- The smallest woodpecker in North America, it is common and widespread. In the East, this is the most familiar member of the family, common in towns, city parks and backyard feeders.
- Mostly insects, especially beetles and ants. Also eats seeds and berries, suet at feeders.
- Site is a cavity excavated by both sexes in a dead limb or tree, usually about 12-30' above ground. The cavity entrance is often surrounded by fungus or lichens to help camouflage the site. No nesting material other than wood chips.
- 4-5, white in color. Incubation is by both parents, about 12 days.
- Both parents bring billfulls of insects to feed the nestlings. Young leave the nest about 20-25 days after hatching. 1 brood per year.