History of Warren County, Brief Personals - Sunames O - Z

BRIEF PERSONALS*
(Surnames O - Z)

Offerle, Jacob, Warren p.o., Glade, was born in Alsace, France, on February 21, 1825. He was drafted in the French army under Louis Philippe, but did no service. He came to this country in September, 1846, and settled in Warren. He learned the trade of carriage- making, a trade which he worked at for twenty- eight years, his shop being on the west side of Conewango. In 1876 he built the greenhouses near his residence, and has since then engaged in the florist business. Recently, however, he sold this business to Charles G. Offerle, his son, and the business is now managed by him. Jacob Offerle married Maria Spengler, by whom he had a family of seven children - Daniel, Jacob B., Mary M., Salona A., Louisa, Charles G., and Philip H.

Offerle, Adam, Warren p.o., was born in Alsace, France, February 20, 1842. He was a son of Jacob and Salome (Yaegle) Offerle, who settled ui~ Pleasant township in 1855. In 1865 he removed to Illinois, and died there. They had a family of three children - Adam, Jacob, and Adolph. Adam Offerle has been a resident of Warren county since 1855. . He was married in 1876 to Elizabeth Zeigler, a daughter of William Zeigler, of Warren. They have had a family of four children born to them - Margaret S., Ada E., Ethel C., and Merton A.

O'Gorman, Michael, Sugar Grove, was, born in Limerick, Ireland, in 1830. He was a son of Michael and Ellen Hedderman O'Gorman, who died in Ireland. One sister - Mary - and two brothers - Michael and Dennis - came to America. Michael settled in Sugar Grove in 1856, having married, in 1855, Mary O'Hearn, who died June 18, 1885. They adopted a child, of Swedish parentage - William - who has become a celebrated teacher, and who married Ida Thorp in 1878. Michael purchased his homestead of seventy- six acres in 1858. His brother - Dennis - died leaving one daughter - Ellen - who now resides with her uncle Michael.

Osgood, James T., Warren p.o., Sheffield, was born in Rockingham county, N.H., in the year 1808. At the age of twenty- two years he came to Elk township and was married in 1832 to Jane Cole (a daughter of Jacob Cole), by whom he had eleven children, eight of whom lived to be men and women. Mr. Osgood's occupation through life has been that of a shoemaker, and for the last thirty- two years he has held the office of justice of the peace of the town of Sheffield, in which town he has resided for thirty- eight years. He has never amassed a fortune but has always lived comfortably. In political life he has always been a Whig and Republican.

Packard, Mrs. Olive A., Spring Creek, was born in Garland, Warren county, in 1842. She was a daughter of Elias and Margaret (McCue) Miller. Her father Elias Miller died in 1864, aged forty- six years. Olive B. was married in 1861 to Uri Jackson, who died leaving one daughter. She married her second husband, Marshall Packard in 1873. He is a farmer and a manufacturer of broom handles, and all kinds of apiarian supplies.

Parker, Charles, Lander p.o., Farmington, is a farmer and was born in what is now known as Farmington, February 19, 1834. He was a son of Laten and Maria (Thompson) Parker. The former, was a native of Connecticut and the latter was born in Poughkeepsie, Dutchess county, N.Y. They settled in Farmington in 1831 on the farm which is now owned by Sylvester Clark, and later on the farm which is now owned and occupied by S.H. Parker, which they cleared and improved and upon which they resided until the time of their deaths. They had a family of six children, who grew to maturity - Charles, John, Henry, Hiram, Louisa, and Almon, who was born October 7, 1847, died November 6, 1849. Charles Parker located on the farm he now owns and occupies in 1855, all of which he has cleared and improved himself. He has been married twice. His first wife was Sarah J. King, a daughter of Lorenzo and Eliza (Bly) King, of Farmington, by whom he had two children - Sumner H. and Ramah C. His second wife was Olive Clark, a daughter of John D. and Polly (Hollenbeck) Clark, of Farmington.

Patchen, William F., Spring Creek, was born in Cayuga county, N.Y., in 1827. He is a farmer and now owns and occupies a farm of sixty- five acres. He was a son of Noah and Sarah (Jenney) Patchen. Noah served in the War of 1812. He was a carpenter and builder by trade and died in 1836. William F. Patchen married Mary Ann Jobs in 1851, and to them have been born six children, five of whom are now living - Almeda C., Amelia M. (who was accidentally shot and killed at the age of fifteen years), Z.D., William L., Adella May, Sadie A.

Patchen, Francis P., Matthew's Run p.o., was born in Sugar Grove, and is a son of Aaron D: and Polly Pierce Patchen. Aaron was born in Onondaga county, N.Y., and 'Polly was from Busti, N.Y. They were married in 1840; settled the same year in Sugar Grove, and had a family of eight children - Stephen L., Francis Pulask1, Lemuel E., Aaron D., Mary A., Sybil P., Clarissa F., and Folly Mildred. Aaron was a son of Zebulon and Folly Cohoon Patchen of Greenbush, Washington county, N.Y. Francis P. Patchen married, in 1870, Harriet Mattison, of Sugar Grove. She was a daughter of Thomas and Emeline Hale Mattison - he of Kingsbury, N.Y., and she of Chautauqua county, N.Y.; they were married in 1845, and had but one daughter - Harriet. Mr. and Mrs. F.F. Patchen have one son - Frank Merrels. Mr. P. is a general farmer, and is school director.

Patch, Perry, Irvinton p.o., Brokenstraw, was born in Brokenstraw township in 1846. In 1874 he married Mary L. Houghton, daughter of Warren Houghton, of Hornellsville, N.Y.; they have two children - Rex L. and Vinnie M. Perry was a son of Alonzo and Sarah Patch, who had three children - Levy, Perry, and Elizabeth. Alonzo died in 1877, aged sixty- one years. Mary L. had one son by her first husband - George W. Patch. Perry Patch embarked in the stave, heading, shingle and sawed lumber business in 1878, under the firm name of Patch & Walter, and in 1882 the firm dissolved, Perry continuing the same business alone.

Pearce, Mrs. Eliza M., of Columbus borough, was born in Jefferson county, N.Y., in 1823. She was a daughter of Luther P. and Gabrielle B. (Balmat) Mather. Gabrielle was born in Paris, August 22, 1791, and came to America with her parents in 1797, and died January 15, 1881. She was best known by her second name; she went about among the sick, and was familiarly known as "Aunt Bridget." Luther was born in Bennington, Vt., and died in June, 1842. They were married at Wilna, Jefferson county, N.Y., in 1811, and settled in Columbus borough in 1825, where Luther built a custom mill in 1826. He purchased his land and built a saw- mill in 1824, one year before his family settled here. They had a family of six children born to them, five of whom are now living - Harriet, Jedediah P., Joseph V., Eliza M., and Arvilla. The mill which was first built by Luther is now owned by a Mr. Francis, and was the first mill built in the township. Luther was a well- known and prominent man in his town and county. Eliza was married in 1842 to Loren Pearce, who was born in Madison county, N.Y., in 1815. They had one daughter born to them - Ellen - who died in 1864, and one adopted son - Charles R.P. - who married and died, leaving one son. Loren Pearce died in 1880. In early life he was a carpenter and builder, but in later life he became engaged in farming.

Peck, David B., Lander p.o., Farmington, is a farmer, and was born in what is now Farmington, March 1, 1839. He was a son of Samuel and Clarissa (Knapp) Peck, who settled on Thompson's Hill, Farn11ngton township, about 1832, and in 1842 they settled on the farm which is now owned and occupied by David B. Peck. They built a log house on the same, and cleared and improved it. Their children were George W. (who died while in the service of the Union during the late War of the Rebellion), Emily (now Mrs. George Love), David B., and Comfort. David B. now resides on the old homestead. He was married in 1867 to Myra White, a daughter of Orange and Nancy (Robbins) White, of Farmington. They have had a family of four children born to them - Ina D., Clara B., Lizzie J., and Samuel G. Mr. Peck has served one term as county auditor, and in politics he is a Republican.

Perry, Jason A., Enterprise p.o., Southwest township, was born in Southwest, July 4, 1831. He was a son of Warner and Sarah (Sumner) Perry, who were natives of Woodstock, Conn. They were married and settled in Enterprise in 1824. They had a family of six children born to them, two of whom are now living - Hiram and Jason. Warner was county commissioner in 1844, was justice of the peace for many years, and also postmaster. He was an early lumber manufacturer, and died in 1863. Warner Perry built and carried on the first hotel in Enterprise, in 1846. It was burned in 1870. Jason A. was married in 1852 to Angeline Dunham. She died in 1880, leaving a widower and a family of four children - Harriet, George C., Herbert R., and Clara E. Jason A. has held many of the offices of the town. He was assessor for eleven years, and has also been deputy sheriff and constable.

Peterson, Charles, Chandler's Valley p.o., Sugar Grove, was born in Sweden in 1817. His father was Peter, his military name, given him by the king when he became a soldier being Proset. Charles married in 1842 Anna Louise Fredrickson, who was born in 1820. They immigrated to America in 1852; they have a family of three children - Matilda, born in 1843; Christina, born in 1846; and John A., born in 1849. John enlisted in 1864, aged fifteen years, and served to the close of the war. Matilda married Jedd Darrow, and Christina married Morris Southwick. Charles worked for Mr. Sherman at farm work for six years, and in 1861 purchased his present homestead of fifty acres, which he has cleared.

Peterson, C.O., Sugar Grove p.o., Freehold, was born in Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1855, and settled in Warren county in 1864. He married Minnie Buckstrand, who was born in Sweden. They had a family of two children born to them - Jennie Annette, and Amelia. Mr. Peterson is a large and prosperous farmer. His father, Andrew P. Peterson, was born in Sweden, and came to America in 1852 and settled in Chautauqua county, N.Y. He had a family of eight children, six of whom are now living.

Peterson, John, Chandler's Valley p.o., Sugar Grove, is a farmer, and was born in Sweden, in 1820. He was a son of Peter and Mary Peterson. John married in 1847 Sarah Johnson, who was born in Sweden in 1819. With two children they immigrated to America in 1852. They were fourteen weeks on the passage, during which one of their children - Adolph - died and was buried at sea. They have four children living - Matilda, Oscar, Christina, and Janet; Albert died, aged sixteen years. Mr. Peterson purchased his present farm of sixty acres in 1858, then a timber lot, but now one of the best farms in the town. Janet Peterson married William Hagrain; and Matilda married John Gunn.

Phillips, Lorenzo D., Lander p.o., Farmington, is a farmer, and was born in Farmington, April 22, 1831. He was a son of Levi and Phebe (Marsh) Phillips. His paternal grandfather, Squire Phillips, was a native of Vermont, and a pioneer of Pine Grove, and later of Farmington, where he resided until his death. He settled on the farm which is now owned and occupied by Alexander Houghwoht, and cleared and improved it. He had a family of twelve children - Sally, Elisha, Loren, Darius, Lucy, Jonathan, Lydia, Levi, Anna, Maria; Elijah, and Albert. His maternal grandfather was Hugh Marsh, a native of New Jersey, who settled in Farmington, in 1798. Levi Phillips, father of Lorenzo D. Phillips, began life in Pine Grove, lived on the Houghwoht farm for a time in Farmington, and later removed to the farm which is now occupied by the Stantons. He cleared and improved the latter and resided on it the greater part of his lifetime. He had a family of ten children - Hiram L., Nancy, Rachel (deceased), Lorenzo D., Alonzo I., Pierson C., Mary Jane, Andrew, Phebe Ann, and Daniel W. Lorenzo D. always resided in Farmington. He was married in 1862 to Malvina Hudson, a daughter of William and Olive (Badger) Hudson, of Pine Grove. They have had a family of two children born to them - Herbert L. and Milton L. He settled on the farm which he now owns and occupies in 1865, and erected all of the present buildings. The farm was originally settled by Hugh Marsh.

Phillips, Willis B., Youngsville p.o., Brokenstraw, was born in Youngsville in 1858, and was married in September, 1883, to Minnie S. Martin, of Jamestown, N.Y. They have two sons - Jesse W. and Willis Glen. Willis B. Phillips embarked in the manufacture of harness, and deals in all horse and carriage furniture, giving employment to one or two hands the year around. He turns out from handwork the best of goods, as his samples will show. His business was organized in. 1869, he becoming successor to his brother, J.D. Phillips. He is a son of Jesse B. and Mary Ann (Turner) Phillips. She was born in Saratoga county, N.Y., in 1822, and died in April, 1885; her husband was born in Genoa, Cayuga county, N.Y., in 1809. He was a son of Buel and Eunice (Belknap) Phillips. Jesse and Mary Ann had a family of six children, three of whom are now living - James D., Alma E. (married W.P. Nutting), and Willis B.; Andrew J., Ernest H., and West S., being dead. Jesse B. Phillips settled in Brokenstraw in 1828, as a farmer and lumberman, which business he followed until 1865, when he retired, only looking after the interests of his farm. His parents were natives of New England.

Pier, William, Dugall p.o., Pittsfield, was born in Harmony, Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1855, and was married April 12, 1879, to Matilda Haward, of Pittsfield. They have had two children born to them - Calvin and Jerome. He was a son of Calvin and Eliza (Hitchcock) Pier. Eliza was born in Harmony, N.Y., and died September 7, 1867, and her husband was born in 1821, and died November 12, 1884. They left a family of four children - Ada (married Roland Brundage), Minerva (who married Henry Ford), Betsey (who is now Mrs. Charles Haupin), and William. His paternal grandfather, Oliver Pier, was an early settler in Chautauqua county, N.Y., and was a great trapper and hunter. He killed one thousand three hundred and twenty- two deer, and the bounty which he received for wolves killed was five hundred dollars. He died in January, 1885, at the advanced age of ninety- one years.

Pierce, 1st, Levi, Sanford p.o., was born in Washington county, N.Y., in 1824. He settled in Warren county in 1837, and married Julia A. Main, of Eldred, in 1854. They have eight children - Bertania, Lucretia, Albert B., Ellen E., Julia A., John Jeremiah, Levi J., Jackson, and Luttice A. His father, John L., was born in New Hampshire in 1790, and married Clarissa Bartholomew, who was a niece of General Huntington, of the Revolution; she was born in 1789, and died in 1866; he died in 1863. They had six children, three of whom are now living - Daniel L., Levi, and John - all residents of Warren county.

Pierce, Levi, Sanford p.o., was born in Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1830, and settled in Warren county in 1882. He married Sarah E. Wright, of Chautauqua county, N.Y., and they have two children - William and Mary. His father, Luther, was born in New Hampshire in 1800, settled in Pennsylvania in 1828, and married Ardelia Wolcott, of Massachusetts. He died in 1854, and she in 1871. They left three children - Levi, Folly, and Ezra. Levi served in the late war. His business is farming and lumbering, he owning a farm of 100 acres. Levi's son William married Elmira Wilcox, of Crawford county; they have one child - Ardelia.

Place, Thomas J., Sheffield, was born in Tioga county, in the year 1829, and at the age of twenty- one years he came to Sheffield. After a residence of three years here he returned to Tioga, where he remained for about two years. He then came to Clarendon, where be lived until about eight years ago, when he moved to the northeast part of Sheffield. He married Laura S. Whitcomb, by whom he has had the following children: Alice, William, Frank, Lucy, Lettie, Thomas, J.P., Nora, Luther, Mary, Robert, and Lorinda. Lettie and Luther are now deceased. His farm, comprising thirty- two acres, was a part of the tract formerly owned by Warren Snapp. The life of Thomas J. Place has been spent in farming and lumbering, in which he has met with a fair measure of success. Four good oil wells are now on the farm, and others are to be put down.

Pratt, Linus H., Sugar Grove p.o., was born in Windham, Greene county, N.Y., in 1810. He came to Sugar Grove May 7, 1831, and in 1837 married Julia Catlin, who was born in Ontario, Genesee county, N.Y., in 1814. They have had a family of five children - Edgar R., Lucy E., Marshall S., Florence, and one who died at an early age. Florence, the only one now living, married James Martin. Linus H. Pratt was a son of John B. and Hannah Steadman Pratt, who settled in Sugar Grove in 1833 with a family of four children - L.H., Lucina (Mrs. Clark), now living, and Mary and Solomon, deceased. Mrs. Julia Pratt was a daughter of Henry and Sally Pratt Catlin. He was from Conway, Mass., and she came from Kingsbury, N.Y.; they were married in Ontario county, N.Y., January 3, 1810, and had a family of twelve children, four of whom - Julia, James, Clarissa, and Henry - are now living. He was born in 1785 and died in 1845; she was born in 1790 and died in 1861. They settled in Sugar Grove in 1816. Linus H. Pratt purchased his homestead and built his first log- house in 1834. Mr. and Mrs. Pratt will long be remembered by the rising generation for their courteous manner to all.

Porter, Abraham V., Warren, was born in Reading, Steuben county, N.Y., on October 28, 1810, and came to Warren county in 1831, and assisted in building the first stone jail in Warren. He settled in Conewango with his mother in 1832, on the farm he now owns and occupies, all of which he has cleared and improved himself. The log- cabin in which he first resided is still standing. He was a son of Robert and Nellie (Houghtaling) Porter. He was married in 1836 to Margaret Snyder, who was a daughter of William and Hannah Snyder, of Glade township. They have had a family of thirteen children born to them, nine of whom have grown to maturity - Maria, Sarah, Alice, Emma J., John W., Norman, William, Delia, and Belle. William now resides on the homestead and carries on the farm. He was married on October 16, 1882, to Maggie Brown, a daughter of Alexander Brown, of Glade township. They have had one child born to them - Clyde.

Porter, John W., Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Conewango, on February 14, 1843. He was a son of Abraham V. and Margaret (Snyder) Porter. His father settled in Conewango, on the farm he now occupies, in 1832. John W. Porter has always resided in Conewango. He was married in 1866 to Caroline Gross. They now have five children living - George, Wesley, Maggie, Susie, and Catherine. Mr. Porter settled on the farm on which he now resides in 1872, and cleared and improved it himself.

