Open woods, groves of tall trees in open country, farm country, orchards, large trees in open country are likely habitats.
Probably the most omniverous of all woodpeckers. Diet includes a wide variety of insects, also spiders, wild and cultivate fruit.
Flies out from a perch to catch insects in the air and on the ground. Gathers acorns, beechnuts and other nuts in fall, storing them in holes and crevices, then feeding on them in the winter.
Male winter roosting cavity may be used for the nest, or a new cavity may be excavated, mostly by the male. Nest cavity is in a bare, dead tree or limb, from a few feet above ground to 65' or higher. Only nesting material is wood chips in the bottom of the cavity.
4-5, sometimes 3-7, white colored. Incubation is by both sexes, with males incubating at night, hatching at 12-13 days.
Are fed by both parents after hatching, and leave the nest about 27-31 days.
One or two broods per year. Pairs start on a second nesting attempt while still feeding the fledgings from the first brood. Second brood may be raised in the same nest, but more often in a new cavity.