Table of Contents - History of Tioga County

Created: Friday, 26 February 2016 Last Updated: Friday, 26 February 2016 Written by Administrator Print Email

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I.
Topographical and Geological Features.
Surface Transformation- Mountain Ranges- Anticlinals and Synelinals- The Blossburg Mountain Basin- Dip of the Rocks- Wellsboro Anticlinal- Crooked Creek Basin- Valley of the Cowanesque- Streams of the County- The Tioga River- Crooked Creek - Lycoming Creek - Pine Creek - Marsh Creek- The Cowanesque River - Minor Streams - Concluding Observations, 17-29

CHAPTER II.
The Land of Tioga.
First Occupants- Rugged and Romantic Scenery- Game, Fish and Wild Animals - An Ideal Hunting Ground- Indian Paths - Indian Villages- French Explorers and Missionaries - Boundary Line of the Purchase of 1768 - The Old Treaties - The Walker Tragedy - Indian Characteristics and Peculiarities 29-38

CHAPTER III.
Beginning of Tioga County.
Purchase of 1784 - Fair Play System - Lycoming Township Formed - Its Boundaries and Area - Old Tioga Township Erected - A Valuable Document Discovered - Boundaries Defined - Other Record Evidence - Tioga Township Taxables of 1800 - -Additional Extracts From Early Records - Panther and Wolf Scalp Bounties, 38-44

CHAPTER IV.
Tioga County Organized.
The Landed Interests - Their Influence on Legislation - Tioga County Created - Form and Area - Derivation of Name - The Term Tioga - Boundary' Line Dispute - Origin of the Trouble - Various Efforts to Establish Lines - A Tangle of Perplexing questions - The Latest Commission, 44-55

CHAPTER V.
The Pioneers.
First White Men - Samuel Baker Locates at Lawrenceville - Other Early Settlers There First Settlers Along the Cowanesque River - Pioneers of the Tioga Valley Early Settlers in Other Parts of the County - Hardships and Privations Endured - The Pine Creek Land Company - Morris' Great Trust - Trouble in the Land Company - Norris and Babb - Horrors of the Wilderness - Taxables of 1812, 56-71

CHAPTER VI.
County Organization Completed.
Location of County Seat- Trustees Appointed- Proposals for a Site Advertised for The Offer of Benjamin Wistar Morris Accepted- Location Made- Why Named Wellsborough - A Town Laid Out - Activity of Morris - Delmar Township Formed First Commissioners - Early Financial Statements - Other Statistical Information - Growth of Population by Decades, 71-79

CHAPTER VII.
Early Courts and Cases.
Arrests and Trials Under the Intrusion Law - The Case of Ezra Spaulding - History of the Defendant - Other Tioga Settlers Indicted - First Courts of Tioga County - Docket Entries - A Horse Thief Convicted - Six Magisterial Districts Established - The Great Slave Hunt - Important County Records Stolen - An Obdurate Judge, 80-93

CHAPTER VIII.
Internal Improvements.
First Traveled Ways - The State Line Survey - A Rude Road Brushed Out - The Williamson Road - Why and How It Was Built - A Princely Entertainment in the Wilderness - The Patterson Brothers - Morris State Road - More Roads Laid Out - East and West State Road - Era of Plank Roads - Early Navigation Schemes - The Corning and Blossburg Railroad - Morris Run and Arnot Branches - The Fall Brook Railroad - The Cowanesque Branch - The Pine Creek Branch - Elmira and State Line Railroad - The Addison and Pennsylvania Railroad - Other Railroads, 93-108

CHAPTER IX.
Industrial Development.
Primitive Saw-Mills and Grist-Mills - The Morris Mills - First Mills at Wellsboro - Babb's Mill - In the Tioga Valley - Early Lumbering Operations - A Rafting Reminiscence - Along the Cowanesque River - Pioneer Mills on Pine Creek - An Era of Rapid Development - Risks and Charms of the Business - -The Tanning Industry - Iron Foundries and Smelting Works - The Manufacture of Glass - Progress of Agriculture - Agricultural Societies, 109-119

CHAPTER X.
Coal Mines and Mining.
The Blossburg and Gaines Coal Basins - Theories Concerning Their Formation - ¦ Their Extent and Character - The Discovery of Coal at Blossburg - Pioneer Mines and Mining - Early Attempts at Development - The Tioga Navigation Company - First Geological Survey - The Arbon Coal Company - Sir Charles Lyell's Visit - Coal Seams Described - Character and Uses of Blossburg Coal - The Manufacture of Coke - Labor Strikes and Troubles - Recent Statistics - Past and Present, ..119-132

