Submitted by Carolyn J. McQuaid
Notes from Carolyn J. McQuaid Thomas: Misspelled (by 1995 standards) words are italicized to show that this was the way Cornelius Richmond, my Great-Great Grandfather (and Ellen Richmond, my Great-Great-Grandmother, and Arthur Commerford) wrote the words––and they may have been correctly spelled for 1862/3. Questionable words have been printed in bold print to indicate that I may have misread those words. [Bracketed words] are my own questions/comments about content and are not original writings. There are very few periods at sentence ends and many sentences do not begin with capital letters, so I have triple-spaced to indicate what I believe is the start of a new sentence. There are many ‘periods’ throughout the letters, which I have ignored since I believe they are simply spots where CR rested his penpoint on the paper. I have also attempted to capitalize all words that they did, but I may be misreading the beautiful Script handwritings of all three. I am not sure Cornelius handwrote the letters (note: "i/I" difference in first 2 letters), but then again, my own handwriting changes from letter to letter!
My father’s mother’s mother was Phoebe Richmond, the "babby" with "40 kisses."
Letter No. 1
Sep 4th 1862
Dear Wife and Children i sit down to write you a few lines to let you know that i am well hoping these few lines will find you and the family the same. we left Philadelphia about 5 o clock on Tuesday and we reached Baltimore about 1 o clock the same day we stayed in the Depot all night we started for Washington about 6 o clock on Wednesday morning and we got here about 1 o clock. we will get our money this week the captain said the Commitee will be here this week to pay us. we are encamped about a mile from the Capitol we will get our arms to day. i will have to come to a close you need not write till i write again for we dont know how long we will stay here so no more at present But Remainsyour affectionate Husband
Letter No. 2
Near Washington, D. C. My Dear Wife.
I take a few minets to Write a few Lines also to Send on my Releaf Cerifict So you Can Call on the Committy and get your Mony. as Soon as I get My Bounty I Will also Send it on You Mut [must?] take good Care of your Self and My Children Keep Them at School. give them all a Kiss and two for the Babby We had a hard time gitting her [here?] and Now We are on 2 Meals a day. give My Love to all My friends & Brother Silas and if they have and thing to Send they can due So by Addams Express give My [love?] to your Mother and may God bless you I have No More to Say at Present
But Remain your Husband
Letter No. 3
Camp AddicksMy Dear Wife
I Sent you on My Bounty and hope by this time you have Rec the Money I have Nothing New to tell you But that I am Well and hope you and the baby are the Same you Must take good Care of the Money as I due not know When We Will Rec our U.S.Bounty give my Love to all My folks and Write as Soon as you Rec this please Send me $3 as I have not one Cent take good care of your Self and I hope We Will yet be happy and Spend Meany a year yet on this Earth give My Love to all my friends Send me a few Stamp Send the Money in Small Bills and Write Soon I have No More to Say But Remain
We are going to Work on one of the forts and due not Know how Long We may Stay hereyour affct HusbandC Richmond
Letter No. 4
Camp AddicksWe look for orders in a few days to March, but where we go I cannot tell. but untill further orders from Me You will direct My Letters to Washington City.
Near Washington D C
Sep 28 62
My Dear Wife
Your agreeable Letter of the 25th of this Month Came to hand on last Saturday Evening. and was glad to hear that You and the children are all Well. I am happy to know You received the Order for my City Bounty. You Need not be alarmed about not receiving the money. Mr Faust was here when You called for it but as soon as he arrives in the City you will receive the Money from arthy [Arthur?] for I believe he is an honorable manto live. if it was not for the jokes and hard work in our Camp we would certainly have home Sickness.
You Speak Wife about Moveing as I am away from you. You can Suit Yourself Knowing that you will act for the best.
You will please inquire about My Dues in the Lodge for the reason that Some Lodges give benefits to Sech Members who are in the Army. and do not Suspend Such because they are behind in their dues I would like to know how my Lodge would act toward me under the circumstances. If my Lodge requires all of its Members to pay up, You will of Course use all Means to keep Me in good Standing.
If you do move It is my desire that you Secure as decent a place as possible, do not locate among the Darkeys or the Irish. Knowing that Your Means are Small You will have to act accordingly.
