Pennsylvania in the Civil War

Virtue ~ Liberty ~ Independence

Federal Arsenals1

Arsenal

Established

Remarks

Allegheny Arsenal, Pittsburgh, Pennsyvania

1814

Located between 39th and 40th Streets and between Penn Avenue and the Allegheny River in the Lawrenceville section of Pittsburgh, the old Allegheny Arsenal was once deemed to be one of the most important arsenals in the United States (Source: Lawrenceville Historic Society)
Main Entrance to the Arsenal, Butler & 40th Street with mortars of 1861" Note the mortars of 1861 in the foreground.
Cannon Circle at Arsenal
List of women killed in Allegheny Arsenal Explosion September 17, 1862

Becer, Allan. An Appalling Disaster: The Allegheny Arsenal and the Great Explosion of 1862. Westmoreland History [Westmoreland County Historical Society], Fall 1999

Pittsburgh's Forgotten Allegheny Arsenal by Lawrenceville historian and author James Wudarczyk

Augusta Arsenal, Augusta, Georgia

1817

Seized by Georgia State troops ca. January 24, 1861
Baton Rouge Arsenal, Louisiana   The barracks and arsenal were occupied almost continuously from 1816 until January 10, 1861, when the post surrendered to Louisiana State troops.  The arsenal was reoccupied by U. S. forces, ca. May 9, 1862
Benicia Arsenal, California

1851

Established as an ordnance depot August 25, 1851, near Benicia, California; designated as the principal depot for ordnance and and ordnance stores for the Division of the Pacific, November 8, 1851; converted to an "arsenal of construction", April 1852.  The arsenal was important to the entire West Coast.
Champlain Arsenal, Vergennes, Vermont

1826

Discontinued 1855; restablished 1861
Fortress Monroe Arsenal, Old Point Comfort, Virginia

1824

 
Frankford Arsenal, Bridesburg, PA

1816

Look up and insert
Harper's Ferry Arsenal , Virginia

1794

Destroyed April 18, 1861, to prevent its falling into the hands of Confederates; lands, etc. sold November 30, 1867
Kennebec Arsenal, Augusta, Maine

1827

 
Louisville Ordnance Depot, Kentucky   Temporary depot;  existing for a few years during the Civil War
Mount Vernon Arsenal, Alabama

1829

Taken by Alabama State troops January 4, 1861; reestablished in 1865
Nashville Ordnance Depot, Tennessee   Temporary depot established during the Civil War; discontinued soon after December 1865
New York Arsenal, Governor's Island, New York   The ordnance depot established at Governor's Island in New York Harbor became the New York Arsenal in 1835
Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois

1863

 
San Antonio Arsenal, Texas

1855

Taken by Texas State troops February 16, 1861; reestablished 1865
Springfield Armory, Massachusetts

1794

After the armory at Harper's Ferry was destroyed to prevent its use by the Confederates, the Government had to rely on the single armory at Springfield and on private establishments for its supply of arms.
Washington Arsenal, District of Columbia

1816

 
Watertown Arsenal, Massachusetts

1816

 
Watervillet Arsenal, West Troy, New York

1814

 

1 Munden, Kenneth W. and Beers, Henry Putney. A Guide to the Federal Archives Relating to the Civil War, National Archives and Records Administation, Washington, DC, 1986. Extracted from section on the records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance, pps. 279-282

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