CHAPTER XI.
Public Buildings and Officials.
First Meeting Place of the Commissioners- Temporary Quarters Secured - First Public Buildings Erected - An Odd Contract - High Price of Nails - Description of Buildings - The New Court House and Jail - The Present Jail - The Only Criminal Execution - New Record Building - County House and Farm - Roster of Public Officials, 132-144

CHAPTER XII.
The Bench and Bar.
Personal Sketches of President Judges - Many Able and Distinguished Jurists Among Them - The Bar of Tioga County - A Brilliant Array of Legal Talent - The Tioga County Bar Association - John F. Donaldson, Prothonotary and Politician - A Sketch of His Career, 145-188

CHAPTER XIII.
The Medical Profession.
Introductory - Pioneer Physicians - Their Courageous Devotion to Duty - Brief Sketches of Prominent Physicians - The First Drug Store - Sketch of Dr. Robert Roy, Its Proprietor - "Brick" Pomeroy's Reminiscences - The Tioga County Medical Association, 189-206

CHAPTER XIV.
Early Military History.
Introduction- Early Settlers Who Were Revolutionary Soldiers- They Led the Way Into the Wilderness- Peter Shumway's Discharge- A Priceless Relic- The War of 1812- Settlers of Tioga Who Served in That Struggle- Old-Time Militia System - The Mexican War, 206-216

CHAPTER XV.
War of the Rebellion.
The Firing on Fort Sumter- Reception of the News in Wellsboro- Meeting of the Borough Council- Resolutions Adopted- Mrs. Mary H. Clymer's Patriotic Act and Letter The First Volunteers - Gen. Robert C. Cox's Interesting Narrative - Rosters of Companies Raised in Tioga County - Miscellaneous Commands - In New York Regiments- In Other States- The Fourteenth United States Infantry -Soldiers' Monument- Losses in the War, 216-249

CHAPTER XVI.
Literature of Tioga.
Josiah Emery's English Grammar- Lydia Jane Pierson, the Forest Minstrel- Mary Emily Jackson, a Native Poetess-M. H. Cobb, Printer and Poet- "Nessmuk," the Lover and Poet of Nature- His Rambles, Travels, and Writings, 249-258

CHAPTER XVII.
Wellsboro.
Descriptive - The Original Town Plot - Additional Lots Surveyed - Prominent Pioneers - Josiah Emery's Reminiscences - Post office and Postmasters - John Shefler, the Young Mail Carrier - His Route Through the Wilderness - Post office Statistics - Old-Time Taverns and Landlords - Modern Hotels, 258-274

CHAPTER XVIII.
Wellsbobo (Continued).
Village Schools- The Old Academy- Its Incorporation- Its Early and Later History -- The Building Now Used as a Church - Common School System Adopted - First Public School Building- Later Buildings and Teachers - Willow Hall School, 275-295.

CHAPTER XIX.
Wellsboro (Continued).
The Old Quaker Meeting-House- St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church- Rev. Charles Breck, the Pioneer Pastor- The Work He Accomplished- The Presbyterian Church- Rev. J. F. Calkins' Long Pastorate- His Semi-Centennial Address -First Methodist Episcopal Church- Rev. Caleb Boyer- The First Class Church Organized - First Baptist Church - Its Organization and Later History -St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church- The Free Will Baptist Church- Cemeteries - Societies - Wellsborough's Military Band, 295-316

CHAPTER XX.
Wellsboro (Continued).
The Tioga Pioneer - Its Editors and Publishers - Removal to Tioga - Early Advertisements - The Phoenix Appears - The Tioga Herald - George Hildreth, the Old-Time Printer - The Wellsboro Advertiser - The Wellsboro Agitator - The Daily Record - The Tioga Eagle and Its Successors - The Wellsboro Gazette - The Tioga Banner - The Hermaic Journal - The Tioga County Leader - The Republican Advocate - A Noted Correspondent, 317-327

CHAPTER XXI.
Wellsboro (Continued).
Incorporated as a Borough - First Election - Early Ordinances - Burgesses, Clerks, Treasurers and Justices - Borough Boundaries - Fire Department - Water Works System - The Wellsborough Electric Company, 327-334

