One Hundred and First Regiment - One Hundred and Seventh Regiment - One Hundred and Tenth Regiment - One Hundred and Thirty-third Regiment - One Hundred and Thirty-eighth Regiment - One Hundred and Forty-second Regiment - One Hundred and Seventy-first Regiment - One Hundred and Eighty-fourth Regiment - One Hundred and Eighty-fifth Regiment - One Hundred and Ninety-fourth Regiment - Two Hundred and Eighth Regiment - Second Cavalry - Capt. Schrock’s Company - Independent Battalion Militia of 1863 - Miscellaneous List, Including Officers and Men of Various Organizations Arranged Alphabetically.


Of the ten original companies composing this regiment Bedford county sent forth Co. D, besides many of those forming Co. G. The regiment was organized at Camp Curtin, near Harrisburg, in October, 1861, and remained there until February 27, 1862, when it departed for Washington, D.C. Upon its arrival it went into camp at Meridian Hill and was soon after assigned to Keim’s (2d) brigade -- composed of the 85th Penn. vols., Col. Joshua B. Howell; 101st Penn. vols., Col. Joseph H. Wilson; 103d Penn. vols., Col. Theodore F. Lehman; and 96th N.Y. vols., Col. James Fairman -- of Casey’s (3d) division of the 4th army corps, under command Maj.- Gen. E. D. Keyes.

From that time -- March, 1862 -- until March, 1863, the regiment participated in all the movements, skirmishes, battles and vicissitudes, in common with the brigade commanded successively by Gen. Keim, Col. Howell, of the 85th Penn., and Gen. Wessells. During the peninsula campaign it was engaged at the siege of Yorktown and the fight at Williamsburg. Its colonel and many other members sickened and died amid the swamps of the Chickahominy, while, for a time, but few of the survivors were able to perform the duty required of them. In that desperate engagement known as Fair Oaks, fought May 31, 1862, nearly every third man in the regiment was either killed or wounded; the slaughter which it inflicted upon the enemy was terrible. "Col. Morris had ordered his men at the opening of the fight to aim at the waist-belt of the foe, and as he had come up within eighty yards, the fire was most effective, Gen. Wessells declaring it unprecedented." - Bates. After the close of the unsuccessful campaign on the peninsula, the brigade was ordered to Suffolk, Virginia, and subsequently to North Carolina, but as these movements have been briefly alluded to in the foregoing sketch of the 85th regiment, it is not deemed necessary to refer to them further here.

Early in 1863, however, the brigade was divided, for while some of the regiments proceeded to Hilton Head, South Carolina, and from that point operated against the enemy in that quarter, others, of which the 101st was one, remained to assist in making life burdensome to the enemy in the old North State. But, as the sequel will prove, the Union commanders planned not wisely.

On the 7th of March, a force consisting of the 101st and 103d Penn. vols., and a company of the 3d N.Y. cav, was sent from its winter quarters near New Berne, to Hyde county, North Carolina, to break up a formidable and troublesome band of guerrillas infesting that locality. But after moving by transports to Swanquarter, and marching through the suspected district, passing quite around Lake Mattimuskeet, the expedition returned without having accomplished the object sought.

One month later, or on the 4th of April, the regiment joined in the movement for the relief of Gen. Foster, who with a small force was then besieged at Little Washington. The relieving force moved by water and reached a point within nine miles of the town, but the rebel batteries, there commanding the river, compelled a retirement to New Berne. On the very day of their return an overland expedition for the same destination started forth. The enemy was found at Swift creek, with infantry and artillery, prepared to dispute the passage. An almost impassable swamp, which could only be crossed by a corduroy causeway, raked by the enemy’s artillery, also impeded the advance. The 101st with other troops was thrown to the front and a sharp engagement of two hours’ duration took place. At the end of that time Gen. Spinola, who was in command, regarding the opposition too formidable to be overcome by his force, withdrew, and returned to New Berne. By this time Gen. Wessells, who had been absent a short time, returned, and Gen. Foster, having run the gantlet of the rebel batteries along the river, himself headed a force, which fought its way through, reached Little Washington, and finally relieved the garrison.

Gen. Wessells with his brigade was soon after ordered to Plymouth, North Carolina, where for a year, nearly, the troops were chiefly engaged in repairing earthworks, building new ones, and scouting the country bordering on the Albemarle Sound and the Chowan river. In one of these scouts Lieut. Helm, with Co. G, surprised the camp of a guerrilla band and made the entire party prisoners, taking the leader from the chimney of the house where he had his headquarters.

Meanwhile the enemy was preparing to assume aggressive operations in force, and it was well known to the Union commander of the district that the Confederates were busy at Hamilton, a point on the Roanoke river above, in building an iron-clad ram, which, with the co-operation of a powerful land-force, was to be used to open and control the river and Sound below. Accordingly, Gen. Wessells caused obstructions to be placed in the bed of the river, anchored torpedoes in the channel and strengthened the earth works, mounting a two-hundred-pounder gun at the point where the works met the river above. A considerable part of the command was suffering from ague and was in hospitals.

Sunday, April 17, 1864, was a beautiful spring day, and the troops, after the usual religious exercises, were reposing in quiet in the intrenchments, when at 4 P.M. a few shots were heard in rapid succession from the pickets posted on the Washington Road. A detachment of cavalry sent out soon returned, bringing the intelligence that the enemy was advancing in force. It proved to be the rebel Gen. Hoke, with a land force variously estimated from seven to fifteen thousand men. Fort Gray, upon the river bank, which commanded the passage, was the first object of attack, and upon this he opened with his artillery, the fort with the gunboats replying, the ram called the Albemarle, riding at anchor above, ready to pass down as soon as the fort was reduced. At night the firing ceased, but was resumed early on the morning of the 18th, the infantry mingling in the fray as the investment was more closely pressed. Soon his skirmishers made their appearance in front of the work below and opened fire. The Bombshell, a small gunboat, was struck by one of the enemy’s land batteries during the forenoon and soon after sunk. At a little before sunset a heavy line of infantry emerged from the woods in front of the lower works, and, sweeping away the Union skirmish line, occupied a fine eminence, on which he immediately planted several batteries. These were at once opened upon the town, the main force of the attack being directed upon Fort Williams, the headquarters of Gen. Wessells. A transport despatched to Roanoke island returned at evening, bringing up all available forces, among them two hundred men of the 101st. By nightfall all the guns on both sides, from land and river, were in full play, and the fire, which had now become fearful, was kept up far into the night. A determined assault was made in the evening upon Fort Wessells, a detached work to the front and right of the town, and though defended with consummate skill and the most determined bravery, by a company of the 85th N.Y., under Capt. Nelson Chapin, which repulsed repeated charges, throwing hand-grenades when the enemy came within reach, and thrusting them from the escarpment with bayonet when they attempted to scale the parapets, it was finally forced to yield, but not until the brave captain had been mortally wounded. In the thick darkness, just before the dawn of the day (of the 19th), the rebel ram Albemarle, passing the obstructions in the river without injury, made for the gunboats Southfield and Miami, soon sinking the former and causing the latter to withdraw down the stream. Toward evening it was discovered that the enemy was moving around and massing on the left of the line, where, from paucity of numbers, the works were least protected. Detachments of the 101st were immediately sent to strengthen that part of the line. The enemy opened with his artillery and soon came forward in heavy force. After a stubborn resistance, it was forced to yield to superior numbers, but fell back slowly, disputing the ground inch by inch.

At a little before daylight of the 20th the rebel artillery opened all along the line, the signal for the onset, and shortly after a full brigade, which had been massed for a decisive move, charged upon the left while demonstrations were made along the line. The shock was bravely met and the guns at Conoby and Compher redoubts were kept in full play until the rebel line had passed them and was already in the suburbs of the town. At Compher redoubt Cos. D, I, G, B, and a part of K held their position until their stockade was knocked down and the enemy were crowding into the works. At Conoby redoubt the handful of men left was withdrawn when the work was no longer tenable and the enemy were pouring in at the north side. But still the forces holding a part of the works, including Fort Williams, held out. A third of the troops were by this time prisoners. The loyal North Carolinians and colored troops, after fighting bravely, now that all hope of successful defense was gone made for the adjoining swamps, for they well knew their fate if they fell into the hands of their enemies. A truce of a few minutes followed and terms were offered, which Gen. Wessells refused to accept. The guns again opened, the firing being kept up until eleven A. M., when the entire force was surrendered. "During the whole afternoon," says Adjutant Longenecker, "we could hear the crack of rebel rifles along the swamps, where they were hunting down the colored troops and loyal North Carolinians. I heard a rebel Colonel say, with an oath, that they intended to shoot every Buffalo (North Carolinian) and negro they found in our uniform." The loss in this engagement was five killed, twenty-four wounded and two missing. The entire regiment, with the exception of a few absent on furlough or detached service, fell into the hands of the enemy, including the following officers: Lieut.- Col. A.W. Taylor, Adjt. J. H. Longenecker, Q.M. Thomas King, Asst. Surg. William Macpherson, Capts. Bowers, Compher, Sheafer, Clark, Freeman, Mullin, Benner and Dawson, and Lieuts. Davidson, Kirk, Morrow, Heppard, Conley, Werrick, Cubbison, Beegle and Helm.

The prisoners were marched to Tarboro, and thence taken by rail to Andersonville, Georgia, where the enlisted men were imprisoned. The officers, however, were sent to Macon, Georgia, being joined there by many Union officers from Libby and other prisons throughout the rebel Confederacy. Subsequently they were removed, successively, to Savannah, Ga.; to Charleston, S.C.; Columbia, S.C., and Charlotte, N.C., and were finally exchanged at Wilmington, N.C., in March, 1865. During their imprisonment a majority of the officers of the 101st escaped at various intervals, as their own daring and heroism prompted, and after incredible hardships and sufferings, hunted by cavalry and bloodhounds, some of them succeeded in reaching the Union lines at far distant points, while others were captured and returned to prison to suffer redoubled torments in punishment of their temerity. Among those who thus earned their freedom were Capts. Bowers and Dawson, and Lieuts. Conley, Helm and Davidson, but Capts. Binner and Freeman, Lieuts. Beegle and Heppard, and Adjt. Longenecker, less fortunate, were apprehended and returned to captivity. The enlisted men were closely held in that dreadful, ever to be remembered prison-pen, Andersonville, until the latter part of the summer of 1864, when a part of them were taken to Millen, and a few to Savannah, where some were exchanged. With the exception of a few retained at Andersonville, and who were afterward sent north by way of the Mississippi river, nearly all met at Florence, South Carolina, and were exchanged in the spring of 1865, at Wilmington, North Carolina, and sent to Annapolis, Maryland, in ocean transports. In a word, all who survived were exchanged in March, 1865; but before that time, more than half of those captured at Plymouth had died, or in other words had been maltreated and starved to death by the rebel authorities, so well represented in the persons of that execrable archtraitor Davis, and his willing coadjutor, the monster Wirtz.

About the time the attack began upon Plymouth, the sick of the regiment were sent by transport to Roanoke Island. These, with a few officers and men who were absent with leave at the time, were formed into a detachment under the command of Lieut. David M. Ramsey, of Co. F, and became part of the garrison of the island. To this detachment during the summer was added one hundred recruits. As fast as exchanged the officers and men reported at Camp Parole, Annapolis, Maryland, and subsequently rejoined the detachment on Roanoke island, where the regimental organization was revived. But still the companies were only skeletons. In March, 1865, eight new companies were assigned to the regiment. However, they were never consolidated with the original companies, and on June 25, following, at New Berne, North Carolina, the regiment was mustered out of service.

Following are the names of the officers and men from Bedford county who served in this regiment. Those captured at Plymouth, not being otherwise designated, being marked with an asterisk.


J. H. Longenecker, adjt., pro. ft. 2d Lt. Co. D July 26, 1863; captd. at Plymouth, N.C., April 20, 1864; disch. March 12, 1865, ex. of term.

Thomas King, regl. q.m., pro. ft. pri. Co. G to q.m. sgt., Dec. 1, 1861; to q.m. Nov. 18, 1862; captd. at Plymouth, N.C., April 20, 1864; disch. March 11, 1865, ex. of term.


Captain: Alexander Compher, m. Feb. 13, 1862; captd. at Plymouth, N.C., April 20, 1864; disch, March 12, 1865, ex. of term.
First Lieutenant: Daniel F. Beegle, m. Nov. 1, 1861; captd. at Plymouth, N.C., April 20, 1864; disch. March 15, 1865, ex. of term.
Second Lieutenants: Nathan C. Evans, m. Feb. 8, 1862; res. April 24, 1863. J. H. Longenecker, m. Jan. 20, 1862; pro. fr. pri. to sgt.-maj., to 2d lt. May, 1863; to adjt. July 26, 1863.


First Sergeant: S. J. McEldowney, m. Jan. 13, 1862; disch. by G. O. June 3, 1865; vet.

Sergeants: All of whom were mustered into service Nov. 1, 1861, viz: Abraham Rice, disch. by G.O. June 22, 1865; vet. Henry Linn,* com. capt. June 1, 1865; not mus.; absent at Camp Parole at m.o.; vet. Reuben M. Stone,* disch. March 4, 1865, ex. of term. Isaiah Evans, disch. 1862. David Dibert, disch., date-unknown. Benjamin A. Hanks,* died at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 27, 1864; grave 9892; vet. Akers J. Hickson, died at Harrison’s Landing, Va., July 21, 1862; bu. in Poplar Grove nat. cem., Petersburg, Va.

Corporals: All of whom were mustered into service Nov. 1, 1861, except Brown, Isaac F. Shoemaker, Kegg and Smith. Jacob D. Brown,* m. Feb., 1864; disch. by G.O. June 12, 1865; vet. John Besser;* vet. Isaac Rice,* died at Charleston, S.C., Sept. 21, 1864; vet. Henry S. Richey, died at Washington, D.C., June 2, 1862. Isaac F. Shoemaker, m. Dec. 6, 1861; died at New Berne, N.C., Nov. 11, 1864; bu. in Old Cemetery. Jacob C. Hanks, disch. 1862. Samuel Carnell,* disch. March 25, 1865, ex. of term. Levi Kegg, m. Dec. 1, 1861; disch. 1862. George F. Shoemaker,* disch. by G.O. June 3, 1865; vet. John F. Keagy, disch. for wds. rec. at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, 1862. Amos F. Smith,* disch. by G.O. June 3, 1865; vet. William C. Stuckey, disch., ex. of term.


Ephraim Vaughan, m. Nov. 1, 1861; ab. at Camp Parole at m. o.; vet. Franklin G. Mills,* m. Dec. 6, 1861; disch. by G.O. June 11, 1865; vet. John W. Vaughan, disch. June 28, 1862. John Oler, died at Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 2, 1862.


Samuel D. Brown,* William H. Bequeth,* Daniel Barkman, Peter W. Booty, John W. Brown, Daniel Beam ,* Peter Clingerman,* George W. Carnell, Robert A. Clark, Amos M. Cameron, Jesse V. Cooper, Jacob Defabaugh, Jacob England,* Josiah Eamick, Francis L.M. Foor,* William B. Filler, William C. Filler, Michael Gilliam, Wilson Gilliam, Daniel L. Hetrick,* Caleb Hanks,* David F. Hanks,* Nelson Hanks,* Thompson Hanks, Joel B. Hickson, Alexander B. Hageman, Simon P. Kegg, William B. Kennard, David Layton, John Layton, Andrew J. Mills,* Matson Miller, John H. Mower, James P. Martin,* Jacob H. Mills, Jacob Moss, Martin D. Miller, G E. McE1downey,* William McDonald, James Oler,* Martin L. Potter,* John Pitman, John Potter, Christian Page, Abraham Ressler, Jonas Robison, John Ruby, John Roberts, William Sparks,* James P. Siler,* George W. Smith, William Strong, Joseph Smith,* Andrew J. Smith, Anthony Sheaffer, Daniel F. Sweitzer, George Truax, George H. Tate, Samuel Veach, George W. Wolford, George W. Wilson.*

Killed: Martin D. Miller, at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, 1862.

Died: Amos. M. Cameron, at Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 25, 1862; Jesse V. Cooper, at Harrison’s Landing, Va., July 30, 1862; Jacob Defabaugh, at Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 3, 1862; Josiah Eamick, at Suffolk, Va., Nov., 1862; Wilson Gilliam, at Williamsburg, Va., May 15, 1862; Nelson Hanks, at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 15, 1864; grave 8804; Joel B. Hickson, at Suffolk, Va., Oct., 1862; David Layton, at New Berne, N.C., April 1, 1863; William McDonald, at Portsmouth, Va., 1862; Christian Page, June 26,1862; Abraham Ressler, at Yorktown, Va., June 6, 1862, bu. in nat. cem., grave 310; Jonas Robison, at Baltimore, Md., June 1, 1862; John Ruby, at Harrisburg, Pa., 1861; George W. Smith, date unknown; George Truax, at Suffolk, Va., 1862; George H. Tate, at New Berne, N.C., July 24, 1863, and Samuel Veach in 1862, date and place not stated.


This company was composed of Allegheny and Bedford county volunteers. The men from the latter county have been designated by Maj. Mullin as follows:


Captain: David W. Mullin, m. Feb. 20, 1862; pro. fr. 1st lt. Jan. 21, 1863; com. maj. May 18, 1865; not mus.; pris. fr. April 20, 1864, to March 1, 1865; disch. May 16, 1865.

First Lieutenant: Isaiah Conley, m. Feb. 20, 1862; pro. fr. 2d lt. Jan. 21, 1863; pris. fr. April 20 to Nov. 13, 1864; corn. Capt. May 18, 1865; not mus.; m.o.w. Co. June 25, 1865.

Second Lieutenant: John B. Helm, m. Oct. 8, 1861; pro. to 1st sgt. Dec., 1862; to 2d lt. March 9, 1863; capt’d at Plymouth, N.C., April 20, 1864; com. 1st lt. May 18, 1865; not mus.; absent, sick, at m.o.


Sergeant: Jacob Z. Over, m. Feb. 18, 1862; disch. on surg. cert. April 5, 1863.
Corporals: A. Lightningstar, m. 1861; pris. fr. April 20 to Dec. 16, 1864, m.o.w. co. June 25, 1865; vet. William H. Knipple, m. Dec. 28, 1861; pris. fr. April 20, 1864, to Feb. 24, 1865; m.o. w. Co.; vet.
George R. Garretson, m. Dec. 28, 1861; disch. on surg. cert. Nov. 7, 1862. Franklin G. Norton, m. Dec. 28, 1861; died at Harrisburg, Pa., Jan. 21, 1862.


James Anderson,* Joseph L. Brown;* Henry Boerkamp, disch. Feb. 5, 1863, for wds. rec, at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, 1862; Joseph J. Bannon, Abraham Beltz;* John Deftbaugh,* wd. and capt’d at Plymouth, N.C.; William H. Evans, James M. Fickes, Justice Gollipher,* Solomon Geller, Jacob A. Hite, David Hite; William B. Huffman, disch. 1863, for wds. rec. at Fair Oaks, Va., May 31, 1862. Abraham Hull, Moses Hazlett,* John Hoffman, Andrew J. Knipple, Thomas King,* Martin Lybarger,* Henry Ott, John C. Pfeifier, George J. Rock, Thomas W. Slick,* William Slick, William Showman, Samuel K. Slick.

Died: Abraham Beltz, on transport Baltic, Dec. 3, 1864; bu. at Annapolis, Md. John Defibaugh, at Andersonville, Ga., Aug. 15, 1864. William H. Evans, June 27, 1862; bu. in nat. cem., Yorktown, Va. Justice Gollipher, at Florence, S.C., Oct. 15, 1864. Solomon Geller, wd. and capt’d at Fair Oaks, May 31, 1862; died in Richmond, Va., June 15, 1862. John Hoffman, at Washington, D.C., May 20, 1862; bu. in Mil. Asy. Cem. Martin Lybarger, at Savannah, Ga., Nov. 30, 1861. Henry Ott, at Point Lookout, Md., Sept. 26, 1862. William Showman, at New York. July 9, 1862; bu. in Cypress Hill Cem., L.I. Samuel K. Slick, at Harrisburg, Pa., Dec. 19, 1862.


This gallant command, recruited in the counties of Franklin, York, Dauphin, Cumberland, Lebanon, Lancaster, Schuylkill, Luzerne, Mifflin, Juniata, Bedford and Fulton during the winter of 1861-2, was organized at Harrisburg on March 5, 1862. Four days later, it departed for Washington, and upon its arrival went into camp at Kendall Green.

The Potomac was crossed on the 2d of April, and about the middle of that month the regiment was assigned to Duryea’s brigade of Ord’s division, subsequently attached to McDowell’s corps. After joining in the pursuit of "Stonewall" Jackson -- who during the last days of May had defeated Fremont and Banks in the Shenandoah valley -- and participating in various minor movements, the regiment engaged in its first battle at Bull Run on the 30th day of August. Its losses were heavy, amounting to one hundred and twenty-five in killed, wounded and missing." Among the killed was Capt. John T. Dick, the commander of the company (H) in which were gathered many Bedford county men.

Again at South Mountain on the 14th of September, and at Antietam on the 17th of the same month, the men of the 107th Penn. performed prodigies of valor, losing in the two battles eighty-five men killed and wounded. At Fredericksburg on the 13th of December, the regiment sustained a loss of fifty-two in killed, wounded and missing. During the Chancellorsville campaign, its duties were arduous, but it was not actively engaged in the battle. Moving forward with the Army of the Potomac to Gettysburg, it there withstood the storms of battle during the 1st, 2d, 3d and 4th days of July, 1863, losing about one hundred men killed and wounded, and one hundred more were taker prisoners.

