History of Beaver County Pennsylvania and Its Centennial Celebration

CHAPTER I
PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF BEAVER COUNTY.......PAGE 1
Location--Boundaries--Origin of the Name--Drainage--Soil--Topography--Geology--Flora and Fauna--Historic Floods--Climatic Peculiarities, etc

CHAPTER II
THE PRE-REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD......PAGE 13
Indian Occupation--French and English Claims--Explorers and Traders--The Ohio Company--Celeron's Expedition--Alarm of Pennsylvania and Virginia Authorities--Washington Sent to Fort Le Boeuf--Military Measures--Fort at "Forks of the Ohio"--Ward's Surrender--Beginning of French and Indian War--Fort Necessity--Braddock's Defeat--Forbes's Expedition and Fall of Fort Duquesne--End of French Empire in America--Conspiracy of Pontiac--Relief of Fort Pitt--Colonel Bouquet--Battle of Bushy Run--Bouquet's Expedition against the Ohio Indians--Dunmore's War--Mixed Character of Settlers--Murder of Logan's Family--Battle of Point Pleasant

CHAPTER III
THE REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD, AND AFTER, TO 1800......PAGE 64
Origin of Revolutionary Spirit--Causes of the Conflict--Training of Colonists for it--Part of Western Settlers in Revolution--General Clark's Expedition--General Hand's Expedition--Girty and Other Renegades--Conduct of British at Detroit--General McIntosh's Expedition--Building of Fort McIntosh--"Brodhead's Road"--Fort Laurens--Distress of its Garrison--(end p. vii)Relations of McIntosh and Brodhead--Descriptions of Fort McIntosh--Brodhead in Command--Indian Troubles--Irvine in Command--Mutinous Troops--Their Hardships--Military Executions at Fort McIntosh--Decay of that Post--Indian Treaty There--Surrender of Prisoners--Visit to Fort McIntosh of Boundary Commissioners--Evacuation--Demolition--Blockhouse at New Brighton--Sam. Brady--Defeats of Harmar and St. Clair--Wayne's Camp at Legionville--His Victory at Maumee--Its Results--Boundary Controversy between Pennsylvania and Virginia: Its Origin, Progress, and Settlement--The "New State" Movement.

CHAPTER IV
THE FIRST SETTLERS AND THEIR LIFE......PAGE 145
The Scotch-Irish--The Germans--The Moravians--Date of Early Settlements--Claims of Priority--Incidents of Indian Incursions--The Poes and Captain Brady--The Last Indian Murder--North Side Settlers--Pioneer Life--"Forts" and Blockhouses--Dress and Provisions--Homes and Furniture--Sports and Diversions--Morals and Manners--Religious Beliefs and Superstitions--Education.

CHAPTER V
FIRST LAND TITLES......PAGE 179
"Land-grabbing," Indian, Swedish, Dutch, and English--Duke of York's Tenure--William Penn's Tenure--Conveyances--Manors--Extinguishment of Indian Title--Purchases of 1768 and 1784--Treaty of Fort McIntosh, 1785--Depreciation and Donation lands--Reservations--Land Act of 1792--Land Companies--Litigation Resulting--Pennsylvania and Virginia Grants.

CHAPTER VI
ERECTION AND ORGANIZATION......PAGE 192
Need of New Counties--Eight Counties Formed--Boundaries of Beaver County Defined--Commissioners--Organization of Courts--Admission of First Attorneys--First County Officers--First Grand Jury--Constables Appointed--Licenses Granted--Justices' Districts--First Deed and Will--Commissioners' Report of 1806--Erection of County Buildings--Civil List--Personal Sketches of United States Senators, Members of Congress and of the State Senate. (end p. viii)

CHAPTER VII
COUNTY DEVELOPMENT......PAGE 235
Indian Trails--Brodhead's Road--County and State Roads--Bridges--Canals--Ohio River Dams--Steam Railways--Railway Contrasts--Street Railways--Water, Fuel, and Lighting Companies--Banking Institutions--Mail Facilities--Growth of Population.