CHAPTER XXII.
Wellsboro (Continued).
The First National Bank - The Old and New Bank Buildings - The Wellsborough National Bank - The Great Bank Robbery - The Property Taken - Two of the Robbers Captured - Tried, Convicted and Sent to Prison - Cosgrove Reforms - His Visit to Judge Williams - Manufacturing and Other Enterprises - The Wellsboro of To-Day, 335-349

CHAPTEK XXIII.
Delmar Township.
Creation - Original Dividing Line - Origin of Name - Reductions of Area - Present Boundaries - Character of Surface - Streams - The "Big Marsh" - Altitude - Population - Pioneer Settlers - Manufacturing Enterprises - Schools - Churches and Cemeteries - Villages and Post offices, 350-360

CHAPTER XXIV.
Charleston Township.
Organization - Reductions of Area - Boundaries - Drainage - Physical Characteristics - Population - The Pioneers - Mills and Other Enterprises - Schools - Justices of the Peace - Churches - Cemeteries - Societies - Villages and Post offices, 360-360

CHAPTER XXV.
Middlebury Township.
Organization - Reduction of Area - Physical Features - Streams - Population- Early Settlers - Early and Later Enterprises - Schools and Justices - Churches - Cemeteries - Societies - Villages, 369-378

CHAPTER XXVI.
Farmington Township.
Organization - Area and Boundaries - Physical Characteristics - Streams and Drainage - Population - Early Settlers - Manufacturing Enterprises - Schools and Justices - Churches - Cemeteries - Post offices and Postmasters 379-383

CHAPTER XXVII.
Elkland Borough.
The Old Township of Elkland - Its Organization and Boundaries - Reductions of Area - Organized as a Borough - Enlargement of Borough Limits - Pioneer Settlers - Village Growth - Later Enterprises - Schools - Hotels - Borough Organization and Officials- Postmasters- Physicians and Lawyers- Newspapers- Churches - Cemeteries - Societies 384-394

CHAPTER XXVIII.
Osceola Borough.
Borough Organization - Unusual Area - The Village of Osceola - Physical Features - Streams - The Word "Cowanesque" - Its Derivation and Definition - "Pindarville" - Origin of Name - Population - Lands and Settlement - Early and Later Industries - Inns and Hotels - Schools - Borough Organization and Officials - Physicians - Churches - Cemeteries - Secret Societies, 395-404

CHAPTER XXIX.
Nelson Borough.
Organization - Area and Boundaries - Streams - Physical Features - Early Settlers - Manufacturing and Business Enterprises - Borough Organization and Officials - Physicians - Schools - Churches and Cemeteries - Societies, 404-411

CHAPTER XXX.
Deerfield Township.
Organization - Changes of Area - Streams, Soil and Forest Growth - Population - Early Settlers - The Strawbridge Lands- Business and Manufacturing Enterprises - Schools - Early Physicians and Justices - Churches and Cemeteries - Villages, 412-420

CHAPTER XXXI.
Knoxville Borough.
Organization - Origin of Name - Area and Elevation - Billings Park - Population - Early Settlers - Manufacturing Enterprises - Mercantile Enterprises - Inns and Hotels - Schools - Borough Organization and Officials - Postmasters - Physicians and Lawyers - Newspapers - Churches - Cemeteries - Societies, 421-430

CHAPTER XXXII.
Westfield Township.
Organization - Physical Characteristics - Population - Early Settlers - Early Enterprises - Schools and Justices - Churches and Cemeteries - Villages, 430-437

CHAPTER XXXIII.
Westfield Borough.
Location and Surroundings - Population and Taxable Property - Early Settlers - Borough Organization and Officials - Postmasters- Physicians and Lawyers - Business and Manufacturing Enterprises - Incorporated Companies - Hotels - Newspapers - Railroads - Churches and Cemeteries - Societies, 438-449

CHAPTER XXXIV.
Brookfield Township.
Organization - Location and Area - Physical Features - Streams - Forest Growth - Population - Justices of the Peace - Early Settlers - Mills and Factories - Schools - Churches and Cemeteries - Villages, 449-456

CHAPTER XXXV.
Chatham Township.
Organization- Education of Area- Physical Characteristics- Streams- Timber Growth - Early Settlers - Pioneer Industries - Schools and Justices - Churches and Cemeteries - Societies - Villages and Post offices, 457-463

