Battlefield National Cemetery
Wsahington, DC


6625 Georgia Avenue, NW
Washington, DC

When Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant began his Overland Campaign on May 3d 1864, he pulled the heavy artillery forces that had been defending Washington, D.C. and ordered them to accompany the Army of the Potomac on the campaign. (Later he was to learn that heavy artillery and forced marches were not a good combination; the caissons carrying the heavy artillery pieces would break down or get mired in the mud caused by the Spring rains and the marching of several thousand men.)

In early July, 1864, General R. E. Lee sent General Jubal Early to make a feint toward the Federal Capitol in an attempt to draw the concentration troops away from Army of Northern Viginia at Petersburg and thus fully break up the siege at that city. When news of these actions reached General Grant at his headquarters at City Point, VA, on July 7th, he ordered the 25th New York Cavalry to immediately leave City Point, Va. for Washington. General H. G. Wright, also at City Point, received orders to take the 1st and 2d divisions of the VI Corps and leave for Washington. At the same time Grant ordered Major General William H. Emory with part of his XIX Corps to leave Fort Monroe, VA, for Washington. 1

En route to the Nation's Capitol, Early's troops clashed with Union forces at the Battle of the Monacacy, near Frederick, Md. Arriving outside the District of Columbia on July 10th, Early attacked Fort Stevens on July 11th.

The battle, which lasted two days (July 11 through July 12, 1864)

Battleground National Cemetery, located one-half mile north of Fort Stevens, is one acre in size and contains the remains of 41 brave soldiers who lost their lives during the battle. It is one of our Nation's smallest national cemeteries.

The entrance to the Cemetery is flanked by two 6-pounder, smoothbore guns of Civil War vintage. Also near the entrance are four memorial pillars, representing the four volunteer regiments that fought at Fort Stevens.

1Grant, U. S. Personal Memoirs,

98th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers
1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Corps


Plaque on West side of the Monument:

Killed in battle, July 11th and 12th, 1864: 

Frederick Walther, Company B
Berhard Hoerke, Company C
Corporal Henry Poelser, Company F
Michael Brunet, Company F
Charles Sehaus, Company K
Sergeant George Marquet (or Merkle), Company K
Jos. Schnitzler, Company K

Plaque on East side of the monument:

Wounded in battle: 

Colonel John F. Baller
Lt. Colonel John B. Kohler
Captain Wm. Wilson, Company K
Lt. George Schuler, Company G
Saml. Thompson, Company A
Corporal Chas. Veneman,
Company A
Sergeant Frank Reiner, Company C
Frederick Dunker, Company C

Corporal Wm. Aberle, Company D
Jacob Reiner, Company D
Geo. Klumpp, Company D
Wm Caus, Company E
Daniel Kirsch, Company E

Plaque on North side of the monument:

Wounded in battle:

Corporal J. Schweitzer, Company E
Corporal I. Fred Loeble, Company E
Frederick Frank, Company E
Wm. Fratz, Company G
1st Sergeant Christian Brandt,
Company G
Frank Maier, Company G
Sergeant John Wagner, Company G
Sergeant John G. Greul, Company H
Arthur Corvan, Company H
Sergeant Jacob Goetz, Company K
Sergeant Wm. Bayer, Company K
Frank Weingartner, Company K
Christian Wurster, Company K
Sergeant John G. Kaiser, Company K
John Gress, Company K

150th Ohio National Guard, Company K
122nd New York Volunteer Infantry
98th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry

25th New York Volunteer Cavalry





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Ó March 2003 Alice J. Gayley, all rights reserved