127th Regiment
United States Colored Regiment

This regiment was formed from men enlisted and drafted in the State of Pennsylvania, to serve one, two, and three years. It was organized at Camp William Penn, during the period extending from the 23d of August, to the 10th of September, 1864.

On arriving at the front, it was incorporated with the Army of the James. The official army register of Colored Troops, shows that the only battle in which this regiment participated, was at Deep Bottom, and the only loss in killed and wounded it sustained, was one man, killed in this battle.

It was sent with other troops to Texas, after the close of hostilities in the east, and was posted on the Mexican frontier.

On the 11th of September, 1865, it was consolidated into a battalion of three companies, and the men and officers whose term of service had expired, were discharged. The battalion was mustered out of service on the 20th of October. The muster-out rolls only of the consolidated companies were returned to the office of the Adjutant General, and consequently the records of the men who left the regiment before the close of its term, cannot be given.

Source:  Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1865, Harrisburg, 1868-1871.

Organization:

Organized at Camp William Penn, Philadelphia, Pa., August 23 to September 10, 1864.
Ordered to City Potnt, Va., September, 1864.
Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, Army of the James, to November, 1864.
2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 10th Corps, to December, 1864.
2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 25th Corps and Dept. of Texas, to October, 1865.

Service:

Siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond, Va.,
September, 1864, to April, 1865.
Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights, September 29-30.
Fort Harrison September 29.
Darbytown Road October 13.
Battle of Fair Oaks October 27-28.
Duty in trenches north of the James River before Richmond till March, 1865.
Moved to Hatcher's Run March 27-28.
Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
Hatcher's Run March 29-31.
Fall of Petersburg April 2.
Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
Appomattox Court House April 9.
Surrender of Lee and his army.
Duty at Petersburg and City Point till June.
Moved to Brazos Santiago, Texas, June and July.
Duty at various points on the Rio Grande till October.
Mustered out October 20, 1865.

Source:  Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Compiled and Arranged from Official Records of the Federal and Confederate Armies, Reports of he Adjutant Generals of the Several States, the Army Registers, and Other Reliable Documents and Sources.Des Moines, Iowa: The Dyer Publishing Company, 1908

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