Porterfield, Robert Austin, Tidioute p.o., Glade, was born in Venango county, in 1833. He was a son of R.G. and Lucy D. (Lyon) Porterfield. Lucy was born in Boston, Mass., and her husband, R.G., was born in Pennsylvania. They were married in Ohio. R.G. died in Venango county at the age of seventy- seven years; Lucy is now living at the advanced age of eighty- two years. They had a family of nine children born to them, seven of whom are now living. One of their sons, John, enlisted in the Fourth Regiment Cavalry, Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served for four years, and was discharged at the close of the war. Robert A. Porterfield was married in 1854, to Margaret Truby. They settled in Tidioute in 1864, and have had a family of six children born to them - Clara. R., Louis C., Martin T., Willard M., Frank D., and Anna B. Clara R. married D. W. Clark, jr., and Louis C. married Hattie Clark. Robert A. is a carpenter and builder.

Pratt, Adam L., Sheffield. Among the early pioneers of Sheffield came Adam L. Pratt, a native of Hector, Schuyler county, N.Y. He first came to this town in the spring of 1832, in company with Richard Dunham and his family. They built a mill on Tionesta Creek, near Dunham's Point. Adam was thrice married; his first wife was Martha Stanton, who bore him one child, Martha A., now Mrs. William Slocum, who now resides in Michigan. After the death of his first wife he married Miranda Spencer by whom he had two sons - Horace R., and Deforest S., both of whom were killed in the late war. His third wife was Betsey Palmer, by whom he had a family of six children - Edward K., Clarence H., John A., Anson L., Edith A., and Joseph H. Adam Pratt commenced life as a poor boy, having no capital except health and strength, but with these powerful factors has always kept pace with the advance of years, and now lives comfortably, surrounded by family and friends.

Proper, L.M., Grand Valley p.o., was born in Wyoming county in 1842, and settled in Warren county in 1860. He married Mary J. Emerson, of Erie county, and to them were born nine children, eight of whom are now living - Alta S., Minnie A., Alice A., Mary A., Hattie L., Lilly B., Frederick, George (deceased), and Ray. Mr. Proper owns a farm of one hundred and fifty acres; he is also largely interested in oil. He has held the offices of road commissioner, mercantile appraiser, and is now assessor. His father, Zachariah Proper, was born in Wyoming county, N.Y., in 1819, and died in 1877. His wife was Rhoda Brown, of the same county, who died in 1866, leaving a family of six children.

Putnam, Perry B., Lander p.o., Farmington, is a farmer and was born in Erie county, N.Y., August 8, 1829. He was a son of Daniel and Betsey (Barrett) Putnam; his paternal grandfather was Jesse Putnam, who with two sons, Daniel and Edson, settled in what is now Farmington in 1830. Daniel settled on the farm which is now owned by A. Hinsdale, a part of which he cleared and improved, and afterwards removed to Pine Grove township, two miles east of where he first settled, and resided there until his death. His children were Angeline, Sidney, Mary (deceased), Perry B., Sarah (deceased), Almira, Theodore L., Manly T. (deceased), and Nancy, who grew to maturity. Perry B. Putnam was brought up in Farmington, and settled in Eldred township in 1851, and in 1865 he again returned to Farmington, and settled on the farm which he now occupies. He was married January 1, 1859, to Margaret, a daughter of James and Jane (White) McCray, and a granddaughter of one of the first settlers of Brokenstraw. Mr. Putnam has a family of four children - Mrs. Clara (now Mrs. Herbert White), Grant, Jennie, and Leroy.

Quillian, Charles P., Chandler's Valley p.o., Sugar Grove, was born in Ohio in 1851. In 1880 he married Sylvia Durham, daughter of J.R. and Lavina Durham, born in Cambridge, Crawford county. They have two children. Mr. Quillian is engaged in creamery butter manufacture; he superintended the erection of the Sugar Grove1 or Chandler's Valley creamery in 1885, at a cost of $5,600. His parents were Hugh and Elizabeth Kelley Quillian, of Ohio; they were born and married in the Isle of Wight - he born in 1801 and she in 1808. They settled in this country in 1837, and have had a family of eight children - John, Esther, Ann, William, Mary, Eliza, Sophronia, and Charles P. William enlisted in Company 1, First Ohio Light Artillery, and served three years.

Raymond, Harry D., Columbus, was born in Sherburne, N.Y., in 1830. He was a son of Fitch and Electa (Brown) Raymond, who were born and married in Connecticut and died in Columbus, where they settled in 1836. They had a family of ten children born to them, eight of whom are now living - Ruhama, Delia, Laura, Harry D., Mary, Lizzie, Lyman, and Addie. The father, Fitch, died in 1853, and the mother, Electa, died in 1859. Harry D. Raymond was married in 1855 to Mary E. Spencer, of Chenango county, N.Y., where she was born in 1826. They have had two daughters born to them - Sallie E. and Alice. Miss Alice is a music teacher, and Sally E. married Frank Howard. Mary E. Spencer was a daughter of Israel and Sally (Webster) Spencer, who were born and married in Connecticut, and settled in Chenango county, N.Y., and in 1826 they settled in Columbus.

Raymond, Jr., Sears H., Columbus, was born in, Columbus on June 19, 1836. He was a son of Sears S. Raymond and Caroline (Eagles) Raymond, who were born in Columbus, Chenango county, N.Y., and family of two children, settled in Columbus, Pa., in 1820. They had a family of eleven children, nine of whom are now living. Sears S. died in 1873, and his wife Caroline died in 1851. Sears S. was a county commissioner, a farmer and a large stock dealer. He was a son of Zacheus and Sarah Raymond, and had a family of six children, two of whom are now living - Harvey and Enoch. Sears H. Raymond, jr., was married in 1865 to Ellen Woods, of Fredopia, N.Y. They have had a family of three children born to them-Bertha, who married C.N. Dood; Addie, who married M.A. Day. Mrs. Ellen was a daughter of Lester Woods, who settled in Columbus, Pa., in 1858.

Rickerson, L.B., Spring Creek, was born in Columbus in 1841, and settled in Spring Creek in 1880. He is a carpenter and builder by trade, but is now engaged in the manufacture of carriages and blacksmithing. He was married in 1861 to Sarah Yager, who was born in Erie county in 1842. They have had a family of seven children - five living - Frank L., Nelson E., Dora L., Cora B., and Daniel O., and Oren and Willey (deceased). Mr. L.B. Rickerson was ordained minister at the Christian convention in 1876, and is now a preacher. He was a son of Oltha N. and Adelia (Brown) Rickerson.

Rieg, Jacob J., Warren p.o., Pleasant, is a farmer and was born in Alsace, France, January 28, 1834. He was a son of George and Salome (Frietch) Rieg, who settled in Warren in 1847, where they still reside. They had a family of five children - Jacob J., George, Hattie, Salome and Aurelia. Jacob J. Rieg settled in Glade township in 1859, clearing and improving a farm there, upon which he resided until 1882, when he located in Pleasant, on the farm which he now owns and occupies. He was married in 1859 to Elizabeth Seigrist, a daughter of Andrew and Barbara (Lenhart) Seigrist, by whom he has had a family of eight children-- Albert, Isabel, Lorena, Helena, Andrew, Fred, Edwin, and Ella.

Ridelsperger, David, Stoneham p.o., Mead, is a farmer; lumberman, and oil producer, and was born in Alsace, France, December 11, 1827. He was a son of David and Catherine (Farney) Ridelsperger. He came to Mead township in 1841, and came into possession of the farm which he now owns and occupies in 1854, most of which he has cleared and upon which he has made all of the improvements in buildings. His homestead now consists of sixty- five acres, though he has several tracts of about four hundred acres in all; was engaged in lumber business twenty- nine years, and since 1880 he has been actively engaged in the oil business. He was married June 13, 1850, to Mary Leonhart, a daughter of Philip and Mary (Leonhart) Leonhart, who were natives of Warren. They had a family of seven children born to them - William D., Leonora, Frank G., Louis M., Belle, Henry P., and Lena.

Robinson, O.A., East Branch p.o., Eldred, was born in Lower Canada in 1834. He is a farmer and owns eighty acres. He married Mary A. McCray, of Pittsfield, Warren county, who died on February 25, 1865, leaving a family of two children - Dennie Clyde, born December 24, 1863, and died' April 25, 1865, and Joey McCray, born February 23, 1865, and died September 1, 1865. He was married for the second time in 1870 to Mary A. Immicke, of Spring Creek. She was born in 1851 and died January 19, 1884. They had a family of seven children, four of whom are now living - Roena H., born May 26, 1872; Catherine M., born August 10, 1873; Patty I., August 3, 1878; Amanda M., September 4, 1880; and Orange B., born September 8, 1875, died 1876; Leona M., born June, 1877, died October, 1877; Melissa G., born August 16, 1882, died May 7, 1883. His father, Chase R. Robinson, was born in New Hampshire in 1791, and died in 1865. His mother was Rowena Abell, who was born in Vermont in 1801 and died in 1879.

Root, Elijah, Sugar Grove, is one of the successful farmers and business men of Sugar Grove. He was born August 9, 1838, and was a son of Lyman and Almira (Hodges) Root. She was born in Jefferson county, N.Y. He was born in Saratoga county, N.Y. They were married in Camden, Oneida county, N.Y., in 1831, and they settled in Sugar Grove in 1837, where Mrs. Root died in 1847, and her husband in 1857. They had a family of four children born to them - Lyman jr., Mary, Elijah, and Maria. Maria died leaving one son - Elbert Simmons. Elijah married Cynthia Beardsley, of Orleans County, N.Y., December 15, 1869. They have had one son born to them - Fred Beardsley, born October 10, 1870. Cynthia was a daughter of Allen and Sallie (Hickey) Beardsley. Mr. Root is now a retired farmer.

Root, Perry, Corydon, was born in Bradford August 10, 1824, and at the age of six years came to Kinzua, where he lived with the family of Andrew Merritt until 1848, when he came to Corydon. He operated and owned the saw- mill at Corydon village until 1859. Since this time he has devoted himself to agriculture, having a fine farm of two hundred acres in the north part of the town. Mr. Root married Anna Whitcomb, by whom he had one child - Merritt. For his second wife he married Celia McLaughlin, who also bore him one child - Anna. Perry Root came to Warren county a poor boy, and by industry and energy he has placed himself above want. He is a consistent Democrat in political life, but takes no active part in the political affairs of the town. Daniel J. Root, brother of Perry, came to Corydon in 1858, and occupies a farm near his brother, near the New York State line.

Roper, William, Cornplanter p.o., Elk, and his wife, Hannah Eutetia (Turner) Roper, and their three children - James, Eliza, and Hannah Eutetia, all of whom were born in England, came to Elk in the year 1832. William died in January, 1879, Eliza (married first Simon Sneider, and after his death, John O. Rollins), Hannah E. (married Alanson Dewey), and James married Elsie Jane, a daughter of William S. Marsh, by whom he had a family of three children. James Roper commenced life with no capital, but built up a fortune by industry and economy. He helped his parents in their declining years. His farm consists of 180 acres nicely located on the Allegheny. He also owns the Kinzua House at Kinzua. In politics Mr. Roper is a Republican, and takes considerable interest in town affairs.

Rowe, Henry L., Columbus, was born in Freehold in 1826. He was married in 1848 to Maria Monroe, a daughter of O.L. and Ann L. Monroe, who was born in 1827. They had three children - Charles E., born 1856; Fred M., born in 1861, and Florence E., born in 1852. Henry L. Rowe was engaged in farming in early life, and in 1867 settled in Columbus, and engaged in the mercantile business in 1878, built a steam flour- mill, and in 1879 he retired from active life. He was a son of Edmund and Rachel (Hayes) Rowe, who were born and married in Greene county, N.Y. He was born in 1801, and his wife in 1799. They were married in 1822, and settled in Freehold in 1823. Rachel died in 1869, leaving two children - Henry L. and Maria (now Mrs. Chadwick). Edmund Rowe was a son of William and Rebecca Rowe, who settled in Freehold in 1824. They were born and married in Dutchess county, N.Y., and had a family of eight children born to them, five of whom are now living - Orrin, Gilbert, John, Sally, and Edmund.

Rowe, John, Bear Lake p.o., Freehold, was a son of William Rowe, who was born in Dutchess county, N.Y., in 1778, and was married in 1800 to Rebecca Dunham. They had a family of eight children born to them, five of whom are now living - Edmund, Albert, deceased; Henry, deceased; Sally, Milo, deceased; John, Orrin, and Gilbert. William Rowe died in 1857, and his wife, Rebecca, died in 1849. John Rowe married Bedora Beals, of Warren county. He is now a retired farmer, and has held almost all of the important offices of the town.

Rowland, Samuel, Warren p.o., Glade, was born at Ellery, Chautauqua county, N.Y., October 25, 1817, and was one of a family of six children, Sons and daughters, of Jacob Rowland. Samuel began life on the farm and received at that time only a common school education, but he endeavored then to acquire such knowledge as would fit him for the ministry, which he entered in the year 1858 as a Congregational minister. In 1842 he married Sarah B. Cowan, a daughter of Robert Cowan, who bore him four children, viz. - John C., Mary, Lineas M., and Abbie. They also had one child by adoption - Irvine Cowan Rowland. Rev. Samuel Rowland first preached at Frewsburgh, N.Y., and has since officiated as pastor at Farmington, Spring Creek, Pittsfield, Garland, Fentonville, Gouldtown, Stoneham, Clarendon, Tiona, and Glade respectively. The latter three now being his pastoral charges. For the last two years Mr. Rowland has been a resident of Glade.

Rowley, Merritt B., Sugar Grove, was born in. Sugar Grove in 1851, and was married in 1873 to Emma Ricker, a daughter of Stephen and Julia Ann (Hubbard) Ricker, and by her has had one daughter - Margaret D. Mr. Rowley was first engaged in farming and stock growing. In 1884 he became engaged in the market and butcher business at the borough. Mr. Rowley was a son of Mark and Abigail (Johnson) Rowley. His parents were born in Farmington. His father was born in 1820, and died in 1854, leaving a widow and two children, Mary and Merritt B. Mark was a son of Benzley Rowley.

Rowley, Levy H., Youngsville p.o., Brokenstraw, was born in Massachusetts in 1824, and was a son of Solomon and Pleadus (Henry) Rowley. She was born in Massachusetts, and her husband, Solomon, was born in Connecticut. They settled in Brokenstraw in 1838, where he died in 1866, and his wife in 1875. They had a family of nine children, six of whom are now living - Fanny M., Joanna, Lucy, Sarah S., Levy H., and Louisa. Levy H. Rowley became a successor to the homestead farm, which was purchased in 1838, and became a farmer and lumberman, and has been school director for fifteen years, and held other minor town and district offices. He was married in 1862 to Eliza Black, of Venango county, who was born in 1838. They have had three children, two now living - Willie and Bertie. Eliza was a daughter of Thomas and Eliza Ann Black.

Roy, James, Warren p.o., Glade, was born in the town of Phelps, Ontario county, N.Y., September 14, 1822; he is of Scottish descent. His grandfather, Coll Roy, came from Scotland in the year 1749. He settled in Phelps, Ontario county, N.Y., and was a blacksmith by trade. To Coll and Elizabeth, his wife, were born seven children, of whom Andrew, the father of the subject of this, sketch, was the fourth child; he followed the life of a farmer and served in the War of 1812. In the year 1809 he married Margaret Ray, by whom he had a family of five children, James being the fourth child. When James was seven years of age, his father died, and in 1836 he, with his mother, came to Elk township, Warren county. At the age of sixteen he was thrown upon his own resources. He prospered reasonably in all his undertakings, was extensively engaged in the manufacture of lumber, and later in life he became engaged in the oil business as a producer. In 1851 he married Sophia Shattuck, a daughter of William and Maria Shattuck, by whom he had a family of seven children - Helen M., Margaret, Franc, James, jr., John, Blanche, and Josephine A. Sophia (Shattuck) Roy died in 1867. Mr. Roy now resides in Glade, and occupies a beautiful residence on the banks of the Conewango. Politically he has been a Republican, Democrat, and Greenbacker successively. He ran on the Greenback and Democratic tickets as a candidate for the office of county commissioner, and was elected. Mr. Roy has never been identified with any church society.

Ruhlman, Daniel, Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Strasburg, Alsace, France, on November 1, 1841. He was a son of Andrew and Saloma (Rugel) Ruhiman, who came to America in 1844, and settled in North East township, Erie county, where they lived until 1850, after which they removed to Warren county, where his father engaged in the brewing business, which he followed for one year. He suddenly disappeared and has not been heard from since. He had a family of two children - Andrew and Daniel. Daniel settled on the farm which he now occupies in 1869, all of which he has cleared and improved himself, owning now in all about 378 acres, fifty of which are all cleared and improved. He was married in 1862 to Mary A. Somers. They have had eleven children born to them - Cora M., Charles A., Sumner D., May B., Orange D., Blanche S., Ray W., Florence J., Cloyd G., Men, and Hyett. His wife, Mary A., was a daughter of Wendell and Margaret (Schuler) Somers, of Conewango.

Ruland, Michael W., Scofield p.o., Southwest, was born in Deerfield in 1842. He was married in 1879 to Elizabeth Bevier, who was born in 1841. They have had a family of three children born to them - Nathan E., Margaret M., and one child who died in infancy. Elizabeth was a daughter of Elijah and Leah Bevier, who were natives of Ulster county, N.Y., and settled in Southwest in 1844. They had a family of four children born to them, but two of whom are now living - Elizabeth (born in 1841), and Simon J. (born in 1850). Leah was born in 1866, and her husband was born in 18 - and died in 1884. He was a son of Simon Bevier, who came to Southwest and settled with his family, and there purchased one thousand acres from the Holland Land Company. He died in Southwest, and after his death his widow and children returned to Cayuga county, N.Y., and Elijah was the only child who again settled in Southwest. Michael W. Ruland was a son of Silas and Eliza Ruland, who settled in Warren county about 1820. They had a family of twelve children born to them, six of whom are now living - Huldah C., William P., Charles, Michael W., Byron, and Mary C. The parents emigrated from Long Island and settled here in 18-, and engaged in the lumber business and farming. Silas was born in 1796 and died in 1878, and his wife was born in 1809. Michael enlisted and served in the late war, after which he was honorably discharged.