In February, 1864, nearly the entire regiment re-enlisted, but not until April was the command permitted to start homeward to enjoy the veteran furlough. On its return to the field Fredericksburg, Virginia, was reached May 15th. Thenceforth, until the close of the war, the regiment formed part of the 2d, and subsequently of the 3d division of the 5th army corps, and the history of that corps is the history of the 107th. From May, 1864, to the surrender at Appomattox, April 9, 1865, the regiment had lost in killed, wounded and prisoners nearly three hundred officers and enlisted men. The survivors were finally mustered out of service at Washington, D.C., July 13, 1865.

Following are the names, etc., of the Bedford county men who served in this regiment:


Captain: George W. Z. Black, m. March 5, 1862; wd. at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862; pro. fr. 2d lt. Oct. 28,1862, to bvt.-maj. and lt.-col. March 13, 1863; disch. Nov. 22, 1863.

First Lieutenants: Samuel Lyon, m. Feb. 10, 1862; pro. to q.m. July 19, 1862; to bvt.-capt. March 13, 1865; disch. on surg. cer. March 11, 1865; com. capt. Co. A, June 26, 1865; m.o.w. co. July 13, 1865. William Gracey, m. Feb. 10, 1862; pro. fr. private to 2d lt. May 16, 1863, to 1st lt. Jan. 4, 1864; disch. March 4, 1865, ex. of term.


First Sergeant: George W. Lysinger, m. Jan. 11, 1862; pro. fr. sgt. July 1, 1863; prisoner fr. Aug. 30 to Dec. 20, 1862; captured at Weldon railroad, Va., Dec. 19, 1864; died at Salisbury, N.C., Dec. 19, 1864; vet.

Sergeants: Uriah Sparks, m. March 12, 1862; wd. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863 m.o.w. co. July 13, 1865; vet. George Riley, in. Jan. 9, 1862; disch. March 1, 1863, for wds. rec. at Bull Run., Va., Aug. 30, 1862. Alfred Gracey, m. Jan. 9, 1862; pro. to sgt. March 1, 1865; pris. fr. July 1, 1863, to Feb. 27, 1865; disch. April 1, 1865, to date ex. of term.


John Salkeld, m. Jan. 20, 1862; vet.; m.o.w. co., July 13, 1865.


John Buck, m. Feb. 24, 1862; disch. on surg. cert. April 2, 1862. Peter Cornelius, m. Feb. 24, 1862; mis. in action Weldon railroad, Va., Aug. 19, 1864; vet. Joseph Chamberlain, m. April 7, 1864; wd. at Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864; mis. in action Weldon railroad, Va., Aug. 19, 1864. Joseph Conner, m. April 29, 1864; wd. at Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864; m.o.w. Co. John Christ, dr. Sept. 20,1864; disch. by G.O. June 6, 1865. Levi Chaney, m. Feb. 24, 1862; wd. at Antietam, tr. to V.R.C. Feb. 11, 1864. John Eidenbaugh, m. Jan. 9, 1862; wd. at South Mountain, Va., Sept. 14, 1862; disch. on surg. cert. Feb. 16, 1863. Enos Ellis, m. Sept. 21, 1864; dr.; disch. by G.O. May 15, 1865. Abraham T. Foor, m. Jan. 9, 1862; disch. Nov. 21, 1862. Levi H. Figart, m. Jan. 9, 1862; wd. at South Mountain, Md., Sept. 14, 1862; disch. on surg. cert. Feb. 13, 1863. Andrew J. Foor, m. March 11, 1862; disch. surg. cert. March 14, 1863. Jonathan S. Foor, m. Jan. 9, 1862; wd. at South Mountain, Md., Sept. 14, 1862; pris. fr. July 1, 1863, to Dec. 11, 1864; disch. March 20, 1865. Samuel Fetter, m. May 4, 1864; pris. fr. Feb. 6 to March 3, 1865; disch. June 5, 1865. W. H. H. Foor, m. Jan. 9, 1862; tr. to V.R.C. Feb. 11, 1864. George W. Foor, m. Feb. 10, 1862; killed at Antietam, Md., Sept. 17, 1862. John T. Foor and Jeremiah Foor, des. Aug. 2, 1862. Edward Gracey, m. Feb. 10, 1862; m.o.w. co.; vet. James A. Grove, m. Apr. 26, 1864; wd. at Petersburg, Va., June 20, 1864; ab. at m.o. James A. Gracey, m. April 4, 1862; pris. fr. July 1, 1863, to Feb. 27, 1865; disch. April 29, 1865; to date ex. of term. William Heckman and James Heinish, des. Aug. 30, 1862. George Mullenix, m. Jan. 9, 1862; tr. to V.R.C. Feb. 11, 1864. Daniel McAlwee, m. Feb. 24, 1862; dropped from the rolls April 8, 1863. George W. Riley, m. Jan. 9, 1862; m.o.w. co.; vet. James A. Ritchey, m. April 24, 1864; m.o.w. co. Jacob Riley, m. March 7, 1862; disch. on surg. cert. July 8, 1862. Andrew J. Riley, m. Feb. 10, 1862; wd. at South Mountain, Md., Sept. 14, 1862; disch. on surg. cert. May 8, 1863. Wm. H. Rohm, m. March 4, des. March 7, 1862. John Shoaf, m. Feb. 10, 1862; disch. surg; cert. May 8, 1862. Thomas L. Salkeld m. Jan. 20, 1862; tr. to V.R.C. Feb. 11, 1864.

Sergt. Alfred Gracey and privates Edward and James A Gracey were sons of Lieut. William Gracey.


Co. C, of this regiment, was recruited in the summer and autumn of 1861, in Morrison’s Cove, the members, with a few exceptions, being residents of that part included in Bedford county. The first place of rendezvous was Huntingdon but about the 1st of December the troops in that camp were transferred to Camp Curtin where a regimental organization was effected soon after.

On the 2d of January, 1862, this regiment left Camp Curtin and proceeded by rail to Hagerstown, Maryland, from whence it made a force march to Hancock, to oppose the rebel force under Stonewall Jackson, at that time threatening the place. Arms were first distributed a midnight on the 4th, and the regiment at once became part of Gen. F. W. Landers’ command. After considerable long-range shelling by both Union and Confederate artillerists, Jackson pushed on to Romney, and Landers to Cumberland as a counter movement. Subsequently the 110th was assigned to Tyler’s brigade. The troops were engaged in guard and picket duty along the Baltimore & Ohio railroad until the early part of March, when a movement, in which the regiment participated, was made toward Strasburg. The command bivouacked at the latter place on the 19th, and on the 20th returned and went into camp near Winchester. Meanwhile Gen. Landers had died on the 2d of March, and Gen. James Shields succeeded to the command of the division.

Near Winchester, three days later, the regiment fought its first battle. It appears that early in the morning of the 23d, the enemy under Jackson approached in force, and attacked Shields’ advanced troops near the village of Kernstown, about four miles south of Winchester. Shields promptly advanced his whole division, Tyler’s brigade being assigned the duty of attacking and turning the enemy’s left flank, which had been thrown forward to a commanding position, screened and protected by timber and a stone fence. The 110th occupied the extreme right of the line, and in the charge upon the enemy in his sheltered position suffered severely. "Our batteries on the opposite ridge," said Gen. Shields in his official report, "though admirably managed by their experienced chief, Lieut.-Col. Daum, were soon found insufficient to check, or even retard, the advance of such a formidable body. I saw there was not a moment to lose, and gave positive orders that all disposable infantry should be immediately thrown forward on our right to carry the enemy’s batteries, and to assail and turn his left flank, and hurl it back on the center. Col. Kimball carried out these orders with promptitude and ability. He entrusted this movement to Tyler’s splendid brigade, which, under its fearless leader, Col. Tyler, marched forward, with alacrity and enthusiastic joy, to the performance of the most perilous duty of the day. The enemy’s skirmishers were driven before it, and fell back upon the main body, strongly posted behind a high and solid stone wall, situated on an elevated ground. Here the struggle became desperate, and for a short time doubtful, but Tyler’s brigade being soon joined on the left by portions of Sullivan’s and Kimball’s brigades, this united force dashed upon the enemy with a cheer and yell that rose high above the roar of battle, and though the rebels fought desperately, as their piles of dead attest, they were forced back through the woods by a fire as destructive as ever fell upon a retiring foe. Jackson, with his supposed invincible Stonewall brigade, and the accompanying brigades, much to their mortification and discomfiture, were compelled to fall back in disorder upon their reserve. Here they took up a position for a final stand, and made an attempt, for a few minutes, to retrieve the fortunes of the day; but again rained down upon them the same close and destructive fire. Again cheer upon cheer rang in their ears. A few minutes only did they stand up against it, when they turned dismayed, and fled in disorder, leaving us in possession of the field, the killed and wounded, three hundred prisoners, two guns, four caissons, and a thousand stand of small arms. Night alone saved him from total destruction." In the battle the regiment lost thirteen killed and thirty-nine wounded out of three hundred men engaged, the severe marching of the few preceding days having rendered many unfit to stand in the ranks.

Thereafter, under the immediate command of Shields, Ricketts, Whipple and Birney, as division commanders, and McDowell, Franklin and Hancock as commanders of army corps, the regiment performed most arduous and gallant service until the close of the war. Its dead and wounded marked the fields designated in history as "Winchester," "Front Royal," "Port Republic," "Cedar Mountain," "Second Bull Run," "Fredericksburg," "Chancellorsville," "Gettysburg," "Wilderness,"" Spottsylvania," "North Anna," "Tolopotomy," "Cold Harbor," "Shady Grove Church," "Petersburg,"" Strawberry Plains," "Deep Bottom," "Poplar Spring Church," and "Boydton Road," and as a result its total casualty list was a large one.

Early in January, 1864, the major portion of the regiment re-enlisted. On October 24 of the same year those who had not re-enlisted were honorably discharged, having served a term of three years, and on June 28, 1865, the surviving members of an organization whose record was not surpassed by any were mustered out of service at Washington, D.C.

Following are the names of the officers and men of this regiment from Bedford county:


James F. McCormick, of Somerset county, m. as asst. surg. Oct. 4, 1864; m.o.w. regt. June 28, 1865.


Captains: Ezra D. Brisbin, m. Oct. 24, 1861; res. June 16, 1862. John R. Kooken, m. June. 27, 1862; died Dee. 14 of wds. rec’d at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Isaac T. Hamilton, m. Dec.5, 1861; pro. fr. 1st lt. Co. D Dec. 14, 1862, to major Aug. 23, 1864. James C. Hamilton, m. Dec. 19, 1861; pro. fr. 1st sgt.; to 1st lt. Dec. 17, 1864; to capt. March 6, 1865; m.o.w. Co.; vet.

First Lieutenants: George W. Burley, m. Oct. 24, 1861; res. June 16, 1862. Henry C. H. Kay, m. Oct. 24, 1861; pro. fr. 2d lt. June 16, 1862; res. Dec. 20, 1862. Charles Copelin, m. Dec. 19, 1861; pro. fr. 2d lt. Co. K Dec. 20, 1862; com. capt. April 23, 1864; not mustered; dis. Dec. 17, 1864. Samuel Kinley, m. Dec. 19, 1861; pro. fr. sgt. to 1st sgt.; to 1st lt. March 18, 1865; m.o.w. co.; vet.

Second Lieutenants: William Roberts, m. Oct. 24, 1861; pro. fr. sgt. June 16, 1862; res. Dec. 20, 1862. Martin M. Maxwell, m. Sept. 24, 1861; pro. fr. sgt. Dec. 20, 1862; com. 1st lt. not mus. dis. on surg. cert. Oct. 24, 1864.


First Sergeants: Thomas G. Livingston, m. Oct. 24, 1861; pro. fr. corp. to sgt.; to 1st sgt. March 18, 1865; com. 2d lt. Dec. 18, 1864; not mus.; m.o.w. co.; vet. James C. Bell, m. Oct. 24, 1861; dis. Oct. 24, 1864, ex. of term. Samuel Tobias, m. Oct. 24, 1861; pro. fr. sgt.; wd. at Port Republic, Va., June 9, 1862; killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 3, 1863.

Sergeants: All of whom were mustered in either as privates, corporals or sergeants, Oct. 24, 1861: David C. Lane, m.o.w. co.; vet. Benjamin Shoemaker, m.o.w. co.; vet. John W. Plummer, m.o.w. Co.; vet. Wm. H. H. Shimer, m.o.w. co.; vet. John Moore, dis. ex. of term. Charles Andrews, dis. ex. of term. Samuel B. Schwartz, pro. to q.m.-sgt. June 1, 1865; vet. Simon B. Stonerook, tr. to V.R.C. March 9, 1865; dis. Aug. 5, 1865; vet. Ambrose K. Taylor, killed at Deep Bottom, Va., July 27, 1864; vet. William Ralston, dis., date unknown. Alexander Croft, died at Bedford, Pa., Feb. 5, 1862.

Corporals: All of whom were mustered in Oct. 24, 1861, except Geo. W. Smith, who was mustered Aug. 16, 1862: Kane, who was mustered Dec. 26, 1863; Beegle, Swaney and Kelly, who were mustered Feb. 27, 1864. John A. Beegle, m.o.w. co.; vet. D. R. P. Swaney, m.o.w. co.; vet. Andrew Border, m.o.w. co., vet. William Kane, m.o.w. co. Levi M. Bulger, m.o.w. co.; vet. George P. Kelly, m.o.w. co. John W. Smith, dis. ex. of term. David Price, dis. Oct. 24, 1864, ex. of term. George W. Maxwell, killed at Deep Bottom, Va., July 27, 1864. Thomas J. Greenland, killed at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864. George W. Smith, killed at Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864. Joseph Gates, not on m.o. rolls. George L. Hartman, missing in action at Chancelorsville, Va., May 3, 1863.


Charles Schroder, m.o.w. co.; vet. Samuel H. Tyson, not on m.o. roll.


(Veterans’ names being italicized.)

James W. Ainsworth, Amos Abbott, John Almaker, George Afflerback, John Atwell, William A. Andrews, Charles Andrews, William Allen, Jonas W. Brooks, F. M. Brumbaugh, John Banks, Daniel H. Bowman, John Bailey, George W. Beard, Andrew Bulger, Samuel Blake, John S. Border, Thomas Blake, George Bowman, John Border, Simon Blake, John Coble, Hilany Chilcoat, Isaac Chilcoat, Isaiah Copelin, John W. Castner, James Chamberlain, Jacob Cramer, David College, James College, John W. College, David Carpenter, John N. Davis, John Dively, Porter R. Davis, James Dougherty, Martin Davis, Oswell D. Evans, David L. Everhart, Samuel Fackler, George W. Fishel, Michael Fitzharris, John Ferguson, Oliver Fluke, Albert T. Garrett, Joseph Gailey, John C. Garrett, Jackson Gillson, Martin Gates, Samuel Gates, William H. Gates, M. C. Householder, Richard Harwood, Jackson Hicks, J. P. C. Hartman, Josiah Holsinger, Jacob Householder, Alex. Y. Hays, Jonathan D. Heltzel, Edward Helm, John C. Hamilton, Thomas Hart, James Irwin, Jarrett Irwin, Edward S. Justice, Samuel Johnston, David Kelly, Thomas Knode, William Leer, John Lauxman, Ephraim N. Lindsey, James Lang, Thomas Lammison, John Lightner, George Lammison, John Lightner, James Monihan, Samuel Murray, Jacob Mimminger, Hezekiah H. Miller, Daniel Myers, Dennis Morgan, Andrew Miller, John E. Miller, James McCoy, James McIlneay, James Newton, George W. Olinger, Henry Powley, William H. Plaster, Francis Pearson, Samuel J. Swaney, William S. Swaney, Jonathan A. Sutton, William H. Speer, Austin Shoemaker, Samuel H. Smith, Aaron B. Stonerook, Richard F. Stout, David S. Smith, George Seabrooks, George Schmittle, James Straley, William Tetwiler, David Thompson, Jacob Tetwiler, George Tasker, Silas D. Wilt, James A. Wilson, Samuel G. Wallace, James A. Woodward, Clark Woodcock, Sylvester B. Woolett, Edwin Young and George N. Young.

Killed in action: William A. Andrews, at Wilderness, Va., May 7, 1864; John Bailey, Oct. 22, 1864; John Ferguson, at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1862; Jonathan D. Heltzel, at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864; David E. Ralston, at Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863; Clark Woodcock, at Sailor’s Creek, Va., April 6, 1865.

Died: Daniel H. Bowman, Sept. 27, of wds. rec. at Deep Bottom, Va., July 27, 1864; James College, at Yellow Creek, Pa., May 11, 1862; John W. College, March 24, of wds. rec. at Winchester, Va., March 23, 1862; John Dively, as a pris., at Andersonville, Ga., Aug. 31, 1864; Oswell D. Evans, at Washington, D.C., Oct. 21, 1864; Samuel Gates, at Cumberland, Md., March 12, 1862; Edward S. Justice, at City Point, Va., June 25, of wds, rec. at Petersburg, Va., June 18, 1864; Samuel Johnston, of wds. rec. in action May 7, 1864; Ephraim N. Lindsey, of wds. rec. in action May 19, 1864, bu. at Brattleboro, Vt.; James Lang, at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 13, 1864; Thomas Lammison at Stoneman’s Switch, Va., date unknown; Hezekiah H. Miller, at Washington. D.C., Aug. 6, 1864; Daniel Myers, of wds. rec. in action May 19, 1864, bu. at Brattleboro, Vt.; James McIlneay, at Harrisburg, Pa., June 15, 1862; David Thompson, as a pris. of war, at Lynchburg, Va., July 23, 1864.


William J. Dinges, priv., m. July, 1862; wd. at Petersburg, Va.; disch. June, 1865.


This regiment, a nine months’ organization, was recruited in the summer of 1862. Cos. C and K are composed of Bedford county men, and D and E of men from Somerset county. The companies composing the regiment rendezvoused at Camp Curtin, where the following field officers were elected  - about the middle of August  - by the line officers: Capt. F. B. Speakman, of Co. G, colonel; Capt. Abraham Kopelin, of Co. A, lieutenant-colonel; and Capt. Edward M. Schrock, of Co. D, major.

On August 19 the regiment departed for Washington, D.C., and upon its arrival reported to Gen. Casey, by whom it was immediately ordered forward to Arlington Heights. There it was brigaded with the 123d, 131st and 134th Penn. regts. Until Sunday morning, September 14, as part of Humphrey’s division of the 5th army corps, the regiment performed guard and picket duty in the vicinity of Washington and Alexandria. It then took up the line of march, to meet in Maryland a defiant enemy threatening the border counties of Pennsylvania, where were located the homes of many of the men of this regiment. The field of battle at Antietam was not reached, however, until the 18th - the day after the fight  - and on the 19th the command moved forward over the field, covered with the dead and wounded of both armies, and finally settled down in camp, a mile out of Sharpsburg, where it remained, until the inauguration of the Fredericksburg campaign, under Gen. Burnside. For nearly a month preceding the battle the regiment was encamped near Falmouth.

Col. Speakman, in his official report, says:
Between two and three o’clock P.M., on Saturday, the 13th of December, the regiment, in common with the other regiments of the brigade, was ordered to cross the river. This was successfully done, although the shells from the enemy’s batteries were falling thick and fast, and exploding over us. I advanced my regiment as directed, through Fredericksburg, crossed the canal or race just outside of the city, and filing to the left formed line of battle under cover of a small hill. The regiment was placed on the right and in the advance, the fourth battalion, Col. Allen, being on our left. Knapsacks were unslung, bayonets fixed, and orders received to charge the works on Mary’s Heights. We charged up and over the hill, about two hundred and fifty yards, when we came upon a line of troops, lying down. My men, not knowing that they were to pass over this line, covered themselves as well as they could in the rear of this line. The troops in front neither advancing nor retreating, and a second charge being ordered, I passed over the prostrate troops, charged to the right of and past the Brick House, and to within about fifty yards of the stone wall, and to the left of the house, to the crest of the hill. These positions were held for an hour, under a most terrific fire from the enemy’s infantry and artillery, and until dusk, when was I ordered by Gen. Humphreys to withdraw, which I did, and re-formed line of battle on the right of the road, and a little in rear of where our original Line for the charge had been formed. Here we remained for a time, only sending out squads to scour the fields and bring off our killed and wounded. At three o’clock A.M. on Sunday morning, the 14th, the regiment was marched into the city and near to the river, where we were furnished with a fresh supply of ammunition, and again ordered on the field. We were posted under cover of a small hill, though still exposed to the enemy’s fire. At seven in the evening we were ordered into Fredericksburg, where we remained until Tuesday morning, when we recrossed the Rappahannock and returned to camp. The loss in the regiment is three commissioned officers killed and eight wounded; seventeen enlisted men killed, one hundred and twenty-nine wounded, and twenty-seven missing. Some of the latter are known to be wounded, and will likely be found in some of the hospitals, while others are no doubt killed.

Thereafter the regiment participated in the general movements of the Army of the Potomac. At Chancellorsville, on May 3, 1863, it was actively engaged, but sustained a loss of only one killed, Adjt. Edward C. Bendere, and nine wounded. Its term of service soon afterward expired, and returning to Harrisburg on the 19th, it was during the succeeding week paid and disbanded.

