- Its range is Southeastern Canada and eastern and central United States. It prefers the dense leafy forest of the East. It nest in holes in trees, and it has the odd habit of adding pieces of shed snake skintot its nest.
- Feeds on a wide variety of insects and regularly eats fruits and berries. It forages by flying out from a perch to catch insects, either from foliage or twigs, or may catch them in midair. Usually feeds rather high.
Site is usually in a hole in a tree, either a natural cavity or an old woodpecker hole, about 20-50' above the ground. Sometimes nest in birdhouses, drain pipes or hallow fence posts. Both sexes build the nest. In deep cavities, they may carry in large amounts of material to bring the nest level up close to the entrance.
- 5, creamy white to pale buff, marked with brown. Incubation is by the female only.
- Both parents feed the nestlings with mostly insects. Young leave the nest after 10-12 days.