Russell, Robert, Russell p.o., Pine Grove, was a native of Ireland, who immigrated to America and settled in Pine Grove many years ago; in fact he was one of its earliest pioneers. He was twice married. By his first wife he had four sons and three daughters. John Russell was a son of the first marriage. He married three times. His first wife was a Miss Jones. His second wife was Sarah Jane Van Duzen, by whom he had seven children, viz. - David R.P. (born October 9, 1838, died September 24, 1843), T.A. Emmett (born November 14, 1840), Harvey T.R. (born April 3, 1843), John (born August 8, 1845), Ella Isadore (born November 3, 1847), Eliza Jane, and Carl K. His third wife was Mary Penfield, of Chautauqua county, N.Y. John Russell kept the hotel at Russellburg for many years. He moved to Warren in 1861, and lived there until 1865, when he died. His son Harvey is the leading merchant at Russell, having been engaged in business there for thirteen years, all of which time he has been postmaster at that place. Mr. Russell enlisted as private in Company K, Twelfth Pennsylvania Cavalry, serving three years, and by several promotions gained the rank of first lieutenant. Harvey Russell married Flora J. Houghwot, of Farmington.

Sampson, Willis G., McGraw p.o., Triumph, was born in Auburn, O., in 1843. He was a son of S.H. and Mary B. Sampson. He was a graduate of Geauga Seminary, O., where Garfield was educated. He enlisted in Company D, Eighty- eighth Ohio, and served in the late war. He settled in Pennsylvania, in the city of Titusville, in 1865, and in 1866 he went to Pithole, where he was engaged in the production of oil, and also engaged in the same business in several different localities. He was married in 1872 to Elizabeth Patterson, of Rochester, N.Y. He settled in Triumph, operating in his own interest, and has held the general superintendency of Edwin E. Clapp's large oil interest of Triumph from 1876, a lot of 417 acres, having put down sixty- one wells, and is now pumping forty- seven wells with three boilers and eight hands, and producing eighteen hundred barrels per month.

Samuelson, Samuel A., Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Sweden, March 18, 1841. He was a son of Lars and Christiana (Petersen) Samuelson, who settled in Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1851, and in Sugar Grove in 1861, where they now reside. They had a family of eight children - John P., Samuel A., Alfred, Ida, David and Matilda (twins), Albertine, and Sarah. Samuel A. Samuelson was in the late War of the Rebellion, enlisting in 1861 in Company F, Ninth New York Cavalry; served one year, and was discharged on account of disability; he re- enlisted in 1863 in the One Hundred and Fifty- first Pennsylvania Volunteers; was in the battles of Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and also in other engagements; was slightly wounded at Gettysburg, and honorably discharged in 1864. He was married in 1866 to Mary S. Endinger, a daughter of Casper and Mary S. (Zimmerlin) Endinger, natives of Alsace, France, who settled in Conewango in 1840, and in 1857 they settled on the farm now occupied by Samuel A. They had a family of three children - George and Mathis (deceased), and Mary (wife of Samuel A.) Samuel A. has a family of three children - Albert, Matilda, and Conway L. Samuel Samuelson settled on the Endinger farm in 1866, where he has since resided.

Sanford, Joel G., Sanford p.o., Eldred, was born in Batavia, N.Y., in 1824, and settled in Warren county in 1838. He is engaged in lumbering and farming and now owns a farm of 144 acres. He now holds the office of postmaster, and has been justice of the peace, assessor, commissioner, and held many other minor offices. He was married in 1851 to Nancy A. Moore, of Garland, Warren county. They have had five children born to them - Myron S., Ida I. (deceased), Mary J., Washington A., and Irene E. His father, Samuel W.B. Sanford, was born in Connecticut in 1798. He married Esther H. Green, of Onondaga county, N.Y. They had a family of four children born to them - Joel G., Nancy I., Orland, and W.S. (deceased).

Sanford, O., Sanford p.o., Eldred, was born in Genesee county, N.Y., in 1833, and settled in Warren county in 1838. He is a farmer, and now owns a farm of 143 acres. He was married in 1875 to Mrs. Hannah Hayes, of Sugar Grove. They have had two children born to them - Oma May, and Leroy (deceased). His father, Samuel W.B. Sanford, was born in Connecticut in 1798, and married Esther H. Green, of Onondaga county, N.Y. They had a family of four children - Joel G., Nancy, I., Orland, and W.S. (deceased).

Schramling, Charles H., Columbus, one of the successful and prominent farmers of the county, was born in Oneonta, Otsego county, N.Y., in 1834. He was married in 1856 to Mary King, who was born in Erie county. They have had a family of three children born to them - Isadore E., Charles E., and Leland M. Isadore E. married F.W. Knowlton in 1878. They have had one son born to them; Charles E. married Fanny Manwarren in April, 188x; and Leland M. married Ethel Hapgood in August, 1885. His homestead farm of two hundred acres is one of the best in the county, and he also owns and has large interest in lands in New York State. He was a son of David D. and Catharine Schramling.

Schramling, De Loss, Columbus, was born in Otsego county, N.Y. He was a son of David D. and Catharine Schramling, who were natives of .Oneonta, Otsego county, N.Y., and settled in Columbus in 1836, with a family of five children, and had eleven born to them, nine of whom are now living, seven sons and two daughters. De Loss Schram11ng was born in 1836. He was married in July, 1860, to Phebe King, who was born in Erie county in 1841. They have had a family of three children born to them - William A., Edwin O., and Bertha A. William A. married Alice Owles. Phebe (King) Schramling was a daughter of William and Cynthia A. King, of Erie county.

Schramling, Sylvester, Columbus, was born in Oneonta, Otsego county, N.Y., May 23, 1830. He was a son of David D. and Catharine Schramling, who were born and married in Otsego county, N.Y., and with a family of five children settled in Columbus in 1836. They had a family of eleven children born to them in all, nine of whom are now living - Alvin, Sylvester, Hiram, Charles H., De Loss, Orrin, Frank, Mary, and Sarah. The mother, Catharine, died in July, 1863, aged fifty- seven years. David D. Schramling was born in 1805. Alvin enlisted and was appointed lieutenant, raised a company in Ohio, and served to the close of the war, David D. retired from his farm in 1875. Sylvester Schramling was married in 1857 to Mary Jane Smith, a daughter of David and Adaline (Robbins) Smith. David was born in Chenango county, N.Y., in 1804, and his wife Adaline in Charlton, Mass., in 1807, and married in Columbus in 1831. They had a family of seven children, five of whom are now living - Mary Jane, Elvira C., Harriet E., William W., and George M. Sylvester has been town treasurer for six years, and held several other minor town and district offices. He is also a general farmer.

Schirck, Michael, Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Alsace, France, on December 27, 1823. He was a son of Jacob and Margaret (Kiselbright) Schirck, who came to America in 1834, and settled in Conewango on the farm which is now occupied by Michael Schirck. They had a family of four children - Jacob, Margaret, Michael, and Magdalena. Michael now occupies and owns the old homestead which he assisted his father in clearing and improving, and where he has resided for fifty- two years. He was married twice; his first wife was Mary Conrad (a daughter of Michael and Mary Conrad, of Warren) and by whom he had seven children - Mary, Magdalena, Saloma, Isabel, Frank, Carrie, and George. His second wife was Mary T. Kopp (a daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Kopp, of Erie county, N.Y.), and by whom he had two children - Matilda and Bertha.

Schuler, Mathias, Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Alsace, France, on September 22, 1818. He was a son of Mathias and Catherine (Hardwick) Schuler, who came to America in 1836, and settled in Warren in 1839, on the farm now occupied by Mathias, jr. They had a family of four children - Catherine, Mathias, Philip, and Mary. Mathias, jr. cleared the farm on which he now resides and where he has lived for forty- seven years. He was married in 1841 to Nancy McBradney. They have had five children born to them - Adam, Sarah A., Mary C., Eunice, and Lydia R. Mrs. Schuler was a daughter of John McBradney, who was a native of Ireland.

Scott, August, Sugar Grove, is a merchant tailor and cloth dealer, and was born in Sweden August 13, 1834, and was married December 19, 1858, to Anna Carrie, by whom he has had a family of three children. They immigrated to America in 1871, and settled in Sugar Grove, and soon commenced his tailoring business, with a cash sum of the small amount of two dollars, and by constant labor and constant attention to his business he has made a financial success of his business, owning now a block of two stores, and other real estate. His wife Anna died December 16, 1884.

Seabury, Dr. W.W., Sugar Grove p.o., physician and surgeon, was born in Sugar Grove in 1852. He was a graduate of Wooster University of Cleveland, O., in 1875, and in the same year settled in the practice of his profession in Sugar Grove borough. His professional services are highly appreciated. June 10, 1885, he married.Ida Davis, of Erie county. Dr. Seabury was a son of Newell and Julia (Foster) Seabury. She was born in Pennsylvania, and he in Monroe county, N.Y., in 1826, and settled with his parents in Busti, Chautauqua county in 1830.

Seaver, Dr. R.N., Columbus, a physician and surgeon, was born at Charlotte, Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1847. He received his education at Ellington and Randolph Academies and Allegheny College. He read medicine with Dr. T.B. Lashells, of Meadville, and was graduated from the medical department of Wooster University, at Cleveland, O., in 1874, after which he located in Columbus, where he has since resided, and now enjoys a large practice as a physician and surgeon. He was married in May, 1885, to Nellie Bracken, of Columbus. He has been burgess of the borough, and also held other offices. The' doctor was one of the five originators of the Equitable Aid Union, which was organized March 22, 1879, and of which he was made chief medical examiner, and afterwards supreme president. The organization now consists of twenty thousand members, Dr. Seaver filling the responsible positions of supreme president and supreme medical examiner. Dr. R.N. Seaver was a son of Randolph and Mathilda (Fox) Seaver. Randolph was born in 1806, on his present homestead farm, where he has always resided. His wife, Matilda, died in 1881 leaving a family of seven children, five of whom are now living - Julia, Caroline, Corydon, Minnie, and Dr. R.N. Seaver. Randolph was a son of Robert Wellington Seaver, who was a soldier in the Revolutionary War.

Seigrist, Philip, Conewango, is a farmer, and was born in Alsace, France, on November 18, 1826. He was a son of John P. and Salome (Strubler) Seigrist, who settled in Warren in 1833, and in 1834 removed to Conewango and settled on the farm now owned and occupied by Philip, which they cleared and improved themselves. They had three children who came to this country - Philip, John C., and Catherine S. (now Mrs. J.C. Weiler). Mrs. Seigrist was a member of the Evangelist Church of Warren for twenty- six years, and was also one of the original members. He died on July 2, 1860, in the sixty- eighth year of his age. At the death of his father, Philip came into possession of the homestead, where he has resided since 1834. He has been married twice; his first wife was Sophia Shomass. His second wife was Saloma Felleman, who was a daughter of John and Dorothea (Gosser) Felleman, who settled in Conewango in 1841. They have had two children born to them - Elmer and Dora. Mr. Seigrist and his wife are members of the Evangelical Church.

Among the pioneer families of Warren county was that of Walter Semen. They came from Susquehanna county probably about 1812, and settled on the west side of the Allegheny River, in Elk township. There were two sets of children, Mr. Semen having been twice married - Phebe, Anna, and George, were children of his first marriage, and Susanna, Polly, Rebecca, Laura, John, Sally Ann, Phebe, Charles, Lorinda, Dimmock, and Melinda, were born of his second marriage. The family subsequently came to that part of Corydon known as Sugar Run, where many of their descendants still reside. William Wooster, another pioneer, married Rebecca Semen, and by him had six children - Mary, John, Elizabeth, Grace, Eliza, and Julia. William Wooster came to this county nearly sixty years ago. His age is now seventy- two years, and his wife, Rebecca, is sixty- two.

Shaw, Frank P., Tidioute p.o., is the freight and ticket agent of the B., N.Y., and P. Railroad, and also agent of the American Express Company. He commenced as assistant in 1880, and in May, 1884, he was promoted to general agent of the office. He was educated in the Tidioute Graded School. In 1880 he married Eva A. Coltman; they have had two children - Marian L. and Archie C. Mr. Shaw commenced his business life in 1877 as a clerk. He is a son of Hugh S. and Maria (Akin) Shaw. She was born in Venango county.

Shippee, Cyrus E., Columbus, was born in Columbus in 1847. He was a son of Peter and Annis (Humphrey) Shippee. Annis was born in Onondaga county, N.y, in 1809, and her husband, Peter, was born in Massachusetts, in 1799. They were married at Attica, N.Y., in 1826, and settled in Columbus in 1829. They had a family of five children born to them - William, born in 1830; Elijah H., born In 1826; Charles R., born in 1839; and Cyrus E., born in 1847. Elijah H. enlisted on August 28, 1864, Company G, Forty- ninth N.Y. Regiment, and was shot at the battle of Spottsylvania Courthouse, on May 12, 1864. Peter Shippee, the father, died on December 16, 1875. Cyrus E. Shippee married Elva Humphreys, who was born in 1850, and married on August 17, 1873. They have had a family of two sons born to them, and also one daughter - Ernest E., Paul G., and Lena F. Elva (Humphreys) Shippee was a daughter of Reuben and Rebecca Humphreys.

Shutt, Adam, Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Conewango on May 7, 1825. He was a son of Adam and Mary (Stein) Shutt. His paternal grandfather was William Shutt, a pioneer lumberman of Brokenstraw township. He was formerly a farmer in Philadelphia, but sold his farm there and invested his means in the lumber business in Warren. He died while on a business trip to Louisville, Ky. Adam Shutt, sr., was a pioneer and early settler in the township of Brokenstraw. He lived for a time in Conewango, and cleared the farm now owned and occupied by J.M. Jackson, but later in life returned to Brokenstraw, where he resided until the time of his death, which occurred at the age of forty- seven years. He had a family of nine children who grew to maturity - John, Elizabeth, Susan, Frederick, William, Adam, Jacob, Mary, and James. Adam Shutt, jr., has resided in Conewango far the past twenty- seven years, and resided on the farm which his son now occupies for twenty- three years, and on the one he now occupies for the last four years. He was married in 1853 to Sarah E. Watts. They have a family of three children - Kirk G., Orris J., and Etta M. Sarah E. Shutt was a daughter of Thomas and Susan (Barrett) Watts, of Jamestown, N.Y.

Shutt, William G., Pittsfield, was born in Brokenstraw in 1823. He was a son of Adam and Mary (Stein) Shutt, who settled in Brokenstraw in 1815. Adam was born in Philadelphia, and was married there. He purchased a farm in Warren county, and died there in 1835. They had a family of nine children born to them, three of whom are now living - William G., Jacob D., and Adam. William G. was married in 1847 to Cordelia Ford. They have had a family of four children born to them - Alice, West, Eddie W., and Charles D. Alice was married in 1870 to A.R. Park, of Cincinnati, and died in 1879, leaving three children - Vivian, Ambrose, and Alice. Mr. Shutt has held several of the town and district offices, and was an early lumberman. He is now engaged in farming. Cordelia, his wife, was a daughter of Obadiah and Betsey (Hair) Ford. They had a family of eight children born to them, six of whom are now living - John C., Darius M., Margaret, Laura, Cordelia, Mansela, and William Vincent.

Shutt, John, deceased, was born in Brokenstraw May 19, 1816. He was a son of Adam and Mary (Stein) Shutt. He settled on the farm which is now occupied by his widow, in November, 1849, a part of which he cleared and improved, and where he resided until the time of his death, which occurred on January 19, 1874. He was married on August 17, 1843, to Elizabeth Watts, a daughter of Thomas and Susan (Barrett) Watts, natives of England, who settled in Jamestown, N.Y., in 1853. They have had nine children born to them - Mary, Mrs. W.R. Teasdell, of Cincinnati; Wallace, Susan,. Mrs. A. Noble; Florence, Mrs. Slyvester Love; John, Rose, James, Leonard, and Roscoe.

Siggins, Squire William Findley, Youngsville p.o., was born in Youngsville in 1822. He married, September 4, 1850, Edith D. Nelson, born in Busti, Chautauqua county, N.Y. The have a family of three sons - Clarence, Ernest, and Frank Morris. Clarence is a graduate of the Randolph Institute; Ernest is a physician and surgeon - a graduate of Cincinnati Medical College in 1877; and F. Morris is a prescription and drug clerk. Mrs. Edith was a daughter of Normandus and Prudence (Bushnel) Nelson. They were born and married in Herkimer county, N.Y., and settled in Busti, N.Y., in January, 1823, where they died. Squire W.F. Siggins has held all of the town offices - school director twelve years, burgess two terms, justice of the peace two years, and other minor offices. He was a teacher for twenty years in early life, and taught the first graded school in Youngsville; he was postmaster under James K. Polk. He was engaged in the lumber business, but retired from active business in 1873. His wife, Edith, was also an early teacher. Squire William F. was a son of Hon. William and Folly (Wilson) Siggins. They were born in Ireland - he of Scotch and English parentage in 1789, and came to Center county in 1793, when his parents died. Hon. William and Folly married in 1812. He settled in Brokenstraw township in 1807, and after his marriage resided at Pithole until 1815, when he returned to Youngsville, where they died - he July 15, 1875. They had thirteen children, five of whom are now living. The youngest son, David R.P., enlisted in the 111th Pennsylvania Regiment, and was shot at Atlanta, the ball passing through a pocket bible in his pocket into his heart, producing instant death; the bible is now in the possession of Squire Siggins, and shows the blood stains from the wound. Judge William Siggins was a leading and influential man - justice of the peace many years, and side judge in 1842. He died in 1875.

