyperformed the duty. Relieved by the cavalry on the 8th, it re-joined thebrigade, and again went into camp near White Oak Church.

About the middle of May, the termof service of the Sixteenth and Twenty-seventh New York regiments havingexpired, they were mustered out, and the Ninety-fifth Pennsylvania andThirty-first New York, of Russell's command, were transferred to the brigade. Afew days later General Brooks was ordered to the command of the Department ofthe Allegheny, headquarters at Pittsburg,and General H. G. Wright succeeded him in command of the division.

Early in June, great activity beingmanifested by the rebel army, the Sixth Corps was again ordered to cross the Rappahannock for a reconnoissance in force. At two P. M.on the 6th, the brigade occupied StaffordHeights, and at evening passed over atFranklin'sCrossing. Extensive earthworks were thrown up all along the line of the BernardPlantation, from Deep Run Ravine to a point beyond the ruins of the Bernard Mansion. Continuous skirmishing was keptup with occasional artillery practice. From supporting the Fifth U. S. Battery,the regiment was sent on the 7th to picket the Deep Pun Ravine. Here itremained under a continuous fire until relieved by the Fortyninth, and OneHundred and Nineteenth Pennsylvania regiments, and late at night on the 10th itreturned to Stafford Heights, where, on the following day, in presence ofnearly the entire division, a beautiful silk flag, the gift of friends inSchuylkill county, was presented by a committee of citizens.

Gettysburg Campaign

Early on themorning of the 12th, the brigade was sent out on picket, covering the countryfrom the Rappahannock nearly to the Potomac.At nine o'clock on the evening of the 13th the regiment was withdrawn from thepicket line, and re-joining the brigade at WhiteOak Church,started on the ever memorable Gettysburgcampaign. With only short intervals of rest the movement continued until theafternoon of July 2d, when at the moment of great peril in the battle, as theveterans of Longstreet, massed upon the extreme left, were doubling up anddriving the corps of Sickles, it arrived upon the field. Foot sore and weary,the men were at once formed, and with scarcely a moment's rest, were pushedforward upon the right of the road leading out to the Peach Orchard, to aslight elevation, on the right and front of Little Round Top, and took positionbehind a stone fence which it held with slight loss until the close of thebattle.

On the morning of the 5th of Julythe Sixth Corps started in pursuit of the enemy. Prisoners were taken at everyturn, and the enemy's rear guard was closely pressed, compelling him to openfrequently with his artillery.

The sufferings in this pursuit wereintense. The crossing of Cotoctin Mountain, along aby-road, at night, and in the midst of a terrific thunder storm, will ever beremembered for its hardships. On the 10th the regiment, with two companies ofthe One Hundred and Twenty-first, skirmished in the advance along the Funkstown Road, anddrove the rear of the enemy, after stubborn resistance, across the Antietam at Claggett's Mills. In this skirmish, andsubsequently, while upon the picket line in front of Hagerstown, the regiment lost severalwounded.

Without coming to battle the enemyescaped into Virginia,and the Uinion army followed. After successive marchings and countermarchings,the brigade, in the latter part of July, was detached from the division andsent to New Baltimore, where it was employed in picketing and scouting, and theusual rounds of drill and parade.

On the 4th of September rebelguerrillas made a midnight descent upon General Bartlett's headquarters. Theregiment was at the time on picket, and in the encounter three of its numberwere wounded, the enemy being quickly routed. On the 15th of September thecommand left New Baltimore, and moved to Warrenton, where it entered on Meade'sRapidan Campaign, returning from Centreville to the vicinity of Warrenton onthe 20th of October. Here it remained until the 7th of November, when, with thecommand, it moved to Rappahannock Station, the brigade supporting Russell inthe battle which ensued. The loss was one severely, and several slightlywounded.

The command went into camp near theconfluence of the Aestham with the Rappahannock,and with the exception of the movement to Mine Run, and in support of thecavalry in the reconnoissance to Robertson's River, it remained in quartershere during the winter, a considerable number of the regiment re-enlisting, inthe meantime, as veteran volunteers.

1864 The WildernessCampaign

On the 4th of May,1864, the brigade broke up winter-quarters and crossing the Rapidan, joined inthe Battle ofthe Wilderness. It was almost constantly engaged in skirmishing during the fivesucceeding days, and on the 10th of May took part in the charge of the twelvepicked regiments of the Sixth Corps on the enemy's works. The loss in thecommand was very heavy. Captain Edward Thomas being among the mortally wounded.

On the 12th, at the salient knownas the Slaughter Pen, in front of Spottsylvania, the fragment of the regimentremaining, with the division decimated as it was, held the position from earlydawn until late at night, exposed during the whole time to a fire of musketry,which for severity, has few parallels in the history of warfare. So incessantwas the shower of missiles, that trees over a foot in diameter, were cut off bythe constant stroke of bullets. The loss in this series of engagements wasthirty-three killed, one hundred and thirteen wounded, and thirty-nine missing,of whom the greater part were subsequently ascertained to have been killed.Remaining in the vicinity until the 14th, under almost continuous fire, the commandmoved to Bleak Hill, where, as at Salem Church, the division waspushed against the enemy in force; but soon finding itself overpowered, rapidlyretired, some of the general officers making a narrow escape.

