Independent Artillery Battery I

Robert J. Nevin's Battery


The troops composing this battery, were from the city and county of Lancaster, with the exception of about twenty, who were from Susquehanna county, and were organized at Harrisburg, on the last day of June, 1863, for a period of six months, under command of Robert J. Nevin. Soon after the retirement of the enemy from the neighborhood of Harrisburg, and while riots were prevailing in New York, the battery was ordered to Philadelphia. It was armed with four twelve-pound light, and two three-inch ordnance guns.

In November, it was transferred to West Virginia, where it remained until January, 1864, when it was ordered back to Harrisburg, and on the 7th, was mustered out. A considerable number of the men re-enlisted for a term of three years, and the company was rapidly recruited to maximum strength. It was mustered into service under Captain Nevin, on the 7th, and after spending some time in Philadelphia, where recruits were received and drilled, it was transferred to Washington. Its mounted equipment was here completed, and it was armed with six three-inch rifled guns.

At the time of Early's invasion of Maryland and his descent upon Washington, it was ordered into the defenses of the city, and here it continued on duty until the end of the war, garrisoning successively forts Worth and Whipple. It was mustered out of service at Philadelphia, on the 23d of June, 1865.

Source:  Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-65, Harrisburg, 1868-1871.


Organization:

Nevin's Independent Battery Light Artillery: Organized at Harrisburg June and July, 1863.
Ordered to Philadelphia July, 1863, and duty there till November, 1863.
Ordered to Harper's Ferry, W. Va., and duty there till January, 1864.
Ordered to Harrisburg and mustered out January 7, 1864.
Independent Battery "I" Light Artillery ("Nevin's."):  
Organized at Philadelphia and Harrisburg December 31, 1863, to January 7, 1864.
Attached to Camp Barry, 22nd Corps, Dept. of Washington, to May, 1864.
2nd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, 22nd Corps, to July, 1864.
3rd Brigade, DeRussy's Division, to December, 1864.
1st Brigade, DeRussy's Division, to June, 1865.
Garrison duty in Defences of Washington south of the Potomac entire term.
Mustered out June 23, 1865.

Source:  Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion Compiled and Arranged from Official Records of the Federal and Confederate Armies, Reports of he Adjutant Generals of the Several States, the Army Registers, and Other Reliable Documents and Sources.Des Moines, Iowa: The Dyer Publishing Company, 1908

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