Smedley, Elijah, Sheffield, was born in Otsego county, N.Y., on November 9, 1808, and while a young man went to Chautauqua county, N.Y., where he lived for some time, and where he was married to Catherine Pickard, by whom he has had a family of five children, all, of whom were born in Chautauqua county, N.Y. They are Lydia M., and Polly, who died in infancy; Adam P., James, who, died while in the army; and. an infant who died unnamed. The family came to Sheffield in October, 1845, and settled near the old " Lacey Mill" in the southern part of the town. Catherine Smedley died in June 19, 1850, and in June, 1852, Mr. Smedley married Phebe Snapp. Elijah died on August 5, 1883, aged seventy- four years. He was a Republican from the formation of the party, and his son, Adam P., has followed the paternal example. Adam P. was married in November, 1859, to Sarah Fenton, a daughter of Orrin Fenton. They have had a family of three children - Millard L., Orrin F., and Catherine E.

Smith, Albert J., Columbus, was born in Columbus in 1849. He was married in 1884 to Lelie Walton, a daughter of Charles and Mary Walton. Albert J. Smith embarked in the mercantile business at Columbus February 1, 1884, and did business under the firm name of Yates & Smith, who are large dealers in all staple goods, groceries, dry goods, and farmer's supplies. Mr. Smith was a son of David O. and Emily (Walton) Smith. They had a family of six children born to them, four daughters and two sons, Albert J., and Robert. David O. Smith was a son of Elijah and Achsa Smith, who were natives of Chenango county, N.Y., and settled in this county about 1826.

Smith, Chauncey, Youngsville, was born in Wethersfield, Conn., in 1809, and was married in 1834, to Mercy C. Mellen, of Dunkirk, N.Y. They had a family of five children - Sarah M., Alice S., Jennie S., Nellie W., and Mercy I. Chauncey Smith was the son of William Smith, who was a farmer at Wethersfield, Conn. In 1823 he came by stage to Dunkirk, N.Y., and went to work for his uncle, Walter J. Smith, and after a while became a partner. The firm later became Van Buren & Smith, Walter Smith retiring, and in 1839 Mr. Smith came to Silver Creek, N.Y., where he became engaged in the banking business under the firm name of Oliver Lee & Co., and in 1841 he went to Jamestown, N.Y., there to act as teller in the bank. In 1844 he settled in Youngsville, where he became engaged in the general mercantile business from which he retired in 1860, when he also retired from active business life, and died on December 10, 1886.

Smith, David O., Columbus, is a retired farmer, and was born in Chenango county, N.Y., in 1815. He was married in 1840 to Sally Spencer, a daughter of Israel Spencer, of Columbus; she died in 1846, leaving one son - Oscar W., who enlisted from Chautauqua county, N.Y., and died at Camp Fenton. David O. Smith then married his second wife, Emily Walton, in December, 1848. They have had a family of seven children - Eda, Sarah, Lillian, Arta, Albert J., and Robert. One daughter-Winnie, died in December, 1883, aged nineteen years. Mr. Smith settled in Warren in 1826, with his parents, Elijah and Achsah Smith, of Chenango county, N.Y.

Smith, Jones, Columbus, was born in Columbus, Chenango county, N.Y., in 1823, and was a son of Elijah and Achsah (Jones) Smith, natives of Massachusetts, who settled in Chenango county, N.Y., and then with a family of four children came to Columbus, Warren county, in 1825, one of the pioneers of said county, where they died. Elijah was born in 1793, and was an extensive land holder, lumber dealer, shipper, and farmer, and died in 1873. His wife, Achsah, was born in 1792, and died in 1869. They had a family of five children, three of whom are now living - David O., Jones, and Mrs. Lucy Yates. Elijah was a justice of the peace and commissioner, and one of the leading men of his town and county. He retired from active business life in 1845. Jones Smith was married in 1850, to Amy Curtis, a daughter of Captain David Curtis. She died in 1860, leaving four children - Jennie, Fremont, Lena and Lincoln. Mr. Smith then married for his second wife Sarah Jane Knowlton, in 1865. She died in 1864, leaving one son, Glennie E. Mr. Smith has held all the town offices, justice for twenty years, assessor, surveyor of county, and a farmer. He married for his third wife Julia A. Ely, of Rushford, Allegany county, N.Y., June 30, 1886.

Smith, Rev. Perry E., Corry p.o., Pittsfield, was born in Warren in 1851. He was a son of Nathan B. and Margaretta (Colver) Smith. She was a native of Warren county, and her husband, Nathan was born in Vermont. Rev. Perry E. Smith was married in 1883 to Jennie E. Dykstra, of Erie county, N.Y. They have had two children born to them. Jennie was a daughter of Squire John G. and Catherine (Steisman) Dykstra, who were natives of Holland, and settled in Erie county, N.Y., in the town of Lancaster, in 1849.

Smith, Walter J., Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Warren on February 12, 1833. He was a son of William and Polly (Mead) Smith. His father was a saddler by trade, and came to Warren about, 1825, and worked at his trade for a time, after which he engaged in farming and lumbering. He is now living in Conewango. His children were Walter J., Wilson, Viola, Harriet, Joseph, Ellen, Dascom, Dwight, and Jane. Three died in childhood. Walter J. was brought up in Warren and Conewango, and for many years was actively engaged in the lumber business. He settled on the farm on which he now resides in 1863. His wife was Irene Geer, a daughter of Benjamin and Narcissa (Stebbins) Geer, of Conewango. Walter J. Smith has had a family of five sons born to him - Charlie W., Benjamin O., Clyde.C. Orrin L. died, aged nine years, and R.D. died in infancy.

Smutz, Casper J., Russellburg p.o., Fine Grove, was born in Alsace, a province of France, in the year 1831. The family, consisting of his parents, brothers and sisters, immigrated to America and settled at Warren in 1852. The father, Jacob Smutz, died in 1871. Casper made many ventures in the oil business during the early days, when this industry was in its youth, and at times was doing well, but as frequently was unsuccessful until at last he quit the business and bought a farm of R.K. Russell of about eighty acres in Pine Grove. As a farmer Mr. Smutz has been very successful, having one of the best appointed farms in the town. Casper J. Smutz married Caroline Weiss, of Warren, in 1862, and has two daughters, viz. - Leonora and Ida Belle. Mr. Smutz is a respected farmer of Warren county, a firm Democrat, and numbers among his acquaintances the first men of the county.

Smutz, John J., Sugar Grove, is a harness manufacturer and dealer in all classes of harnesses, robes, whips, blankets, fly- nets and dusters in Sugar Grove. He was born in Conewango in 1856, and spent eleven years at his trade as an apprentice and journeyman, and in 1883 he commenced the manufacture of goods in Sugar Grove, where his townsmen are invited to inspect his well made and easy- fitting goods. He was married July 6, 1879, to Sarah J. Austin, of Corry. Sarah was a daughter of John and Anna (Saddler) Austin. John Austin died in 1872, leaving a family of five children - James, Sarah, John, jr., Anna, Carrie, and Mary. J.J. Smutz was a son of Jacob and Catherine (Hertzel) Smutz. They, were born in Elsas, France, and settled in Warren county, where they were married in 1853. They have had a family of six children born to them - Mary, John J., Salome, David, Albert, and Carrie.

Snapp, Melchi, Tiona, p.o., Sheffield, was born in Cayuga county, N.Y., on November 8, 1803. He settled in Warren county about 1830, just north of the present village of Sheffield. At the time of his death he was seventy- nine years of age. He was a thorough and successful farmer and lumberman, and by hard work acquired a good property. He died in October, 1882. He married Fanny Smith, and the children born to the union were, Phebe, who married Elijah Smedley, William married Mary O. Fairfield, a daughter of Walter Fairfield, and by whom he had five children - Gholson L., Frank H., Walter M., Otis F., Ethel Irma, Ida, married Samuel Smedley, Enos, Warren, Charles, deceased, John, Meichi, jr., deceased, Laura Janet, married Smith Burroughs, and Fauntley M.

Somers, George H., Youngsville p.o., Brokenstraw, a general blacksmith and making horse- shoeing a specialty, also engaged in the manufacture and repair of wagons, carriages and sleighs, dealer in farm tools, mowers and reapers, was born in Conewango in 1853, and was married in 1875 to Alice Babcock. They had two children - Lettie and Clara. George H. Somers has held many of the village offices. He has been school director and commissioner. He commenced his trade in 1872, and in 1878 purchased his present shop and factory. He was a son of Wendle and Margaret (Schuler) Somers, who were natives of, Germany, who settled in Warren county, where Wendle died in 1857 at the age of forty- two years, leaving a widow and a family of seven children - Mary, Salome, Elizabeth, Peter, George H., John, and Lena.

Somers, Peter W., Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Conewango on November 8, 1851. He was a son of Wendell and Margaret (Schuler) Somers. His paternal grandfather was Peter Somers, a native of Germany, who settled in Conewango about 1832 or 1836. He reared a family of five children - Charlotte, Peter, Frank, Wendell, and George; of these Wendell cleared the farm now occupied by Peter W., where he resided for many years. He had a family of seven children - Mary, Saloma, Elizabeth, Peter W., George, John, and Lena. Peter W. Somers was married in November, 1872, to Alwilda Babcock, a daughter of Almon and Mahala (Blexley) Babcock, of Conewango. They have had three children born to them - Harry, Belle, and Jenny. Peter W.'s maternal grandfather, John Schuler, was a native of Alsace, France, and an early settler in Conewango. He is now living aged ninety years.

Speckman, George, North Warren p.o., Conewango, is a farmer, and was born in Baden, Germany, on April 8, 1836. He was a son of Peter and Monika (Hare) Speckman, and came to America with his parents in 1851, and with them purchased the farm on which he now resides in Conewango in 1856, most of which he has cleared and improved himself. His farm comprises eighty- five acres, of which about sixty acres has been improved. He was married on February 2, 1876, to Anna M. Barnhardt, daughter of Albert and Catherine (Arnt) Barnhardt, of Glade township, and by whom he has had a family of five children - Mary M., Anna K., Clara G., John J., and Alexander W. Mr. Speckman is one of the representative German farmers of Conewango.

Spencer, Chauncey, Columbus, was born in Columbus, Chenango county, N.Y., in 1858. He was a son of Israel and Sally (Webster) Spencer, who were born and married in Connecticut, and settled in Columbus, Pa., in 1826, coming there from Columbus, N.Y. Sally died in 1839, aged fifty- nine years, leaving a family of eleven children, five of whom are now living - Israel, Jr., Oliver, Chauncey, Erastus, and Mary, none of whom have lived out of Warren county. Israel, sr., died in 1865, aged eighty- five. Chauncey Spencer was married in 1842 to Emily Monroe, of Freehold. She died in 1880, leaving one daughter - Ella, who married E.A. Allen, ex- sheriff of Warren county, and have had two sons born to them - Eddie and Elton Allen. Chauncey was married the second time in 1882 to Fidelia Boardman, of Needham, Wis. Mr. Spencer has been burgess of Columbus, school director, town commissioner and farmer. He was engaged in farming in Freehold from 1842 to 1880, after which he retired from active business life and settled in Columbus borough.

Spencer, James (deceased), Columbus, was born in Columbus, Chenango county, N.Y., in 1824. He was married on May 6, 1855, to Eleanor Sample, who was born in 1837. They had a family of two sons born to them - Leon and Elmer. James Spencer died on April 26, 1886. He was a general farmer, and was a son of Israel and Sally (Webster) Spencer, who were born and married in Connecticut, and settled in Columbus, Pa., in 1826. Eleanor (Sample) Spencer was a daughter of Nathaniel and Hannah (Wynn) Sample. Nathaniel was born in Clarion county in 1804, and his wife, Hannah, was born in Genesee county, N.Y., in 1815. They were married in 1835, and had a family of four children born to them, two of whom are now living - Eleanor and Thomas W. Sally married Charles Rickerson, and died, leaving three children. George died in 1881, leaving two sons. Nathaniel Sample was a son of John and Eleanor Sample, who settled in Columbus about 1804 or 1805. Four of their children are now living - William, David, Martha, and Hannah.

Spoon, Joshua, Columbus, was born in Oswego county, N.Y., in 1834. He was married in 1855 to Ann Eliza Aldrich, of Livingston county, N.Y. They have had a family of five children born to them, three of whom are now living - Maude, James, and Leon. Maude married B.P. Carrier. Joshua was collector of the town in 1885 and '86, and has also held many of the other minor offices. Joshua Spoon was a son of Peter and Sally (Hall), Spoon. He was born in Herkimer county, N.Y., in 1794, and his wife, Sally, was born in Chenango county, N.Y., in 1802. They both died in 1884. They had a family of five sons born to them - Simon, Nathan, Joshua, William, and James. James enlisted from Oswego county, N.Y.; was taken prisoner and died in Andersonville prison in 1864. Joshua settled in Warren county in 1852. Ann Eliza was a daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah (Wynn) Aldrich. Sarah died in 1881, leaving two daughters. They settled here in 1840.

Spoon, Simon P., Columbus p.o., was born in Oswego county in 1826. He married Marion Hall in September, 1856. They have a family of four children - Evered A., Ernest L., George A., and Kate M. Evered A. married Minnie Knowlton in 1884, and have one child - Ethel May. George H. married Jennie Inick in 1883, and have one child. Ernest married Edna Arters. Simon P. settled in Columbus in 1848, and engaged in farming. He was a son of Peter and Sally Hall Spoon; he was from Herkimer county, N.Y., and was born in 1794 and died in 1884; she was from Chenango county, N.Y., and was born in 1802 and died in 1884. They had five sons, four of whom are now living - Simon P., Nathan, Joshua, and William. James enlisted from Oswego county, N.Y.; was taken prisoner, and died in Andersonville prison in 1864. Mrs. Marion Spoon was a daughter of James Hall, who settled in Columbus in 1833. He was born in Connecticut in 1804, and was a son of Nathan and Abigail Hall, who settled in Madison county, N.Y., and died in Oswego county, N.Y.

Stanford, Worthy, Busti, N.Y., p.o., Farmington, is a farmer and was born in Farmington October 4, 1845. He was a son of Horatio and Sarah E. (Mackress) Stanford, who were from Canastota, N.Y., and settled in what is now Farmington in 1832, on the farm now occupied by Worthy, which they cleared and improved and upon which they lived and died. They had a family of three children who grew to maturity - Achsa (now Mrs. Daniel McMillan), Hannah E. (now Mrs. Edwin Babcock), and Worthy. Worthy Stanford was reared on the homestead farm where he has always resided. He was married April 26, 1873, to Matilda Johnson, .a daughter of Magnus and Margaret (Johnson), who were natives of Sweden. They have had one child born to them, Pearl E.

Starrett, William P., North Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Vinal Haven, Me., on May 29, 1837, and was a son of Cyrus and Phebe (Philbrook) Starrett, who came to Warren county in 1839. His father was born in Wrentham, N.H., on February 21, 1802, and was married on March xo, 1833, to Phebe Philbrook, a daughter of Jonathan and Phebe (Lassell) Philbrook, of Searsmont. Jonathan Philbrook died in 1814, after participating in the battle of Plattsburgh, N.Y. Cyrus and Phebe settled in Warren county in 1839, settling on the farm which is now owned by John Amann, in 1850, a part of which they cleared and improved themselves. They moved to the farm which is now owned and occupied by William Starrett in 1875, where Cyrus died on December 31, 1878, aged seventy- seven years. Their children were Calvin B., John H., William P., Stephen B., Ferdinand and Ida. William P. Starrett was married in 1872 to Levancia Barber, a daughter of William and Asenoth (Post) Barber, of Fredonia, Chautauqua county, N.Y.

Stephens, Warner E., Tidioute p.o., Glade, is a general blacksmith and lumber wagon manufacturer, also manufactures fine handmade carriages, sleighs, etc.; was born in Crawford county in 1844, and settled in Tidioute in 1870 as journeyman smith, and in 1871 he commenced the general smithing business, and continued the same in all of its various branches. He was married July 6, 1865, to Samantha Coon, who was born .at Montara, N.Y. She died hi Michigan in 1875, leaving one child - Norma. He married his second wife Alis Dougherty, of Tidioute, March 16, 1876. They have two children born to them - Neva and Raymond G. Warner E. was a son of Joshua and Julia A. Fowler Stephens. Joshua Stephens died in Alexandria, Ga., while in the Union service in 1865. They had a family of six children - Lucy, Lucien, Elias W., Warner E., Joshua and Mary. The mother, Julia, was born in Crawford county, Pa., and now resides with her daughter, Mary E. Flanegan, in Cuba, N.Y.

Stilson, Amos C., Sugar Grove, carpenter and contract builder, was born in Jamestown, N.Y., in 1837. He was a son of Benoni and 'Hannah Brown Stilson. Benoni was born in Connecticut in 1798; and settled in Sugar Grove in about 1820; his wife was born in New Hampshire; they were married and died in Jamestown, N.Y. Amos C. Stilson settled in Sugar Grove borough in 1871, as a carpenter and builder, and many of the best buildings therein show his artistic work. He formed a partnership with W.A. Bush, and purchased the steam planing, sawing and carpenter supply factory in 1885, where they have machinery to do fine house building work. Mr. Stilson married Adelia Robertson, of Crawford county, in 1860. She was born on October 15, 1839. She was a daughter of George and Rhoda Luce Robertson. The former was born in 1801, and died in 1869; the latter was born in 1807 and died in 1870; they were married October 16, 1825, and had four children - Mary E., Martha L., John R. and Adelia.

Stilson, jr., David, Sugar Grove, was born on Stilson Hill, Sugar Grove, in 1827, and is a son of David and Mary Burrough Stilson. David Stilson came from New Haven, Conn., and settled in Sugar Grove in 1814. He had a family of five sons and four daughters, two sons and two daughters now living - Harry H., David, Betsey, and Polly Hazeltine. David, sr., died June 6, 1852, and his wife died February 25, 1840. David, jr., married Margaret Page September 9, 1852; she was born in Pittsfield in 1834. They have a family of four children - Thomas Perry, Alice A., Frank A., and Mertie. Alice A. married' Charles Middleton. Thomas died in 1881, aged twenty- eight years. David Stilson, sr., had three brothers who settled with him - Elias, Stephen, David, and Benoni.