Following will be found the names, etc., of the men from Bedford and Somerset counties who served in this regiment. The reader bearing in mind that Cos. C and K were recruited in Bedford county, Cos. D and E in Somerset:


Edward M. Schrock, m. as capt. Aug. 14, 1862; pro. to maj. Aug. 21, 1862; m.o.w. regt. May 26, 1863.
John B. Castner, of Bedford county, m. as y.m. Aug. 25, 1862; res. Feb. 12, 1863.

Mustered into service Aug. 13, 1862; mustered out May 26, 1863.


Captain: Alexander Bobb. (Robb?)
First Lieutenant: John C. Hawman, m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenant: Samuel D. Williams, disch. Nov. 26, 1863. George Ashcom, Jr., pro. fr. 1st sgt. Nov. 28, 1862; wd. at Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, 1862; m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: James J. Barndollar, pro. to 1st sgt. Nov. 28, 1862; m.o.w. co.
Sergeants: Cyrus Madden, Samuel Langdon, Simon P. Lewis and John L. Fletcher, m.o.w. co. James Carnell, disch. surg. cert., Jan. 12, 1863.
Corporals: Adam Fulton, William Nycum, Joseph R. Sprout, William H. Hanks, David W. Jones and William Demo, m.o.w. co. Jonathan B. Edwards, disch. Dec. 31, 1862.


James B. Butts and James A. Shade, m.o.w. co.

J. M. Armstrong, M. D. Barndollar, Samuel B. Benner , J. W. Barndollar, Job Blankley, George M. Bayer, Isaac Burgett, William P. Brown, James E. Barndollar, Jacob Castner, Joseph Chamberlain, Daniel Carson, Joshua H. Cooper, J. W. Dougherty, Daniel S. Elder, George W. Evans, John W. Fisher, Henry H. Fisher, David Figart, Joseph E. Foster, William Fairman, Porter Fluck, John W. Gates, Jacob Gogley, James H. Gogley, Edward Gallagher, Albert H. Hanks, David S. Heltzell, Jonathan A. Horton, Adam Imler, Edward Justice, John W. Johnson, J. Z. Kochendarfer, Samuel Keagy, David Kauffman, John Lysinger, Joshua T. Lucas, J. S. Longenecker, John S. Malone, Jacob B. Miller, Jacob W. Miller, John L. Meloy, Matthias Mock, Harrison Mock, Morgan Morse, Jacob M. Mentzer, Lewis McDaniel, George McDaniel, Daniel McDaniel, Alexander McCullip, James M. Nevit, William Osborn, Benjamin Over, David Protherow, Daniel Price, Jesse Peck, John Potter, John Perrin, James Roy, Thomas Reed, Cyrus Riffle, Adam Richter, Adam S. Ritchey, Alexander Ramsey, George W. Swank, John Scutchall, Jacob N. Smith, William Stoudenour, Joshua Stoner, R.M. Skillington, D. R. P. Swainey, George E. Stailey, Samuel Scutchall, John H. Taylor, John M. Van Corn, William Wilkinson, Charles Williams, Henry Wertz, Jonathan Whittaker and David L. Whited.

Killed: James E. Barndollar, Joshua H. Cooper, Edward Gallagher, Jacob M. Mentzer, John Perrin and Samuel Scutchall, at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862.

Wounded: Corp. Nycum, and privates Armstrong, J. W. Barndollar, James H. Gogley, Justice, Johnson, Kochendarfer, Jacob W. Miller, McCullip, Over, Roy and Stailey, at Fredericksburg, Va., Dee. 13, 1862.

Mustered into service Aug. 14, 1862; mustered out May 26, 1863.


Captains: Edward M. Schrock, pro. to maj. Aug. 21, 1862. Amos Schrock, pro. fr. 1st lt. Aug. 21, 1862; wd. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862; m.o.w. co.
First Lieutenants: William Ritchie, disch. on surg. cert. Dec. 5, 1862. Henry Haller, wd. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862; pro. fr. sgt. Jan. 1, 1863; m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenant: Hosea Hudson, pro. fr. 1st sgt. Aug. 21, 1862; m.o.w. co.


First Sergeants: Chauncey A. Brant, m.o.w. co. Simon Walker, died Dec. 28, of wds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec, 13, 1862.
Sergeants: Samuel D. Boyd, m.o.w. co. Martin Shank, wd, at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862; m.o.w. co. Joseph Baldwin, m.o.w. co. James B. Cross, m.o.w. co. George Geisle killed at Fredericksburg; Va., Dec. 13, 1862.
Corporals: John Lentz, Jacob N. Humbert, James Haney, Sylvester Wambach, Frederick Koontz and Joseph Lambert, m.o.w. co., Lentz, Koontz and Lambert having been wd. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Aaron Layton, disch. on surg. cert Feb. 21, 1863. Jacob R. Miller, disch. April 4, 1863, for wds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862.

Abraham Brant and Jacob Ross, m.o.w. co.


Daniel Atchison, Jefferson Brant, Franklin Burket, Levi Burket, Andrew Bridegum, Ananias Coleman, John Crissy, Samuel Critchfield, William Deremer, Thomas Dickens, John Domer William C. Dively, Joshua Finecy, Jeremiah Flegle, Martin Flegle, Martin Grove, Samuel Granden, Jeremiah Hartman, Charles Hinemyre, Johnson Husband, William E. Hafer, John A. Herring, Cornelius Hegner, William Jones, Jonas Keim, Noah G. Keim, Jacob Keller, John Kircher, Henry Kraft, Henry Lambert, Henry W. Lee, Daniel Lint, Albert Litsinger, George Lohr, John Lohr, Francis Lutz, Charles Lewis, Franklin Manges, Moses Miller, Peter Miller, Ephraim Manges, Jacob McKreger, Henry Nanigle, John Ohler, James L. Pew, Jacob W. Pringle, Daniel Railey, Cornelius Riceling, Peter Ringler, John Reed, Joseph Shank, Jacob Sipe, Albert Smith, Jonathan Sorber, Edward T. Spangler, Edward D. Spangler, Jefferson Spangler, John Spangler, Edward B. Spangler, John Shure, Jonas Shultz, William Shellhorn, Jeremiah Tressler, David Wagner, Alfred Wagner, Joseph Wagner, Peter J. Wagner, Wells Wagner, Jacob Weigle, Daniel Will, Jefferson Will, Jonas Yoder, Cyrus Yowler, Anthony Zerfas.

Killed: Henry Kraft and Ephraim Manges, at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862.

Wounded: Jefferson Brant, John Crissy, John Domer, Jonas Keim, Daniel Lint, Peter Miller, Jacob McKreger, James L. Pew, Edward T. Spangler, John Shure, Jeremiah Tressler, Alfred Wagner, Jefferson Will, John A. Herring and Anthony Zerfas, at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862.

Missing in Action: Jefferson Brant, Francis Lutz, John Ohler, at Fredericksburg Va., Dec. 13, 1862.

Died: Daniel Atchison, at Falmouth, Va., Feb. 16, 1863. Andrew Bridegum, at Falmouth, Va., Dec. 16, 1862. John A. Herring, at Washington, D.C., Jan. 3, 1863, of wds. rec. at
Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Cornelius Hegner, at Falmouth, Va., April 22, 1863.
John Shure, at Washington, D.C., Dec. 29, of wds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Jeremiah Tressler, at Washington, D.C., Jan. 28,1863, of wds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Anthony Zerfas, at Washington, D.C., Feb. 8, 1863, of wds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862.

Mustered into service Aug. 14, 1862; mustered out May 26, 1863.


Captain: George F. Baer, m.o.w. co.
First Lieutenant: Orville A. Ross, wd. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862; m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenants: William P. Faust, disch. on surg. cert. Jan. 28, 1863. E. W. Holbrooke, pro. fr. 1st sgt., April 13, 1863; m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: A. Marshall Ross, pro. fr. sgt. April 13, 1863; m.o.w. co.
Sergeants: Judson S. Hartzel, W. Irwin Hartzel and Aaron Will, m.o.w. co. Jefferson Davis, disch. May 4, 1863, forwds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862.
Corporals: William H. Smith, Joel Mitchel, Amos Knepper, Charles F. Rhodes, George Walker, Michael Frank and Henry Dial, m.o.w. co. Henry H. Heckert, absent, wd., at m.o. George Spangler, disch. on surg. cert. Jan. 15, 1863.


Lucius Richards, m.o.w. co. Samuel Smith, disch. on surg. cert. Feb. 24, 1863.


Eli P. Adams, George W. Ankeny (Aukeny?), Jeremiah Augustine, Henry Atchison, James T. Baldwin, Solomon Baldwin, Urias Beachy, David S. Beachy, J. L. Bender, William H. Berkey, Jefferson Bird, Henry G. Bingner, George Brallier, Noah Brendle, Jonathan Brendle, John W. Bowlin, Ananias Berkey, John Claycomb, Jonathan Claycomb, Charles B. Colborn, John Deal, George Denner, James Easter, L. L. Fetter, Conrad Feiga, John Griffith, Samuel Glissan, Joseph Huston, John Hileman, William Herr, John Jennings, Milton Kemp, Frank Kistner, Franklin Koontz, Henry F. Knepper, Cyrus Lint, Jonathan Lint, Herman Long, Peter Long, Daniel S. Lewis, John H. May, John J. Marteeny, Tobias Mock, James McClintock, Hugh Nicola, John Nicholson, Solomon Ogline, Andrew Ohler, John Pile, Solomon Poorbaugh, James Postlethwaite, Charles F. Reayman, Samuel Reese, George Rishenberger, Simon Rhodes, David Raymond, Jacob Stern, Augustus Stahl, William Shaffer, Samuel Saylor, Andrew J. Saylor, Eli Swank, John W. Tabb, James M. Tishire, Isaac Van Sickle, Joseph Wilt, Andrew Woz, Silas Younkin and Jacob Zerfoss.

Wounded: Corp. Mitchell, at Chancellorsville, Va., May 4, 1863. Corps. Heckert and Walker, and privates Bird, Bingner, Noah Brendle, John Claycomb, Colborn, Denner, Herr, Mock, McClintock, Stahl and Andrew J. Saylor, at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862.

Died: John W. Bowlin, at Sharpsburg, Md., Oct. 25, 1862; Solomon Ogline, at Acquia Creek, Va., Jan. 17, 1863; David Raymond, at Sharpsburg, Md., Sept. 30, 1862.

Mustered into service August 15, 1862; mustered out May 26 1863.


Captain: Samuel B. Tate, disch. Jan. 27, 1863.
First Lieutenant: James H. Pilkington, m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenant: Michael Downey, m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: Louis D. Speice, m.o.w. co.
Sergeants: David Leader and Philip King, m.o.w. co.; Jacob Smith, disch. on surg. cert, March 21, 1863.
Corporals: Harris Finley, William F. Welsh, Thomas H. Burch, Michael Ott, W. T. Weaverling, Abraham Shaeffer and Henderson Souser, m.o.w. co. J. F. Weaverling, wd. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862; disch. on surg. cert. March 31, 1863.


B.W. Gaster and Joseph H. Sparks, musicians; William Amich, Thomas C. Barkman, Simon Blake, Jacob C. Boor, Abraham Breckbill, Henry Border, Joseph S. Bussard, Louis Conor, James A. Croyle, Robert Campbell, David Conor, David Dunkle, Simon Dunkle, William Evans, Valentine Fink, James F. Fore, William Fleagle, Henry F. Gibson, William Gibson, Harvey Grubb, Robert C. Grove; J. Ellis Gray, pro. to hos. st., Aug. 27, 1862; Frederick Hartman, John O. Hoffman, William Hayes, Herman T. Klahre, David Lamberson, Hezekiah Malone, Solomon Mangle, Jacob Mills, Samuel Meixel, Martin Moser, Henry Mumper, Josiah McClellen, John McClellen, George B. McCleary, Joseph Newcomer, J. Emanuel Reilly, J. Henry Reilly, William Refley, Samuel Shaffer, Andrew G. Shroyer, William Snyder, James Sparks, John C. Sparks, Silas H. Sparks, Jacob Sparks, Samuel Stoudenour, Martin V. Spillman, Edward Steel, Levi Steel, Zopher P. Shaw, David F. Steel, William Thompson and Simon B. Yeagle.

Killed: Zopher P. Shaw and David F. Steel, at Fredericksburg Va., Dec. 13, 1862.

Wounded: Thomas C. Barkman, Robert Campbell, Hermarn T. Klahre, Henry Mumper, Josiah McClellen, John McClellen, J. Henry Reilly and Andrew G. Shroyer, at Fredericksburg, Va. Dec. 13, 1862.

Died: David Conor, at Falmouth, Va., Jan. 7, 1863; George B. McCleary, April 10, 1863; Jacob Sparks, at Falmouth, Va. March 16, 1863.


Recruiting for the companies which ultimately composed this regiment was commenced under the call for volunteers for the nine months’ service, but before the ranks were filled an order was issued forbidding the acceptance of more men for a less period than three years hence the terms of enlistment were changed to three years in conformity with the order. Cos D, E and F were recruited in Bedford county in the summer of 1862, and reporting at camp Curtin, the regimental rendezvous, during the last days of August, were mustered into service on the 29th day of the same month.

On the day following the muster in of the Bedford county companies the regiment proceeded to Baltimore, where it reported to Gen. Wool, in command of the middle department and was by him ordered to duty at the Relay House, the Washington junction of the Baltimore & Ohio railroad. In the performance of guard duty on this road the regiment remained until June 16, 1863, when it moved to Harper’s Ferry and joined Elliott’s brigade of French’s (3d) division, 3d army corps. Thenceforward it participated in the general movements of the corps during the summer and autumn, but sustained no losses worthy of mention until it met the enemy at Mine run, on November 27. At dark of that day, after having gallantly held the ground and repulsed repeated charges, it was relieved by fresh troops, and rested for the night on the field. It had lost in this engagement seven killed, forty-five wounded and three missing. During the night, the enemy withdrew to his fortified position behind Mine run. It was then determined to abandon the campaign, and the regiment with the army returned to Brandy station, where the following winter was passed.

In March, 1864, the smooth-bore muskets with which the regiment was armed were exchanged for Springfield rifled muskets, and in the re-organization of the army preparatory to the opening of the spring campaign under Gen. Grant, the 3d division of the 3d corps became the 3d division of the 6th army corps, Gen. Ricketts in command of the division. The army moved on the 3d of May, and on the 5th, soon after crossing the Rapidan, it was attacked in the tangled thickets of the Wilderness. The story of the terrible conflicts which took place in the Wilderness during the early days of May, 1864, has been told many times. We have no space to repeat it here, merely adding that to the 1st of June, the 138th lost in killed, wounded and missing one hundred and seventy officers and enlisted men.

At Cold Harbor on the 1st, 2d and 3d days of June, the regiment again behaved most gallantly -sustaining a loss of seven killed, fifty-four wounded and seven missing. Subsequently, after crossing the James river, the 3d division moved up to the Point of Rocks, and was assigned a position in the trenches at Bermuda Hundred, but soon afterward it rejoined the corps in front of Petersburg, and near the close of June participated in the movement upon the Weldon railroad, assisting in the destruction of several miles of the road.

Early in July Ricketts’ division was rapidly transferred by cars and transports via City Point and Baltimore to Monocacy, Maryland, and there awaited the advance of the enemy under Early, who, with a powerful division of Lee’s army, was advancing on Washington. Ricketts’ division occupied the left of the line, the troops of Gen. Wallace, who commanded the department, occupying the right, and in the fight which took place on the 9th, the regiment lost thirty-nine men wounded, twenty-one captured and eight missing. The division retired to Baltimore and Early pushed on toward Washington; but he was met by the rest of the 6th corps and driven ingloriously into Virginia. The Union forces joined in pursuit and pushed him to beyond Berryville, in the Shenandoah valley, Ricketts’ division having in the meantime rejoined the corps.

Soon afterward a new military department was created and Gen. Sheridan assigned to its command. His army was composed of the 6th, 8th and 19th corps, with a force of cavalry detached from the Army of the Potomac. A vigorous campaign was at once inaugurated, and in the actions which followed, near Smithfield, on August 29, at Opequan, September 19, and at Fisher’s Hill, three days later, the enemy was routed and pursued to Harrisonburg. The Union army then returned and went into camp at Cedar creek, the enemy returning subsequently with reinforcements and taking position in his favorite stronghold at Fisher’s Hill. Thus far in the campaign the regiment had lost four killed, thirty-nine wounded and three missing.

On October 19 was fought the memorable battle at Cedar creek, which began when Sheridan was "twenty miles away." The rebel army, under Early, stealthily approached the Union camp, at daybreak, turned the left of the line where the 8th corps lay, and taking it in reverse, swept it back, the rout soon communicating to the 19th corps, which stood next. The 6th corps had time to rally and offered some resistance, but was finally withdrawn to Middletown, where a new line was taken up and the corps effectively rallied. Here Gen. Sheridan came upon the field. A general advance was ordered, and in the severe conflict which followed this grand rally the men of the 138th were conspicuously brave and active. The loss was two killed and forty wounded. On November 2 the regiment, with other troops, was taken to Philadelphia, where it remained in camp until the 11th, when it returned to Sheridan’s army, then near Winchester. Early in December, however, the corps returned to its place in the army before Petersburg, and during the winter which followed the regiment was stationed at Fort Dushane, an earthwork on the rear line of defenses near the Weldon railroad.

In the series of marches and battles which began on April 1, 1865, and closed by the surrender at Appomattox on the 9th day of the same month, the regiment actively participated, sustaining a loss of three killed and twenty-three wounded. About two weeks after Lee’s surrender the 6th corps made a forced march of a hundred miles to Danville, Virginia, to the support of Sherman. But the latter’s veterans were able to attend to the business in hand; the cooperation of the 6th corps was not needed, and, with other troops, the regiment returned to Richmond by rail and thence marched to the vicinity of Washington, D.C., where, on June 23, it was mustered out of service.

The Bedford county men who served in this regiment were as follows:


Lewis A. May, m. Aug. 29. 1862; pro. fr. maj. to lt-col. Feb. 12, 1865; m.o.w. regt. June 23, 1865. James W. Curry, m. as chap. March 21, 1863; disch. by special order March 8, 1864. John W. Feight, pro. to chap. fr. capt. Co. F, Feb. 21, 1865; m.o.w. regt. Law. (Lawrence?) Deifabaugh, pro. fr. musician Co. E. to prin. mus. Feb. 3, 1864; m.o.w. regt.



Captains: John S. Stuckey, m. Sept. 2,1862; disch. Feb. 3, 1865, for wds. rec. at Opequan, Va., Sept. 19, 1864. Oliver Horton, m. Aug. 29, 1862; pro. fr. 1st sgt. to 2d lt. Dec. 16, 1862; to 1st lt. Dec. 1, 1864; to capt. Feb. 20, 1865; m.o.w. co.
First Lieutenants: Josiah Baughman, m. Oct. 30, 1862; killed by a deserter at Chaneysville, Bedford Co., Pa., Nov. 12, 1862. John A. Gump, m. Sept. 12, 1862; pro. fr. 2d lt. Dec. 16, 1862; died Oct. 20 of wds. rec. at Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, 1864; at the time he was wd. he was act. asst. adjt. genl., staff of Gen. Kiefer, late speaker U.S. House of Representatives. Emanuel Fisher, m. Aug. 28, 1862; pro. fr. 1st sgt. to 1st lt. Feb. 22, 1865; m.o.w. co.


First Sergeants: William Foster, m. Sept. 2, 1862; disch. by G.O. June 22, 1865. Simon C. Stuckey, m. Sept. 2, 1862; killed at Mine Run, Va., Nov. 27, 1863. Jonathan Snider, m. Aug. 29, 1862; wd. at Wilderness May 6, 1864; died Oct. 22 of wds. rec. at Cedar Creek. Va., Oct. 19, 1864.

Sergeants: William Ferguson, William S. Sleek, John B. Hammer, Elias B. Stuckey, m.o.w. co. Henry McClary, wd. at Wilderness May 6, 1864; disch. on surg. cert. May 12, 1865. George Baughman, captured; died at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 13, 1864; grave 8635.

Corporals: John E. O’Neal, George Giliam, Isaac Ling and Allen Kinton, all m. Aug. 29, 1862; were m.o.w. co. Job M. Blayle, m. Aug. 29, 1862; disch. on surg. cert. April 27, 1863. Hezekiah Barkman, m. Aug. 29, 1862; wd. at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864; disch. on surg. cert. Jan. 12, 1865. Josiah Huffman, m. Aug. 12, 1862; wd. at Wilderness May 6, 1864; disch. by G.O. May 15, 1865. William H. Lowery, m. Aug. 29, 1862; died at Brandy Station, Va., April 15, 1864. Erastus J. Hickson, m. Aug. 29, 1862: killed at Wilderness May 6, 1864. Joseph J. Price, m. Aug. 29, 1862; killed at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864. David Cook, deserted Jan. 16, 1863.


Solomon R. Thorpe, m. Aug. 29, 1862; m.o.w. Co. John W. Thorpe, m. same date; died at Philadelphia, Pa., Aug. 2, 1864.