You want to know if the Fify-cent-Note You Sent Me is good to purchase Such things as I want. In reply I will tell You that for Small Change it is all the kind We have here. it will buy a House [?] or a Small plug of Tobacco if we have Enough of them. If you Send Me any Change, please send Me just cuch [such?] kind of Money. I mean anything under the denomination of Two Dollars.
You want to know Wife what Matt brought me. I will tell you, he brought me one Bottle of Lavender Brandy, One Pound of Chewing Tobacco, a Port-Folio and Six Postage Stamps and Envelopes, likewise a few bunches of Grapes, and the Women Folks two Havelocks (Muslin). [Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary: "Havelock: a cap cover with a flap hanging over the back of the neck, for protection from the sun."]
You say that Mother is worried about William. for Myself I do not know any More about him than yourselves, for I am about thirty Miles from where his Regiment is. He May yet turn up, but all we can do is to hope for his return, untill we are Satisfied that he has gone the Way of all flesh.
I cannot but feel as happy as Yourself, in My escaping the Corn Exchange Regiment it has had a Severe trial, too Much so for a New Regiment. A Man once in the ranks you know has no control as to where he will go alive today, but tomorrow beyond the Cares of this life.
We are now Working on a Fort close to us I have been on Shoveling four days this Week the Whole Regiment goes to Work just after breakfast. We are not Idle. We get up at daybreak, answer Roll Call, go to work with the Pick or Shovel. if not at that work we drill twice before Dinner in the Afternoon we drill for one and a half hours. Dress Parade at 6 o Clock Roll Call before Supper Roll Call at 9 o Clock at night. then go to bed well tired. they find Something for us to do. once a week we are on Guard for 24 hours. So you see we are kept busy. The Men find much fault in consequence of it, ––but of no use.
We have with all much Sport. Some of our Men will drive the horrors away from anyone fit
My health Wife, continues good, also the Regiment, if I except the Bowell Complaint Which is very prevelant among the Men, it is caused by the Change of living–– The Country here is pretty to the Eye, but the land is rather poor. No Pennsylvania farms here. Every thing like fruit, butter Milk, or any thing the Men would like to buy is very Scarce. I will Wife, write in a few days. My Love to You, and a kiss for Anna Missouri, Eugene, and Phoebe.
Your Affectionate Husband
[Note: Sometimes the signature reads Cornelious]
Letter No. 5
Camp AddicksMy Dear Wife
October 2d, 1862
Your agreeable Letter of the 29 came to hand this Evening and was happy to hear you had received My Bounty and Knowing that you know how to take care of it I leave it with you to use as you See fit.
I am Sorry that you have So Much difficulty in procuring a House, I can not do any thing in the Matter. if the Lanlords or Agents will not take one Months pay in advance and the Receipt Book you will have to Stay where You are. But under no circumstances do you give Ambler or anybody Else our Deed, for that is going rather too far.
You Speak Wife, about Sending Me a Box. if you do Send Me Some Tobacco, and Some Sausages, or Ham Something that will not break up for I have Arthur Commerford in My Tent and we go hand in hand for all good things.
The Weather is very hot here. we are Still Working on the Forts.
I Send My Love to You first, to Jane and all the Children.
If William is alive and a prisoner he will soon be released but the time will Soon come when we will know his fate.
How long we Stay here, is uncertain but we are always prepared.
Tell James not to forget the Jamica or Lavender Brandy. let him well cork it, and rolled in paper.
Please Send Me Some Butter in a vessel that will not break Dear Wife,So Good Night Wife
Co F, 119 Regiment P.V.
Washington D. C.
You will please See Mr Bergaman and tell him you are going to Send Me a Box and that I do not want him to forget Me. C.R.