Storum, Samuel, Warren p.o., Glade, son of Samuel and Maru Storum, was born in Chautauqua county, N.Y., in the year 1827. The family came to Pine Grove about 1830, for the purpose of clearing lands. Samuel, the son, returned to Canton, Cattaraugus county, N.Y., some years later, and in 1860 came to Glade. He married Laura Woodward, who bore him three children, Marshall S.J., Mary and Myra M., who died at the age of four years. Mr. Storum has a good farm property on the Gotham road, so called, on which are fine buildings, erected through the energy and thrift of their proprietor. In the affairs of the town Mr. Storum has never taken an active part, but in religious life he is a strong advocate of Spiritualism.

Strand, C.O., Sugar Grove p.o., Freehold, was born in Sweden, in 1846, and was married in 1870 to Louisa Donaldson. To them have been born four children - Charles, Oscar, Emil, and Ernest.

Strong, John O., Tidioute, was born in Herkimer county, N.Y. His parents were Henry and Mary Cristman Strong, who settled in Sardinia, Erie county, N.Y., in 1838. Henry died in 1881, aged seventy- nine years; and his wife died in 1881. They had a family of eleven children, nine of whom now survive. John O. Strong settled in Tidioute and engaged in the oil business as producer in 1861, and in 1866, with his brother, Charles B., engaged in the livery business, which they still continue. In 1873 they embarked in the general hardware trade, dealing extensively in farm tools and machinery. In 1869 John O. married Mary Nugent, of Mercer county; they have had two daughters - Daisy L., and Minnie E. Charles B. Strong married Sarah Whitney, of Yorkshire, Cattaraugus county, N.Y.

Stuart, Thomas J., Sugar Grove, was born in Sugar Grove, in 1826, and married Lucina Boyce in 1847. She was born in Youngsville, in 1829. They had a family of six children born to them - Mary E., Euphemia, William B., and Samuel G. (twins), Ernest Grant, and Emma Grade. Lucina was a daughter of Samuel G. and Elsie Davis Boyce. Thomas J. was a son of William and Elizabeth (Dalrymple) Stuart. She was born in Colerain, Mass., and William was born in Ireland, February 28, 1794, and his wife in 1792. They had, a family of twelve children born to them, five of whom are now living - Margaret, Esther, Ann, Thomas J., and Jane. Elizabeth died August 23, 1873, and William in 1833. He was a son of James and Catherine Stuart, who settled in Sugar Grove, in 1803. They had a family of ten children born to them - John, Thomas, William, Robert, James, Alexander, Rosa, Catherine, Margaret, and Jane.

Stutts, Jeremiah N., Sugar Grove p.o., Farmington, was born at Niagara Falls, N.Y., January 22, 18zi. He was a son of Jacob and Roxilana (Newman) Stutts. The former was a native of New Jersey, and his wife of Niagara county, N.Y. They settled in what is now Farmington, in 1830. Their children were Mary A., Catherine, Jeremiah N., William, Nancy, Jane, Luther, and Elwin. Jeremiah N. Stutts was reared in Farmington from eight years of age, and worked at the blacksmith trade for twenty- five years, and afterwards became a buyer of cattle, hides, etc. He was married in 1843 to Betsey Smith, a daughter of John and Harriet (Cady) Smith, of Sugar Grove. They have had - Roxilana, now Mrs. George Osborn. Mr. Stutts has owned the farm which he now owns and occupies, since 1861, although he has only resided on it since 1874. While working at the blacksmith trade he pared the feet and set two twenty- one shoes in four minutes, which is the fastest time on record.

Sutter, Jacob, Warren p.o., Glade, was born in Alsace, then a province of the French republic, where his early life was spent. In 1846 he came to Warren, and learned the tailor's trade, at which he worked for twenty- five years. He was married in Paris, France, to Katherine Bulger, who bore him six children - Louis, Caroline, Philip, Frederick, Lorena, and Mena. In 1871 Mr. Sutter and his family came to Glade, where he had a small farm of sixteen acres nicely located on the hillside, overlooking the borough of Warren. When the oil excitement reached Glade these lands at once became very valuable, and are now among the most productive ones in the town. This fortunate circumstance has placed Mr. Sutter in comfortable circumstances. Jacob Sutter was one of the founders of the Lutheran Church in Warren, in which he now takes a great interest. He frequently officiated at funeral obsequies in the absence of the pastor of the church.

Sweeting, Jacob, John, Hannah, Elizabeth, Lucy, William, Samuel, and Mary G., Warren p.o., Glade, were the children of Jacob Sweeting, sr., who was a native of Derbyshire, England, and came to this country in 1840, and who one year later settled on Quaker Hill, Elk township. Jacob, jr., married Louesa Sharp, who bore him a family of twelve children; John married Lucinda Miller, by whom he had a family of seven children; Hannah, married William Taylor; Elizabeth, married H.B. Lonsbury; Lucy, who was born during the journey from Rochester, N.Y., to Quaker Hill, married William Meyers; Mary G., married William Blair; William is also married and now resides in Glade; Samuel is dead. William and John both served in the late war, and John was injured by the premature discharge of a cannon. The family have nearly all left Elk township, and most of them now reside in Glade. They are farmers and oil producers there, having fortunately taken lands many years ago on the oil belt more recently, developed.

Swift, Alfred W., Kinzua p.o., was born in Allegheny county, N.Y., July 7, 1833. He was the son of B. C. and Mary A. Swift. At the age of twenty years he left home and went to Olean, where he worked at the trade of a joiner. In 1854 he came to Kinzua, intending to stay but a short time, but was induced to remain and work at his trade, and also that of blacksmithing and wagon- making, at all of which he was an adept. Here he became acquainted with and married Mary Ann, the youngest child of Seth Green, by whom he had one child - Ella V., now the wife of George L. Lawrence. About sixteen years ago Mr. Swift purchased the farm on which he now resides. On this farm was put down one of the first wells in this locality, and there are now seven oil producing wells in the locality, and these have netted the owner a snug sum.

Taylor, William H., Barnes p.o., Sheffield, Energy, perseverance and industry, find a worthy example in the life of William H. Taylor. He was one of the six children of Silas S. Taylor, of Erie county, and came to Sheffield in the year 1859; for three months he worked for Andrew Donaldson in the lumber woods at thirteen dollars per month. After that he worked for Elmer Lacey, and continued in his employ for about three years. He is essentially a self- made man. Circumstances never made him; he made circumstances. When he left Warren for Sheffield, he possessed just fifty cents. He now owns a good farm on which stands substantial buildings which were built by him. His stock of every kind and the products of his farm are of the best quality obtainable. He was married in June, 1864, to Helen Sherwood, a daughter of James Sherwood, and by whom he had these children - Amos A., William H., jr., Dennis, George, Cassius, Jane, and Rudolph. After the death of his first wife he married Mary N. Rice, who bore him one child - Phebe A.

Thacher, W.M., Youngsville, was born in Genesee county, N.Y., in 1840. His parents were Alvin (Pike) and Jane (Salisbury) Thacher. Alvin was born in 1813, and died April 12, 1881; his wife, was born in 1820. They settled in Youngsville in 1872, and had two sons - W.M. and William. The latter enlisted in Company C, Sixteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, and lost an arm at Malvern Hill. W.M. married, in 1863, Jennie Henton, of Harbor Creek, Erie county. She died August 24, 1885, leaving three children - Ada, Minnie, and Ally P. W.M. has held the offices of school director, commissioner, and councilman; by occupation he is a farmer.

Thomas, John, Grand Valley p.o., Eldred, is a farmer, and now owns a farm of one hundred and fifteen acres; he is also largely interested in lumbering. He was a son of Lifus and Esther (Thompson) Thomas, of Ireland, who had a family of five children, four of whom are now living - Mary C., Joseph Emanuel, W. D., and Joseph. Joseph married Martha Deemer, of Westmoreland county, in 1871. They have had one child born to them - Ora Viance.

Thomas, Elisha, North Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Schenectady county, N.Y., on April 10, 1831. He was a son of William and Jane (McConnell) Thomas, who settled in Warren county in 1833, on the farm which is now occupied by Elisha, which they cleared and improved themselves. They had a family of ten children - William J., John, Joseph C., Elizabeth M., Elisha, Margaret J., Sarah M., A. McCready, Mary T., and Henry S. Mr. Thomas originally purchased 400 acres, which has since been divided into several tracts. The homestead tract now consists of 187 acres. The paternal grandparents of Elisha Thomas were John and Elizabeth (Huff) Thomas. His maternal grandparents were William and Elizabeth (Hannah) McConnell, who with a sister Nancy and a brother James McConnell, were early settlers in Conewango. The sister died at the age of one hundred and one years, and the brother at the age of seventy- eight. Elisha succeeded to the homestead where he has resided since two years of age. He was married in 1874 to Emma L. Marsh, of Randolph, N.Y. They have two children - D. May (who died in infancy), and Grace E.

Thomas, Samuel, Sugar Grove, one of the pioneer farmers of the town, was born in Livingston county, N.Y., in 1828, and settled in Sugar Grove in 1837. His parents were Thomas and Sophia (Whipple) Thomas, who were born and married in Connecticut, and settled in Livingston county, N.Y., in 1825, and in Sugar Grove in 1837. They had but one son - Samuel. Thomas died in 1868, aged seventy- two years, and Sophia died in 1866, aged sixty- nine years. Samuel now owns the farm purchased at the time of settlement - then a timber tract. Samuel married in 1852 Emeline Smith, born in Rensselaer county, N.Y., in 1832. They had four children - Charles, Alice, Earl, and Jennie, who died, aged twenty- three. Sophia Thomas was a daughter of Asa Smith, who settled in Sugar Grove in 1830.

Among the earliest families that settled, in Corydon was that of Philip Tome. Mr. Tome was born in Dauphin county; he married Mary Yonce, and for a time lived on Pine Creek. They came to Corydon about the year 1827. In the family were ten children, as follows: Jane (who married William Case), Benjamin, Elizabeth (who married Rice Hamblin), George W., Philip, jr., Rebecca (who became the wife of Belvin Forbes), Hiram, William, John (who was the first white male child born in Corydon), and Savory (who married Clark White). George W. Tome was born March 20, 1818, and married February 24, 1840, to Ann Wright, daughter of William Wright. They had but one child - Rebecca - who is now the wife of Benjamin Crooks. On the farm of George W. Tome is an old mound of earth, concerning which the oldest Indians can give no account. Many relics have been taken from this vicinity, but the mound has never been thoroughly examined. Hiram Tome was born in Cattaraugus county, N.Y., May 23, 1824. In 1852 he married Eliza Dalrymple, by whom he had five children - Clara, Ella, Effie, Linnie, and Glennie. Hiram Tome is one of the most respected men of the town of Corydon. His residence stands on the main street of the village, overlooking the Allegheny River, and commands a fine view of the high mountain ranges on the opposite side, From the rear of the dwelling can plainly be seen Cornplanter's Peak. Benjamin Tome married Cynthia Gibbs, by whom he had eight children - Esther, Juliette, Sarah, Nancy J., Luella, Henry, George L, and O.J. George L. Tome is a farmer and blacksmith, giving most of his attention to the former pursuit. His farm comprises 28 1/2 acres, nicely located about one- fourth mile north of the village of Corydon. Mr. Tome married Ida Wilcox, daughter of S.R. Wilcox, by whom he has four children. The Tome family, aside from being one of the earliest pioneers of Corydon, enjoys the distinction of having been one of the most prolific of the town, and have grown up their children to become respected, industrious, law- abiding citizens. Phillip Tome, the pioneer, some years ago wrote a book entitled "Thirty Years a Hunter," containing a sketch of his family life, and filled with interesting anecdotes of' the pioneer days.

Thompson, Robert, Irvinton, p.o., Brokenstraw, was born in Warren county, August 16, 1816, and was married in 1843 to Hannah Thompson, who was born in Warren county in 1823. Robert died in March, 1877, leaving a widow and four children - James A., John N., General Canby, and Harry D. Mr. Thompson was an extensive lumber manufacturer and shipper, and was also largely engaged in farming, and was a prominent man' of his town and county. He was a son of Robert and Rachel (Irvine) Thompson. Hannah was a daughter of John and Hannah (Houff) Thompson, who were early settlers in the county, and died, leaving a family of seven children, but two of whom are now living - Esther Morrison (widow) and Hannah.

Tompsett, Charles, Tidioute p.o., Triumph, was born in Kent, England, in 1847, and emigrated to America in 1865 and settled in Triumph as an agent and laborer in oil production. He was married October 15, 1868, to Ellen Griffin, who was born in Birmingham, England. They have had a family of two children born to them - William C. (born August 17, 1869), and Albert E. (born August 26, 1871). Charles Tompsett has been assessor for three years, was collector for three terms, and constable for six terms. He purchased a tract of twenty acres and put down eight wells in 1885, which he is now pumping with one engine, obtaining over twenty barrels per day, by his own labor combined with that of his son, using the gas as fuel for his engine and house, that he has on his premises. He also has a lot of sixty acres, which is now developed. He was a son of Richard and Sarah (Beeching) Tompsett, who had a family of six children born to them. Sarah died in England, also one child. The father and his five children settled near Jamestown, N.Y. Four of the children are now living - George, Richard, Charles, and Sarah.

Thompson, David S., Tidioute, was born in Pine Grove in 1840, and settled in Tidioute in 1865 and began the production of oil, which business he followed up to 1874, when he embarked in the general merchandise business, from which he also retired in 1884. He was married in 1865 to Charlotte P. Kinnear, of Tidioute. She was a daughter of James and Jeanette Kinnear. They have had two daughters and one son - only one daughter now living. Mr. Thompson is one of the leading men of his town, and was a son of V.R. and Laura (Burgett) Thompson, who were married in Warren county. Laura died in 1874, leaving a family of four daughters and three sons.

V.R. Thompson was born in 1808, and settled in Warren county in 1810, with his father, Caleb Thompson, who was a soldier in the War of 1812.

Thompson, E.W., Grand Valley p.o., Eldred, one of the representative men of Grand Valley, was for twenty years keeping a general store, now conducted by his sons under the firm name of Thompson Brothers. He was born in Rensselaer county, N.Y., in 1827, and his father settled in Warren county in 1837. He married Adeline Brown, of Warren county, September 11, 1851, and to them have been, born nine children, eight of whom are now living - Rosalia M., Lydia R. (deceased), Olive R., Almon T., Anson R., Anice R., Archie L., Wilfred E., and Nina I. His father, Samuel, was born in New York State in 1775, was married three times, and had a family of sixteen children born to him, nine of whom are now living. He died in Warren county in 1857. E.W. Thompson now owns and occupies a farm of 270 acres.

Thompson, Edwin W., Russell p.o., Pine Grove, was born in Farmington October 2, 1835. He is a son of William Thompson, a native of' Long Island, N.Y., who settled in Farmington in 1831, and was one of its pioneers. At the age of twenty- one years Edwin came to Pine Grove, and built a water- power saw- mill in the heavily timbered districts of the town in 1862 he built the first "circular saw- mill" of the town, and ran it until 1867, when it was sold to Thomas Briggs. In September, 1884, Mr. Thompson purchased the mill site at Russell's, of D.M. Martin and Joseph Briggs, and erected thereon one of the most complete and available saw and planing- mills of Warren county, at an expense of over $6,000. In 1862 Mr. Thompson married Harriet Jones, by whom he had four children, only two of whom are now living. Edwin Thompson is one of the most enterprising business men of Pine Grove. He believes that everything worth doing at all should be done well. In political affairs he is independent, but inclines toward the Republican party. His religious views are as independent as his politics; he is a Free- thinker.

Thompson, jr., Joseph Dale, Tidioute p.o., Triumph, was born in Deerfield in 1834. His parents were Joseph D. and Rosalie (Crippen) Thompson, who were married in 1831. He was born in Deerfield in 1812, and died in 1882; she was born in Brokenstraw, and died, leaving a family of six children. Mr. Thompson then married his second wife, Mary Crippen, by whom he had three children. He was a son of John Thompson, who immigrated from Ireland and settled in Tidioute - one of the first settlers - where he kept a tavern many years, and died, leaving five children - one son, Joseph D., and four daughters, Polly, Rachael, Hannah, and Esther. Joseph D., jr., married Helen Huey, born in Eldred and married in 1858. They have had six children - Loretta Victoria, Orres Laverette and Oscar Lavant (twins), Florence May, Eva Jane, and Gertrude Elizabeth. Mr. Thompson has been treasurer for three years, school director thirteen years, and road commissioner for ten years. He purchased his present homestead of 130 acres in 1855 - then a wilderness; he now has a grain and grass producing farm second to none in his township.

Thompson, Samuel, Warren p.o., Farmington, is a farmer and was born on Long Island, N.Y., May 4, 1816. He was a son of William and Sally (Palmater) Thompson, both of whom were natives of New York, and settled in Farmington in 1831, locating on the farm which is now owned and occupied by their son, Samuel Thompson, which they cleared and improved, and upon which they resided until the time of their deaths. They had a family of ten children - William, Maria, John, Daniel, Samuel, James, Betsey, Harriet, Sally, and George. Samuel purchased the homestead in 1850, and has resided there since 1852. He was married in 1841 to Angeline Putnam, a daughter of Daniel and Betsey (Barrett) Putnam, of Pine Grove. They have had a family of five children - Walter, Alfred, Orrin, Lovisa, and Elmer.

Truman, Lillie, West Spring Creek p.o., Spring Creek, was born in Ohio on October 29, 1852, and settled in Warren county, Pa., in 1876. He married Mary C. Wright, who was born in Spring Creek March 15, 1855, by whom he had a family of four children - Roy L., born October 27, 1879; Earl D., born February 9, 1881; Ethel P., born August 11, 1882; and Wilmer G., born May 8, 1885. His parents were James and Claurdean (Havens) Truman. His father was a cooper by trade.