The following named privates, except Robert H. Lease, James Moore and J. B. Summerville, who enlisted in 1864, were mustered into service Aug. 29 and Sept. 2, 1862. Those who were present at muster out of service with company are marked with an asterisk: Noah Allison, Joseph Allison; John A. Beltz,* wd. at Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, 1864; George W. Beals ;* Isaac Burket and John Burket, disch. by G.O. June 29, 1865; James W. Bivens ;* Nicholas H. Beals, wd. at Cold Harbor June 1, 1864, disch. by G.O. May 20, 1865; David Barkman, deserted 1863; William Corl,* John S. Deacon; Elisha Devens, deserted 1863; Harvey Evans, deserted 1862; George Hellman, wd. at Wilderness and at Petersburg, Va.; Emanuel Harbaugh, capt’d at Wilderness, ab. at m.o.; John A. Hochard,* wd. at Mine Run and at Wilderness; Daniel Hellman, George Ickes,* George W. Ickes; Nathaniel James, deserted Sept. 19, 1864; Thomas Kurtz ;* John H. Kenard,* wd. at Mine Run, Va.; John B. Kinsey, William H. Ling,* pris. fr. July 9, 1864, to Feb. 21, 1865; Emanuel Lowery, wd. at Cold Harbor; Robert H. Lease,* wd. at Sailor’s Creek, Va.; Wm. F. Lucas, wd. at Opequan, Va.; Josiah G. Leasure, wd. at cold Harbor; John E. Lowery, John Layton; Jackson Lape and Nathaniel Leasure, deserted; Thomas Miller;* Aaron Mock, wd. at Mine Run, pris. fr. May 6 to Dec. 16, 1864, disch. by G.O. June 20, 1865; James Moore,* John Mullin; Emanuel Mock, wd. at Cold Harbor June 1, 1864, disch. Feb. 10, 1865; Thomas J. Miller; William McVicker, ab. sick, at m.o; James Naugle,* Bernard Nycum,* Frederick Neff, John Nycum, Emanuel O’Neal,* Hezekiah O’Neal, John Oaks; Philip Porter, deserted 1863; Joseph Risling,* William W. Ramsey, James S. Radcliff; Henry Roland, deserted 1862; Wilson H. Stuckey,* Frederick A, Sellers;* Moses Shroyer, wd. at Opequan Sept. 19, 1864, ab. in hos. at m.o.; J. B. Summerville,* Philip H. Steckman,* David Snyder; * Charles Summerville, missing in action at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864; Matthew P. Taylor, wd, at Mine Run, disch. Nov., 1863; Jacob Thorpe, Jacob Witt, Philip Wentz, John Yarnell,* Jesse Yarnell.

Killed: Noah Allison, at Cold Harbor, Va., June 5, 1864; Daniel Hellman and Philip Wentz at Mine Run, Va., Nov. 27, 1863.

Died: Joseph Allison, at Brandy Station, Va., Jan. 26, 1864. John S. Deacon, at Annapolis, Md., March 30, 1864. George W. Ickes, at Relay House, Md., Nov. 14, 1862. John E. Lowery, Nov. 28, of wds. rec. at Mine Run, Va., Nov. 27, 1863. John Layton, at Winchester, Va., Oct. 6, 1864. Thomas J. Miller, Capt. at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864; died at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 15, 1864. John Nycum, at Washington, D.C., June 28, of wds. rec. at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. Hezekiah O’Neal, Dec. 4, of accidental wds. rec. Nov. 21, 1863. James S. Radcliff, at New York July 24, 1861. Jesse Yarnell, at Philadelphia, Pa., July 22, 1864; bu. at Chester, Pa.



Captain: Simon Dickerhoof, m. Aug. 30, 1862; pro. bvt.-maj. April 6, 1865; com. major June 28, 1865; not mus.; m.o.w. co. June 23, 1865.

First Lieutenants: John Getty, m. Aug. 30, 1862; dis. on surg. cert. April 13, 1864. Thomas A. Prideaux, m. Sept. 6, 1862; pro. fr. 2d lt. July 1, 1864; m.o.w. co.

Second Lieutenant: Reuben W. Cook, m. Aug. 29, 1862; pro. fr. 1st sgt. July 1, 1864; 1st lt. and bvt.-capt. April 6, 1865; com. capt. June 28, 1865; not mus.; m.o.w. co.


The enlisted men of the company, except privates Cook, Joseph Carrell, Fleegle and William R. Smith, who enlisted in 1863, and privates Burge, Daniel Imler, Jackson and Jacob Ritchey, who enlisted in 1864, were mustered into service Aug. 29, 1862.

First Sergeant: Francis M. Slack, wd. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; dis. by G.O. June 13, 1865.

Sergeants: William T. Filler, Daniel Beard (who was wd. at Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, 1864) and William Line, m.o.w. co. George W. Gray, wd. near Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; dis. By G.O. May 31, 1865. William B. Amick, killed at Wilderness, Va., May 6, 1864.

Corporals: James E. Over, Abraham Carpenter, Samuel Barkley, Andrew Cobler, Samuel Ridenbaugh, m.o.w. co. George W. Barkley, dis. by G.O. June 13, 1865. John Claar, dis. by G.O. June 9, 1865. Harrison H. King, wd. at Wilderness, Opequan and Sailor’s Creek, dis. by G.O. June 7, 1865. William Ake, killed at the Wilderness, May 6, 1864. Francis Stectman, died June 5 of wds. rec. at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. Martin L. Conley, missing in action at Cold Harbor, June 1, 1864.


John A. Boughman, m.o.w. co. Law. (Lawrence?) Deifabaugh, pro. to prin. mus. Feb. 3, 1864.


John G. Ake, wd. at Wilderness; John Benner,* Nicholas Beaver,* John W. Bailey,* William Bailey;* David Burket,* wd. at Mine Run; Joseph Burge, Jacob Breigle; Andrew Biddle, wd. at Wilderness; Moses G. Bagley, wd. at Cold Harbor; Levi Blackburn, Joseph Blackburn, Adam Beltze, James Crawford,* Harry Couch;* John H. Cook,* wd. at Wilderness; Conrad Claycomb, wd. at Wildcrness; Joseph Carrell, wd. at Wilderness; Allen Cobler,* wd. at Cold Harbor; Jacob Carl,* Franklin Carl,* Jacob C. Claar,* Abraham Carl, David B. Craine; Samuel M. Clark, missing in action at Opequan; Daniel Carrell, wd. at Mine Run, missing in action at Monocacy; Samuel Crichfield, Valentine Dull; William Deifabaugh, missing in action at Wilderness; Henry H. Feight,* John Fait;* George W. Fleegle, wd. at Cold Harbor; Simon M. Feather, wd. in action May 19, 1864; George W. Feather, Abraham Feight, Isaac Gordon,* Charles Gardner, Josiah Glenn, James A. Gilchrist, F. B. Hoenstine, Daniel G. Helzel, Simon Helzel, David Hoenstine, William Helzel, Elph. Y. Imler, George R. Imler,* Daniel Imler, John Jackson; Nathaniel Kegg,* wd. at Wilderness; George Long;* John D. Leonard,* wd. at Wilderness; Henry N. Leonard,* William Leommon;* Joseph Lay, missing in action at Wilderness; Lewis Mock;* Biven D. Meloy,* wd. at Wilderness; Malachi Mock,* Tobias Miller, Isaac Nicodemus, Jacob Price;* Daniel J. Price, wd. at Spottsylvania C. H.; Abraham Price; Wiiliam Riffle,* wd. at Opequan; William J. Robinson, wd. at Wilderness; Matthias Rieghard,* Jacob Richey,* John Richey, William H. Rea, James Rollins, Jacob B. Stevens,* William Stineman,* Nathaniel Stiffler,* James Saupp;* Henry Speck,* wd. at Mine Run, and at Cedar Creek; John Stiffler: Miles N. Smith, wd. at Wilderness; William R. Smith, wd. at Wilderness; Andrew H. Wise and Samuel Ward.

Killed: Adam Beltze, at Cold Harbor, Va., June 5, 1865; bu. in nat. cem. sec. A. David B. Craine, at Cedar Creek, Va., Oct. 19, 1864.

Died: Levi Blackburn, at Relay House, Md., Nov. 19, 1862; Joseph Blackburn, at Frederick, Md., of wds. rec. at Monocacy, Md., July 9, 1864; Abraham Carl, May 10, of wds. rec. at Wilderness, May 6, 1864; George W. Feather, at Relay House, Md., Oct. 25, 1862; Abraham Feight, at Relay House, Md., Nov. 13, 1862; Daniel G. Heizel, at Relay House, Nov. 1, 1862; Simon Heizel, at Relay House, Nov. 9, 1862; David Hoenstine, at Relay House, Md., Nov. 4, 1862: Daniel Imler, at Washington, D.C., Jan. 4, 1865; Abraham Price, at Relay House, Md., Oct. 19, 1862; William R. Smith, at Washington, D.C., Feb. 11, 1865, bu. at Philadelphia, Pa.; Samuel Ward, captured at Mine Run, died at Andersonville, Ga., July 30, 1864, grave 4338.



Captains: Lewis A. May, pro. to maj. Sept. 3, 1862. Martin S. Bortz, wd. at Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, 1864; pro. fr. 1st sgt. to 1st lt. Dec. 1, 1864; to capt. Feb. 21, 1865; m.o.w. co. John W. Feight, pro. fr. 1st. Lt. Jan. H, 1863; wd. at Opequan, Sept. 19, 1864; pro. to chaplain, Feb. 21, 1865.

First Lieutenants: C. P. McLaughlin, pro. fr. 1st sgt. Jan, 19, 1863; killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. Christ. (Christian?) P. Calhoun, pro. fr. 1st sgt. Feb. 22, 1865; m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: Levi Cook, wd. at Wilderness; com. 2d lt. May 5, 1865; not mus.; m.o.w. co. as sgt.

Sergeants: Joseph Barkley, who was wd. at Cedar Creek; Jesse Miller, Harry Shaffer, who was wd. at Monocacy, and John W. Mauk, were m.o.w. co. Frederick Mowery, disch. on surg. cert. May 2, 1864. John Geller, wd. at Cedar Creek; disch. on surg. cert. April 6, 1865. Jacob Whip, died Dec. 3, of wds. rec. at Mine Run, Nov. 27. 1863. Jackson Miller, killed at Wilderness, May 6, 1864. Samuel May, tr. to Md. Home Brigade, March 30, 1863.

Corporals: Jeremiah Moser, wd. at Cold Harbor; absent at m.o. Daniel Wolford, Marcus May, Joseph Cobler, Henry C. Ritchey and Marion Statler, m.o.w. co. Ephraim C. Miller, wd. at Cedar Creek; m.o.w. co. Joseph Shroyer, wd. at Opequan; m.o.w. co. John W. May, wd. at Wilderness; disch. on surg. cert. Oct. 25, 1864. Fred. (Frederick?) G. Ritchey, wd. at Opequan; disch. on surg. cert. May 12, 1865. John B. Steckman, died at Relay House, Md., Dec. 23, 1862. Martin T. Foor, capt.; died at Danville, Va., March 20, 1865. Shannon E. McCoy, missing in action at Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864.


Albert Armstrong,* wd. at Wilderness Franklin Baner, wd. at Wilderness, in hos. at m.o.; Daniel M. Ball, wd. at Monocacy; Linton W. Bingham, John A. Boor, John Deal; William Earnest,* wd. at Monocacy; Lewis Elder; William Feight, wd. at Cedar Creek, in hos. at m.o.; George Geller,* wd. at Monocacy; George W. Holler, wd. at Wilderness; John Holler; * then follow Samuel Hunt, John T. Hunt, James Heckman, Francis H. Hayman, Calvin Harden, Robert F. Henderson, David Kingsley, Peter Reighard, Noah Tipton and James R. Vickroy, all mentioned as deserters; James Kellerman,* wd. at Monocacy; William Kelly, wd. at Cedar Creek; Henry Kelly, missing in action at Cold Harbor; Oliver Lowry,* wd. at Opequan; Abraham Miller, wd. at Cedar Creek; Hiram May. wd. at Cold Harbor, ab. in hos. at m.o.; Henry Miller; Chauncey Owens, ab., wd. at m.o.; Samuel Robb; * David Rush, wd. at Cold Harbor; George W. Robb, George Smith; * Jacob Srnith,* wd. at Mine Run and at Wilderness; John W. Smith; * Tobias Shaffer, wd. at Fisher’s Hill, ab., in hos. at m.o; Thomas Shaffer,* Simon Smlth,* Adam Smith, Conrad G. Steuby, David Smith, George W. Troutman; John Valentine,* wd. at Opequan; Frederick Wolford,* William Waggerman, John Western.

Killed: George W. Robb, at Mine Run, Va., Nov. 27, 1863.

Died: John A. Boor, Aug. 17, 1863. Henry Miller, at Washington, D.C., May 20, of wds. rec. at Wilderness May 6, 1864. David Smith, at Baltimore, Md., of accidental wds. rec. Sept. 20, 1862. George W. Troutman, at Relay House, Md., Nov. 29, 1862. William Waggerman, at Alexandria, Va., Dec. 8, 1863; grave 1142.


Of the ten companies comprising this regiment, C, D and F were composed of men from Somerset county. They were recruited in the summer of 1862, and rendezvoused at Camp Curtins where, during the last week in August, they were mustered into service for a term of three years.

On September 2, under the command of Col. Robert P. Cummins, of Somerset county, the regiment was ordered to Washington, and upon its arrival was employed in the construction of Fort Stevens, digging rifle-pits, and clearing away the forest in front. About the middle of the month it moved to Frederick, Maryland, where it was employed in guarding the town, erecting hospital tents, and in caring for the wounded from the bloody fields of South Mountain and Antietam. Early in October, however, the regiment was ordered to report to Gen. Meade, in command of the Pennsylvania reserves, which then formed the 3d division of the 1st corps, and was by him assigned to the 2d brigade, composed of the 3d, 4th, 7th and 8th regiments.

In the movement which resulted in the disastrous battle at Fredericksburg, the reserves formed part of Franklin’s grand division. The Rappahannock was crossed on December 12, and early on the following morning the line of battle was formed. A few moments later Col. Cummins appeared upon the field. He had been sick in hospital at Washington, but, learning that a battle was imminent, though not yet recovered, proceeded to the front and arrived in time to lead his regiment in this its first battle. The regiment and division fought desperately, but without avail, and after a charge in which the 142d lost two hundred and fifty men killed and wounded of the five hundred and fifty who stood in ranks in the morning, the troops of Meade’s division retired to the position which had been occupied on the previous day, where they remained until the army recrossed the river on the night of the 15th. Two days later winter quarters were established at Belle Plain landing.

When Gen. Hooker assumed command of the army in February, 1863, a complete reorganization was made. By these changes the 142d became associated with the 135th, 151st and the 121st Penn. regiments, which constituted the 1st brigade of the 3d division. During the Chancellorsville campaign this command performed some heavy marching in a diversion made in favor of Hooker, but did not reach the field of battle until after disaster had befallen the Union arms. Three days later, it, with the rest of the army, recrossed the river and returned to the old camping-ground.

Before the beginning of the march which ended at Gettysburg, Gen. Doubleday succeeded to the command of the 1st corps, Gen. Rowley to that of the 3d division, and Col. Biddle of the 1st brigade. Upon the arrival of the brigade at Gettysburg, on July 1, it was formed to the left of the wood where Gen. Reynolds fell, and soon became the target of the enemy’s batteries in front and right flank. Its position was frequently shifted to avoid the fire, but it stubbornly held its ground. Finally, in the terrible conflict which followed the advance movements of the enemy in overwhelming force, the 1st brigade, with ranks thinned and broken, was forced to yield its position. Col. Biddle, seizing a stand of colors, gallantly rode forward, and the line instinctively about-wheeled and followed him. The horse of Col. Biddle was shot. Col. Cummins fell mortally wounded (his horse had been killed a few minutes previously), and near him fell the acting-adjutant of the regiment, Lieut. Tucker. The regiment fell back slowly toward the seminary, joining a mass of men from various brigades and divisions who, though in some confusion, were holding and continued to hold the position until the batteries were withdrawn, and until the enemy, moving along the road south of the seminary, had completely flanked the position. As the troops retired through the town they were subjected to a severe fire from a flanking column, which was sheltered by fences and buildings. On the 2d the regiment was held in reserve just back of the cemetery, on the Tarrytown road, and on the 3d it was posted midway between the cemetery and Round Top, but, although exposed to a heavy fire from the enemy’s artillery, its losses were slight after the first day’s fighting. The loss to the regiment in the entire battle was fifteen killed, one hundred and twenty-six wounded, and eight-four missing and prisoners.

Subsequently, the regiment, with the army, participated in various maneuvers, marches and counter-marches, and finally passed the winter in the vicinity of Culpepper, Virginia. While stationed there it was assigned to Stone’s brigade, and soon after, upon the breaking up of the 1st corps, it became part of the 5th corps. With this corps during the year 1864, it was engaged in the battles in the Wilderness, at Spottsylvania C.H., North Anna, Bethesda Church, Tolopotomy creek, the passage of the swamps of the Chickahominy and James rivers, siege of Petersburg, the construction of Fort Hell, two raids upon the Weldon railroad, and the action at Peeble’s Farm.

With the exception of a sharp fight on February 6, 1865, at Dabney’s Mills, in which the regiment suffered considerable loss, it remained in quarters near Petersburg from December until the opening of the spring campaign. This began on March 30, and closed ten days later by the surrender of the rebel army under Lee at Appomattox. After the surrender, the brigade of which the regiment formed part was placed in charge of rebel property, which it escorted to Burkesville station. From thence, after a two weeks’ rest, it marched via Petersburg and Richmond to the vicinity of Washington, where, after participating in the grand review, the regiment was mustered out of service on May 29.
Its members from Somerset county were as follows:


Robert P. Cummins, col., m. Sept. 1, 1862; died July 2, of wds. rec. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Joseph E. Mason, hos. st., pro. fr pri. Co. F, May 1, 1863; m.o.w. regt. May 29, 1865.



Captains: John H. Boyts, rn. Aug. 27,1862; disch. on surg. cert. Feb. 22, 1863. Henry G. Elder, m. Aug. 27, 1862; pro. fr. 1st lt. Feb. 22, 1863; bvt.-maj. Mar 8, 1865; bvt. Lt.-col. April 2, 1865; wd. at Five Forks, Va., April 1, 1865; com. maj. May 16,1865; not mus.; m.o.w. co. as Capt. May 29, 1865.

First Lieutenant: Jacob R. Walter, m. Aug. 27, 1862; pro. fr. 2d lt. Feb. 22, 1863, com. Capt.; not mus.; wd. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863; m.o.w. co.

Second Lieutenant: Nathaniel O. Hinchman, m. Aug. 25, 1862; pro. fr. sgt. June 2, 1863; disch. Mar. 23, 1864.

First Sergeant: Charles F. Hunter, m. Aug. 25, 1862; pro, to 1st sgt. Mar. 1, 1864, com. 1st lt.; not mus.; m.o.w. co.

Sergeants: Franklin Boyts, wd. at Wilderness, Va., May 5, 1864; ab., in hos., at m.o. Daniel Young, com. 2d lt.; not mus.; disch. by G.O. May 25, 1865. Jacob Phillipi, m.o.w. co. Benjamin F. Harcomb, disch. Feb. 25, 1863. Augustus Davis, disch. for wds. rec. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Samuel H. Brougher, died at Philadelphia, Pa., April 4, 1865.

Corporals: Norman Phillipi, Simon Pile, Jonas Mayers and Jacob Bitner, m.o.w. co. Wesley Humbert, wd. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863; tr. to V.R.C.; disch. by G.O. April 20, 1865.

Samuel Gerhart, cap. at Wilderness, Va., May 5, 1864; died at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 17, 1864; grave 9005. Jacob S. Nicholson, disch. Jan. 27, 1863. Jerome B. Knable, tr. to V.R.C. Dec. 13, 1863. Joseph Bitner, killed at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863.


George Snyder, tr. to V.R.C. Dec. 31, 1863. Charles Elder, died Dec. 26, 1863.


All of whom (as well as the non-commissioned officers) were mustered into service on the 25th and 26th days of August, 1862, except Henry Gray, who was mustered in August 30, 1864. Those who were mustered out with the company are marked with an asterisk, namely; Michael Ansell,* David Ansell, Benjamin Boyts, Samuel Bowlby, Elijah H. Berkey, Hiram Boyts, John Beyers, J. C. Cunningham, Hiram Cupp, Isaiah Cupp, Frederick Dumbauld,* Garret Forespring,* William Faith, Michael A. Firestone, Henry Gray, Anthony Growall, Peter Growall, Joshua Henry,* Jacob Hart,* John Himbaugh;* John Hoover, wd. at Wilderness; Aaron P. Hartman,* Daniel J. Horner, Jacob Harsberger, Alexander Heminger, John Klmmel,* Jacob Kreger, Harrison King, J. W. Levingston;* Levi Levingston, wd. at Gettysburg; Perry Lee, Gillian Miller,* Martin Miner,* Peter Moore,* Daniel J. Miller, Daniel May, Ringgold Markel, Joseph Nedrow;* Samuel Nicola, in hos. at m.o.; Simon Nicola, mis. in action at Wilderness, May 5, 1864; Adam Nickolson,* William Nickler; David Nickler, des.; Peter Pile, sick in hos. at m.o.; George Pile,* William Pile, Jacob Pritts, Washington Rector,* Jackson Rose, Jeremiah Rayman, Henry Rose, John Rose, Samuel Shelly,* Simon Shaulis,* Elias Stutzman,* Irvin Sullivan;* David Smith, des. Oct. 2, 1862; John Trimpey,* John Vought; Foster C. Wable, wd. at Wilderness; Peter Welfley, David Weimer, Samuel B. Yoder, disch. for wds. rec. at Gettysburg, Pa. July 1, 1863; Aaron Zufal;* Jacob Zufal, dlsch. for wds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862.