Letter No. 6
Octo. 5 1862
[See Letter 5]
My Dear Wife
I received your letter of the 3rd I am glad to hear you sent me a box and their will be no danger about it coming if you send it by express. It will only come to Washington and then our aumblence which goes there every day for the mail will bring it to me. We have very beautiful weather here, and are still working upon the forts. There are rumers afloat that we will leave shortly to cross the river but their is none of them reliable but still it may be so Then again some say we will remain here all winter which I think will be the most likely Just tell me if Bergaman has forgotten me. and tell James that I am oblidged to him sending me a handkerchief also give my love to Jane and all the children taking a full share for your self and to all enquiring friends. You ask me if I wear that stomach belt I do and I think it does me a heap of good. I have forgoten the lady’s name that presented it to me but give her my thanks. No more at present as their is no news here of any importance but when we have any I will let you know it. I now close with my cinceere love to you from your husband Cornelius Richmond
Dear Wife, The Soldiers in our Regiment are almost worn out with constant work not that the Work itself is so hard, but for the fact that our Officers keep us Employed from Sunrise to 9 oClock at Night. they give us No time to ourselves. We cannot have an hour without we are threatened with Extra duty if we leave our Camp. it is not agreeable to Men who have left So Much for the Cause of our Country to be treated So. I expect to get the Box by to Morrow or Tuesday. It will be very agreeable to Me. I hope I can return your Kindness––
The Weather is hot here yet but Early this Morning it was quite Coll
Your Affectionate Husband
Co F 119th Regt PV Co Ellmaker
[Between CR’s closing and around the address at above, the address below is written. It is a different handwriting than CR’s. I believe it was written by Ellen after she received this letter (compare "W"s in her letter with this address) and may be "William"s address as prisoner of war: see Letters 4, 5, the postscript to Letter 8, and 15.]
Wm g Mulke com B
11 Regt PV Col Wister
Camp Parowle MD
["Camp Parole was established near Annapolis and was a POW/exchange camp. Parole, MD, the suburb about 2 mi. West of Annapolis, today, is, I assume, the former site of Camp Parole" —Robert Richmond McQuaid to Carolyn McQuaid Thomas 12 Sep 1995]
Letter No. 7
[ This letter is written on stationery which is imprinted at left top with a pen and ink drawing of Columbia holding a standard with the Stars and Stripes and pointing with her left hand to the statement: "ONWARD TO VICTORY" at top right.]
Near Tennallytown MD
Oct 13th 1862
My Dear Wife
I avail Myself of this opportunity of addressing You a few lines to inform You that I am well. and kept buisy at Soldiering and Working on Fortifications. how long we will remain here is More than I can tell but from present appearences, We Will Stay a few days longer. But So far as the feelings of the Men of the 119th Regiment is conserned it is immaterial were we go, for we have nothing but hard work and little to Eat, and worse than all, we can not leave our Camp, on a little pleasure after Working So hard, under any pretext Whatsoever. if we do go out we are threatned with punishment at Harpers Ferry.
The fault is not with Capt Wagner, or Either of the Lieutenants of Company F for We respect them, but we blame Col Ellmaker, or Some One higher than he.
I received your Box with every thing it contained in good preservation, Excepting the Brandy. the Cork containing it was Not tight Enough, for Most all of the Liquor had run out, but it did no Serious harm to anything beside itself for We Soon Made the reast of the Good things disappear. I can assure you that It was a great treat. My Tent Mates of Course had their Share. Arthur Commerford has got in the Notion to Send home for Something like it.
Dear Wife: I must Say it was a great disappointment in not having enough liquor to drink the health of our friends with, but accidents will occur.
The Weather has continued very hot with us, but last Evening a change took place, for the better, for we had quite a heavy rain throughout the night––
Much sickness has prevailed in our Camp lately. Mostly an affection of the Bowels. Some think it is caused by Eating the Salt Pork we have had lately. The Doctor condemned our pork twice this week. So we had no Meat of any kind for three days. I tell you Wife, we live very close.
A great Many regiments are constantly Moving in this direction, a vast Army is quarted in this Vicinity. It is the prevailing opinion here that a great battle will be fought before bad Weather Sets in. There is not a Soldier here but prays Sincerely that this unholy War May be Speedily brought to a close, but Not untill every Rebel Shall See the folloy of Waging War on a Goverment of their Own Making And a Goverment that Never harmed them from [CR wrote and then crossed out ‘their’] its foundation. God Speed the Cause of the right–––––
We have expected to be paid our Goverment Bounty for the last Week, but disappointments are our lot. as Soon I receive it, You will of Course be apprised
I thank James kindly for the HandKerchief. My Respects to him. You will please ask Mr Bergaman the reason he did not Send Me Something. It is My Opinion that he is no friend because if he was a Friend of the Union, he would have Sent his Friend a Bottle of Good Brandy to drink for the Salvation of the Union.