Trushel, Philip and Mary, Warren p.o., Conewango, natives of Alsace, France, came to Warren in the year 1839. In this family were six children - Mary, Philip J., Jacob, Eva, George, and Caroline. Philip, the father, died in 1869, and his wife, Mary, in 1873. Philip J., the oldest son, when a boy, worked for Alonzo Summerton in the store. He went to Butler and Venango counties, where he drove stage, and afterwards followed the river, in rafting season, for fourteen years. In 1865 he went into the mercantile business in Warren county, where he has since resided. Mr. Trushel married Margaret E. Zagel, by whom he has had six children - Matilda, Albert, Frank, Edie, who died in 1872; Alice, and Clara. Philip Trushel is a conscientious Christian man; a prominent member and officer of the Evangelical Association society. In political life he has generally supported the Republican nominees, but for the last six years has been a prohibitionist, and is now one of the leaders in the cause. He is the leading merchant of Glade, his place of residence and business.

Tuneberg, Magnus, Chandler's Valley p.o., Sugar Grove, a general blacksmith and manufacturer of wagons, carriages, buggies, sleds, etc., was born in Sweden in 1835, and married Christina Neilson in 1866, and immigrated to and settled in Sugar Grove in 1869, and in Chandler's Valley in 1871, where he engaged at his trade, which he still continues; he has here erected a dwelling, shop, and factory. They have one daughter - Hilda, born in 1871.

Twining, Mrs. Jane, Lander p.o., Farmington, was born in Phelps, N.Y., March 16, 1813. She was a daughter of Hugh and Martha (Burgess) Brown, natives of Ireland, who immigrated to the United States in 1798, and located in Maryland; later they removed to Wayne county, N.Y., and in 1832 located in Warren, this county, and in 1835 they settled in Farmington, where they resided until their deaths. Hugh Brown married twice. His first wife was Margaret Brown, by whom he had a family of four children, who grew to maturity - Thomas, John, William and Sally. His second wife was Martha Burgess, by whom he had eleven children, who grew to maturity - Francis, Hugh, Margaret, Sally, Joseph, Margaret, Jane, Mary A., Susan, Benjamin and Fanny. Mrs. Jane Twining married twice. Her first husband was Arthur Morgan, of Fayette, N.Y., whom she married ' December 4, 1828, and with whom she came to Warren county in 1832, and by whom she had a family of seven children - William, Charles, Ellis, George, Edwin, Eunice, and John A. Mr. Morgan died in 1854. Mrs. Twining was married in 1879 to Thomas Twining, of Farmington, who settled in this place in 1859.

Tucker, George, West Spring Creek p.o., Spring Creek, was born in Massachusetts in 1814, and settled in Spring Creek in 1856. He is a farmer and owns a farm of two hundred acres. He was married in 1845 to Catherine Brown, of Spring Creek. To them have been born eight children, five of whom are now living - Catherine M., Sarah E., George H., Miriam M., William B., Rosa A., Dora E., and Mary E. Mr. Tucker is a millwright by trade, and has held the office of town commissioner and school director. His father, Seth Tucker, was born in Norton, Mass.; died May 25, 1853, aged eighty- nine. His grandfather, Robert Tucker, born April 20, 1727, died May 20, 1805, aged seventy- eight years.

Van Guilder, S.D., Grand Valley p.o., Eldred, was born in New York in 1815, and settled in Warren county in 1858. He married Emeline Nichols, of Crawford county, by whom he had a family of eight children - Sarah E., George E., Sophia A., Henrietta, David, Dean, Cassius, and Charles. Mr. Van Guilder was in early life engaged in lumbering, but now devotes the greater part of his time to farming, owning a farm of one hundred and twenty- five acres. His son, George E., served in the late war, in the Twelfth Pennsylvania Cavalry. Frederick Van Guilder, his father, married Sarah Van Guilder, by whom he had a family of four children, of whom the only one now living is S.D.

Van Eps, John F., Bear Lake p.o., Freehold, was born in Genesee county, N.Y., July 3, 1830, and settled in Warren county in 1838. , He married Harriet Stainbrook, who died in 1863 leaving four children. He was again married September 19, 1864, to Mary Tyrrel (widow of David O. Tyrrel, who was a soldier in the civil war and died in Libby prison). To them have been born four children. Mr. Van Eps is now a retired farmer.

Vanmon, Erik, Ackley Station p.o., Pine Grove, was born in Umea, Sweden, in 1846. He came to America in 1869, and until 1871 resided at Jamestown, N.Y., when he came to Pine Grove. Prior to this time he was a farm laboror. Mr. Vanmon purchased a tract of land in the northeast part of the town, a heavily timbered tract, upon which his start in the town was made. By remarkable perseverance, industry, and energy he has cleared and stumped a considerable portion of the land and purchased more, so that he now has a farm of eighty acres, fifty- five of which are cleared and are in a good state of cultivation as any in the township. He has in course of erection a new dwelling which compares favorably with a majority of those in the town. Erik Vanmon began here with only $150, and his possessions are worth nearly twenty times that amount. In 1872 he married Augusta Lawson. They have had no children. Mr. Vanmon adheres to the principles of the Republican party, and takes an active part in political affairs.

Van Orsdale, Augustus, Ackley Station p.o., Pine Grove, was born in Orange county, N.Y., in 1813. He went while quite young to Lisle, Broome county, N.Y., where he married Eunice Graham. In 1844 he went to Crawford county, and there engaged in the manufacture of lumber for five years. From there he moved to Steuben county, N.Y. In 1870 he came to Pine Grove and settled in that part of the town known as Cable Hollow. In early life Mr. Van Orsdale was apprenticed to learn the tanning and shoemaker's trade with John Burghardt, of Upper Lisle, Broome county, N.Y., where he remained until about thirty years old. The new mill on Rice Run, on the old Brownell tract, originally built by Mr. Sloan, is now owned by Charles A. and John T. Van Orsdale, sons of Augustus Van Orsdale, and is managed by Charles A. John T. is a graduate of West Point, and is now lieutenant of Seventh Infantry U.S. Army, stationed at Fort Laramie, Wyoming Territory. The brothers own a tract of about 285 acres of good timber land on which the new circular saw- mill is now located.

Van Sickel, P.N., of Tidioute, was born in New Jersey, and settled in Tidioute, from New York city, in 1873. He became engaged in the production of oil in 1864, in various sections, but his principal interests are in Warren and McKean counties, and became superintendent of "New York and Allegheny" now "McKean and Allegheny Oil Company" in 1875, and still remains in that position. Mr. Van Sickel married for his first wife, Ann Eliza Runyon, of Plainfield, N.J., and by her has one son, living in New York city. In 1868 he married Hattie Williams, of Erie city. They have one child - Blanche, residing with her parents.

Venness, George, Sugar Grove, is a leading farmer of Sugar Grove, and was born on his present farm in 1833. He married Prudence Andrews, of Busti, Chautauqua county, N.Y., who was born in 1839. They were married in 1860, and had two children born to them - Clyo L. and Kate Belle. Prudence was a daughter of Deloss and Hannah Andrews. Deloss died in 1879, and his wife, Hannah, in 1845. They left four children - Hendrick, Prudence, Alice, and Eris. George was a son of John and Harriet (Davis) Venness. He was born in 1800, and his wife, Harriet, was born in 1802 They were married in 1822. They were natives of Sussex, England, and with a family of five children left England April 14, and landed in New York May 17, 1828. Two of their children died on the voyage. They settled in Utica, N.Y., and in 1830 they settled in Sugar Grove. They had a family of eleven children, six of whom are now living - George, John, Harriet, Sarah, Caroline, and Mary. Harriet, his wife, died in 1869.

Vermilyea, George W., of Columbus, was born in Seneca county, N.Y., in 1823. He was a son of Edward and. Mary (Wentworth) Vermilyea. She was born in Dutchess county, N.Y., and her husband, Edward, was born in Chenango county, N.Y. in 1794. They were married in Seneca county, N.Y., and, had a family of thirteen children born to theme of whom three sons and five daughters are now living. They settled in Columbus in 1827. Mary, died in 1851. George W. Vermilyea was married in 1848 to Lovina White, who was born in Cattaraugus county, N.Y., in 1829. They have had a family of four children born to them - Mark E., Edith M., Rachie, and George Orton. Lovina was a daughter of Mark S. White. George W. Vermilyea has held the offices of assessor and constable. He has been a machinist, and manufacturer of wooden ware.

Virgil, Sylvester R., Sugar Grove, was born in Genesee county, N.Y., in 1828, and was a son of John' and Betsey Elizabeth (Rich) Virgil. He was a native of Maine and his wife, Betsey Elizabeth, was born in Connecticut. They were married and settled in Fort Plain, Montgomery county, N.Y. He was a contractor on the Erie Canal, and built several locks on the canal in 1822, '23, and '24, and later he settled in Orangeville, Wyoming county, N.Y., where they died, leaving a family of six children, four of whom are now living, one son and three daughters. Sylvester married Mary A. Kelso, of Chautauqua county, N.Y. She was born at Otsego county, N.Y., and married April 14, 1853. They have had two daughters born to them - Ella Louise and Julia Elizabeth. Ella L. married A. Dustin. Sylvester R. settled in Farmington, as a farmer, in 1867, and in early life was a, carriage-smith. In 1871 he purchased his homestead in Sugar Grove.

Waite, H.B., Youngsville p.o., Brokenstraw, is a civil engineer; he was born in Nunda, Livingston county, N.Y., in 1826, and settled in Warren county as a teacher in 1849; he taught several years, and embarked in the general mercantile trade in 1857, which he continued until 1868, when he sold out on account of impaired health, and took up engineering. During the war he was active in the employ of the government in the purchase of stock. He married Susan Mead in 1830. They have had two children - Garello and Emma L. - the latter married Julius Bourquin. Mrs. Waite was a daughter of William and Susanna Mead; he was born in Westmoreland in 1784, and she in New Jersey in 1784; they were married in Brokenstraw in 1807, and had a family of six daughters and two sons.

Wales, John M., Enterprise p.o., Southwest, was born in Southwest, Warren county, in 1862. He is a son of John Wales, who was born in Windham county, Conn., in 1807, and who settled in Southwest with his parents in 1825. His parents were Dorcas and Folly (Kees) Wales, who were born and married in Connecticut, and had a family of five children, of whom John is now the only surviving one. The others were Hiram, Sarah, Delosia, and Delusia. Dorcas died in 1850 at the age of seventy- one years, and Folly died in 1844. John Wales, Sr., married Lucy Whitney in 1836. She died in 1850, leaving a family of five children - Maro died in 1860; Delocia, Elizabeth, George, and Lucy. Mr. Wales then married Harriet M. Mayhew, who was born in Addison county, Vt., in 1827. She was married in T850, and by her he has had a family of four children, one of whom died in infancy - Hattie, born in 1859; John M., born in 1862; Fred, born in 1865. Hattie married Fred Johnson, and died in 1882, leaving one son - Theodore. John M. and his brother Fred are the managers of a part of the homestead (185 acres) formerly 300 acres. They are now engaged in producing oil on their lands.

Walker, Cecil E., Bear Lake p.o., was a son of William Walker, who was born in Chenango county, N.Y., in 1821, and settled in Warren county in 1837. He married Mary Ann De Long, of Chenango county, N.Y., and to them were born two children - Cecil E., and Leon E. He was a large dealer in lumber, and was the first to take lumber and shingles to St. Louis. Cecil E. married E. Curtis, of Columbus. They have had one child born to them - Roy. Mr. Walker is a dealer in short- horn cattle, and is engaged in farming.

Walker, Mrs. Lavina, West Spring Creek p.o., Spring Creek, wife of Silas Walker, who was born in 1823, and settled in Warren county. He died, leaving a family of six children, four of whom are now living - Mary Jane, Silas Adelbert, Emily Ann, Charles H., Franklin De F., and Martha R.

Walling, Oliver Smith, Germany p.o., Elk, was born in Orange county, N.Y., March 3, 1842. At Rochester, N.Y., he was united in marriage with Mary Ann Holman, by whom he had a family of seven children - Sylvester L., John Z., Lyman H., Melissa, Franklin P., Harriet M., and Amy E. They came to Quaker Hill about 1850, where the family have since resided. The farm, comprising one hundred acres, is one of the best in the township, and since the death of the father in November, 1861, has been conducted by his widow and her sons. Mr. Walling died in Oregon, where he had gone in the hope of regaining his health. During his life in Elk, Mr. Walling stood highly respected among his fellow- townsmen. His wife has held the office of postmistress of the town for sixteen years, and the establishment of the office in this place was largely due to the efforts of her husband. They commenced married life with less than $100 in money, but by industry and economy he acquired a comfortable home and farm.

Wallace, B.F., Eagle, was born in Onondaga county, N.Y., and settled in Warren county in 1849. He married Mary. Green, of Onondaga county, N.Y., and by her had a. family of seven children - William A., John F., Permelia L., Ezra V., Morgan S., Bertha, and Floyd. He is a carpenter and farmer and owns a farm of fifty- two acres. He has been postmaster for twenty years, and also held the office of assessor, school director and town clerk. His father, William, was born in Washington county, N.Y., in 1798, and married Permelia Eddy, of Oneida county, N.Y. They had a family of three children born to them - Corydon S., Benjamin F., and Ichabod.

Walter, David, Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Alsace, France, and came to Warren on May 15, 1852, and in September, 1854, removed to Glade. In his family were four children, as follows: Mary, Elizabeth, Emeline, and David, jr. David Walter died February 26, 1871, Anna Marie, mother, died February 26, 1876. David, jr. married Maria Ursula, who came to Warren with her uncle's family when she was but thirteen years of age. Her parents now reside in Alsace, France. The children of David and Maria Walter are Albert David, born March 9, 1865, Louisa, born April 18, 1867, George B., born January 24, 1870, Frederick M., born October 29, 1871, Otto S., born December 28, 1873, William P., born August 9, 1876, Martin L., born July 17, 1878, and John, born November 29, 1881. David Walter is a prominent man in the affairs of Glade. He commenced life poor, but has worked his way up to a comfortable and enviable position in the town. He is a staunch Democrat, and a member of the Lutheran Church.

Walter, Henry, Irvinton p.o., Brokenstraw, was born in Meadtown in 1857, and engaged in the manufacture of lumber in 1878 - firm of Walter & Patch; they purchased the stave and shingle- mill at Irvinton. The partnership was dissolved in 1882, when Mr. Walter erected his present mill, and continued the stave, heading and shingle business. In 1884 his brother Frederick became his partner in the business. Mr. Walter was a son of Jacob and Burlena Walter who were born and married in Germany. They settled in Warren county in 1848, and had a family of ten children, seven of whom are now living - Frederick, Lewis, Henry, Samuel, Jacob, Kate, and Mary. Henry married Bertha Wiederhold, of Youngsville, in 1881, and they have two children - Alice P., and Guy V. Mrs. Walter was a daughter of George and Barbara Wiederhold. The Messrs. Walter employ on an average of five hands in their business.

Walton, Aaron, of Columbus, was born in Columbus, Chenango county, N.Y., May 20, 1800. He was married in 1824 to Elizabeth Hanna, who was born in Oneida county, N.Y., in 1798, and died in 1868. They had a family of nine children born to them - George, Benjamin F., Robert H., and John D., Hiram A., Emily, Mary E., Sarah J., Artimissa. Emily married David O. Smith, and Artimissa married A.J. Daymon. Mr. Aaron Walton has held the office of county commissioner for three years, and has also held many of the town and district offices. He was engaged in farming and stock raising at an early age, a branch of business of which he has made a financial success. He was a son of Aaron, Sr., and Artimissa (Fields) Walton. Artimissa was born in Connecticut, and Aaron, Sr., was a native of Massachusetts. They were married and settled in Chenango county, N.Y., and with a family of ten children settled in Columbus, in 1824. Those of the family now living are Aaron, John, Levy, and Mary.

Walton, Charles H., Columbus, was born in Columbus in 1829. He was married in 1857 to Mary Parker, of Columbus. She died in 1867, leaving a family of four children, three of whom are now living - Laura, Dallas, and Lelia. He then married for his second wife Mrs. Johanna (Hesling) Morgan, in 1868. She had one son by her first husband, Arthur Morgan. Laura married Clifford Jarrett; Lelia married Albert J. Smith, a merchant of Columbus. Charles H. Walton retired from farming in 1880. He was a son of John and Harriet (Spencer) Walton, natives of Chenango county, N.Y., who were married in 1828. Harriet Walton, died in 1870, leaving a family of four sons and four daughters. The father, John Walton, was born in 1806. His sons are Charles H., Darius S., Spencer A., and Frank B. His daughters are Laura A., Lucinda M., Louisa J., and Lucretia E.

Walton, Levi, Columbus, was born in Columbus, Chenango county, N.Y., in 1818, and is a son of Aaron and Artamissa Field Walton. They were born and married in Connecticut, and settled in Chenango county, N.Y., in 1824, and emigrated to and settled in Columbus, with a family of ten children, four of whom are now living - Aaron, jr., born in 1800; John, born in 5806; Levi, born in 1818; and Mary. Aaron, sr., was a successful farmer, and died at the age of eighty- two. Levi married in 1841 Cynthia A. West, of Chenango county, N.Y.; she was born in 1858. They have a family of three children - Clarence L., Amelia M., and Lawrence. Amelia M., married H.C. Allen, of Otsego county, N.Y., in 1870, and Lawrence married Mary E. Ripley, of Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1879. Mr. Walton retired from active business in 1883. Cynthia was a daughter of Charles West and Eunice Randal, who settled in Warren county in 1865.

Walton, Spencer A., Columbus p.o., was born in Columbus in 1841, and in 1864 married Louisa Hammon, who was born in Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1842. They have one son, Cassius H., born in 1866. Louisa was a daughter of David and Louisa ( Tooley) Hammon; the latter was from Rutland, Vt., and the former from Massachusetts. Spencer A. was a son of John and Harriet (Spencer) Walton, who were married in 1828. He was born in 1806, and settled in Columbus from Chenango county, N.Y., with his parents, Aaron and Artimissa (Field) Walton. They were born in Connecticut and married there, and settled in Chenango county, N.Y., and came to Warren county with a family of ten children in 1824.