Killed: David Ansell, Alexander Hemminger, Harrison King and David Weiner, at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Hiram Cupp, at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Ringgold Markell, at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865.

Died: Elijah H. Berkey, Jan. 5, 1863; bu. in Mil. Asy. Cem., D.C. John Beyers, Oct. 24, 1862; bu. in nat. cem., Antietam, Md. Isaiah Cupp, Sept. 12, 1862. Peter Growall, Dec. 16, 1862. Perry Lee, May 27, 1861. Daniel May, Feb. 14, 1863. William Nickler, at Alexandria, Va., of wds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. John Rose, Dec. 30, 1862. John Vought, Jan. 11, 1863. Hiram Boyts, at Washington, D.C., Aug. 28, 1864. Simon Nicola, died at Andersonville prison-pen.



Captain: Adam Grimm, m. Aug. 29, 1862; wd. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863; disch. on surg. cert. April 17, 1864. Noah Bowman, m. Aug. 22, 1862; pro. to sgt; to 1st sgt.; to 1st lt. July 31, 1864; to capt. Sept. 21, 1864; wd. at Five Forks, Va., April 1, 1865; ab., in hos., at m.o.

First Lieutenants: Samuel S. Swank, m. Aug. 29, 1862; wd. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863; disch. by G.O. Feb. 12, 1864. Noah S. Miller, m. Aug. 25, 1862; pro. to 1st sgt. Aug. 27, 1862; to 2d Lt. Jan. 11, 1863; to 1st lt. March 5, 1864; com. capt. April 20, 1864; not mus.; disch. by G.O. July 30, 1864. Charles H. Ferner, m. Aug. 27, 1862; pro. to sgt.; to 1st sgt.; to 1st lt. Sept. 21, 1864; m.o.w. co.

Second Lieutenant: Henry Stewart, m. Aug. 29, 1862; disch. Jan. 10, 1863.


First Sergeant: Oliver P. Shaver, m. Aug. 22, 1862; pro. to corp.; to sgt.; to 1st sgt. Jan. 1, 1865; com. 2d lt.; not mus.; m.o.w. co. as 1st sgt.

Sergeants: W. E. Zimmerman and Noah Koontz, m.o.w. co. James F. Stanton, cap. at Chapel C. H., Va., Oct. 1, 1864; disch. by G.O. June 13, 1865.

Corporals: Jacob G. Mishler and Adam Shafer, ab. sick, at m.o. David Gohn, wd. at Dabney’s Mills, Va., Feb. 6, 1865; ab., in hos., at m.o. Henry Mishler, wd. at Dabney’s Mills, Va., Feb. 6, 1865; disch. by G.O. May 13, 1865. William A. Johnson, disch, on surg. cert., Dec. 8, 1864. Charles Lohr, disch. on surg. cert, April 8, 1863. David J. Levingston, disch. for wds; rec. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Jacob Barnt, died at Washington, D.C., June 3, of wds. rec. at Wilderness, Va., May 5, 1864. Isaac Miller, mis. in action at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Noah W. Shafer, mis. in action at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862.


Isaac M. Dibert, ab., on detached service, at m.o. Dallas M. Unger, des. Oct., 1862.


The enlisted men of this company were mustered into service Aug. 22 and 27, 1862. The privates with the company at muster out are designated by an asterisk: George Ackerman, Emanuel Bissell,* John H. Bissen, Charles Barnt,* John Boyer, Levi Barnt; Joseph Berkey, missing in action at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862; Joseph Caldenbaugh, Adam Custer, Hezekiah Crissey,* Jonas Custer, Pirls Cook, Daniel Delaney,* George Dull,* John Dickey, Leonard Farrel, Jeremiah Fry, Noah Gohn, Wesley Griffith, Edward Helsel,* Henry Horner, Martin Helsel, Joseph D. Hammer, Harrison Lohr, Benjamin Lohr, George Lohr, Isaiah Miller, Samuel J. Miller, Josiah Miller, Christian M. Miller, Ephraim Minor, Henry J. Miller, Renel Miller, Joseph Miller, Gillian Miller, Lee H. McKinley, David Pepley, John Rushenbergen,* Harrison Ringler, John Reel, William Rodgers,* Franklin Rodgers, Valentine Ripple,* William Rininger, William Suter, William J. Speicher, Jacob Swank;* Joshua Summers, wd. at Dabney’s Mills, Feb. 6, 1865; in hos. at m.o.; Adam B. Shafer, Michael Summers, Hiram H. Statler, Jacob Sipe; Joseph Specht, mis. in action at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863; George C. Thomas, James W. Taft, John E. Woods* and Isaac Yoder.

Killed: Joseph Miller, at Hatcher’s Run, Va., Oct. 22, 1864. David Pepley, at Petersburg, Va., June 24, 1864.

Died: John Boyer, April 6, 1868; bu. in Mil. Asy. Cem., D.C. Noah Gohn, Feb. 14, 1863. Wesley Griffith, at Smoketown, Md., Dec. 16, 1862. Martin Helsel, at Washington, D.C., Jan. 11, 1863. Joseph D. Hammer, wd. at Gettysburg July 1, 1863; died Sept. 9, 1863; bu. in nat. cem. Louden Park, Baltimore, Md. George Lohr, July 31 of wds. rec, at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Renel Miller, Nov. 19, 1861. Gillian Miller, July 29 of wds. rec. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Lee H. McKinley, died Aug. 10 of wds. rec. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Hiram H. Statler, died July 2 of wds. rec. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Jacob Sipe, at Washington, D.C., Jan. 17, 1863. James W. Taft, died July 31 of wds. rec. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Isaac Yoder, at Belle Plain, Va., Feb. 16, 1863.



Captains: Francis A. Edmonds, m. Aug. 25, 1862; dis, Nov. 1, 1862. Albert Heffley, m. Aug. 25, 1862; pro. fr. 1st lt. Nov. 1, 1862; dis. by G.O. May 19, 1865.

First Lieutenant: Josiah Lepley, pro. fr. pri. April 9, 1863; com. capt. June 3, 1865; not mus.; m.o.w. co. as 1st lt.

Second Lieutenants: George J. Gordill, m. Aug. 25, 1862; com. 1st lt, Nov. 1, 1862; not mus.; dis. Mar. 11, 1863, for wds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Cyrus P. Heffley, m. Aug. 25, 1862; pro. fr sgt. to 2d lt. April 19, 1863; cap.; vet.; wd. at Gettysburg July 1, 1868; dis. by S.O. May 15, 1865.


The enlisted men of this company, except privates Blachart, Wm. Caton and Slaybauch, who enlisted in 1864, were mustered into service Aug. 25 and 29, 1862.

First Sergeants: Jacob J. Zorn, pro. fr. sgt. May 25, 1864; com. 1st lt. June 3, 1865; not mus.; m.o.w. co. Jacob B. Lepley, died May 24, of wds. rec. at Wilderness, Va., May 5, 1864.

Sergeants: John Denton, Martin Caton, Samuel Hoon and Parker Diveley, m.o.w. co. Hoon had been com. 2d lt. June 3, 1865, but was not mustered as such. Joseph Smith, des. Oct. 1, 1862.

Corporals: Jacob Wellington, pris. fr. May 5, 1864, to Feb. 28, 1865; dis. by G.O. June 5, 1865. Henry Stuck, m.o.w. co. Benjamin Hay, wd. at Five Forks, Va., April 1, 1865; dis. by G.O. June 3, 1865. Samuel Boose, dis. on surg. cert. Nov. 17, 1862. Chauncey Dickey, dis. by G.O. May 17, 1865. Adam Cook, tr. to V.R.C. July 27, 1863. Samuel J. Bittner, tr. to V.R.C. May 2, 1864. Hermon Fritz, died Dec. 14 of wds. rec. at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Henry Bittner, died at Warrenton, Va., Nov. 14, 1862. Hiram Sturtz, killed at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Christopher Speicher, des. Jan. 21, 1863.


Hermon Johnson and Charles Flato, m.o.w. co. William H. Platt, disch. on surg. cert. March 19, 1868.


Those marked with an asterisk were mustered out with the company.
William Atchison, Chauncey Bowman;* Jacob N. Beal, ab., sick, at m.o.; Jeremiah Blachart, Henry Bridegum, Benjamin Bissel; Jeremiah Braugher, des. Jan., 1863; Gillian Broucher, des. Jan., 1863; Anthony Boyer, Jacob Christner,* William Caton, Elias Caton, Francis Coleman, William Dickey,* Alex. (Alexander?) Dickey, Emanuel Exline, George Fogle;* Tobias Fisher, pris. fr. Aug. 21, 1864, to March 2, 1865; Uriah Fritz, George Glessner, Andrew Griffith, John A. Groff, Zacharias Heffley,* Daniel Heckman, John Hay, Charles Hoover, William Hittle, Henry Hay, Francis Hogle, Henry Hartz, William Hentz, Francis Hersh, Joshua Keller, Justus Keller, William M. Leidig,* Jonathan Leidig, Alexander Murdic,* Joseph Mosholder,* Charles Muhlenberg,* Charles Miller, Joseph E. Mason, Peter Mull, Andrew Parker, Levi Queer,* Alexander Ringler,* Henry Rumiser, Michael Ream, William Rayman, Joseph Ream; Henry Suder, ab., sick, at m.o.; James Shoemaker,* William Spangy,* James Sweitzer,* Ananias Shoemaker,* Augustus Sellers* Moses Stimberg,* Jesse Scritchfield,* John Shafer,* Joseph Sivitts, Henry Slaybauch; Zachariah Walker, ab., sick, at m.o.; Joseph Walker,* John Welmer,* Charles J. Will,* George, John Wolford and Henry Ware; Henry Stewart and Henry Schram, des. in 1862; John Steiner, in 1863.

Killed: Ellas Caton and Francis Hersh at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 1862. Joseph Ream and Joseph Sivits, at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863. Francis Coleman, at Spottsylvania C.H., Va., May 11, 1864. Andrew Parker and William Rayman at Dabney’s Mills, Va., Feb. 6, 1865.

Died: William Atchison, cap., died at Andersonville, Ga., Jan. 25, 1865; grave 12520. Benjamin Bisel, cap., died at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 22, 1864; grave 11222. Uriah Fritz, cap. at Gettysburg, Pa., July 1, 1863; died at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 19, 1864. Joshua Keller, cap., died at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 19, 1864; bu. in nat. cem., Millen, Ga., sec. A, grave 274. Peter Mull, at Brooks’ Station, Va., Nov. 25, 1862.


Samuel H. Dull, pri., m. Aug., 1862; m.o. close of war, June 1865.



This regiment, which was organized at Camp Curtin about the middle of November, 1862, to serve for a period of nine months, contained a large number of Somerset county men, and one company from the county of Bedford. It moved from Camp Curtin on November 27, and proceeding by rail and water via Washington and Norfolk, arrived at Suffolk, Virginia, early in December.

On the 28th of that month it marched from Suffolk to Ballard’s Landing on the Chowan river, and thence proceeded by transports to New Berne, North Carolina, arriving January 1, 1863, It was soon after assigned to Spinola’s (Keystone) brigade, of the 3d division, 18th corps. Thereafter the regiment remained in Gen. Foster’s department, participating in various marches and skirmishes in the region traversed by the Tar and Pamlico rivers, until the close of June, when the brigade was ordered to Fortress Monroe, to join in a demonstration toward Richmond, Virginia, as a diversion in favor of the Union army at Gettysburg. It remained in the vicinity of White House, on the Pamunkey river, until July 7, when it was ordered to Harper’s Ferry, arriving on the 9th. Lee’s rebel army was then in full retreat. On the 11th the regiment marched to Boonsboro, and thence to a position in a pass of the South Mountain, where it remained until after the enemy had escaped into Virginia. It then moved to Frederick, and, on August 3, was ordered to Harrisburg, where from the 6th to the 8th its members were mustered out.

Following are the names of men from the two counties who served in the regiment. Cos. E, H and K were made up of residents of Somerset, while Co. I contained those from Bedford.



Captain: William Maurer, m.o.w. co.
First Lieutenants: James Yount, disch. on surg. cert. May 4, 1863. Henry Good, pro. from 2d lt. May 5, 1863; m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenant: Jeremiah Maurer, pro. from 1st sgt. May 5, 1863; m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: Jonathan Shunk, m.o.w. co.
Sergeants: Michael Yoner, Jacob J. Smith, Peter Ankeny, m.o.w. co. David Friedline, in hos. at m.o. Francis Countryman and Daniel S. Phillipi, des.
Corporals: David Bowman, Samuel Barndt, Cornelius Buckley, Chauncey Davis, Isaac A. Bissell, William Paul, Rudolph Ferner, m.o.w. co. David Friedline, ab., in hos., at m.o. William W. Young, des.


Those marked with an asterisk* deserted chiefly in November, 1862.

Nathaniel Auman, Lemuel H. Auman, Clinton Allen, Franklin Barnhart, Joseph Blancet, Nathan Borkey, Valentine Brocht, John J. Bitner, Cornelius Bender, Charles R. Bitner, Noah Berkey, Fletcher Benford,* Solomon Bitner,* Philip P. Bitner,* Con Berschneider,* Josiah Caster, James Constable, Patrick Cane, Philip F. Caster, Jacob Countryman, Elias Crissey, Samuel A. Deeds, Henry Deeds, Gabriel Dunmyer,* Henry Dunmyer,* Charles Farbaugh, John Failing, James M. Flanigan, Jacob P. Friedline, Jonathan Freedline,* Hiram Gardner, Noah Cohn, Harrison Gohn, Albert George, John S. Homer, Israel Hines, Israel Herring, John Hay, Hiram Huffman, Calvin Hilton, Samuel Hart,* John Kimmel, George P. King, William Kuhn, Michael Keifer,* Francis Knepper,* Henry Kauffman,* John Kook,* David Libby, Martin Lieb, Solomon B. Long, Joseph W. Lape,* Daniel Lohr,* Abraham Longenecker,* Wash (Washington?) Lockard,* Thomas Mahan, John H. Mason,* Cyrus Miller,* James McBride, John MaGinn,* George Ogline, Daniel Queer, John D. Risley, William Rubright, George Rubright, George Ray, Augustus Riffle, Isaac Rose, Anthony Rinebolt, Jacob Showman, Thomas Swank, Henry H. Speice, Daniel Stutzman, Jacob Smalser, Herman Shaffer,* George Wismiller, Thomas Wissinger, John C. Walter,* William Yunke, David H. Young,* Nathaniel Zimmerman.



Captains: Martin L. Statler, disch. on surg. cert. Jan. 15, 1863. John Bierer, pro. fr. 1st lt. Co. K 178th P.V.; m.o.w. co.
First Lieutenant: Joseph Stull, m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenant: Jonas Shrock, m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: Charles Stertz, m.o.w. co. William Ackerman, disch. Nov. 26, 1862.
Sergeants: A. B. W. Blough, John B. Welmer, George Baltzer and William Stauffer, m.o.w, co.
Corporals: John D. Reese, David Mosteller, Jacob Shunk, Jacob A. Hite, Benjamin F. Will, Samuel Zigler and Moses Bitner, m.o.w. co. Philip Musser died at Washington, N.C., June 12, 1863. Jackson Darr died at Philadelphia, Pa., July 12, 1863. John Ware, des. Nov., 1862.


William McCauliff.


John D. Blough, Benjamin Berkey, Samuel Berkheimer, Joseph H. Burns, Adam Burket; John Berkey, died at Fortress Monroe, Va., July 28, 1863; Dennis Baughman,* Oliver P. Burns,* Hiram B. Crosby, Lewis Coop, Henry Coleman, Daniel Custer, Esau H. Deal, Peter Ellenberger, Andrew Emerick,* Jonathan Emerick,* Geo. (George) R. Felix, Jacob Flamm, Geo. File, Samuel Flickenger,* Anthony Getz, John Grasser, Jesse Gaumer, Samuel Grissey,* Washington Hoffman, Noah Holsapple, Gideon Kauffman, John Keller, Noah Keefer, Conrad Keim, Conrad Kennel, Joseph Kinsey,* David Lambert, John Lehman, Abraham Lape, Austin Lohr, Jacob Livingston, Levi Lease, Jacob Layton, Jacob Leydig,* Joseph Meyers, Jonathan Machan, David P. Miller, Oliver Meyers, Daniel A. Miller, John C. Mock, John Mowry, John Mason, Franklin Mosteller,* Andrew McCabe,* John McCormick, Isaac Nupp, Peter Onstedt, Charles Orth, Charles F. Orth, Benjamin F. Peterman, Samuel Poorbaugh, Daniel Ream, Eli Raup, George Ross, Michael L. Rodgers, Wellington Reiswick, Harman Ross; Samuel Roudenbush, died at Washington, N.C., May 12, 1863; William Shank, Jacob Smith, Noah P. Seese, Emanuel J. Seese, Jeremiah Stahl, Sewell Sawyer, Joseph W. Shaffer, George Sarver,* George W. Sarver,* Peter Thomas, Appleton Wilt, Amos Ware; John Witt, died at New Berne, N.C., Feb. 17, 1863; William Ware,* Isaac Young and Jonathan Yoder.



Captain: Amos Robinett, m.o.w. co.
First Lieutenant: Jacob T. Kettering, m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenant: Morrison B. Munson, m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: George M. Leasure, m.o.w. co.
Sergeants: James H. Knox, James S. Gordon, Harvey M. Ressler and Robert Callihan, m.o.w. co. William A. Grove, des. Nov. 20, 1862.
Corporals: Amos Harbaugh, Joseph Fisher, Michael Feather, John Callihan, Asa Johnson, George Miller and John G. Leasure, m.o.w. co. Henry Ruby, des. Nov. 20, 1862.


Abner Smouse, m.o.w. co. Jeremiah Klingerman, died at Washington, N.C., June 29, 1863.


David Bennett, Daniel Bash, Daniel Blatenberger, James B. Bratelbaugh, John Ball, Valentine Browser, Jacob D. Burket, Joseph Bayer, Abraham Bennett,* David T. Birkley,* Joseph Barns,* Samuel Barns,* Alexander Corl, David Conner, Jacob Carson, Michael Devore, John Dick, John K. H. Elliott, Enos Ellis, Abraham Emigh, Harrison Fetter, Henry Fetter, Joseph B. Fetter; Job Fetter, died at Harrisburg, Pa., Nov. 27, 1862; George I. Garn, Elias Hook, George Hook, Gastian Haw, James Hook, Joseph M. Holler; Martin Hoover, died at Washington, N.C., May 24, 1863; William Hook, died at Suffolk, Va., Dec. 15, 1862; James L. Huff,* Wesley B. Houser, Alexander Ickes, Lewis Johnson, Thomas Jay, William Johnson, John Jay,* George Keel, Joseph Klingerman, John King, Hugh Linn, Thomas Lawhead; James Louge, died at Washington, N.C., June 26, 1863; Elzey Leasure,* Franklin Lunger, Bartley Miller, Christian Miller, David H. Miller, Daniel H. Miller, Israel Moses, Jacob Mowry, Thomas Miller,* Robert Nelson,* Andrew Pleckner, John A. Potts, Andrew Pennel, Jeremiah Robinett, Jacob Stuft, Alex. K. Shrimer, Solomon Stirtz, Elias Snowberger, Henry Strutman,William Shull, Isaac N. Spade, Joseph B. Snowberger, Abner W. Sleck; Wm. (William) Stuft, died at Washington, N.C., June 14, 1863. James Sharp, died at Washington, N.C., July 3, 1863; Lor’zo (Lorenzo?) D. Shippley, died at Washington, D.C., July 21, 1863; John Turner, John Trail,* Alex. Wissinger, David Williams, Noah Wigfield, Samuel W. Wilhelm, Thomas G. Walker, William Wilkinson, Talliferro Wertz and Michael Zeller.



Captain: George C. Schultz, m.o.w. co.
First Lieutenants: Henry J. Humbert, res. Jan. 28, 1863. George Sees, pro. ft. 2d lt. Jan. 31, 1863; m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenant: Samuel D. Yutzy, pro. ft. 1st sgt. Jan. 31, 1863; m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: John N. Davis, m.o.w. co.
Sergeants: John J. Engle, John Gardner, Nathan Bradfield and Frederick Swearman, m.o.w. co. David E. Ankeny, des. Nov. 24, 1862.
Corporals: Josiah Gross, Jonas Cupp, Samuel Stead, Harmon Phillipi, Harrison Snyder, Elias A. Maust and C. M. Livingood. m.o.w. co. Arnold Kuhlman, Ludwick Lenhart, William R. King, Joseph H. Shultz and Jonas Tedrow, disch. in Nov., 1862. Thomas Allen, died at Philadelphia, Pa., July 25, 1863.


Michael Nicklow and Charles Rose.


Jacob Albright, John Ansel, Elijah M. Austin,* Elijah Baer, John P. Baker,* George W. Baker,* Josiah J. Bittner,* Solomon Custer, Henry Conn, Charles Cornelison, Josiah Chrise, Peter Chrise,* Jacob Deal, Edward Durst, Daniel Enfield,* Cyrus Fike, Nelson French, Solomon Flick,* John Fogle,* Levi Freedline,* Peter F1ick,* Isaiah Flick,* Samuel Gross, Isaiah Gross, James F. Gower, Henry H. Gardner, Samuel S. Garlitts, Jacob Glessener,* John S. Girton,* Daniel Hartman, Abraham Huffine, Julius Handeke, Amos Hess, Solomon M. Howsel, Francis Hoover,* Andrew Hay,* James Hunter,* Peter Keefer; Mahlon Klingaman, died at Suffolk, Va., Dec. 24, 1862; Oliver Kahler,* George Lunger, Peter B. Lohr,* Henry A. Miner, Samuel Mickey, John Marker, William Miller, Marshall Miller, Peter Masteller,* James McClintock, Jacob McCloskey, Franklin McBride, Hiram McCoy,(6*) John P. Nedrow, Isaac Nimiller,* Noah Phillipi,* Joseph Ringer, Levi Sanner, William Snyder, John Schombert, Casper Schmuck, Joseph Schultz 2d, John W. Smith, James Sterner, Samuel H. Serles, Jacob Swarner, John A. Schultz,* John Sipe,* Hiram Tedrow, Abraham Thomas, Amos Thomas, Thomas Wilburn, Daniel H. Weimer,* John Yowler, Balaam Younkin and John Zimmerman.