Dear Wife, have you received your Releif Monthly, because it is an important Matter. Please let me know if the Money is rec’d punctually
My Love to Jane, and a few old fashion Kisses, Just to give her. I feel contented here and try to make myself So. A little More grub would be acceptable.
Your Affectionate Husband
A Kiss for all the Children and a good Word to all My Friends.
Co F, 119 Regiment. Col Ellmaker Washington D.C.
Letter No. 8
Camp Near Hagerstown
Saturday October 25/62
My Dear Wife
I avail Myself of this opportunity of Writeing You a few lines to inform you that we left Camp Addicks and Marched to Washington yesterday a week and had to stay there until Saturday Afternoon when when we the Regiment took Cars for Frederick But I was one of the rear Guard and had to go along with the Wagons. So off we Started and travelled over one of the Most hilly countries in Maryland to Frederick City which place we arrived at on Sunday Afternoon. Left Frederick on Monday Evening at 4 oclock and Marched till 8 oclock wen we halted for the Night laied down without any Supper very tired. we crossed the Blue Ridge Mountain. got up at Sunrise Tuesday Morning and Marched to Within Four miles of Hagerstown and Encamped on a field, occupied a few weeks ago by the Rebels, left on Wendnesday Morning and Stopped at our present Camping ground 2 Miles North of Hagerstown West of a Turnpike Road.
We Suffered very Much on our March from the weight of our Knapsacks Our Colonel Marched us without a rest for So great a distance that the Men could hardly lift their feet from the ground. They were Swearing at him all the time. he is a very hard Man No one respects him –– We all wish he would leave us.
Our Camp is in a Woods and having No chance to get out we No [know] Nothing of the World and expect to be prisoners till we get home if Ever we do.
On our March we crossed the battle ground of South Mountain. We Seen the graves of Several poor Soldiers buried along the road
The people all along the Road from Washington to this place appear to be poor we could buy Nothing to Eat we have been Most famished and compelled to lay out without any Covering for the lass Week our Tents not coming up but by to Morrow we may have them
I think Frederick City the prettiest Town in Maryland although Hagerstown is a clean, thriving place––
You will please write and let Me know if you received My Fifteen Dolls [dollars?] There was a Box Sent on to Me and Adam Levering. but we have Not received it. tell Me how Many Letters you have Sent Me The lass one I got was Saturday a Week
There was in our Camp Yesterday John Sanders and a nother gentleman who had been at the battle ground of Antetam, for the body of James Downey. they got the body and are Now in Manayunk with it. [He spells this 3 ways: Manay/Maney/Many unk]
You will please let Me know the Number of your house and all particulars, So I can direct My Letters to You.
I send My respect to James Lackey and all inquiring friends––
When you Send your Next letter please direct as follows
[Continuing Letter 8] Co F. 119th Regiment P.V.
If you or any one Send a Box Send to the above Named place How long we Stay here is More than I can Say Our Regiment is now placed in Pratts Brigade, Smith’s Division Franklin’s 6th Army Corps.
We are I Should judge Some 30 Miles from the Potomac River, but you look at the Map and you Will See just were we are.
We do Not look for any Money for Sometime to come.
