150th Anniversary of McConnellsburg


Fulton County Established 

PRIOR TO 1850 what is now Fulton county was part of Bedford county and the county seat of this whole area was in Bedford, located in the western part of this large territory. Persons living in the eastern part of the county having business at the county seat were compelled to travel a great distance, some as far as fifty miles. Such distances over dirt roads with a horse and carriage was no easy trip. This was one of the reasons for the agitation of the question of dividing the county, so a petition was made to the Legislature to create a new county out of the eastern part of Bedford county. 

Fulton County was created by an act of the Pennsylvania Assembly, approved April 19, 1850. At the time of the passage of the act, Bedford County, from which Fulton County was taken, was represented in the lower house by John Cessna and Samuel Robinson, the latter a citizen of Ayr township. Mr. Cessna antagonized the measure, while Mr. Robinson earnestly favored it and by his untiring zeal and personal efforts secured the passage of the measure through the House of Representatives. The proposed name for the new county was "Liberty" but when the bill for the new county came to the Senate, it was found that that body was unfavorable to the creation of any more counties in the State, and the measure had little chance of passage. There were two Senators, Williarn F. Packer of Lycoming county and Charles Frailey of Schuylkill county who were old personal friends of John Pott, a citizen of Ayr township. These Senators were opposed to the bill. Mr. Pott who was enthusiastic for the new county, went to Harrisburg and made a personal appeal to his friends and won them over to support the bill for the new county, but Senator Packer requested the privilege of naming the county, which was accorded him. When the bill came up for consideration in the Senate, Messrs. Packer and Frailey moved "to amend the bill by striking out the word "Liberty" and inserting in lieu thereof the word "FULTON" which was agreed to and the bill passed. Thus through the efforts of Mr. Pott and Representative Robinson, who were ably assisted by many other citizens of what is now Fulton County, this movement was successfully carried through. The name Fulton was given in honor of Robert Fulton, a native of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, the inventor of the steamboat. 

The following is an interesting quotation from the 26 Section of the act; 

"An act erecting parts of Bedford County into a new county to be called “Fulton” it is among other things declared and provided that the citizens of the said County of Fulton shall before the first day of September 1850 raise by voluntary subscription, at least eight thousand dollars toward the purchase of lots, the erection of public buildings and the payment of the tax required by the State upon this act," 

In the 25 Section of the act it was provided 
that the commissioners in the said act 
named, "Are authorized to receive subscriptions 
in money and materials towards defraying 
the expenses of purchasing lots and 
erecting the public buildings of the said county: 
Provided however, that they shall locate 
it at the place which shall pay or secure to 
be paid the most money towards the erection 
of the public buildings." 

The Commissioners Henry Sipes, James 
Hughes and Frederick Dubbs appointed the 
following to secure the subscriptions; James 
Agnew, Thomas Greathead, W. S. Fletcher, 
Henry Hoke, John W. Bohn, S. E. Duffield, 
Jacob Stoner, Mark Dickson, James King, 
David Fore, William Keyser, Jacob Cook, 


Present Court House -Built 1852 

James Kendall, F. W. McNaughton, Thomas 
Logan, Daniel Logan and John Kittle. 

The inhabitants of McConnellsburg and 
vicinity pledged the sum of $13,000 and thus 
succeeded in securing the county seat. 

The Court House which was completed 
in 1852 cost a little over $6000.00, is a fine 
brick structure and in architectural design 
considered by many one of the finest in the 
state, surpassing similar buildings in many 
wealthier and larger counties. Until the 
completion of the new court house, the first 
sessions of the court were held in the 
"White Church". This old building had 
been erected in 1827 as a union church and 
was used by several denominations. It was 
located on south Second Street on the lot 
of ground now occupied by the residence 
of L. W. Seylar. 

Soon after the organization of the county, 
newspapers were established, the first number 
of The Fulton Democrat being issued 
September 20, 1850. The Fulton Republican 
issued its first number, January 17, 1851 
and later the Fulton County News was established 
in September 1899. 