CHAPTER VIII
COUNTY DEVELOPMENT (continued)....PAGE 276
Nature's Part--Agricultural Progress--Pioneer Means and Methods of Farming--Modern Conditions--State Aids--Agricultural Societies--Farmers' Associations--Agricultural Statistics--Mineral Resources--Manufacturing--Pioneer Industries--Early Mills and factories--Era of Speculation--Hindrances and Helps to Growth of Industrial Life--Boat-Building in Beaver County--Iron and Steel Industries--Fire-clay Products--Oil Refining--Manufacturing Statistics.

CHAPTER IX
LEGAL HISTORY--BENCH AND BAR......PAGE 304
Previous Jurisdictions--Virginia Courts--Organization of Beaver County Courts--Judicial Districts--Character of First Officers--Sketches of President Judges--Associate Judges--First Attorneys--Prominent Early Attorneys--Attorneys of Later Date, Deceased--Simplicity of Early Suits--Fees--Celebrated Causes--Law Association--Roll of Attorneys.

CHAPTER X
MEDICAL HISTORY......PAGE 370
Tributes to Profession--Scope of Chapter--Sketches of Prominent Physicians, Deceased--Healthfulness of Beaver County--Noted Epidemics--Beaver County Medical Society--Hospitals.

CHAPTER XI
EDUCATIONAL HISTORY......PAGE 393
Merits of Common-School System--Influence of Teachers--Pioneer Schools--State Aid--Lotteries Authorized--Efforts for Common-School Law--Act of 1834--Directors Elected--Tax Laid--Inspectors--Repeal Discussed--System Inaugurated--School Buildings--Teachers' Associations--Early Teachers--County Superintendents--Teachers' Institutes--Statistics--Higher Education. (end p. ix)

CHAPTER XII
RELIGIOUS HISTORY......PAGE 411
Religious Spirit of Pioneers--Roman Catholicism--Moravian Mission on the Big Beaver (Friedenstadt)--Presbyterianism--Methodism--United Brethren in Christ--Church of God--Baptists--Lutheranism--Disciples of Christ--Evangelical Association--Congregational Church--Protestant Episcopal Church.

CHAPTER XIII
THE PRESS......PAGE 450
The First Newspaper--News-Letters--First Newspaper in English--First English Daily--Journalistic Development in the United States--First Colonial Newspapers--First Religious Journals--Newspapers in Pennsylvania--Great Modern Newspaper Plants--Character of the American Press--History of the Newspaper Press of Beaver County.

CHAPTER XIV
MILITARY HISTORY......PAGE 474
Connection of Beaver County with the Revolution--Revolutionary Veterans and Pensioners--War of 1812--Patriotic Proceedings--Rosters of Troops--Mexican War--The Alamo--Causes and Commencement of Hostilities--Enlistments--War of the Rebellion--Introductory Remarks--Patriotic Mass Meetings--Citizens’ Committees Appointed--Home Guards--List of Commissioned Officers--Sketches of Regiments in which Beaver County was Represented--Beaver County Men in the U S. Naval Service--Rosters of Troops in the War of the Rebellion.

CHAPTER XV
BEAVER COUNTY IN THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR......PAGE 606
Volunteering--Company B, Tenth Regiment--Response to Call of President McKinley--Mustered in --Tenth Regiment Ordered to the Philippines--At Camp Merritt--At Honolulu--In Camp Dewey--First Engagement at Malate--In Attack upon Manila--Corregidor Island and Cavite--Return to San Francisco--Mustered out--Receptions at Pittsburg and New Brighton--List of Officers and Men.
(end p. x)

Title Modified Date Author Hits
History of Beaver County, Chapter 4 27 February 2014 Written by Administrator 2461
History of Beaver County, Chapter 5 27 February 2014 Written by Administrator 849
History of Beaver County, Chapter 6 27 February 2014 Written by Administrator 1831
History of Beaver County, Chapter 7 27 February 2014 Written by Administrator 1003
History of Beaver County, Chapter 8 27 February 2014 Written by Administrator 1403
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