We are about 14 Miles from Cambersburg [Chambersburg] Pa, a rail Road runs direct from here there. So you See we are not far from old Pennsylvania––I wish I was in it. So do all the Men in the Regiment––
Our living is miserable and the Rules very hard. We have no liberty at all. I would rather be in Moyamensig Prison than under Col Ellmaker
We had A grand Review of our Division last Thursday Afternoon we had about Eleven Thousand Men on review, it looked very handsome it was at a field about 5 Miles from our Camp
This is Sunday Morning it is a raining now hard the air is cold but we have no fire––
Your husband send
His Love to you and the Children
I give My Love to Grand Mother and Phoebe. I am glad to hear William is on his parole. and among the living May he live long––and die happy
Letter No. 9
Nove 7th 1862
Camp Near White Plain V A
My Dear Ellen
We have just got here after a March of 60 Miles and I am almost Wore out Some days We have nothing but 4 Crakers and raw pork to Eat So you may See We have a hard time of it We Was to be paid But God Know When We Will get paid Now as We Can not tell Wat Moment We Will go in Battle You must Write to me Soon as We can not often get the chance give Love to Jane and My Bro Mat and all My friends Kiss My Children and take good Care of Your Self Dirct to Me 119 Regt Col P Ellmaker Pratts Brigade Smiths Devission Franklins Army Corps Washington D.C. Elseware [‘wase’/ elseways? Elsewhere?] We suffer for the Want of Tobacco it is 25 ct for a 3 cts peace and then cant get it. No More from your affct Husband
Letter No. 10
[Crossed out Heading: "Camp Near Hagerstown October 28th, 1862 Dear Joseph"]
Dec 9th 1862
Camp Near White Oak Schurch V A [White Oak Church]
2 1/2 Miles from the Roperhanock River
My Dear Wife
We have just arrived here after a most Disagreable March though Mud & Snow up to our knees We are only Waiting for the Bridge to be run over the River We are the first Brigade to Cross and Will be the first in battle I have bean Verry Sick for this Last 2 Weeks but thank God I feel better I have Wrote you two Letters and Recd no answer to them We are Looking for the pay Master to Come ever Day and I Wish he Would Come as I due not Want to go in Battle With My Money I Want a Chance to Send it home first give my Love to all my Relations and to the folks in Maneyunk and Write often We Will have a hard time of it this Winter as We Will not go in Winter quarters this Winter from all accounts Richmond Must fall or We Must Leave this State a gain if We due they never Will get the men into this State again as the Men in the old Regt Say they Will throw down thare arms if We have to Retreat and go and give them Selves up God Knows How it Will turn out but I hope for the best Kiss all the children for Me and take good Care of your Self and Keep a good heart it is very cold here and the horses are dien from Coald We have had a great Meany deaths in our Regt no wonder from the treatment they get I have no More to Say at Present but hope to hear from you Soon No More from your affct Husband [No signature]
Letter No. 11
Frederick’sburg Decem 15 1862
My Dear Wife
I just received your letter on the battle field we are in line of battle waiting for the attack of the enemy we have been under fire from the enemys guns 4 days and a great many men have been killed and wounded To day we cannonaded them but they would not answer us I supose it is because they have masked batteries and are afraid to show them most of there force is in the wods some 7 miles in lenth and we will not be able to get them out untill we get our seige guns to bear on them we have a tremendious armey and we must wip [whip?] them or they will drive us into the river I got those things you sent me give my love to those in Maneyunk and all the rest from your husband Cornelius Richmond
Letter No. 12
Camp Near White Oak Schurch
My dear Wife
I have Just Rec your Kind Letter of the 21 and was happy to hear from you, and find that you Was all Well and I hope May Spent a hopper day and I am doing [perhaps: I hope you may have spent a happier day (Christmas) than I am doing - ?] We had Coffey and hard Bread for Breakfast and Will have Pork and hard Bread for Supper as We hear that We are only to have 2 meals a day My dear I due not know how Long We May Stay here for Some Say that We Will go to Washington others that We Will give them a Nother battle over the River I hope not for the men are dishearted and Will Not fight as hard as before as We all thought We Would have Won the day but We Lost Some 20,000 men So you Can See how it Went We Lost 8 Wounded one Lost his Leg the Ball and Shell fell a round us for 4 day as fast as they Could god only Knows how We got off So Well but it Was a awful Sight to See the Wounded Carried off the feild the Litters was one gaw of Blood you Must give My Love to Mrs Morgan and tell her I hope to Come home Safe you must not Wait for me to Write as We have hard time to get paper and you must Send Me Some Tobacco in News papers. We have Now 4 Months pay due us but Now [no] pay master yet I Wish he Would Come So I Could Send it on to you you must give My Love to Jane and Kiss all the children and Write as often as you Can take good Care of Your Self and the Children and I hope Ever thing Will Turn out for the best give my Love to Mat and all the folks in Maneyunk and tell him I Would Write but have no paper give My Love to Aunty and Melia and all the folks and I hope they Will Spend a happy Christmass as for My LSelf I have not been Well for a Long time and you Can See how We are treated as my feet have been on the ground for this Last 3 Weeks give my Love to Aunt Mary and James and Mary & Billy and all my friends I Will Write as often as I can and if We get Ware [where] I Can Rec a box I will take my Christmass Some other time. No More from your affct