Co. A of this regiment was recruited in Bedford county and was mustered into the service of the United States for a term of three years, May 12, 1864. Of the regiment’s history, Bates, in his "History of Pennsylvania Volunteers," says:
Seven companies of this regiment, recruited in various and widely separated sections of the commonwealth for a term of three years, rendezvoused at Camp Curtin, where, in May, 1864, they were organized, and on the 14th of that month moved under command of Maj. Charles Kleckner, to join the Army of the Potomac, coming up with it as it was crossing the Pamunkey river, on the 28th of May. It was immediately assigned to the 2d brigade, 2d division of the 2d corps, and on the day following its arrival was led to battle at Tolopotomy creek. It was engaged in skirmishing on the way to Cold Harbor, and on the second day of the battle led the brigade in two desperate assaults upon the enemy’s works, losing sixty-seven killed and one hundred and thirteen wounded, and leaving some of its dead on the enemy’s intrenchments. * * * For its unflinching bravery it was warmly commended by its brigade commander. For ten days it remained upon the frontline, heavy skirmishing being constantly kept up. It then moved with the corps, and crossing the James, assaulted the enemy’s works on the 16th, repeating the assault on the two following days, and losing in each very heavily. On the 22d the assault was renewed and the brigade, after having charged and gained a position close upon the fortifications, was outflanked and a large number were taken prisoners. In this engagement the regiment lost fifty-two in killed and wounded, and one hundred and fifteen-taken prisoners. Capts. Evans, Haines, Huff and McKeage, and Lieuts. Rahn, Stover, Bryan, and Adjt. Muffly were among the prisoners. Out of five hundred men who stood in the ranks on the banks of the Tolopotomy on the 29th of May, three hundred and fifty, including twelve officers, had been either killed, wounded or taken prisoners in a period of twenty-five days  - a loss unprecedented. Of the number taken prisoners on the 22d, sixty-seven died at Andersonville and a number at Salisbury and Florence. The greater part of the wounded prisoners died at Petersburg.

Near the close of July the handful which remained joined in an expedition to Deep Bottom, where it was engaged in skirmishing for a day, returning on the 29th. On the 16th of August the command again crossed the James, and in the neighborhood of Deep Bottom, after skirmishing during the entire forenoon, made a determined assault, in which it lost, out of ninety-seven engaged, twenty-seven in killed and wounded. Returning to the Petersburg front, the corps, with but little delay, moved out on the Weldon railroad and commenced its destruction. On the afternoon of the 25th the enemy attacked with terrible earnestness, but was three times repulsed with fearful slaughter. In a fourth assault, which he delivered with fresh troops and in overpowering numbers, the little brigade was overborne and compelled to fall back. Lieut.-Col. Kleckner, in command, while at the head of his regiment, cheering on his men, was severely wounded. On the same night the fragment that remained marched back to Petersburg and was placed in the trenches, where it was employed in fatigue duty until near the close of October. In the meantime three new companies (H, I and K) recruited for one year’s service, were added to the regiment, completing its full number. On the 25th of October the regiment marched with the corps to Hatcher’s Run, where, on the 27th, it was hotly engaged, the corps being outflanked and roughly handled. The regiment lost fifteen in killed and wounded. After the battle it returned and was placed in the trenches between Forts Haskell and Steadman. It was here subjected to constant duty in close proximity to the enemy’s lines, where it lost a number in killed and wounded from the unerring fire of his sharpshooters.

In December the regiment moved to the left flank of the army, and here it was joined on January 1, 1865, by Col. John H. Stover, who had been commissioned at its organization and now assumed command. He had previously served as captain in the 10th and major of the 106th. On the 5th of February he led his command to Hatcher’s Run, where, on that and the following day, it was warmly engaged. It encamped on the field and remained there during the winter, the lines being extended to that point. On the 28th of March it broke camp, and on the 1st of April took position in line of battle in front of the enemy. On the 2d, in common with nearly the entire army, it moved to the assault, breaking the enemy’s lines and capturing his works with but small loss. It then moved with the corps in pursuit and skirmished as it went until it reached Appomattox Court House, where the rebel army surrendered. It then marched back to the neighborhood of Washington and participated in the grand review of the armies. On the 2d of June the three companies last added to the command were mustered out, and the remaining seven, which formed the original regiment, on the 14th of July:



Captain: Nathan C. Evans, m. May 13, 1864; captured at Petersburg, Va., June 22, 1864; m.o.w. co.
First Lieutenant: Morrison B. Munson, m. May 13, 1864; m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenant: Adam B. Carn, m. May 13, 1864; dis. on surg. cert. Oct. 1, 1864.


First Sergeants: William H. Ralston, pro. to 1st sgt. July 1, 1865; m.o.w. co. James H. Knox, Captured at Petersburg, Va.; died at Andersonville, Ga., Feb. 26, 1865.
Sergeants: Daniel Croyl and Josiah N. Smith, m.o.w. co. Jacob Z. Over, pris. fr. June 22, 1861, to April 28, 1865; dis. by G.O. June 17, 1865. John W. Deffibaugh, cap. at Petersburg, Va., June 22, 1864.
Corporals: Daniel W. Phillips, John F. Cook, John Witman, John Lee, John Barber, Michael H. Price; George W. Boston and Matthias Imler, m.o.w. co. Barton C. Smith, pro. to q.m.-sgt. Dee. 31, 1864. Jacob Line, killed at Petersburg, Va., June 22, 1864. Herman T, Klahse, died July 20, 1864, of wds. rec. in action. David H. Stuckey, died at Andersonville, Ga., Nov. 18, 1864. Christopher Ensley, died at Andersonville, Ga., Aug. 25, 1864.
Musician: William Ghast, m.o.w. co.


Those whose names are printed in italics were mustered out with the Company. Charles C. Adams, dis. by G.O. May 30. 1865. Philip S. Brown, Espy S. Bennett, Michael H. Bowers, Solomon Bohn, Nicholas Berkhiser, David Banett; George D. Brown, dis. on surg. cert. June 9, 1865; Henry B. Blackburn, tr. to V.R.C.; dis. by G.O. June 7, 1865; Levi Berkhimer, dis. on surg. cert. Nov. 7, 1864; James B. Butts, pro. to prin. mus. Jan. 1, 1865; m.o.w. regt.; Isaac S. Bechtel, killed at Petersburg, Va., June 22, 1864; John W. Bailey, killed at Deep Bottom, Va., Aug. 16, 1864; William Brown, died at Washington, D.C., July 19, 1864; Martin Blackburn, Cap.; died at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 11, 1864; George Bowers, died at Washington, D.C., Sept. 9, 1864; Jacob Clevenger (Clevenger?), dis. by G.O. June 2, 1865; Henry Clay, died as a prisoner at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 1, 1864; Jacob Dale, dis. by G.O. June 2, 1865; Samuel Davidson, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 28, 1864; John Dull, died at Andersonville, Ga., as a prisoner Aug. 15, 1864; John Deffibaugh, des.; William M. Earnest; William Frazier, ab., sick, at m.o.; John W. Ferguson, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 28, 1864; Solomon Gregor, killed at Petersburg, Va., June 22, 1864; Daniel Gilbert, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Dec. 1, 1864; John Hagan, wd. at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864; dis. by G.O. July 18, 1865; Samuel Hartzell, died June 30, 1864, of wds. rec. in action; Wilson Irvine, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 27, 1864; Charles W. Johnston, wd. at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864; ab. at m.o.; Emanuel Jones, died at David’s Island, N.Y., Sept. 17, 1864; Charles Koontz, James Kelly; Franklin Lorow, cap. at Petersburg, Va., June 22, 1864; Jacob Leonard, dis. by G.O. May 30, 1865; Simon S. Lutz, died June 5, 1864, of wds. rec. in action; Samuel Layton, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Aug. 18, 1864; William H. Lehman, des.; Barnabas Montooth, dis. by G.O. June 21, 1865; Jonathan Manly, pris. fr. June 22, 1864, to April 28, 1865; dis. by G. O. May 27, 1865; Matthias Mauck, killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864; Henry L. Marshall, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 23, 1864; David L. Ober, pris. fr. June 22, 1864, to April 28, 1865; dis. by G.O. May 27, 1865; Jacob Orris, died Aug. 1, 1864, of wds. rec. in action; Henry S. Otto, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 18, 1864; James Potter, wd. at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864; absent at m.o.; John Price, died March 22, 1865; George Rhodes, cap.; dis. by G.O. July 11, 1865; George W. Reighard, dis. by G.O. May 15, 1865; Joseph Rhodes, dis. by G.O. June 2, 1866; Robert M. Skillington, wd. at Petersburg, Va., June 16, 1864; dis. by G.O. July 14, 1865; Napoleon Sampsel, dis. by G.O. June 2, 1865; David Snowden, killed at Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864; John G. Stephens, killed at Boydton road, Va., Oct. 27, 1864; Theodore Snowberger, died Sept. 1, 1864, of wds. rec. in action; William Swoveland, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Aug. 10, 1864; Emanuel Smith, dis. by G.O. June 21, 1865; Sylvester Trout, cap.; date unknown; Thomas Turner, pris. fr. June 22, 1864, to April 28, 1865; dis, May 27, 1865; Christian Teeter, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Sept. 13, 1864; James R. Wilson, Edmund S. Wright, cap. at Petersburg, Va., June 22, 1864; Charles C. Wright, pris. fr. June 22, 1864, to April 29, 1866; dis. by G.O. May 31, 1865; William H. Waltman, tr. to V.R.C.; dis. by G.O. June 7, 1865; Henry S. Watson, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Jan. 2, 1865; John Wolfhope, died, as a prisoner, at Andersonville, Ga., Oct. 4, 1864; William Yeader, dis. on surg. cert. Nov. 7, 1864.


This regiment, more generally known as the 22d Cav., was formed by the consolidation of a battalion known as the Ringgold Cav., with a battalion reorganized from a force of five companies, which had been called out for a period of six months, at the time of the rebel advance into Pennsylvania in the summer of 1863. Two companies of the Ringgold Cav., A and G of the new regiment, were recruited, in the summer of 1861, in Washington county; four other companies, B, C, E and F, also from Washington county, in the summer of 1862; and one Company, D, from the same-county, in the spring of 1863. These companies had gone into service, as fast as recruited, in West Virginia, and had acted independently, those first entering taking part in the battle of Rich Mountain, in July, 1861, in which the rebels, under command of Gen. Lee, were defeated and driven with severe losses, and in October, at Greenbrier and Romney. Subsequently these companies were engaged in several other spirited actions with the enemy. Thus, at Blue’s Gap, on January 7, 1862; at Bloomery Gap, on February 14; at Strasburg, on March 19; at Winchester, on the 22d of the same month, in which Gen. Shields defeated the rebel Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson, inflicting severe loss; at Columbia Furnace, on April 15; at Two Churches and Rood’s Hill, April 17 and 18; at North River Mills, August 15, and at Dashu’s Mills on November 9. They rendered most efficient service as guards and scouts, during the winter and spring of 1863. When the rebel army invaded Pennsylvania, in June, these companies, with other Union troops in West Virginia, were summoned to the assistance of the Army of the Potomac. They arrived near Williamsport, Maryland, on July 8, where they met some of the enemy’s force, also on the following day at Fairview. The rebel army escaped on the night of the 14th, but was closely followed, and on the 17th the cavalry came up with him near Martinsburg, and fought with his rear guard at White Hall, on the 22d. In West Virginia, the campaigns of 1864 opened early, and on January 3, the enemy was met at Petersburg, where the battalion was engaged, and early in February at Lexington and Moorefield.

The six months’ battalion, which ultimately formed the nucleus of the new regiment, was recruited in June, 1863, and was employed under command of Maj. Morrow, in guarding the fords of the Susquehanna, above and below Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and in picketing the roads leading into the Cumberland valley. Soon after the defeat of the rebel army at Gettysburg, it was pushed up the valley in pursuit, and until the close of its term of service was engaged with other cavalry commands in holding the Shenandoah valley. Upon its muster-out, in February, 1864, the battalion was reorganized at a camp near Chambersburg, and its members sworn in for a term of three years. On the 22d of that month, the Ringgold battalion was united with these reorganized companies, and a regimental organization effected by the choice of the following field officers: Jacob Higgins, colonel; A. J. Greenfield, lieutenant-colonel; George T. Work, Elias S. Troxell and Henry A. Myers, majors.

The battalion at Chambersburg, under Maj. Troxell, proceeded to Martinsburg, Virginia, on March 1, thence to Cumberland, where it joined the Ringgold battalion. Early in April, that portion of the regiment not mounted (amounting to about seven hundred men) proceeded, under command of Lieut.-Col. Greenfield, to a camp of rendezvous for cavalry in Pleasant Valley, Maryland, where it received horses and equipments. About the middle of May, this detachment was moved to Camp Stoneman, near Washington, D.C. Four weeks later, however, it was ordered to Martinsburg, Virginia, where upon its arrival it was temporarily armed with muskets and, under command of Maj. Troxell, was assigned to the infantry brigade commanded by Col. Mulligan, who soon after marched his forces to Leetown, to meet the threatened advance of the enemy under Early. On the morning of July 3, the brigade was furiously attacked by a largely superior force. With the most determined bravery, Mulligan’s little band stood its ground, and for eight hours held the enemy at bay, keeping open the route of retreat for Sigel at Martinsburg, and thereby assuring the safety of the army and its material. Though fighting as infantry, Col. Mulligan had such confidence in this cavalry detachment that it was placed at the fore front, where it repelled repeated assaults of the enemy. After participating in various other marches and skirmishes with the infantry columns, the detachment was ordered to the camp at Pleasant Valley for the purpose of being mounted and thoroughly equipped as cavalry. It left that camp on August 8, and, joining the force of Gen. Torbert, led the advance of Gen. Sheridan, who had just then been put in command of the entire army in the Shenandoah valley. During the movements which followed, it took part in the fight at Kernstown on the 21st, where the men displayed great steadiness and gallantry, repelling repeated assaults of a superior force. On the three following days it was warmly engaged at Opequan and Berryville, and on the 25th, at Charlestown, sustaining considerable loss. On the 26th, under a severe artillery fire, it participated in an attack upon the enemy’s position, charging his lines, and capturing a number of prisoners.

Soon afterward the detachment was ordered to Hagerstown, where it joined the detachment which had been left at Cumberland in April. The latter had been in constant and active service during the entire summer, taking part in the campaign of Gen. Hunter against Lynchburg, and serving in the brigade commanded by Col. Higgins, under Gens. Sigel and Crook, with whom it fought in the battles of Newmarket and Kernstown on July 27. Subsequently it joined the division of Gen. Averell, and with him made a forced march in pursuit of the rebel McCausland after the burning of Chambersburg, coming up with him at Moorefield, where a decisive battle was fought, and the rebel leader was put to rout, losing many men and all his guns.

After the union of the two detachments at Hagerstown, the entire regiment, under command of Lieut.-Col. Greenfield, advanced with Gen. Averell to Martinsburg. On August 31, the division was attacked, and after a severe engagement was driven toward Falling Waters. On September 2, it again advanced to Darkesville, and boldly attacked, capturing the enemy’s wagon-train. On the 3d at Bunker Hill, and on the 4th at Stephenson’s Depot, it was engaged with superior forces of infantry and cavalry, and on the 7th charged the enemy at Darkesville, driving him in confusion. On the 12th it was again engaged in action at Bunker Hill, and on the 15th at Bucklestown, in each of which the regiment bore itself most gallantly.

Gen. Sheridan was now ready to move upon Early with all his forces. On September 18 the 22d charged the enemy at Martinsburg, and early on the following morning pursued his retreating forces toward Winchester. On the same day (September 19) Sheridan attacked at the Opequan, and at evening the regiment joined in the cavalry charge which finally routed the rebel army, and sent him in flight and confusion through Winchester, the 22d capturing a battery and eighty men. Following the retreating enemy, it came up with him at Fisher’s Hill, where it participated in the fierce fighting which again routed the enemy, and on the 26th pushed the advantage by attacking at Mount Vernon Forge. On the 27th the division was surprised while in camp, by a heavy body of the enemy. The 22d rallied, under a destructive fire, and delivered a most determined charge, driving its assailants back in disorder, and held the ground in face of an overwhelming force, thereby saving the entire division train. Its loss was very severe. At Cedar creek, on the 19th of October, it was again fiercely engaged, losing a number in killed and wounded.

During the latter part of October the regiment was sent in charge of a train bearing the sick and wounded to Martinsburg, where it remained until the 20th of December. It was then ordered to New creek, and during the winter was actively engaged in the counties of Hampshire, Hardy and Pendleton, operating against roving bands of the enemy infesting the mountains of that region, capturing and driving them away, and completely freeing the country from their presence. To accomplish this, the command was kept almost constantly in the saddle, and was exposed to great hardships and privations, in moving over mountain roads covered with ice and snow and swept by wintry blasts.

Their term having expired, nearly one-half of the men were mustered out in April, 1865. The remainder, under command of Lieut.-Col. Greenfield, continued in service until near the close of June, when it was consolidated with a portion of the 18th regiment, forming the 3d Provisional Cav. The new command served in West Virginia until the 31st of October, 1865, when it was mustered out at Cumberland, Maryland.

The Bedford county men who served in this regiment were as follows:



In the summer of 1863, Capt. Thomas H. Lyons (who had served as captain of Co. D 55th Penn. Inf.) began recruiting a company of cavalry for three years’ service, but when he had enlisted about twenty men his detachment was ordered to the front in Virginia. It was there consolidated with another small body of troops forming Co. C of Maj. B. M. Morrow’s six months’ battalion, Capt. Lyons being commissioned second lieutenant.


First Lieutenant: Thomas H. Lyons, com. 2d Lt. June 16, 1863; pro. to 1st lt. Nov. 22, 1863; m.o.w. co. Feb. 5, 1864, but immediately entered the service again. See history Co. I 22d Cav., three years’ organization.


Commissary Sergeant: David Weimer, pro. from pri. Jan. 5, 1861; m.o.w. Co. Feb. 5, 1864.
Sergeant. Scott W. Hughes, tr. to Co. I 185th regt. P.V., Jan. 4, 1864.
Corporals: Michael Heavner and John L. Spitler, m.o.w. co. James H. Beeler, William B. Filler, and William H. Hanks, tr. to co. I 185th P.V., Jan. 4, 1864.


C. M. Barkman, William Bowman and David M. Cooper, tr. to Co. I, 185th P.V., Jan. 4, 1864; Jacob Fletcher, m.o.w. Co. Feb. 5, 1864; Scott W. Fletcher, Harvey Grubb, Joseph Mowry and Henry Miricle, tr. to Co. 185th P.V. Jan. 4, 1864; Denton O. Martin, Wilson Nycum, John W. Snyder and John A. Snively, m.o.w. Co. Feb. 5, 1864; Ellas J. Snyder and Peter Whittaker, tr. to 185th P.V.; Jan., 1864.


This company was mustered into service for three years, during the last week in Feb., 1864.

Captain: John C. Hawman, m. Feb.26, 1864; pro. fr. 2d lt. Dec. 22, 1864; disch. by S.O. June 8, 1865.


Quartermaster-Sergeant: Lewis McDaniel, killed at Berryville, Va., Aug. 21, 1864.
Sergeants: William C. Wilds, Lewis Conner and Jacob B. Riley, m.o.w. Co. H 3d Pro. Cav, Oct. 31, 1865. Simon Felton, disch. by G.O. July 19, 1865.
Corporals: Simon P. Showalter, Isaac Conner, William A. Stalley and Jacob Chamberlain, m.o.w. Co. H 3d regt. Pro. Cav., Oct. 31, 1865. George Wilds, disch. by G.O. July 19, 1865.
Farrier: Alex. Elchelberger, disch. by G.O. July 19, 1865.


Samuel Ake,* m. Feb. 27, 1864; disch. by G.O. Aug. 14, 1865; William H. Armstrong, James A. Barton, John W. Blackhart, John A. Felton, George W. Houck, Samuel Leach, George Messersmith, Robert C. Miller, Simon Mellott, James H. Riley, John Ramsey, Wesley A. Ramsey, Simon B. Seigle, Joseph Wilt, George Wertz, John W. Woy, Gideon Williams; Sylvester Wilds and John Young, m.o. as members of the 3d Pro. Cav. Oct. 31, 1865; Jacob Emigh; Nicholas Garlick, disch; Jacob Karn, died at Cumberland, Md., Sept. 17, 1864; Benjamin Lucas, disch. ex. of term, Oct. 4, 1865; Bartley Layton, Hiram Mellott, John B. Parsons, Peter Whittaker, disch. by G.O. May 15, 1865; James H. Young, disch. by G.O. June 6, 1865.