The Civil War days brot many hardships, 
for Fulton county was a border county and 
many Confederate raiding parties came into 
the county to take horses, cattle and provisions. 
Out of a population of less than 9000, 
more than 845 men entered the service. Two 
events during the war were of more than 
passing interest; the first being the Cavalry 
battle which took place on the main street 
of McConnellsburg on the morning of June 
30, 1863 when a scouting party of Imboden's 
Cavalry enterd the town, coming over 
Tuscarora mountain by the Mercersburg road. 
Capt. Jones with a company of 1st New 
York Cavalry had entered the town a few 
hours before the Confederates coming from 
Everett and had stopped at the Fulton House 
for breakfast. On receiving word that the 
Confederates were coming, Capt. Jones and 
his company retired to the western end of 
the town and concealed themselves hoping 
to draw the Confederates down into the 
town and when the enemy had come as far 
as the Fulton House, they became suspicious 
and started to turn back, but Capt. Jones and 
his men charged them and a running fight 
took place and 32 men and 33 horses were 
captured by the Union force and two Confederates, 
W. B. Moore of Virginia and F. 

A. Shelton of North Carolina lost their lives 
and were buried near where they fell along 
the Mercersburg road. In 1929 a monument 
was erected by the Daughters of the 
Confederacy of Virginia and North Carolina 
marking their graves. 

On the afternoon of July 30, 1864, Brigadier 
General Bradley T. Johnson led several 
thousand Confederate troops into Mc-
Connellsburg, coming from Chambersburg 
where they had burned the town that morning. 
They set up their camp here for the 
night, General Johnson establishing his 
headquarters at the J. B. Patterson home 
south of McConnellsburg. The following 
morning after Gen. Johnson and his staff 
had taken breakfast at the Patterson home, 
the Confederates broke camp and marched 
to Hancock, Md., where they crossed the 
Potomac River closely followed by Brigadier 
General William A. Averell with more than 
a thousand Federal troops. In 1930 a marker 
was erected by the Fulton County Historical 
Society, the Pdnnsylvania Historical 
Commission and the Pittsburgh Chapter of 
the Daughters of the Confederacy, near the 
Patterson home, marking the "Last Campfire 
of the Confederacy North of the Mason and 
Dixon Line." 

On September 30, 1886, the Centennial 
of the founding of McConnellsburg was 
held and the whole county joined-in making 
this a long to be remembered event. The 
parade that day with its many floats, marching 
units and brass bands has been vividly 
described down across these fifty years as 
the greatest spectacle ever seen in the county. 

About this time, or from 1885 to 1888 
much interest was created in the county because 
of the building of the South Penn 
Railroad of the Vanderbilt Lines. This road 
was to cut across the upper end of the county 
and much of the grading was completed 
and several tunnels partly constructed when 
suddenly the work stopped and has never 
been resumed since. In 1915 another attempt 
was made to give Fulton county a railroal and 
the Fort Loudon and McConnellsburg Railroad 
was laid out and much of the work 
completed when suddenly the company failed 
and another railroad was added to the 
scrap heap. But with the coming of the 
automobile and improved roads, the mountains 
which had been the barrier to the outside 
world were conquered and McConnellsburg 
suddenly found itself on the greatest 
national hbihway of our country: the Lincoln 
Highway, the "Main Street" of the nation. 

The Spanish American War was responded 
to by about, a dozen of our young men 
who saw service in Cuba and the Phillipines. 

About the year 1900, McConnellsburg was 
given one of its greatest improvements when 
a water system was installed and within a 
short time many of the homes were enjoying 
its benefits. The water supply has come 
from mountain springs. 

During the days of the World War army 
truck trains at times would be rolling across 
the Lincoln Highway in almost a continuous 
un'broken line from the western to the 
eastern border of the county and McConnellsbnrg 
found itself on the busiest highway 
of the nation. With more than' 340 of her 
sons in the army and navy and three of her 
daughters as army nurses, little Fulton took 
its place in world affairs far from the mountains 
and valleys of the "Homeland". While 
the-young men and women served in army 
camps and across seas, those who remained 
at home gave time, service and money and 
denied themselves in wheatless, meatless and 
heatless days. An active countywide Red 
Cross contributed freely in money and service 
and aside from knitting and sewing, 
fed and housed hundreds of truck drivers 
and soldiers passing thru the county enroute 
to eastern sea ports. 

In August 1919, the "Welcome Home" 
celebration was given for the returning boys, 
all of whom came back but 16. This was a 
great day for the county and considered one 
of the best and most successful celebrations 
of its kind in this part of the state. 

In 1920 the Fulton County Fair was started 
and.today the Fair Association has a large 
and well equipped fair ground and holds anriually 
one of the most popular county fairs 
in this section of the country, drawing 
thousands of visitors from surrounding counties 
and neighboring states. 