["GAW: a small channel cut for drainage purposes; Husband
furrow; trench"—Webster’s 3rd New Int’l Dict.] Cornelius Richmond
Letter No. 13
Camp Near White Oak Schurch VA
January 3rd 1863
My Dear Wife
I have Just Rec your Kind & Most Welcom Letter and News paper With the Tobacco Which Came Just in time We are now under Marching orders and We have Just heard that We Leave here to Morrow Ware to go No Boady Can tell I Was Much Worried about Not hearing from you for I have Just Wrote you 3 Letters and Rec No answer You Must Write and the Letters Will follow me and I Can Know how you and the Children are getting on tell Mrs Morgan that I am a hundred times oblige to her for her Kindness and hope God Will Spear me to Eat the Yoster [Easter?] Supper With you all We Was Musterd yesterday for 2 more Months pay but god knows When We Will get it, not for Some time to Come yet but as Soon as I get it I Will due My Best to get it home Safe to you for I know you Want it thank god My dear Wife I feel a good deal better and We have got our Shoes We have a good Meany deaths in our Regt 1 yesterday and one to day I have got So used to the dead March that I due not mind it any More try my dear and get the Children to School and that Will be a good thing give my Love to my Bro Mat and all the Folk at Maneyunk––also to Jane give the children a kiss and tell them that is all I have to give them this Christmas Send Me Some Stamps and Tobacco When You Can and I Will Write as often as I Can You Must take good Care always to go to the Committe and get your money or they Will think you due not Want it and they may Stop it on you if I get any place ware I can get a Box I Want you to Send Me Some Red & black peper [pepper] and Kecup [Ketchup?] I Will Let you Know if I Can get one When I Write to you When We Stop again give my Love to James Lackey and Fred Leader and to his Sis Anna give my Love to all my friends I have No More to Say at present but Remain Your
Camp Near White Schurch Jan 14 [16?] /63
My Dear Wife
I have Just Rec your Letter Wit the Card and Will Send it back in this Letter I Wrote to Anna and Want a Box Sent please Send Me Some Self Raising flour and molasses We have got our Log huts built and got Shoes and I feel Much better and hope you and the children are Well give My Love to Jane & Mrs Morgan and tell them to Send Me Some thing good give My Love to all My friends We got the old Box and Every thing Was Spilled the Brandy was good the Tobacco Was thick With Mold you Can Send the Boots But you must get them fixed it is Verry Strange that you get No Letters from Me as I Write as often as I Can get paper I have Sent you 3 Letters I am in hopes We Will Soon get paid and then you Will have Some change by you give all the children a Kiss for Me and Keep them at School for I Miss it Know [now?] in not going to School When young give My Love to all the folks at Manyunk and tell them to get the Box off as Soon as possable Write the Day you Send the Box but [put?] in no fruit as it rots Direct to me 119 P V Regt 1st Devission 2 Breagad 6 Army Corps Gen Pratt’s Send Me Some peper Red & black and Tomato Kucupt. Arthur Commerford is Well and is bussay making peper give my Love to James Lackey Seth and Chas K and John Stroud and Keep a good Share for your Self I have no More to say at Present But Remain your affect Husband
I do not know how this letter came to be with the others. One possibility is if Ellen received the above letter (#14) before she sent this one. In that case, since Cornelius had already received and returned the "Card" (see letter 14 & 15), Ellen may have decided not to mail her letter and then simply kept it with Cornelius’ letters. This supposition seems to be supported by the beginning of Letter 16, dated 2/12, where Cornelius says he has not heard from Ellen for 3 weeks.]
Jan the 18th 1863
My Dear Husband, I understand that you soldiers are not alowed to write home at this present time and that accounts for me not getting any letters. I expect they are about to make another important move (if so) god grant that it may not be another Watterloo as was the Battle of Fredrick I think that Burnside is as much to fast as Mc lellen is to slow I hope that he will be more cautious in future and not take the men in where he cannot bring them out I for one am a waiting the result of this awfull War wondering when and whare it will end, living betwen hope and fear hoping that the Victory will yet be ours and fearing that it may not be I expect that every Wife and Mother is like myself, interested in the welfare of those that have gone and left thare homes and familys to suffer almost every thing but death and dont know how soon that will be thair fate, I am sorry very sorry that you ever enlisted more so now than when you first enlisted for I thought that it would of turned out better, but hope that all may yet be well as you are thare I hope that you will be an honor to your country and never desert your post let the consequence be what it may.