This company was recruited by Capt. Thomas H. Lyons, at Charlestown, W. Va., Feb. 4, 1864, from men whose term of service had just expired as members of Maj. Morrow’s six months’ battalion. It then, Feb., 1864, contained one hundred and eight officers and enlisted men. Of its members the following were Bedford county men:


Captain: Thomas H. Lyons, m. Feb. 4, 1864; honorably disch. by S.O. May 29, 1865. He also served as A.A.I. Gen. on the staff of Gens. Lightburn and Rutherford B. Hayes from Jan. 5, 1864, until the date of his muster out.


Commissary Sergeant: Thomas K. Bonnett, m.o.w. Co. I 3d Pro. Cav., Oct. 31, 1865.
Sergeants: William B. Filler, pris. fr. Sept. 26, 1864, to March 8, 1865; disch. by G.O. July 22, 1864; vet. William H. Hanks, disch. by G.O. May 25, 1865.
Saddler: William H. Burns, m.o.w. Co. I 3d Pro. Cav., Oct. 31, 1865.


C. E. Blackburn, James H. Beeler, Christian M. Buck, Christopher M. Barkman; Job Blankley, vet.; William Bowman, vet., and John H. Bouchman, m.o.w. Co. I 3d Pro. Cav., Oct. 31, 1865; William Barnes; James H. Brown and William A. Chambers, des.; David M. Cooper, John Charleston, Scott W. Fletcher, Harvey Grubb; George A. Houck, vet.; Christian J. Lichty, Charles M. Livensgood, John W. Linderman, Elias J. Snyder, John Sipes, Seth S. Smith; Barton Spidle and Andrew J. Saylor, m.o.w. Co. I 3d Pro. Cav., Oct. 31, 1865; Isaiah Foster, disch. by G.O. May 24, 1865; Henry C. Fletcher, died at Martinsburg, W. Va., April 20, 1864; Scott W. Hughes, ab., sick, at m.o.; George W. Hixson, disch. by G.O. June 26, 1865; Henry Merricle, died July 24, 1864, of wds. rec. in action; bu. in Antietam nat. cem., Md.; Samuel Martin, killed at Brown’s Gap, Va., Sept. 26, 1864; Joseph Mowrey, des.; Raphael Sigle, disch. by G.O. Aug. 11, 1865; Samuel Stephens, Jonathan Whittaker and William Winslow, des.; Isaac B. Wicks, disch. close of war.

Capts. H. H. C. Kay, of Co. B, and W. L. Neff of Co. D, six months battalion. 2d lts. Samuel B. Tate, of Co. L, Daniel R. Kagarice and George N. Young, of Co. M, three years service, were also Bedford county men.


This command was organized at Camp Curtin on the 22d of July, 1864. On the same day it was ordered to Baltimore, Maryland, where, during its term of service (one hundred days), it performed provost duty. It also furnished escorts and guards, almost daily, to take charge of rebel prisoners on their way to places of confinement, and recruits destined for the front. It was mustered out of service at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, November 6, 1864.
The officers and enlisted men of Co. I, in which many Bedford county men served, were as follows:


Captain: Henry E. Quimby, ab., without leave, at m.o.
First Lieutenant: John H. Williams, m.o.w. co. Nov. 5, 1864.
Second Lieutenant: David B. Armstrong, m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: John B. Tobias, m.o.w. co.
Sergeants: Thomas J. Espenshade, Henry W. Corbitt, Jacob T. Kettering and Edward S. Ashcom, m.o.w. co. Charles A. Fagan, tr. to 97th regt. Penn. Vols.
Corporals: M. D. Barndollar, J. A. Eichelberger, George H. Corbin, James R. Homan, Samuel D. Williams, Daniel Kilpatrick, Samuel D. Trembath and Cyrus Riffle, m.o.w. co. Thomas P. Lee and John B. Penrod, tr. to 97th regt. Penn. Vols. Sept. 6, 1864.


William Snyder and Frank McCoy, m.o.w. co.


Frank M. Amos, Joseph M. Armstrong, Allison Abbott, Jacob Auman, John S. Bechtel, Amos H. Beard, William G. Barndollar, Joseph Bayer, Jacob S. Biddle, Jacob S. Baker, Harmon Clouse, Fer. Chamberlain, Irvin B. Cleaver, Fr. W. Cleaveland, Jacob H. Castner, William Cramer, Alexander Clark, Benjamin Donaldson, William Fulton, Benjamin H. Grove, Levi M. Gockley, Erastus J. Gump, Andrew B. Garner, Thomas G. Garner, Levi P. Garrett, Washington Hall, Samuel G. Hetrick, William Henershitz, John C. Hamer, James M. Isett, James A. Ibach, Thomas Jacobs, Joseph Jessner, Elijah Kettering, Samuel B. Kauffman, William Leonard, Joshua T. Lucas, Daniel Linderman, William P. Long, Frank M. Masters, William J. Masters, John Morris, Henry Myers, Nelson Moore, William McMahan, L. H. Peck, Henry C. Penrod, William B. Reed, Simon L. Replogle, Jacob M. Rahn, John B. Richards, Adam S. Ritchey, John C. Sparks, John Sparks, Henry Swartz, Calvin L. Snare, John C. Swartz, Jacob E. Steeley, Augustus Skipper, Thomas Wertz, Benjamin F. Whitman, Charles R. Whitehead and Richard Williams.

The surgeon of the regiment during its term of service was Dr. John P. Ashcom, also a Bedford county man.


The ranks of Cos. H and K of this regiment were filled by Bedford county men. They were mustered into the service of the United States, for one year, at Camp Curtin, during the first week in September, 1864, and on the 13th of the same month started, with the regiment, for the front in Virginia. At Bermuda hundred the regiment was assigned to a provisional brigade, and remained there until the 27th of November, when it was ordered to report to the Army of the Potomac. Ultimately it became part of the 1st brigade, of Hartranft’s (3d) division, 9th army corps. The winter was passed in comparative quietness, the division being held in reserve and posted in rear of the 9th corps line.

However, when, on the morning of the 25th of March, 1865, the Union lines at Fort Steadman were broken and driven back, the fort and several batteries captured, Hartranft’s division was equal to the emergency. Hurriedly called into line, this division advanced to the gap made by the rebel onset, and, pouring in upon the enemy a most destructive fire, held him in check until other Union troops were brought up within close supporting distance." At this juncture Gen. Hartranft received an order from Gen. Parke, in command of the corps, to retake the lost lines, and his troops being in readiness he gave the order to assault. Before Col. Diven (the brigade commander) could reach Lieut. Col. Heintzelman (who was in command of the regiment) with the order to advance, the lines began to move forward. Eager to be with the foremost, without awaiting orders, Heintzelman gave the signal to advance, and in the most gallant manner, battery 12 and the lines to the right and left of it were carried. In the folds of the battery, one hundred prisoners were taken, and along the line, two hundred and fifty more, including a colonel, adjutant and several line officers." The attack had been so sudden, and the disaster was so appalling, that when it was learned that this single division, almost unaided, had successfully stemmed the current of misfortune, and had retrieved all that was lost, the feeling of exultation knew no bounds, and for his conspicuous gallantry in recapturing Fort Steadman Brig.-Gen. Hartranft was at once brevetted major-general of volunteers.

In the brief campaign which closed at Appomattox, on the 9th of April, following, the regiment was actively engaged. It passed through Petersburg close upon the heels of the retreating rebel army, and was at Nottoway Court House, when Lee surrendered. Subsequently it proceeded to Alexandria, Virginia, via Petersburg and City Point, where it was mustered out June 1.

The officers and enlisted men from Bedford county who served in this regiment were as follows:

Alexander Bobb, m. Sept. 2, 1864; pro. fr. pri. Co. H Sept. 7 1864; bvt.-lt.-col. April 2, 1865; m.o.w. regt. June 1, 1865.
A. Sidney Russell, regi. q.m., m. Sept. 7,1864; pro. ft. pri. Co. K Sept. 10, 1864; m.o.w. regt.
Alexander Skipper, q.m.-sgt., in. Sept. 8, 1861; pro. ft. sgt. Co H Nov. 5, 1864; m.o.w. regt.
Martin Moser, com. sgt., m, Sept. 7, 1864; pro. ft. pri. Co. K Oct. 31, 1864; m.o.w. regt.



Captain: Harvey Wishart, m. Sept. 11, 1864; m.o.w. co.
First Lieutenant: William G. Eicholtz, m. Sept. 6, 1864; pro. fr. pri. Sept. 11, 1864; m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenant: David F. Keagy, m. Sept. 8, 1864; pro. fr. pri. Sept.11, 1864; com. bvt.-capt. April 2, 1865; m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: Joseph C. Long, wd. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; disch. by G.O. June 9, 1865.
Sergeants: William W. Nute, disch. by G.O. May 19,1865. John A. Boemer, Andreas Geniger and Samuel Langdon, m.o.w. co. Alexander Skipper, pro. to q.m.-sgt. Nov. 5, 1864.
Corporals: Joseph Gates, Robert N. Sheiner, James H. Way, Jesse Peck, Jacob M. Witters and John H. Will, m.o.w. co. Henry F. Gibson, wd. at Fort Steadman, Va., March 25, 1865; ab., in hos., at m.o. Samuel Uglow, disch. by G.O. June 6, 1865.


J. J. Housenworth and James A. Shade, m.o.w. co.


Job S. Akers, George Beard, David B. Bulger, Josiah T. Barkley; Benj. F. Brown, wd. at Fort Steadman, Va., March 25, 1865; Samuel Benkley, LaFayette W. Burns, Daniel B. Bulger, Barney Barton; Alexander Bobb, pro. to maj. Sept. 7; Jacob Colledge, Jacob Crawford, Adam Coner; Ferdinand Clark, wd. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; Simon Colledge, Alexander Coulter, Levi Cramer, Joseph L. Dougherty, John Elwell, W. S. Eiehelberger, John Echom, William Frederick, W. D. Faulkender, Joseph Fry, Thomas Ferguson, John H. Fluck, Stewart Flenner, Henry Gallbaugh, Jacob Geinger, George W. Gibson, James W. Gallaher, Ezekiel W. Gaster, John Himes, William Harvey, Jacob Hamman, Jeremiah W. Haun, John Hann, Joseph Hoopingardner, James Hacher, David S. Johnston, David Kelly, George Keagy, William B. King; Philip Lehn, wd. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1805; Isaiah Lehman, Abraham M. May, Philip S. Miller, Bartley H. Miller, John McDonald, John R. Oaks; Nicholas Ott, wd., with loss of arm, at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; Simon Peck, James Peightel, Adam Richter, Job Robinson, Joseph Ross, John N. Ritchey, John E. Rumel, Alexander Reed, Levi Stephey, David H. Swarts, Wilson Sams, William Stoner; John A. Slick, died at City Point, Va., April 5, of wds. rec. at Petersburg, April 2, 1865; John D. Spruell, Nicholas Uglow, Patrick N. Wilson, Stephen Weimert, William A. Walker, Brady B. Wise, George Witters and Lewis Wall. Of the privates who survived, all were honorably mustered out except Echom, Hacher, Spruell and Wall, who deserted Sept. 13, 1861, the day the regiment started from Camp Curtin for the front.



Captain: Adam Weaverling, m. Sept. 10, 1864; m.o.w. co. June 1, 1865.
First Lieutenant: Philip Bessor, m. Sept. 7, 1864; pro. fr. pri. Sept.10, 1864; m.o.w. co.
Second Lieutenants: Wilson W. Sparks, m. Sept. 7, 1864; pro. fr. pri. Sept.10, 1864; m.o.w. co.


First Sergeant: James R. O’Neal, wd. at Fort Steadman, Va., March 25, 1865; disch. by G.O., May 30, 1865.
Sergeants: William H. Gates, Oliver C. Ramsey, James H. Foor, Wilson M. Williams; m.o.w. co.
Corporals: John W. Sams, George E. Stalley, Jacob Chamberlain and George Riley, m.o.w. co. Samuel W. Williams, wd. at Fort Steadman, March 25, 1865; disch. by G.O. May 23, 1865. J. S. Messersmith, disch, by G.O. May 29, 1865. Joseph S. Bussard, disch. by G.O. June 26, 1865. George W. Heavener, died at Washington, D.C., May 9, of accidental wds. rec. at Petersburg, Va.; April 1, 1865; bu. in nat. cem., Arlington.


Henry C. Stailey and Simon Smouse, m.o.w. co.


William Amick, Joseph Avey, Emanuel S. Bussard, George Bowman, William W. Clark, Philip Chamberlain, John Clark, Daniel Cornell, Emanuel Conner, Simon Clark, William H. Cornell, Ezekiel Cook, Joseph R. Colledge; Eli G. Chamberlain, killed at Fort Steadman, Va., March 26, 1865; John L. Davis, William Davis, Porter R. Davis, James H. Everhart, Peter Foor; John D. Funk, wd. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; Jacob Fletcher, Brazella Foor, Samuel French Jacob I. Foor; Simon P. Foor and Peter S. Felton, killed at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; Samuel T. Gogley, James H. Giffin, Conrad George, John Householder, Thomas J. Helmit, James Householder, Wiley Hines; Philip V. Hollar, wd. at Fort Steadman, Va., March 25, 1865; Simon Karns, Benjamin Kissel, John Kissel, Abraham Latta; John Leonard, wd. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; Alexander Messersmith, Jacob Mellott, Barton Mearkle, John Manspeaker, Samuel May, Martin Moser, William McDaniel, Jacob Naugle; Peter Osborn, died April 3, of wds. rec. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; David Rinard, Andrew J. Riley, William W. Ramsey; Daniel Ritchey, wd. at Fort Steadman, Va., March 26, 1865; John F. Ritchey; David Ritchey, died at Petersburg, Va., Jan. 21, 1865; A. Sidney Russell, pro. to regl. q.m. Sept. 10, 1864; Augustus Snyder, Ferdinand Snyder, Isaiah A. Shaffer, Levi M. Shaffer; James Sparks, wd. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; Abraham Stuckey, William H. Smith, James H. Sparks, William Stoudnour, David G. Sparks, Israel Spencer, Levi Steel, William Shaffer, James W. South, John E. Satterfield, Robert Summerville, Joseph Thomas, Warner Thomas, David Weimer; Alvah R. Williams, wd. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; Daniel H. Whilt, wd. at Fort Steadman, Va., March 25, 1865; Joseph Williams, Samuel Wilkins, T. H. Weaverling, James B. Wilkins, J. T. Weaverling; Ezekiel C. Woy, wd. at Petersburg, Va., April 2, 1865; Peter Young.

What is a most remarkable fact, and without a parallel, so far as the observation of the writer extends, every surviving member of this company was honorably discharged, either by general orders, on account of wounds or disability, or at final muster-out.


The following is a list of Bedford county men who enlisted in September, 1861, under Lieut. William W. Anderson. They were mustered into the United States service in October, 1861, forming part of Co. E, 2d Penn. Cav. (the 59th in the line) commanded by Col. R. Butler Price. The remainder of the company was recruited in Philadelphia and other portions of the state. Lieut. Anderson was afterward promoted to captain of Co. F, and finally to major of the 20th Penn. Cav. See commissioned officers in the following "miscellaneous list." The 2d Penn. Cav, served in the 2d Cav. division (Gregg’s), Cav. corps, Army of the Potomac, and performed most gallant service:

Franklin Miller, disch. in 1864. Jacob C. Smith, vet.; disch. in 1865. William Baughman, died in service. William S. Suiters, disch. in 1864. Hayes Irvine, disch. in 1864. F. M. Hafer, vet.; disch. in 1865; since dec’d. William Hafer, wd.; disch. in 1864. John F. Sellers, John Moyer and John W. Snowden, all died in the Andersonville prison-pen. James Dicken, wd. and died in the enemy’s hands. David Dicken and Andrew Frederick, disch. in 1865. Frederick Feight, tr. to Co. H. Charles Smith, disch. in 1865. Vincent Raley and Asa M. Spriggs, disch. in 1864. Thomas Drenning, disch. in 1865. Isaiah Walters and Jacob Tharp, disch. in 1864. John Elliott, wd. and died in service. Nathan Smith, killed on the Rappahansiock in 1863 or 1864. Frank Elliott, Charles E. Harlow and George Hafer, disch. in 1865. William Hemming and Emanuel Wilkinson, disch. in 1864. Jonah Nycum, Upton Nycum and Augustus Hemming, died in service.


In the month of June, 1863, President Lincoln issued a call for Pennsylvania volunteers to serve for a period of six months. Under this call Capt. William M. Schrock, of New Centreville, in five days recruited a company numbering eighty men, rank and file. On the 24th of the same month -- June, 1863 -- a United States mustering officer appeared at the rendezvous (New Centreville) and duly mustered the company into service. Thus, it was the only organization mustered into the service of the United States within the limits of the county during the war.

Without arms, but under strict discipline, the company remained at New Centreville until July 6, when it was ordered to proceed to Berlin, Pennsylvania, by way of Somerset, with orders on the county commissioners for arms and ammunition. At Berlin the company was quartered in a vacant house located on East Diamond. It appears that the company was sent to that point to guard against an anticipated invasion by hostile foraging parties sent out from Maryland. On July 9 the company was ordered to report at Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, where large numbers of troops were assembled under the command of Gen. Miles. After remaining in camp several weeks Capt. Schrock’s command was ordered into the town of Huntingdon, where, with quarters in the court-house yard, it performed provost duty. On August 31 the captain, second lieutenant and sixteen men were drafted for duty at Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. Seventeen days later the company was ordered to Harrisburg and from that city it was sent forward to Gettysburg, where it guarded the field hospitals until October 23. Afterward, until December 11, its members performed provost duty in various parts of the state. From December 11 until January 8, 1864, the company was in charge of the Soldiers’ Retreat at Harrisburg. From date of muster in until October 2, this organization was known and designated as an independent company. After the last mentioned date it was attached to the 1st battalion six months Penn. Vols. as Co. H. The company was mustered out of service at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, on January 8, 1864.

From the facts that Bates, in his "History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers," makes no mention of this company, that government officials refuse to furnish a list of members’ names, etc., from original rolls, and that all papers relating to the company in possession of its officers have been destroyed by fire, it has been extremely difficult to ascertain anything definite concerning this company of Somerset county men. Hence we add that in compiling the foregoing account, as well as the roster which follows, Capt. Schrock has depended largely upon his memory. Therefore he says, "some inaccuracies may appear, but in the main the names, dates, etc., are correct. Some fifteen or twenty of the men re-enlisted a few days before muster out, but their names, etc., cannot be designated with exactness."



Captain: Wm. M. Schrock.
First Lieutenant: John M. Schrock.
Second Lieutenant: Sylvester Thomas.


First Sergeant: H. H. Mason.
Sergeants: A. R. Humbert, J. K. Miller, Joseph Lichty; William Putman, died Oct., 1863; John Sterner.
Corporals: Calvin Reed, A.W. Scott, Henry Mason; Henry Weiner, reduced to ranks; James Baldwin, Chauncy Beal; Alexander Showman, reduced to ranks. S. A. Chorpenning, Josiah Humbeth, Edward Delaville.
Teamster - Joseph Schrock.
Musicians. - John B. Findley, fifer. David Caldwell, drummer.


C. Altmiller, Henry Atchison, Owen Beal, Israel Biddinger, John Bittner, Edward Baltzer, John Baltzer, Rumannus Baldwin, George Cunningham, Ephraim Dickey, Jonathan Emmert, Herman S. Engle, J. J. Engle, John Enos, Joseph Pouch, Martin Flegle, Nicholas Flomm, Josiah Friend, Adolph Heinemyer, Hiram Hyad, Henry Hidy, Jackson Heinbaugh, John Humbert, William M. Hochstetler, Franklin Kimmel, Simon Klink, Henry C. Kreager, P. J. Livengood, Hugh Lambert, George Lowry, Silas Lyon, H.W. Lape, Samuel Meese, Gillian Meese, John Muman, William Maust, Jacob Markle, Samuel Minder, John Ohler, William Phillippi, Harrison Rush, Jacob Rush, John Ringler, John Sterner, Samuel Shaffer, Ephraim Shaffer, B. F. Snyder, S. B. Snyder, Henry Swarner, Jeremiah Tressler, Harrison Wiltrout, Samuel Wheeler, Urias Weaver, John Weigle, Silas A. Will, Harmon Younkin, Chauncy Youtz, Jacob Zigler.


This battalion was organized (for a three months term) at Camp Juniata, near Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, on the 18th of July, 1863, and was mustered out of service at the same place August 8, 1863. Of its eight companies, three were composed of Bedford county men as follows:


Captain: John C. Hawman.
First Lieutenant: Adam Weaverling.
Second Lieutenant: William Dibert.
First Sergeant: John Q. A. Nycum.
Sergeants: Harrison P. Williams, John Buck, Daniel McDaniel, Wilson W. Sparks.
Corporals: John W. Bowman, George McDaniel, Aaron Hill, John W. Gates, John Felton, Lewis Conner, John M. Van Horn, Harrison Norris.
Musicians: Samuel B. Sigel, Jonas Williams.