Upon reaching Cold Harbor, thebrigade, to which the Second Connecticut Heavy Artillery had been added,stormed and carried a portion of the enemy's works in front of the Cold HarborHouse, sustaining heavy loss. It was here that acting Adjutant John T. Hannumreceived his mortal wound.

From Cold Harbor the brigade movedto the James, bivouacking on Tyler's Plantation, and movingthence by water to Bermuda Hundred. Crossing the Appomattoxit moved up to the Petersburgfront, arriving on the 19th of June. Here the regiment was employed in buildingbreast works, picketing, sharpshooting, with occasional charges upon theenermy's works, involving sharp fighting.

On the 29th it took part in thedescent upon the Weldon Railroad, in which a considerable portion of the trackwas completely destroyed. Remaining in front of Petersburguntil July 10th, the brigade, in company with a part of the, corps, marched toCity Point, whence it moved by transport to Washington.

Upon its arrival it was at once putupon the track of Early, who, with a considerable body of the rebel army, wasthreatening Washington.With the Army of the Shenandoah the regiment participated in all the operationsin the Valley up to September 22d, when, its term of service having expired,leaving a battalion composed of the veterans and recruits, which wassubsequently consolidated with the Ninety-fifth Regiment, it withdrew from thefront at Strasburg, and took up the line of march for Harper's Ferry, convoyingthither a train of ambulances filled with the wounded.

Proceeding by way of Baltimore and Harrisburg itreached Pottsvilleon the 26th, and on the evening of that day received at the hands of thecitizens, a most flattering public welcome.

On the 21st of October, atHestonville, in West Philadelphia, it was paidand finally mustered out of service.

*The history of the Ninety-sixth is in a measure a continuation of the historyof the First Five Companies and of the Twenty-fifth Regiment. In the note tothe fifth page of the first volume, relative to the National Light Infantry,the name of Henry L. Cake, was by mistake omitted from the names of Captains,and to his exertions was it largely due that when the crisis of the rebellioncame this company was organized and ready to move.

1Organization of Slocum's Brigade, Franklin's Division,subsequently the Second Brigade, First Division, Sixth Corps. SixteenthRegiment New York Volunteers, Colonel Joseph Howland; Twenty-seventh RegimentNew York Volunteers, Colonel Joseph J. Bartlett; Fifth Regiment MaineVolunteers, Colonel Nathaniel J. Jackson; Ninety-sixth Regirrient PennsylvaniaVolunteers, Colonel Henry L. Cake. The One Hundred and Twenty-first New -York,Colonel Emory Upton, was added to the brigade in September, 1862.

2Moore's Rebellion Record, Vol V, page 29,Does.

Source:  Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Regiments, p. 1861-1865.


Organized at Pottsville September 9 to October 30, 1861.
Left State for Washington, D.C., November 18, 1861.
Attached to Slocum's Brigade, Franklin's Division.
Army Potomac, to March, 1862.
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army Potomac, to April, 1862.
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock, to May, 1862.
2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 6th Army Corps, Army Potomac,
and Army of the Shenandoah, to October, 1864.


Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till March. 1862.
Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15.
McDowell's advance on Falmouth April 4-17.
Return to Alexandria and embark for the Peninsula.
Siege of Yorktown April 24-May 4 (on transports).
West Point May 7-8.
Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1.
Gaines' Mill June 27.
Charles City Cross Roads and Glendale June 30.
Malvern Hill July 1.
At Harrison's Landing till August 16.
Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28.
In works at Centreville August 28-31.
Cover Pope's retreat to Fairfax C. H. September 1.
Maryland Campaign September 6-24.
Crampton's Pass, South Mountain, September 14.
Antietam September 16-17.
Duty in Maryland till October 30.
Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19.
Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15.
Burnside's second Campaign, "Mud March," January 20-24, 1863.
At Falmouth till April.
Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6.
Operations at Franklin's Crossing April 29-May 2.
Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg, May 3.
Salem Heights May 3-4.
Banks' Ford May 4.
Gettysburg Campaign June 13-July 24.
Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 2-4.
Pursuit of Lee July 5-24.
At and near Funkstown, Md., July 10-13.
Hagerstown July 14.
Duty on line of the Rappahannock till October.
Bristoe Campaign October 9-22.
Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8.
Rappahannock Station November 7.
Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2.
Duty at Hazel River till May, 1864.
Rapidan Campaign May 4-June 12.

Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7; Spottsylvania C. H. May 8-21.
Assault on the Salient May 12.
North Anna River May 23-26.
On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28.
Totopotomoy May 28-31.
Cold Harbor June 1-12.
Before Petersburg June 17-18.
Jerusalem Plank Road June 22-23.
Siege of Petersburg till July 9.
Moved to Washington, D.C., July 9-11.
Repulse of Early's attack on Washington July 11-12.
Pursuit of Early to Snicker's Gap July 14-18.
Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August to October.
Near Charlestown August 21-22.
Charlestown August 24.
Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19.
Fisher's Hill September 22.
New Market September 24.
Battle of Cedar Creek October 19.
Mustered out October 21, 1864, expiration of term.


Regiment lost during service:

6 Officers and 126 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and
1 Officer and 86 Enlisted men by disease.
Total 219.

Source:  Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Compiled and Arranged from Official Records of the Federal and Confederate Armies, Reports of he Adjutant Generals of the Several States, the Army Registers, and Other Reliable Documents and Sources.Des Moines, Iowa: The Dyer Publishing Company, 1908






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