I hare that Hank [Hark?] Patton is Dead I supose that you seen him buried I have written two letters to you before this and hope that you will get them the last wich was wrote on the 11 of the month had a card in wich your Captian must fill up before I can get any more relief mony and be sent Back to me plese have it done as soon as possable and let me know also how you are a getting along if you are barefooted yet or if they have given you shoes I think that your Paymaster is a grate [great? ie. long?] while about getting in your camp I expect they think that boath you and your familys can do without mony We are all well and traveling the dayly rounds of Life as usual trying to get along the best that we can I work when I can get it to do but goverment work is done for the present and I dont think that thare will be any more I asked the babe what I should send to her pap she said fourty kisses Jane sends her Love and says that she would like to here from you soon Mrs Morgan send her love and says that she would send you another paper with tobacco but we dont know if you got the last or no plese let us know as soon as possible Anna and Missouri are both well and got to be fine girls Eugene is well and goes to school now and learns very well Bob Ridley is with us yet and that composes our entire family Mother and her family are all well Will expects to be sent back to his Reigt every day now he is much better than when he first come home I have not seen any of the Maneyunk folks since I was out there but I expect that they are all well I will now close with my love to you give my respects to Arthur and tell him that I shall ever rember his kindness from your ever loving wife Ellen Richmond
Letter No. 16
Camp Near White Oak Schurch
My Dear Wife
I have been Waiting for an answer from you for this 3 Weeks but all to No Purpos I Know Send this by one of our Men that Startes on to Morrow they are Know granting Furloughs but My turn Will Not Come for months give My Love to all my friends and tell Me Weather you Recd the $20– I Sent by our Minister give my Love to Jane and Mrs Morgan and give My Love to all My Folks in Manyunk give thanks to Mat for the Tobacco he Sent on by Mr Devenport as our Tobacco is bad here and Worth about 2¢ a pound We Will Move our Camp about a Mile We are building our Huts Kiss all My Children for Me also take good Care of our [your?] Self No More Your affct Husband
[originally written: C. Richardmond. Then last name rubbed out & re-signed:] C. Richmond
Letter. No. 17
Camp Near White Oak Schurch
My Dear Wife
I Rec your Letter after Waiting for 3 Weeks for answers to Mine you State that Every boady tell you I can not get a Box if you had done as I told you I Would have had it and it Would Come Safe Men get them Every day please Send it as Soon as Posable and Send Me Some Tobacco Derect to Me 119 P.V. Regt 1st Bridgade first Devission 6 Armey Corps Company F. Near White Oak Schurch Via Washington and I Will get it My Dear I am Sorry to hear that you have been unwell also baby But thank God you Both are better We have Just Came in from Picket and had a hard time of it Snow up to our Knees and Rained for 2 days We was Wet all the time We have moved to our New Camp and feel Much better give My Love to Jane & Mrs Morgan and Mat & his Wife also to all the Folks in Manyunk tell them it Will Not be Long Before Joe Hooker Will give us a chance at the Rebbles please Send Me Some Molasses peper [pepper] Red & Black Backing [Baking] Soda [‘flower’ rubbed out] Flour and any Little Things you Can also a bottle of ginger & pepermint I have wrote five or 6 Letters to Mat & his Wife Write When you Send the Box So I Will Know When to Look for it Send me my Pound Cake on those Weddings that have taking place Since I Left at Manyunk give my Love to James Strawhope and Jack & Eley Brash I have No More to Say at Present [‘about’ rubbed out] Send Me Some Stamps No More but Remain your affect Husband C. Richmond
Letter No. 18
March 12th 1863
My Dear Wife
I Rec your Kind Letter and Was Much please to hear that you are Well and have Started a Box on for Me but if I due Not get it in a few days it may be Weeks befor I get it as We are Now about to move and if the Storm had Kept off We Would Now be on our Way You My Dear Speak about others Sending More Mony than I due I have been Verry Sick and had to have Little thing for I Could not Eat the groub Chees is 40 Butter 60 and 10 Small Cakes for 25 ct So you Can See but if he Sent So Much of his pay he Must to Made Some in Some other Way for I Would not be in a tent With Men and Eat thare butter and other things and Buy Nothing it Soon Would be talked about give My Love to Jane & Mrs Morgan & tell them I am Much oblige to them for thare Kindness Write often I Must Now Close I Wrote to Anna yesterday No More but Remain your affc Husband C Richmond