CHAPTER XXXVI.
Clymer Township.
Organization - Origin of Name - William B. Clymer - His Generous Treatment of Settlers - Physical Features of Township - Forest Growth - Streams - Area - Early Settlers - Early Industries - Schools and Justices - Churches and Cemeteries - Societies - Villages and Post offices, 463-469

CHAPTER XXXVII.
Shippen Township.
Organization - Present Boundaries and Area - Streams - Physical Features - Population-Early Settlers - King and Manning's Explorations - Big Meadows - The Furmans - Assessment of 1824 - Division of Township - Settlers on Marsh Creek - Early Mills - Schools and Justices - Churches and Cemeteries - Villages 469-474

CHAPTER XXXVIII.
Gaines Township.
Organization - Reduction of Area - Derivation of Name - Physical Characteristics - Streams - Timber and Game - Population - Early Settlers - Past and Present Enterprises - The Gaines Coal and Coke Company - Early Schools - Physicians and Justices - Churches - Cemeteries - Societies - Villages and Post offices, 475-482

CHAPTER XXXIX.
Elk Township.
Organization - Boundaries and Area - Mountains and Streams - Timber - Population - Early Settlers - Industrial Enterprises - Schools and Churches - Justices of the Peace - Villages 483-485

CHAPTER XL.
Morris Township.
Organization - Reductions of Area - Physical Characteristics - Timber and Coal - Streams - Railroads - Population - Pioneer Settlement - Mills and Other Enterprises - Schools - Physicians and Justices - Churches - Societies - Villages and Post offices, 486-493

CHAPTER XLI.
Duncan Township.
Derivation of Name - Organization - Area - Boundaries - Altitude - Population - Justices - The Fall Brook Coal Company - The Village of Antrim - Hotels - Postmasters - Schools - Physicians - Societies - Churches - Villages, 493-497

CHAPTER XLII.
Tioga Township.
Organization - Reductions of Area - Physical Features - Streams - Population - Pioneer Settlers - Early Enterprises - Schools and Justices - Churches and Cemeteries - Villages and Post offices 498-504

CHAPTER XLIII.
Tioga Borough.
Description- Physical Characteristics- Early Settlers- Population- Village Industries and Enterprises- Early Physicians and Lawyers- Early and Later Hotels- Borough Organization and Officials - Village and Borough Newspapers - Schools -Churches- Secret Societies- Later Business and Manufacturing Enterprises- Tioga Water Works Hose Companies- Fire and Flood, 505-520

CHAPTER XLIV.
Lawrence Township and Lawrenceville.
Township Organization - Selection of Name - Boundaries and Area - Physical Features - Early Land Troubles - Conflicting Claims of Pennsylvania and Connecticut - Final Settlement of the Dispute - The State Line Survey - Hon. Samuel Baker, the First White Settler - Other Early Settlers - The Borough of Lawrenceville - Manufacturing and Business Enterprises - Physicians and Lawyers - Newspapers - Schools - Churches, Sabbath-Schools and Cemeteries - Justices and Burgesses - Societies - Horacetown, 520-542

CHAPTER XLV.
Jackson Township.
Organization - Origin of Name - Original Area - Present Boundaries - Physical Features - Strearns - Altitude - Population - Pioneer Settlement - Early Milling Enterprises - Schools - Physicians, Lawyers and Justices - Churches and Cemeteries - Societies - Villages and Post offices, 543-550

CHAPTER XLVI.
Rutland Township.
Organization - Boundaries - Physical Features - Streams: - Iron Ore - Population - Early Settlers - Mills and Other Enterprises - Schools - Physicians and Justices - Churches and Cemeteries - Roseville Borough, 551-556

CHAPTER XLVII.
Sullivan Township.
Organization - Original Area and Present Boundaries - Soil and Products - Streams - Derivation of Name - Population - Early Settlers - Business Enterprises - Schools - Physicians and Justices - Churches - Cemeteries - Secret Societies - Borough of Mainesburg - Villages and Post offices, 557-566

CHAPTER XLVIII.
Richmond Township.
Organization - Physical Characteristics - Streams - Mineral Deposits - Pioneer Settlers - Pioneer Enterprises - Schools and Justices - Churches - Cemeteries - Villages 567-574