Ward, George U., Matthew's Run, p.o., Sugar Grove, was born in Sugar Grove in 1860, and chose a farmer's life. In 1882 he married Maggie Waters, who was born in 1860. They have two children - James and Pearl. George U. is a son of James and Ann (Gray) Ward. They were born in Nottinghamshire, England, and were married in Sugar Grove, in 1859; they had a family of four children - George U., Martha, Grant, and Kate. James died in 1868. He was a son of John and Catharine (Unwin) Ward, of Nottinghamshire. John was born in 1804, and Catharine in 1821, and they were married in 1837; they had but one son - James. Catharine died in 1880. James and John settled in Sugar Grove in 1851, purchasing the homestead now occupied by George U.

Waterhouse, Russell, Pittsfield, was born in Schoharie county, N.Y., in 1821. He was a son of William A. and Hannah (Davis) Waterhouse. William A. was born in Stonington, Conn., Hannah was born in Rhode Island, and was a descendant of the Roger Willams colony; she was raised in the same neighborhood and went to school with Commodore Perry, and was a cousin of the hero of Lake Erie. They settled in Pittsfield in 1840, where William A. died in 1842. Hannah died in Dakota, aged ninety- five years. Russell Waterhouse settled in Pittsfield, in 1840, and was married in 1848 to Laura Ford, who was born in 1825. They have had a family of six children born to them - Hyatt M., is a graduate of Scudder's Eclectic Medical College of Cincinnat1, and is now a professor at Minneapolis, Minn.; John A., was also a graduate of the same college; Maud, graduated from the same in 1886; Elgia N., Thomas W., and Effie. Thomas W. is now a bookkeeper, and the other two daughters are students at Fredonia. Laura Ford was a daughter of Obadiah and Elizabeth H. Ford. Obadiah was born in Maryland. They had a family of nine children born to them, seven of whom are now living - John C., Darius, Margaret Cordelia, Laura, Mansell, and Vincent. Darius and Mansell enlisted and served for four years in the late war, and were honorably discharged. Their father Obadiah served in the War of 1812.

Watts, jr., Thomas, Sugar Grove, was born in Wilkshire, England, in 1829. He was a son of Thomas and Susan (Barrett) Watts; they were married in England and with a family of four daughters and three sons in 1835 settled in Sugar Grove. The parents are both dead, the father died in 1841, the mother in 1854. Five of the children are now living - Mrs. Elizabeth Shutt, Mrs. Sarah Shutt, Mrs. Ellen Mead, John Watts, and Thomas Watts, jr. Thomas Watts, jr., married Lucretia Armitage, of Spring Creek in 1863. She was born in 1845 and died in Sugar Grove in 1873, leaving a family of three children - Nellie, May, and Jennie. Nellie married James Armitage in 1884, and died April 12, 1886, leaving an infant daughter, Nellie. May is a graduate and holds a teacher's certificate. Mr. Watts is a farmer, and was in early life a lumberman, and purchased his homestead farm in 1862.

Watt, Moses, Garland p.o., Pittsfield, a resident of Garland was born in Spring Creek township in 1828. He was a son of Alexander and Elizabeth (Andrews) Watt. Alexander was born in Lancaster county, and his wife, Elizabeth, was born in Pittsfield. Alexander settled with his father, John Watt, in Spring Creek in 1797. John had a family of four children. Alexander and Elizabeth had a family of nine children born to them, four of whom are now living - Mrs. Hannah Mallery, Mrs. Melissa Snyder, Mrs. Sarah Spencer, and Moses Watt. Alexander A. Watt died in 1866 at the advanced age of eighty- five years. His son Moses was married in 1866 to Eveline Bright, who was born in Crawford county in 1844. They have had two children born to them - Frank M. and Robert, who are now living; Winifred and a daughter, Sarah Etta, are dead. Sarah died in 1885 aged seventeen years. Eveline Bright was a daughter of Henry and Mary Ann (Butler) Bright. Moses Watt in early life was a lumberman and farmer, and in 1884 settled in Garland, coming there from Spring Brook, and there erected his present fine residence. He embarked in the general hardware business in 1884.

Walz, Squire Frederick, Tidioute p.o., Glade, was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, in 1827. He was a son of John and Siblyla Walz, who emigrated to America in 1833, where they died leaving a family of six children, four of whom are now living - John, Johanna, Rose, and Frederick. Squire Frederick is a man of two hundred and seventy- five pounds weight. He enlisted in Company D, First Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, in 1846, and served during the war with Mexico. They left Pittsburgh in December, 1846, under Colonel Wynkoop, and returned from Mexico in August, 1848; in that service he was under Generals Winfield Scott and Wool. Mr. Walz was commissioned to raise a company for the Fourth Pennsylvania Reserves, which he did, and placed them in command of Colonel March. He was married in 1859 to Mrs. Mary Magdalene Glassing. They settled in Tidioute in 1864, and in 1865 settled in Limestone on the Economist Society plot. From 1859 to 1873 he was engaged in the grocery business in Limestone. In 1873 he was appointed by the Bridge Company at Tidioute, as toll collector and agent. He has held the office of justice of the peace for several years, and in 1883, he received a unanimous vote from the people of the borough for the office of justice, which position he is filling with credit.

Way, Timothy, Russellburg, p.o., was born in Scipio, Cayuga county, N.Y., October 18, 1801, and died in Pine Grove January 31, 1879. Nancy Borthwick, his wife, was born in Scipio January 20, 1802. They were married in 1826, and came to Pine Grove in 1830, settled in Russellberg, and in 1851 located on the beautiful farm in the north part of the town, where Judson W. Way now resides. The children of this marriage were Willard J., born June 30, 1828; William N., March 6, 1830; Judson W., February 15, 1853; Orrin J., July 12, 1835; Mary Jane, March 27, 1839; Nancy Jenet, September 5, 1841; Rebecca Ann, March 29, 1847. Judson W. Way married Isaura L., daughter of Ezra H. Gregory, of Farmington, on May 9, 1866. They have two children, Charles A. and Ralph C. Timothy Way, during his life, was a farmer and one of the most respected citizens of Pine Grove. Some of his business ventures were unsuccessful, but he eventually regained his fortune and at the time of his death was in comfortable circumstances. He was a prominent anti- slavery Democrat, and supported Mr. Lincoln as a candidate for the presidency. He was a member of the society of the Baptist Church.

Weiler, George, Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Alsace, France, on February 3, 1824. He is a farmer and settled on the farm he now occupies in 1850, a part of which he cleared and improved. He was a son of George and Barbara (Rockenbach) Weiler, who came to America in 1832, and settled in Pleasant township, where they resided for five years, after which they removed to Conewango and settled on the farm now owned by Jacob C. Seigrist, where they lived until the time of their deaths. They had a family of five children - Saloma (Mrs. John Arnold), George, John, Magdalena (Mrs. Christian Kaberlin), Mary (Mrs. Henry Boss). George Weiler, jr., was married on October 7, 1852, to Magdalena Kiel (a daughter of Michael and Susan (Hoscher) Kiel, who were natives of Germany and came to this country and settled in Conewango in 1839). They have had a family of seven children born to them - Lewis, Susan (Mrs. C.M. Marston), Clara (Mrs. John Sly), Bessie, Nettie, John, and Robert.

Weld, Robert and Clarissa (Howe), were born in Vermont, she in Brattleboro in 1795, and he in Windham in 1784. He died in 1875, and she died in 1885. They had a family of seven children, five of whom are now living - Susan, Sarah, Squire, William W., and Mary. Theodore died in 186r in his fifty- fourth year, and Clarissa died in 1883 aged forty years. The parents settled in Sugar Grove in 1831.

Weld, William W., is a successful farmer of Sugar Grove, and was born at Bath, Steuben county, N.Y., February 23, 1829, and settled in Sugar Grove in 1831. He married Christina Falconer, of Sugar Grove, by whom he has had three sons - Robert J., Fred F., and Guy T. (who died February 27, 1883). William enlisted in Company B, Ninth New York Cavalry in 1861, and was promoted to second and then to first lieutenant, and was discharged in 1863 by reason of disability, and in 1864 he enlisted in Company G, 211th Pennsylvania Regiment, served to the close of the war and was discharged. He was wounded in 1862, for which he now draws a pension. He purchased the farm in 1848, which consists of forty- eight acres, and now owns a homestead of 110, where he erected his dwelling complete in appointments in 1885. He was a son of Robert and Clarisa (Howe) Weld. She was a native of Brattleboro, and was born in 1795 and her husband was born in Windham county, Vt., in 1784, and died June 5, 1875. They had a family of ten children born to them, five of whom are now living - Susan, Sarah, Squire William W., Mary, and Theodore N. (died leaving a widow and two children), and Clarissa married E.M. Dupray, and died leaving three children. Sarah M. married W.P. Cummings.

Weiler, John C., Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Alsace, France, on November, 18, 1827. He is a farmer, owning about 450 acres. He purchased in 1868 two hundred and forty acres where he now resides, and has since added to it until now his farm comprises in all about 450 acres. He is one of the self- made men of Conewango, coming to this place when but four years old, and has accumulated his large property by his own exertions. He was a son of George and Barbara (Rockenbach) Weiler, who came to this country in 1832. John C. was married on June 6, 1851, to Saloma Seigrist, a daughter of Philip and Saloma (Strubler) Seigrist, who were among the early settlers of Conewango. They have had a family of six children born to them - Mary (now Mrs. Anthony Mintzer), Elias P. (deceased), Theodosia (now Mrs. Michael Kafferlin), Elias H., Gilbert G., and Chloe.

Wellman, Dr. Warren D., Sugar Grove p.o., was born in Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1855. He was a graduate of the Cincinnati Eclectic Medical Institute in the class of 1881 and settled in Sugar Grove, in his profession, that of surgeon and doctor. His brother, Elmer E. Wellman, settled in Sugar Grove in 1881, when they as partners formed the firm of Wellman Brothers, now engaged in the general drug and prescription business, and added a full stock of groceries and fancy goods, with stationery. They are the sons of W.D. and Laura L. (Martin) Wellman, of Harmony, Chautauqua. county, N.Y. Their mother, Laura L., died in 1866, leaving a family of four children - Dr. W.D., Julia E., Elmer E., and Arthur M.

Welsh, Lawrence, Chandler's Valley p.o., Sugar Grove, was born in Tipperary, Ireland, in 1826, and was a son of Patrick. He settled in Morristown, N.J., in 1848, when he married Joanna Hogan, born in Waterford, Ireland, in 1829, and married in 1849. They have a family of two children - Kate and Mary Elizabeth. Kate married Leonard H. Homer, and has three children. Mr. Welsh settled in Sugar Grove in 1880, purchasing the old John Chandler farm of 110 acres. He has been for twenty- five years employed as section boss on the railroad, and agent of several roads, east and west.

Wentworth, William Wallace, Pittsfield, was born in Litchfield, Herkimer county, N.Y., in 1827, and with his parents, Loren and Servilla (Crosby) Wentworth, settled in Chautauqua county in 1828. Their children now living are William W., Eugene, Jasper, and De Ette. William W. Wentworth was married in 1848, to Sarah Olivia Sharp, who was born in Grove, Allegheny county, N.Y., in 1829. They have had a family of ten children, four of whom are now living - William W. jr., Marion W., Sarah Servilla Pierce, and Eli B.S. William W., sr., enlisted in Company I., Fourteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry in 1862, and was discharged at the close of the war in 1865. He was wounded in the shoulder and the knee. His wife, Olivia, was a daughter of Eli B. and Sarah (Barker) Sharp. Sarah was born in, Maine, and Eli, her husband, was born in Cayuga county, N.Y. They settled in Pittsfield in 1836. Marion M. Wentworth married George W. Wing, and her sister, Sarah S., married Henry Pierce. They had one child born to them - Francis May.

Wentz, Philip, Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Alsace, France, on March 18, 1840. He was son of Philip and Wilhelmina (Messner) Wentz, who settled in Conewango, Warren county, in 1841, on the farm which is now occupied by Philip, most of which they cleared and improved themselves. They had a family of two children - Saloma (Mrs. Matthias Schuler), and Philip, who succeded to the homestead where he now resides. He was married on February 20, 1866, to Mahala Denney, by whom he has had one child - Eddie W. Mahala was a daughter of Ransom and Philena Denny, of Steuben county, N.Y.

Wenzel, Henry, deceased, Warren p.o., Cone wan go, was born in Leniburg, Bavaria, Germany, on November 15, 1824. He was a son of Henry and Libbie Wenzel. He came to America in 1854, and settled in New York city, where he remained until 1864, when he came to Conewango, where he cleared and improved the farm which is now owned and occupied by his widow, and where he resided until his death, which occurred on February 5, 1886. He was married in 1849 to Saloma Kestner, a daughter of Michael and Ann M; (Bishop) Kestner, of Leniburg, Germany. Their children were Henry, Christian, William, Philopena, Amelia, Michael, Libbie, and Louis. Mr. Wenzel was a member of the Lutheran Church, and his family also belong to that denomination.

Whaley, E.B., East Branch, p.o., Spring Creek, was born in Wyoming county, N.Y., in 1828, and settled in Warren county in 1847. He is a farmer and owns 120 acres. He enlisted in 1862 in the Second District Columbia Regiment. He was ordained a minister in the Free Baptist Church, and now preaches at Sparta Church, being the oldest worker in this denomination in Spring Creek. He married Clarissa Nichols, of Sardinia, N.Y., who was born in 1835. They had a family of three children born to them - Charles A., Bettie, and Mattie. His father, Daniel Whaley, was born in Vermont in 1802,and died in 1879; he, married Hannah Bean, of Genesee, N.Y., who was born in 1803, and died in 1844. They had a family of ten children, seven of whom are now living.

Wheeler, Hon. Nelson P., of Tidioute, Pa., was born in Portville, Cattaraugus county, N.Y., in 1841. He was a son of William F. and Flora (Atkins) Wheeler, of Cleveland. Mrs. Wheeler died in 1850, leaving a family of three children - N.P., William E., and Augusta, now Mrs. E.A. Skinner, of Westfield, N.Y. Nelson P. Wheeler was married in 1877 to Rachel A. Smith, a daughter of Captain Alexander Smith, in Cincinnati. They have a family of four children - Rachel F., Isabel S., Mary Atkins, and Nelson P., jr. In 1836 his father, William F. Wheeler, purchased interests in large tracts of land in Venango, now Forest county. Nelson P. came to that part of Venango county, which is now Forest county, in 1865; was county commissioner from 1868 to 1871, and was a member of Assembly in 1878 - 79. He is an extensive lumber manufacturer and shipper from Hickory and Tionesta, their improved band saw- mill and log railroad into the woods greatly facilitating the trade. He is also interested in lumbering establishments in northern Michigan, and has lately been prominent in locating and erecting a tannery at Hickory. He removed with his family to Tidioute in 1885, and was elected school director the same year.

Wheelock, Edwin R., Sugar Grove, was born in Genesee county, N.Y., in the town of Sheldon August 24, 1827. He was a son of Abner and Lydia (Tillotson) Wheelock. Lydia was born in Genesee county, N.Y., Jannary 19, 1801, and her husband, Abner, was born in Charleston, Mass., October 9, 1796, and died on May, 22, 1886. His wife, Lydia, died in July, 1871. They settled in Wayne township, Erie county, in 1830, where they resided until 1859, when they removed to Sugar Grove, where they resided up to the time of their deaths. They had a family of four sons - Charles A., George G., Edwin R., and Mathew G. Edwin R. was married on September 20, 1853, to Betsey Ann Allen, of Freehold township. They have had two sons born to them - Frank D. and George R. Edwin R. Wheelock settled in Warren county in 1842, and engaged in the manufacture and shipping of lumber, and in 1847 he, with his brother George, purchased the Mead Mill, in Mead township, where they resided until 1849, when they sold the mill to Joseph Hall and Charles Fisher, and purchased the David Allen mill in Freehold township, where he resided until 1870, when he removed to Sugar Grove, and built his present residence, which he now occupies. In 1875 he became engaged in the hardware business, under the firm name of Smith & Wheelock, and in 1879 the present firm of Wheelock & Son (Edwin R. and Frank D.), was formed. They deal in all classes of hardware, farmers' supplies, mowers, reapers, carriages, and ploughs. Mr. Wheelock is also engaged in the lumber business.

White, L.K., Garland p.o., Spring Creek, was born in Warren county in 1841. He was a son of Samuel and Louisa (Miles) White. Samuel was born in 1787, and died in 1852. His wife was born in 1797, and died in 1878. They had a family of eleven children born to them, six of whom are now living. L.K. White married Mary E. Elder, of Butler county. She was born in 1844. They had a family of eight children born to them - S.L., Effie B., H.E., W.R., Anna M., Lelia E., Clifford, Arliel, deceased. They now own and occupy a farm of thirty- five acres.

White, Herbert, Lander p.o., Farmington, is a farmer, and was born in Farming-ton May 24, 1851. He was a son of Orange and Nancy (Robbins) White, who came from Oneida county, N.Y., and settled in Sugar Grove, now Farmington, in February, 1837, on the farm now owned by Harry Mahan, most of which they cleared and improved themselves. They had a family of nine children - Jay, Ebenezer, Otis, Myra E., Orange, jr., Emma, Herbert; Belle, and Harry D. Herbert White was reared in Farmington, and was married March 9, 1882, to Clara M. Putnam, a daughter of Perry P. and Margaret (McCray) Putnam, of Farmington. They have had two children born to them - Maggie and Irwin S.