John Q. Adams, James A. Barton, John W. Blachart, Jemison Clark, William Clark, Nathan Cooper, George College, Simon Clark, William Drenning, John Davis, John D. Funk, Peter Felton, Simon Felton, Barzela Foor, Samuel French, Nicholas Garlick, George Grubb, Philip Hann, A. G. W. Houck, William Hughes, William Himes, Wiley Himes, John O. Hoffman, Samuel Heffner, David Kauffman, Henry Leader, Thomas Lasley, George Messersmith, Sanson Markle, David S. Markle, Jacob May, Samuel May, Simon Melott, William Melott, Hiram McDaniel, George Naugle, William Pittman, Daniel Ritchey, Samuel Rice, Daniel S. Ritchey, John Shoaf, John N. Shuck, Augustus Snyder, John B. Summerville, Joseph Wilt, William C. Whitfield, Benjamin Whitfield, Ephraim Whitfleld, Samuel Williams, Jacob F. Weimer, Harvey Wilkins, Josephus Wilkins and George Weimer.


Captain: Nathan C. Evans.
First Lieutenant: Henry N. Baker.
Second Lieutenant: Edmund Bedell, pro. to adjt. of the battalion.
First Sergeant: Joseph M. Armstrong.
Sergeants: John A. Woodcock, Castleton Ake, Samuel D. Trembath, David V. Evans.
Corporals: Jonathan Horton, Levi Ritchie, Martin S. Lysinger, Francis M. Diehl, William Bobb, Barton C. Smith, John W. Fickes, Alexander J. Wolford.
Musician: Alexander Ake.
Privates: Francis M. Amos, William Abbott, John Anderson, John K. Aultz, Samuel N. Baker, Baltzer Burket, George F. Bolman, Henry Brad, Jacob Baltzel, Burket Beighel, Solomon Crist, Francis C. Cobler, Eli C. Chamberlain, Austin Cartwright, Henry Diehl, Daniel Diehl, John Diehl, Walter Donley, Benjamin A. Deaver, Winfield S. Eichelberger, Samuel Edmondson, John H. Ealy, William Feather, Isaac Freet, Cephas Grass, Joseph Gordon, Henry C. Grove, Abner Hicks, John Hall, William H. Harvey, Thomas P. Hinish, William Hartagan, James Hopkins, Wm. H. H. Ickes, Joseph Isener, David Kelly, William Leonard, Levi Myers, John Mock, Tobias Mock, Emanuel A. Muck, Nathaniel Miller, Alvin R. McCarty, Randolph McConnell, Andrew J. Reed, Vincent Raley, Daniel Snowberger, Thomas Steffa, Joseph Stombaugh, Jacob H. Snyder, William A. Stewart, Philip T. Shoemaker, John Shoop, Alexander Trout, William H. Waltman and Jeremiah Wyant, probably intended for Weyandt.

Captain: William L. Horn.
First Lieutenant: James A. Brown.
Second Lieutenant: Jacob Wolf.
First Sergeant: John W. Defibaugh.
Sergeants: John Stoudenour, John A. Longston, A. Howard Cruet, Simon Fleegle.
Corporals: Hamilton Agnew, Isaac Hildebrand, Albert Arnold, Jacob Gates, Eli Alloway, Samuel Cook, James Gibson, Isaac D. Massey.


David Radebaugh, John Wilson.

William Alloway, Henry Anderson, Lemuel E. Bridenstine, Jacob D. Briner, Charles Bush, Levi Barkhammer, Solomon Beals, Samuel Carpenter, George Cremer, Levi Clitz, James Coughenour, Joseph Carney, James M. Decker, Samuel Davidson, Lewis Dull, Harrison Defibaugh, Andrew Fisher, Peter Fink, Thomas M. S. Gray, Oliver Gilchrist, David Gilchrist, Thomas C. Garner, Jacob Hull, William Johnston, Thomas Keeley, Harrison Lehman, Hiram Luther, Samuel Miller, John Miller, Nathaniel Moser, Samuel McEnespy, Charles McMullen, Henry Nigh, Josiah Pearson, Joshua Points, George A. Port, George Rhodes, Amos H. Rice, William C. Smith, George Smith, David H. Shultz, Benjamin F. Sloan, John Showalter, Edward Snyder, Aaron Sheeden, Orlando L. Swope, Josiah Smith, Josiah Trostle, Sylvester Trout, Samuel Valentine, Daniel Wisegarver, John Williamson, Samuel Waugherman, William Wolford, George Woodcock, John Woodcock and Franklin Yaultz.


Besides the companies and regiments of which mention has already been made, there were others containing Bedford and Somerset county soldiers whose record is equally as bright, though they were organizations in each of which these counties had but few representatives. Consequently, the names of the officers and men referred to are arranged in classified lists as follows:


Anderson, William W., who served as 1st lt. and capt. of the 59th Penn. Vols. (2d Cay.) fr. Sept. 14, 1861, to Feb. 22, 1864, was then com. maj. of 181st Penn.Vols. (20th Cav.); died of disease near Harper’s Ferry, Va., Jan. 17, 1865.

Ashcom, John P., m. as surg. 116th Penn. Vols. July 28, 1862; hon. disch. March 19, 1863; com. as surg. 30th regt. (emergency troops) Penn. Vols. June 25, 1863; m.o.w. regt. July 27, 1863; com. surg. 54th regt. Penn. Vols. Nov. 18, 1864; disch. by G.O. May 30, 1865.

Armstrong, Joseph, en. Sept. 30, 1861, Co. A 11th regt. Penn. Vols.: pro. to 1st lt. March 28, 1864; disch. by G.O. July 1, 1865.

Barclay, John J., com. 2d lt. Co. A 11th Penn. Cav., Oct. 1, 1862; pro. to 1st Lt.; m.o.w. of term, Sept. 28, 1864.

Berger, George H., Co. G 188th regt. Penn. Vols.; m. as 28 lt. April 1,1861; 1st. lt. July 4, 1861; capt. Dec. 16, 1864; m.o.w. co. Dec. 14, 1865.

Critchfield, N. B., com. chaplain 28th regt. Penn.Vols. April 18, 1864; m.o.w. regt. July 18, 1865.

Fundenberg, G. B., com. surg. 23d regt. Penn. Vols. Jan. 18, 1862; res. March 26, 1862.

Grier, Thomas J., 163d regt. Penn. Vols. (18th Cay.); com. 2d lt. April 26, 1864; 1st. lt. Dec. 2, 1864; capt. April 14, 1865; disch. July 21, 1865.

Hafer, Frank M., 59th regt. Penn. Vols.; com. 2d lt. Oct. 16, 1864; pro. to 1st lt.; m.o.w. 1st Pro. Cav. July 13, 1865.

Johnson, C. O., com. asst. surg. 34th regt. Penn. Vols. (5th regt. res. corps) March 3, 1863; res. Sept. 26, 1863.

Kuhn, John R., Co. G 93d regt. Penn, Vols.; com. 2d lt. Oct. 21, 1864; 1st lt. Nov. 26, 1864; capt. May 15, 1865; wd. at Petersburg, April 2, 1865; m.o.w. co. June 27, 1865.
Kuhn, A.F., Co. G 93d regt. Penn. Vols., com. 1st lt. Sept. 14, 1864, aflerward as capt.; m.o.w. co. as 1st lt. June 27, 1865.

Marbourg, J. L., m. as asst. surg. 40th regt Penn. Vols. (11th Res.) April 17, 1862; res. on account of physical disability and injuries received in service Nov. 28, 1862; is now a resident of Bedford, Pa.

Nelson, John, en. in Co. K 18th Penn. Cav. Oct., 1862; com. 1st lt. Dec. 16, 1862; wd. Feb. 25, 1863, necessitating amputation of right leg; disch. May 14, 1864.

Noble, John D., com. asst. surg. 51st regt. Penn. Vols. Sept. 14, 1861; res. July 21, 1862.
Phillipi, Franklin, com. 1st lt. Co. E 93d regt. Penn. Vols. Nov. 15, 1864; hon. disch. June 13, 1865.

Pearson, Henry C., com. adjt. 152d regt. Penn. Vols. (21st Cav.) Feb. 21, 1864; 1st lt. Co. H same regt., June 4, 1864.

Pensyl, P. H., com. asst. surg. 56th regt. Penn. Vols. Oct. 12, 1864; m.o.w. regt. July 1, 1865.

Reamer, F.C., com. surg. 143d regt. Penn. Vols. 5ept. 16, 1862; res. Feb. 3, 1865.

Vaughan, Aaron C., com. asst. surg. 105th regt. Penn.Vols. April 25, 1863; disch. for disability Sept. 3, 1864.

Watson, William, com. surg. 105th regt. Penn. Vols. Sept. 16, 1862; m.o. at ex. of term, May 27, 1865.

Weaverling, Adam, com. 2d lt. Co. A 11th regt. Penn. Vols. Sept. 30, 1861; hon. disch. Jan. 23, 1863, for wds. rec. at Bull Run, Va., Aug. 30,1862.

Weaverling, David, Co. A 11th regt. Penn. Vols., en. Sept. 30, 1861; pro. to 2d lt. Dec. 14, 1864; was wd. Sept. 17, 1862, and May 23, 1864; Vet; disch. by S.O. June 19, 1865.


Ackerman, Chauncey F., Co. A 88th regt. Penn. Vols., m. March, 1865; disch. July, 1865.

Ansel, Alexander, Co. H 147th Penn. Vols.

Andrews, Albert, member 2d Penn. Cav.

Barclay, William W., a grandson of Col. Hugh Barclay, of Revolutionary memory, served a term in Co. A 1st Cal. Cav.

Barron, William H., Co I 52d regt. Penn. Vols.

Baush, James H.. Co. G 93d regt. Penn. Vols., m. Sept., 1864; disch. June, 1865.

Bessor, Philip, sgt. Co. D 6th Penn. Res., a survivor of many battles, wounded at Fredericksburg, Wilderness and Spottsylvania, Va.; hon. disch. June 15, 1864; afterward served as 1st lt. Co. K 208th regt. Penn. Vols.; fr. March, 1865, was detailed for duty as aid-de-camp, staff of 1st brigade, 3d division, 9th army corps; disch. June 1, 1865.

Betts, George, of the "Jessie Scouts" 14th Penn. Cav.

Berkey, William, Co. K 93d Penn. Vols.

Border, Daniel W., Co. K 136th regt. Penn, Vols., m. Sept., 1861; disch. June, 1862.

Bowman, Benjamin F., Co. F 198th regt. Penn. Vols., m. 1864; disch. June, 1865.

Boor, Tobias, Co. E 50th regt. Penn. Vols., m. Feb. 24, 1865; disch. May 9, 1865.

Bruner, A. G., Co. C 210th regt. Penn. Vols. m. Sept. 8, 1864; disch. June 27, 1865.

Burket, F. T., Co. C 210th regt. Penn. Vols., disch. June 27, 1865.

Burket, A. L., Co. B 2d Md. Vols., m. Feb. 26, 1865; disch. June 29, 1865.

Cick, Anthony, Co. D 6th Penn. Res.; disch. June 15, 1864.

Cobler, Joseph, Co. C 210th regt. Penn. Vols., disch. June 27, 1865.

Corley, Jacob, Co. C 82d Penn. Vols., m. Sept. 21, 1864; disch. June 21, 1865.

Cooper, B. A., served in Co. F 107th regt. Penn. Vols. fr. Oct., 1864, until close of war.

Crissey, Rufus, Co. D 5th Penn. H.A., m. Aug., 1864; disch. June, 1865.

Ellis, George N., Co. E 21st Penn. Cav., m. June, 1863; served nine months.

Felton, Christian, Co. K 78th Penn. Vols., m. Feb. 28, 1865; disch. Sept. 11, 1865.

Fisher, Charles H., Co. B 46th regt. Penn. Vols. He passed through the battles of Winchester, Cedar Mountain and Antietam, was badly wounded through both thighs at Chancellorsville, but recovered after passing a year in hospital; he is now engaged as a bookseller and stationer in Somerset, Pa.

Forquer, Leroy, corp. Co. I 4th W. Va. Cav., m. June 7, 1863; disch. March 8, 1864. Afterward served in the 24th regt. W. Va. militia. Before June, 1863, he performed efficient service in an independent Home Guard Union Company.

Gates, Nathaniel, served as chap. in the 5th Army Corps for about one year, thereafter in the Christian Sanitary Commission until the close of the war. Seven of his sons, all residents of Bedford township, served in the army and navy during the war as follows:
Gates, Theophilus R, served in Capt. Filler’s Co., 13th regt., three months, also a three years’ term in Co. K 55th regt. Penn. Vols., and re-en.; wd. at Cold Harbor; m.o.w. regt. Aug., 1865.
Gates, Jacob, en. in 1861 in Co. B 1st regt. Penn. "Bucktails," served two years; disch. for disability; en. again in the 13th Penn. Cav.; cap. and a pris. at Andersonville, Ga., for eighteen months.
Gates, George W., served in the company and regiment mentioned in the above paragraph, through its entire term; was wd. in the seven days’ fight on the Virginia peninsula, and at Antietam.
Gates, Jeremiah E., served two years in the New Bucktail ret. of Penn., and was wd.
Gates, Charles H., served in Co. E 7th W. Va. Inf. through its whole term.
Gates, Samuel K., served for three years as a marine on the gunboat Blaekwater, and is still in the service of the United States as master’s mate of the steamship Ericson.
Gates, Andrew G., who served throughout the war in an Ill. regt.

Hamer, Nathaniel, Co. K 5th H. A. or 204th regt.; served ten months; disch. in July, 1865.

Heinbaugh, Jackson, a member of the 212th regt. Penn. Vols.; died near Richmond, Va.

Hinish, Jacob H., en. in Co. E 199th ret. Penn. Vols., 1864; disch. June 28, 1865.

Hinish, George W, served in the same command and for the same period as Jacob H.

Hite, George W., Co. C 210th ret. Penn. Vols., m. Sept. 8,1864; disch. June 27, 1865.

Horton, Zophar P., en. April 25, 1861, in Co. F 8th Penn. Res, and served three years; re-en. Jan. 24, 1864, in Co. H 191st Penn. Vols; wd. June 9, 1864, in front of Petersburg, Va.; leg frac.; disch. June 29, 1865.

Hoon, Stacy, en. in March, 1865, in the 2d regt. Md. Inf.; disch. in June, 1865.

Huff, Isaac G., Co. D 6th Penn. Res.; served a full term.

Hurley, William, en. Sept. 20, 1862, in Co. E 84th regt. Penn. Vols.; wd. at Spottsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864; disch. June 18, 1865.

Irons, John, served a full term in the 5th regt. Penn. Res.

Jackson, M. J., Co. M 22d Penn. Cav.; en. Feb. 24, 1864; disch. Nov. 6, 1865.

Keeffe, John (who had served as 2d lt. of the Bedford county company during the Mexican war), en. in Sept., 1861, in Co. B 3d Cal. Vols. At the expiration of three years, re-en. in Co. C 2d regt. Cal. Vols., and remained in service until close of war. Participated in various engagements with the Indians.

Lambert, Josiah, Co. K 5th regt. Penn. Vols., m. in Aug., 1863; disch. July, 1865.

Lenhart, Peter, a member of Co. K 29th ret. Penn. Vols.; died since the war.

Lenhart, Zarr, a member of the 2d Iowa Inf.; killed at the battle of Fort Donelson, Tenn., 1862.

Ling, Thompson, en. Sept. 1, 1864, Co. K 5th H.A ; disch. June 13, 1865.

Lohr, H. D., en. Feb. 22, 1862, in Co. G 19th regt. Penn Vols.; cap. at Chickamaug’s, Ga., 1863; disch. Sept. 12, 1865.

Lysinger, George, Co. H 107th regt. Penn. Vols.; cap., died as prisoner, at Salisbury, N.C.

Lysinger, John, served as a member of a nine-months regiment.

McDaniels, George, Co. L 3d ret. Penn. H.A.; m. March 19, 1864; disch. Nov. 9, 1865.

Mellott, Frederick, served as a member of the 12th ret. Penn. Res.

Mellen, Thomas R., who after serving in Capt. Filler’s Co. for three months in 1861, re-en. in Co. B 6th ret. Penn. Res. He was a gallant soldier, and was killed in the battle of Fredericksburg, Va.

Mallen, William S., dr., m. as a member of the 99th Penn. Vols. March 17, 1865; disch. July 1, 1865.

Miller, Aaron J., Co. M 21st Penn. Cav.; en. Aug., 1863; disch. Feb., 1864; re-en. Co. K 5th H.A.; disch. July, 1865.

Miller, William H., Co. G 93d regt. Penn. Vols.; en. in Sept., 1864; disch. June, 1865.

Miller, A. M., Co. C 92d ret. Penn. Vols., en. Nov. 14, 1864; disch. close of war; wd. slightly in front of Fort Fisher.

Miller, M. C., m. Feb. 24, 1865; disch. May 6, 1865; served with the 149th regt. Penn. Vols.

Mock, Samuel A., m. Sept. 21, 1864, in Co. I 91st regt. Penn. Vols.; disch. May 30, 1865.

Moore, James, served in the 5th regt. Penn. Res.

Moore, Cyrus B., en. in 1864 in Co. K 5th regt. Penn. H.A.

Myers, Luther, en. Feb. 28, 1865, in Co. H 99th Penn. Vols.; disch. July 10, 1865.

Nicola, Moses, served as a member of the 61st ret. Penn. Vols.

Penrod, John B., Jr, en. In Co. F 8th Penn. Res., April, 1861; cap. at Gaines’ Mill: re-en. July 12, 1861, in Co. I 194th Penn. Vols, for three months; en. third time in 97th Penn. Vols.; disch. June 17, 1865.

Potts, Theodore B., en. in 1863, Co. F 2d bat. Penn. Vols; disch. Feb., 1864; re-en. Sept., 1864, in Co.B 6th Penn. H.A.; disch. June, 1865.

Redinger, August P., en. Sept. 18, 1861, Co. B 1st Md. Cav.; disch. Sept. 20, 1864; re-en. in same regi. and co. Sept. 20, 1864; disch. as 1st sgt., June 28, 1865.

Ritchey, Adam S., en. in Co. C 133d regt. Penn. Vols., for nine months in 1862; en. a second time in the 197th regt. Penn. Vols., and the third time in Co. K 97th Penn. Vols.

Rice, Cornelius, en. Feb. 28, 1865, in Co. K 78th Penn. Vols.; disch. Sept. 11, 1865.

Rohn, John, served as a member of the 12th Penn. Res.

Robinson, T. S., served as a member of the 2d Vt. Vols.

Schlag, P. B., Co. C 52d regt. Penn. Vols.; en. Sept., 1864; disch. as corp. July, 1865.

Schaffer, Z. A., Co. F 91st Penn. Vols.; en. Sept, 1864; disch. June, 1865.

Sheeder, Henry F., Co. C 53d Penn. Vols., served three years; re-en. as vet. in same command; disch. June 30, 1865; wd. in battle of Fredericksburg, Va.

Shuss, Adam, Co. F. 56th ret. Penn. Vols., dr., served nine months.

Shroyer, John, Co. C 210th Penn. Vols.; disch. June 27, 1865.

Sigel, Stephen (a member of the Bedford county company during the Mexican War), en. in Sept., 1861, in Co. A 11th Penn. Res.: disch. on account of wds. in Jan., 1863.

Sigel, R., who served in the 11th Penn. Res.

Straight, Abraham, a member of the 5th regt. Penn. Res.

Tannehill, Alfred, died in service as a member of the 14th Iowa Inf.

Tannehill, Eli, a member of the 112th regt. Penn. Vols., killed near Petersburg, Va.

Thomas, Isaac, Co. G 186th regt. Penn. Vols., enlisted March, 1864; disch. Aug., 1865.

Valentine, Samuel, Co. C 210th ret. Penn. Vols; disch. June 27, 1865.

Van Ormer, William W., Co. I 53d regt. Penn. Vols.; en. Sept., 1861; disch. July, 1865; was wd. at Antietam and Spottsylvania.

Wenling, A. J., Co. C 210th ret. Penn. Vols.; m. Sept. 8, 1864; disch. June 27, 1865.

Wertz, George F., Co. F 56th Penn. Vols.; en. Sept., 1864; disch. June 4, 1865.

Weimer, H. H., Co. H 95th regt. Penn. Vols.; m. March, 1865; disch. July, 1865.

Wilson, David B., Co. G 11th Penn. Cav.; en. Oct., 1862; disch. Aug., 1865.

Woy, James H., Co. B 126th regt. Penn. Vols.; m Aug., 1862, for nine months; wd. at Chancellorsville through the arm, at Fredericksburg with bayonet in foot; re-enlisted in Co. H 208th Penn. Vols.; served till close of war.

Younkin, Alfred, died in service as a member of a Kas. regt.

Younkin, Frederick J., a member of the 52d regt. Penn. Vols., died since the war.

Younkln, Foster, a member of a Penn. regt., died since the war.

Zimmerman, Jacob J., Co. G 93d regt. Penn. Vols.; m Sept. 17, 1864; disch. June 20, 1865.

Zimmerman, John H., Co. G 93d regt. Penn. Vols.; m. Sept., 1864; disch. June, 1865.
The members of this company except privates Armstrong, Geller, Henderson and May, who enlisted in 1863; private Simon Smith, who enlisted in 1864, and private Western, who enlisted in 1835, were mustered into service from August 29 to September 14, 1862.
Samuel Ake, Esq., the well-known attorney, surveyor and claim-agent of Bedford, also served in the 1st Iowa Inf. (three months volunteers) during the spring and summer of 1861. This regiment, though its term of service had then expired, voluntarily and to a man, participated in the firmly fought and ever to be remembered engagement termed the battle of Wilson’s Creek Missouri. Of those present for duty when the battle commenced more than one-half were killed or wounded, and it was while leading this regiment in a charge against an enemy far outnumbering him, that Gen. Lyon received his death wound.

SOURCE:  History of Bedford, Somerset and Fulton Counties

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