CHAPTER XLIX
Mansfield Borough.
Location and Surroundings - Early Settlers and Enterprises - Borough Organization and Officials - Fire Department - Postmasters, Physicians and Lawyers - Hotels - Public Schools - Mansfield Classical Seminary - The Mansfield State Normal School - The Soldiers' Orphan Home - Business Colleges - Later Industries and Enterprises - Newspapers - Churches and Cemeteries - Societies, 575-592"

CHAPTER L.
Covington Township.
Organization- Original and Present Area- Drainage and Physical Features- Population Early Settlers - Early and Later Enterprises - Schools - Postmasters and Justices - Churches, Cemeteries and Societies, 593

CHAPTER LI.
Covington Borough.
Location and Surroundings- Population- Early Settlers- Manufacturing Enterprises - Early Hotel Keepers and Merchants - Borough Organization and Officials - Postmasters and Physicians- Newspapers - Schools - Churches and Secret Societies, 597-604

CHAPTER LII.
Bloss Township.
Organization- Physical Features- Streams - Forest Growth- Mineral Deposits - Limited Agriculture - Justices of the Peace - Changes in Area and Population - The Blossburg Coal Company - Arnot - Churches - Societies - Landrus, 604-610

CHAPTER LIII.
Blossburg Borough.
The Williamson Road - Peter's Camp - Borough Site and Surroundings - Pioneer Settlers - Early Industries an Enterprises - Discovery of Coal - Judge Knapp's Enterprises - The Arbon Coal Company - A Real Estate Boom - The Corning and Blossburg Railroad - The Seymour House - Sir Charles Lyell's Visit - Window Glass Manufactory - The Morris Run Railroad - The Arnot Branch - Borough Organization and Officials - Fire Department - The Fire of 1873 - Physicians and Lawyers - Schools - Churches and Cemeteries - Societies - Later Business Corporations - The Cottage State Hospital, 611-625

CHAPTER LIV.
Hamilton Township.
Organization - Physical Characteristics - Mineral Wealth - Streams - Railroads - Population - Justices of the Peace - Morris Run Mines and Railroad - Coal Mining Companies - The Village of Morris Run - Schools and Churches - Societies, ... .625-630

CHAPTER LV.
Ward Township.
Organization - Reducation of Area - Drainage - Population - Justices of the Peace - Early Settlers - Manufacturing Enterprises - Schools - Churches, Cemeteries and Societies, 630-632

CHAPTER LVI.
Pall Brook Borough.
Location and Surroundings- The Pall Brook Coal Company- Its Organization and History - Borough Organization and Officials - Schools- Churches - Societies, . . 633-638

CHAPTER LVII.
Liberty Township.
Organization - Physical Characteristics- Soil and Products- Coal and Iron - Timber -Streams- Population - Pioneer Settlement - First White Men - The District Line - Williamson Road - The Block House - Anthony, the First Landlord - Other Early Settlers - Mills and Other Enterprises - Physicians and Justices - Schools- Churches and Cemeteries - Societies - Liberty Borough - Villages and Post offices, 639-649

CHAPTER LVIII.
Union Township.
Organization - Physical Features - Streams - Population - Pioneer Settlers - Early and Later Enterprises- Schools - Physicians and Justices - Churches, Cemeteries and Societies - Villages, 649-654

CHAPTER LIX.
Biographical Sketches.
Wellsboro - Delmar and Charleston Townships, 655-780

CHAPTER LX.
Biographical Sketches.
Middlebury and Farmington Townships - Nelson, Elkland and Osceola Boroughs,. .780-867

CHAPTER LXI.
Biographical Sketches.
Deerfield Township and Knoxville Borough- Westfield Township and Borough- Brookfield Township, 867-947

CHAPTER LXII.
Biographical Sketches.
Chatham, Clymer, Gaines, Elk and Shippen Townships, 947-986

CHAPTER LXIII.
Biographical Sketches.
Tioga Township and Borough - Lawrence Township Jackson Township and Lawrenceville Borough - 987-1049

CHAPTER LXIV.
Biographical Sketches.
Richmond Township and Mansfield Borough - Sullivan Township and Mainesburg - Rutland Township, 1050-1107

CHAPTER LXV.
Biographical Sketches.
Covington Township and Borough - The Blossburg Coal Region - Liberty and Union Townships - Morris Township, 1107-1160

Index, 1161-1186

Map of Tioga County, 16