White, Lucius, Columbus, was born in Columbus in 1834. He was a son of Mark S. and Rachel (Walker) White, who were natives of Addison county, Vt., who settled in Columbus in 1832. They had a family of five children, four of whom are now living - Lovina, Lucius, Lyman, and Lura. Mark S. White died in 1879, aged eighty- four years, and his wife, Rachel, died in 1862. Mark S. was a son of Peter White, who was a Revolutionary soldier. Mark S. was a lumberman and farmer, and was a justice of the peace for some twenty or twenty- five years. He was appointed postmaster under the administration of President Taylor. Lucius White has served as justice of the peace from his early manhood up to the present time. He was appointed pension clerk at Washington under President Arthur. He owns and occupies the old homestead, which was purchased by his parents in 1836. Lucius White was married in 1885, to Mrs. Ada L. Doud, who was a daughter of Mr. William Lowry. She had a family of three children by her first husband - Jesse, William, and Sarah Doud.

Whitehead, James F., McGraw p.o., Triumph, was born on Prince Edward Island, in 1845. He was a son of William and Rebecca Whitehead. James emigrated to Buffalo, N.Y., in 1864, was employed as a journeyman and ship carpenter. In 1867 he came to Venango, and in 1872 he settled in Triumph, and engaged in the production of oil in his own interest as well as that of others. He became superintendent for J.M. Clapp, in his oil interest in 1880. He was married in 1875, to Marcia Thompson, a daughter of Squire J.W. and Nancy (McMillin) Thompson. J.W. was born in Saratoga county, N.Y., and his wife, Nancy, was born in Hamilton county, O. James F. Whitehead purchased his homestead farm of 225 acres in 1883.

Whitman, William, Kinzua p.o., Elk, was born in New York city in the year 1819. An orphan child, he was taken from a charitable institution, and brought by a family named Sears to Kinzua in 1827. He was an industrious lad, and worked around the town, and saved his earnings. He married Margaret Morrison, by whom he had a family of eight children - Lafayette, Alvira, Ellen, Roberta, John, William, Ellen (second), the first having died when quite young, and Gardner. William, the father, died September 16, 1883. His farm comprised seventy- eight acres nicely located on Kinzua Run. He was at one time connected with the M.E. Church, and was a class leader, but withdrew some years before his death.

Whitcomb, Paul, Cornplanter p.o., Elk, was a native of New Hampshire, and served in the War of 1812. He married Matilda Page in Vermont, and settled in Howard, Steuben county, N.Y., and with his wife, Charles K., Matilda, and other children, came to Warren county something over fifty years ago, where Paul died in 1866, and his wife in 1878. Charles K. Whitcomb was united in marriage with Laura Seaman, by whom he had a family of four children, all of whom are now living. He began life for himself with no capital, and by industry and energy has amassed a comfortable fortune, the result of his own personal effort. Among his fellow men his judgment is respected. About thirty years ago Mr. Whitney moved to Corydon, on a good and well cultivated farm of seventy acres. He was formerly a member of the M.E. Church, but withdrew some years ago, but is a true friend and supporter of the Christian church.

Whitney, Ira A., Pittsfield p.o., was born in Youngsville in 1842, a son of Nathan and Susan Davis Whitney. She was a daughter of Abraham and Ruth Mead Davis, and was born in 1809. Nathan was born in Massachusetts in 1803; they were born in Youngsville, and had a family of seven children, four of whom are now living - Ira A., Lucy, M.D., and Dr. William D. Nathan was a son of Ira Whitney, settled in Youngsville in 1824, and died in 1862. Ira A. embarked in the mercantile trade in Pittsfield in 1873, dealing extensively in all classes of merchandise; grain, seeds, feed, flour, lumber, shingles, clothing, boots and shoes, and does a general barter business to accommodate his farming trade. He was appointed postmaster November, 1885. He married Sabrina Mead, daughter of John and Eveline Mead, in 1879; they have three children - Ella, Mary, Lucy P., and Fred.

Wickwire, Morton D., of Columbus, was born in Hamilton, Madison county, N.Y., in 1829. He was a son of Giles and Lois (Carrier) Wickwire, who were born in Connecticut and settled in Columbus in 1839, where they died, he in 1873, and his wife, Lois, in 1877. They had a family of five, children born to them - Morton, Monroe, Dimmis, Myron, and Milo. Morton D. Wickwire was married in 1855, to Sarah Dutton, of Warren county. They have had three children born to them - Dennis S., Lura L., and Lelia I. Mr. Morton has been town commissioner, school director, and collector, and was also engaged in farming. His son, Dennis, married Mary B. Scholton, of Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1881. They have one child - Earl M. Mrs. Sarah Wickwire was a daughter of Solomon and Rebecca (Rice) Dutton, who settled here in 1829. They had a family of four children - two sons and two daughters.

Wiederhold, George, Youngsville p.o., Brokenstraw, was born in Prussian Germany, Grossbartloff, County Heiligenstadt, R.B. Erfurt, Province Sachsen, January 11, 1826, and came to America in 1851 and settled at Galena, Ill., and in 1857 came to Buffalo, N.Y., where he was married in 1860 to Barbara Smith, who was born in Bavaria, Ger:: many, in 1842. They have had a family of seven children - Bertha, Maggie, George, Emma and Alma (twins), Leo, and Louis. George enlisted in Company D, One Hundred and Eleventh Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, in 1864, and served to the close of the war, when he returned to his trade, that of cabinet- making and undertaking, and in 1859 settled in Youngsville and engaged in the general furniture and undertaking business. The undertaking business is a specialty, and he has on hand a variety of fine selections.

Wickhizer, John H., Warren p.o., Conewango, was born in Monroe county in the year 1843, and came to Warren in 1869. He enlisted at Wilkesbarre in June, 1861, in Company F, Seventh Pennsylvania Reserves, was captured at Charles City Cross Roads, in the seven days fight in 1862, and served in the Confederate prisons at Libby and Belle Isle, where he was exchanged, and afterwards discharged for disability. He then re- enlisted in the 8th N.Y. Heavy Artillery, and served to the close of the war. In 1871 Mr. Wickhizer married Mary M., a daughter of Philip Trushel, by whom he has had two children. He is a contracting carpenter and joiner of Warren, and now resides in Glade. He is also a respected, member of the Evangelical Church.

Wilcox, Daniel F., Russell p.o., Farmington, is a farmer, and was born in Conewango township January 18, 1839. He is a son of Thomas and Sophronia (Spencer) Wilcox. His paternal grandparents were Thomas and Lydia (Dibble) Wilcox, who settled in Conewango township about 1820. They had a family of twelve children - Mary A., Thomas, Jr., Prudence, Phebe, Tabor, Lovisa, Angeline, Susan, Rockwell, Lodema, John, and Henry. The maternal grandfather of Daniel F. Wilcox was Abner Spencer, who was also among the first settlers of Conewango. Thomas Wilcox, jr., cleared and improved a farm in Conewango, which is now owned by Daniel F. He had a family of five children born to him - Daniel F., Uretta, now Mrs. G.H. Pierson; Salina J., now Mrs. W. Filer; George, Caroline, now Mrs. Daniel Grunder; and Mathesia, deceased. Daniel F. Wilcox was reared in Conewango, where he resided until 1874, he then removed to Farmington, to the farm which he now owns and occupies. He was married March 26, 1874, to Rose Kiker, a daughter of Conrad and Sophia (Gross) Kiker. They have had two children born to them - George C., and Frank C.

Williams, John W., of Columbus, was born in Westfield, Chautauqua county, N.Y., in 1817. He was a son of Alvin and Sylvia (Curtis) Williams, who were natives of Massachusetts, and settled in Chautauqua county, N.Y., where they died. John W. Williams settled in Crawford county, in the tanning business, in 1868, and in 1869 he settled in Columbus, and erected his present fine factory, and also purchased a large lumber tract. He has done an extensive business and now tans some fifteen hundred hides per week, giving employment to about fifteen hands. Mr. Williams retired from business in January, 1886. His son, Frank Williams, continues the business. John W. Williams was married in 1844 to Emma Wheeler. They have had a family of three children born to them - Earl, Frank, Ida, who married C.A. Blakeslee. Mr. Williams first embarked in the mercantile business in 1837, and in the tanning business in 1857.

Wilson, George T., Garland p.o., Pittsfield, a practical miller, was born in Cato, Cayuga county, N.Y., in 1815, and settled in Pine Grove in 1832 with his parents, Joel and Sally (Ladow) Wilson. Sally was born in Cayuga county, N.Y., and Joel, her husband, was born in Vermont. They were married in Cayuga county, N.Y., in 1813, and had a family of thirteen children born to them, five of whom are now living - George T., Sarah, Polly, Cecilia, and Lyman D. Joel died in 1866. Sally, his wife, died in 1871. One of their sons, Lyman D., enlisted and served in the late war. George T. was married in 1842 to Betsey Miller, who was born in Canandaigua, N.Y. She died in Ohio in 1863, leaving two daughters, of whom only one in now living - Sarah Jane. Mr. Wilson was again married, in 1864, to Mrs. Augusta Pike, the widow of James Pike, and by her has had one child - Jeanette. George T. Wilson settled in Garland in 1877, and in 1885 he became the partner of G.W. Brockway in the general milling, grain, and flour trade. They now occupy the mill which was built by Mr. Andrews.

Wollaston, James E., Stoneham p.o., Mead, is a carpenter, and was born in what is now Forrest county June 15, 1849. He was a son of James and Rachel (Tuthill) Wollaston. He was reared in Warren county, where he learned his trade, which occupation he has followed since 1876. He located in Mead township in 1880, and was married December 13, 1880, to Mary J. McKee, born April 27, 1853, a daughter of Samuel and Martha McKee, of Titusville. They have had a family of three children born to them - James E., born January 16, 1882; Mary J., born March 15, 1883; Samuel L., born April 6, 1885.

Woodburn, William J., Brokenstraw, N.Y., p.o., Freehold, was born in Philadelphia in 1823, and settled in Warren county in 1833. He married Joicey Way, of New York, and by her had a family of four children - Ella (Eggleston, deceased), Mary (Finch, deceased), Kate (Wood), and Earl H. His father, James Woodburn, was born in Ireland, and was a weaver by trade. He married Mary Porter, by whom he had a family of seven children, six of whom are now living.

Wright, Aaron P., Lander p.o., Farmington, was born in St. Lawrence county, N.Y., March 14, 1818. He was a son of Aaron and Cornelia (Rose) Wright, He settled in Pine Grove township in 1839, and engaged in lumbering, and in 1846 located in Farmington on the farm on which he now resides. He was married in 1845 to Mary J. Newman, a daughter of Jeremiah C. and Nancy (Marsh) Newman, and a granddaughter of John Marsh, a native of New Jersey, who settled in what is now Farmington in 1800. By his marriage Mr. Wright has had a family of seven children - Ida, Nancy C., Inez, Marion A., Louisa, Belle (deceased), and Mittie.

Wright, David, Sugar Grove p.o., was a son of Adam and Gertrude (Hunter) Wright, who were married in England, and settled in Sugar Grove. They had a family eleven children born to them, only one of whom is now living - David. Adam Wright was a cotton spinner in his early life, and his children followed the same occupation until settlement. David was born in Preston, Lancashire, England, May 7, 1818. He married Anna Read in 1841. She was born in Fabius, Onondaga county, N.Y., Nov. 15, 1822. They have had a family of ten children born to them - George B., Harriet E., Sarah A., David H., Ephraim M., Lois E., Mary A., Martha E., Belle, and Henry. Anna was a daughter of Zacheus R and Sally C. (Dean) Read, who settled in Clymer, N.Y., where Zacheus died, leaving a widow and eight children.

Wright, George B., Sugar Grove p.o., a farmer and lumber manufacturer; was born in Sugar Grove in 1843, and married Matilda Gifford, of North East, in 1868; she was born in 1843. They have had four children - Betsey E., Nettie A., Guy Allen, and Georgiana A. Matilda was a daughter of Ebenezer and Betsey Gifford; they came from Saratoga county, N.Y., and settled in Warren county in 1835. Betsey was born in 1800, and died in 1868 in North East, leaving five children. George B. was a son of David and Anna (Read) Wright; they have had a family of ten children. She was born in Fabius, Onondaga county, N.Y.; he was born in Manchester, England, and came to America with his parents and settled in Massachusetts as a cotton- spinner, and in 1835 settled in Sugar Grove as farmers, where they died. They had a family of eleven children, all now dead but David.

Wright, Mrs. Laura, Freehold p.o., formerly Laura Pierce, of New York, and widow of Edward Wright, was born in 1837, and married in1866, and died in 1877, leaving a family of two children - Albert and Clifton.

Wright, Oliver O., Columbus, was born in Columbus in 1848. He was a son of Jacob and Clarissa (Davis) Wright. Jacob was born in 1803, and his wife Clarissa was born in Rush, Genesee county, in 1813. They were married in 1832, and that same year settled in Columbus. They had a family of ten children, seven of whom are now living, five sons and two daughters. Jacob, the father, died July 1, 1882. Clarissa was a daughter of James and Mary (Jewett) Davis. James was born in England, and his wife, Mary, was born in Connecticut. Oliver O. Wright, was married in 1872 to Mary Jane Williamson, of Ohio. They have had a family of three children born to them - Clarissa G., Jacob W., and William C.

Wright, Stephen B., Bear Lake p.o., Freehola, was born in Chenango county, N.Y., 1818, and settled in Warren county in 1834. He was married in 1839 to Caroline Lopus, by whom he had a family of ten children, seven of whom are now living. Mr. Wright is a carpenter by trade. His father, Joseph Wright, married Sally Brooks, and to them were born seven children, three of whom are now living. Mrs. Wright's father, Isaac Lopus, was born in 1792, and served in the War of 1812, and now draws a pension. The list of the names of the children of Stephen B. Wright is as follows: Chester O. Wright, born in the year 1843, was married in the year 1864 to Rosa J. Walker. Mary E. Wright, born in the year 1845, was married in the year 1864 to Rev. Lucius Markham. Julia L. Wright, born in the year 1849, was married in the year 1871 to Harrison D. Hotchkiss, and died in the year 1874. Rosella R. Wright, born in the year 1852, was married in the year 1870 to Rev. James W. Wilson. Sarah J. Wright, born in the year 1852, was married in the year 1871 to Oscar H. Wilson. Joseph B. Wright, born in the year 1854, and died in the year 1857. Laura F. Wright, born in the year 1856, was married in the year 1878 to George N. Dorn. Clara A. Wright, born in the year 1858, was married in the 1878 to Thomas R. Hinckley. Cyrus N. Wright, born in the year 1860, and died in the year 1861. Ephraim L. Wright, born in the year 1865, and lives at home, is now twenty- one years old.

Yagle, George, Warren p.o., Pleasant, is a farmer, and was born in Alsace, France, May 28, 1840. He was a son of George and. Barbara (Offerlee) Yagle, who settled in Pleasant township in 1847. He was reared in Pleasant township from the age of six years, and was married April 24, 1866, to Mary Riwa, a daughter of John and Emelien (Schuler) Riwa, who were natives of Alsace, France, who settled in Warren in 1846. His father was a cooper by trade, a business which he followed for many years. He is still residing in Warren. He had a family of four children who grew to maturity - Emeline (now Mrs. Mathis Gutzler), John, Elizabeth (now Mrs. Adam Shaffer), and Mary. By his marriage Mr. Yagle has had a family of seven children - George, Mary, Louis, Fred and Frank (twins), John, and Charlie. Mr. Yagle settled on the farm which he now occupies in 1872, all of which he has cleared and improved himself. He and his wife and their family are members of the Lutheran Church of Warren.

Yagle, William, Warren p.o., Pleasant, is a farmer, and was born in Pleasant township July 13, 1849. He was a son of George and Barbara (Offerle) Yagle, who were natives of Alsace, France, who came to Warren county about 1847, and settled in Pleasant township, on the farm which is now owned by John Peterson, where the father resided until the time of his death. They had two children who grew to maturity, George and William. William was reared in Pleasant township, where he has always resided. He was married in 1871, to Mary Schirck, a daughter of Jabob and Catherine (Schuler) Schirck, and by her has had a family of two children - Hattie B., and Carrie L.

Young, W. J., Garland p.o., Eldred, was born in Eldred in 1849. He is a farmer, and owns a farm of fifty acres. He married Effie Brown, who died March 10, 1883, leaving one child, Effie E. He married his second wife, Ida M. Klinger, in 1885. His father, Jacob Young, was born in Ohio, December 4, 1802, and married Margaret McMcCrea, of Titusville, October 22, 1829, and died November 16, 1873. He had a family of ten children, seven of whom are now living. The father and five of his sons served in the war of the rebellion, and one of his sons, Robert, was killed at the battle of Gettysburg.

Yates, George, a general merchant, of Columbus, Warren county, and at present a member of the firm of Yates & Smith, was born in Columbus borough, on January 17, 1853, and was a son of Judge G.V.N. and Lucy A. (Smith) Yates. Lucy was a daughter of Elijah Smith, of Chenango county, N.Y. They were married at Columbus, and Judge G.V.N. died February in., 1876, leaving a widow and six children - Lelia M., George, Emma A., W.V.N., Mary B., and Minnie E. Mr. Yates was a manufacturer and dealer in harness, and was elected sheriff of the county in 1855. He also served as judge of the county for one term, and was president of the First National Bank of Corry. George Yates 'became engaged in the mercantile business in 1872, in Butler county, and in 1875 came to Columbus, where he became engaged in the drug business, sold his interest in the same and went to Jamestown, N.Y., and in 1878 he returned to Columbus, where he became engaged in the general mercantile business, and is now a member of firm of Yates & Smith. In 1881 he married Jennie S. Purcel, of Schoolcraft, Mich., and have two children - G.V.N. Yates and Lucy J. Yates. He was elected treasurer of Warren county, November 3, 1886.

Dawson, William R., was born in Allegheny township, Venango county, in 1844, and in 1866 located in Tidioute; since that time has been engaged in mercantile business; in January, 1866, was appointed postmaster by the president.

 

 

* To avoid needless reiteration the name of the State of Pennsylvania is omitted after towns and counties located therein.

 

SOURCE: Page(s) i-cviii, History of Warren County, J.S. Schenck & W.S. Rann, Syracuse, New York: D. Mason, 1887