Letter No. 19
Camp Near White Oak Schurch
March 17th 1863
My Dear Wife
You all Can not Know how Much pleased I Was yesterday by Reciving My Box Safe and Sound and how thankful I felt to you all the things Ware So Nice and Looked So Well you Must give My Love to all to My Bro and Sisters in Laws also to Mrs Morgan and Dillman for thare Kindness as I Will Never forget thare Kindness also Kiss all the children for me and tell the baby that I got the Tobacco I Was a fraid We Would Move befor I Rec it Write to me often and I Will Answer as often as I Can give My Love to all the folks about Manyunk and all other We have had bad Weather here Nothing but Snow & rain on Last Saturday Morning about 1 o clock our tent caught fire and Was Completely Burnt With My oil cloth Blanket and haver Sack We Lost 4 oil cloths and haver Sacks and 4 peaces of tents it Will Cost us about $3 Each it is two bad but Can Not be helped I Wish the pay Master Would Come So I Could Send You on Some Money I have Nothing New to tell you So no More but Remain your affct
Husband C Richmond
Letter No. 20
Camp Near White Oak Schurch
March 22nd 63My Dear Wife
I Rec your letter last Night and god knows I feel verry bad about your Sickness and I Sincerly hope that god in his Goodness Will Protect you and that you May Soon be Well again to take charge of our little flock. My dear it is almost an Imposability to get a Furlough but I Will due my best and I hope I may get one We are now in a new Brigade but you derect as before untill I Let you Know take good Care and due not get up to Soon for you might get Worse give my Love to Jane and Anna & Mat also to Mrs Morgan and tell them that all they may due for you god Will Reward them in the Next World Kiss all the children for me and get them Schooling So that they May Never Know the Want of it I Wrote you about my [box?] Every thing Came So Nice give My Love to all the people in Manyunk We are Looking for the pay master to Come but Can not tell Wat time he Will be here yet Write to me often and Keep nothing from me as I Will be Worried till I hear from you I have no more to Say but Remain your affct
Husband C Richmond
Letter No. 21
Camp Near Whit Oak Schurch
March 29th 1863
My Dear Wife
I Rec your Kind and Welcome letter last Night and Was Verry Happy to learn that you Was better but Still hope by the time you get this that you will be Intirly Well also the Babby I Was Much Worried about you and now feel Much better Since I Know that you are getting better if you Should get Worse Send the Letter from the Dr and if thare is any Chance to get home I will you must not beleave all that you hear I Never had any opperation on My Eyes Nor Intend to give My Love to Jane and Mrs Morgan and I hope that her Sister is better and that you May all Soon Enjoy good heath We are in hopes that the pay master Will be here Soon before We Move for We Will Soon be on the March again and I due hope We may give them Rats this time give my Love to Mat and his Wife and all the folks about Maneyunk I have Nothing New to tell you but We got New Peace of tent and Soon had our house up again please See How I Stand in my Lodge Send me Word in your next Letter and Write often to me the Letters Will follow Me Send Jane to the Committee and She Can find out how I Stand She Will go if you Cannot go–– I Now Must Close good by one and all No More but Remain your affct Husband
Letter No. 22
My Dear Wife
I Rec your Kind Letter and Was much pleased to hear that you Ware better and I hope you Will Still Improve but you must take good Care of your Self We have just Returned from Picket Duty and yesterday had a Grand Revew old Abe Was thare the Army Looked Well and I think Will Move Soon We have been Looking for the pay Master Every day but We hear that he has not Left Washington yet Wat does he Care for us or our Wifes or children you must give My Love to all my friends in Manyunk also to Jane and Mrs Morgan Mat & his Wife I am Verry Sorry to hear that Aunt Mary [Massy?] is so Sick give my Love to all my friends and Kiss the children I have a bad Coald My Self I am glad I am all right in My Lodge it Will be for your Interest if any thing Should happen to me I am Sorry to hear of our freinds death please Send me a Stamp in your Letter as this is the Last god Knows I Want the pay Master to Come So I Could Send on the money Write and tell me all the News good by and god bless you No More but Remain your affct Husband