On November 13, 1920, the Memorial to 
the Soldiers, Sailors and Nurses from Fulton 
County was dedicated, consisting of a beautiful 
center square in front of the court 
house. a Park Forum adjoining, and four 
large bronze tablets on -the front wall of 
the county building, containing the names 
of all 'who served in the Civil, Spanish-
American and World Wars; more than 1200 
names in all. In the dedicatory address of 
the late William C. Sproul, then Governor 
of Pennsylvania, he said, Fulton county led 

the state in erecting a most practical and 
lasting memorial. 

One of the most important events in the 
history of McConnellsburg and vicinity occurred 
on the evening of Nov. 16, 1923 
when electric power was turned on and for 
the first time streets and houses were brightly 
illuminated. This important step in the 
life of the community had not come about 
in a short space of time, but was the result 
of years of effort. The organization of a 
local company made up of fifty of the citizens 
and the erection of a local power plant 
and transmission lines in McConnellsburg, 
has given the community an improvement 
that did more to give comfort and convenience 
than any other thing in the 137 years 

Among the societies and organizations in 
the county have been, lodges of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows located at 
McConnellsburg, Ft. Littleton, Wells Valley, 
Harrisonville, Waterfall, Warfordsburg and 
Needmore. King Post, No. 365 of the 
Grand Army of the Republic has ceased to 
exist after having an active organization in 
McConnellsburg for many years. Likewise 
the Tuscarora Council of the Royal Arcanum 
and a lodge of Redmen. Wells Tannery for 
sometime had a Castle of the Golden Eagles. 
Today there are the lodges of the I. 0. 0. F. 
and P. 0. S. of A., a Grange with six locals, 
a Red Cross Chapter, American Legion Post, 
American Legion Auxiliary, Veterans of 
Foreign Wars and a Masonic Club. The Civic 
Club of McConnellsburg and vicinity is 
a most active organization of women. 

Few counties in the state, if any, have as 
large a percentage of its roads improved 
and hard surfaced as Fulton. A well equipped 
and well manned State Highway organization 
has its headquarters in McConn* 
ellsburg and is giving constant care, summer 
and winter to keeping these roads safe and 
in good condition. Today with thousands of 
automobiles and trucks traveling over the 
190 miles of improved roads in the county, 
mountains which completely surround the 
county and cross and recross its territory, 
are no longer barriers from within or from 
without. The scenery of the county has 
impressed its beauty on travellers from all 
parts of the United States and some have 
even spoken of this section as the Switzerland 
of America. The motorist who crave; 
romantic mountain scenery on a majestic 
scale can find it aplenty in Fulton county. 

In the early days of travel along the road 
which has become the Lincoln Highway, 
places to stop over night and secure meals 
were few and far between and consisted of 
stage coach taverns with very limited accomodations 
and few comforts. Today the traveller 
may find many places. There are lunch 
stands, restaurants, road houses, hotels and 
private homes offering good meals, and comfortable 
accomodations. In McConnellsburg 
along the Lincoln Way are four excellent 
hotels with all modern conveniences, at 
least six good restaurants, a number of rooming 
houses, several lunch rooms and drug 
stores serving refreshments. The motorist 
has at his service at least eight garages and 
many filling stations. 

Some folks who know naught else about 
it seems to think that Fulton county is distinguished 
only by the fact that it is the 
only county in the state without a railroad. 

This is partly true, but for several years 
the Reichley Brothers had a number of miles 
of railroad track within the county over 
which thousands of feet of lumber were 
transported. Of the more than 9000 residents 
in the county, there ar'e none of foreign 
birth, most all of the people being direct 
descendants of the Colonial settlers. 
There is no county debt, no county poor 
house, no asylum and the lowest percentage 
in the state on relief. 

And now we come to the Sesqui-Centennial 
of the founding of McConnellsburg 
by Daniel McConnell in 1786 and the Fulton 
County Home -Coming. During this 
celebration we expect to entertain thousands 
of former residents and visitors and may 
they find here the true spirit of friendliness 
and hospitality for which our people are 


Two score and ten have not seemed long 
Sincepeople stood beside the lines 
To see a great parade go by ---Centennials 
are keepers of the times. 

Some came on foot, some oxen-drawn, 
From every road they filled the town, 
Each township showing at its best 
While they were marching up and down. 

Brave Captain Skinner, Fulton's pride, 
Came riding on his steed of gray, 
Leading Ayr's great delegation 
On that bright September day. 

Now the rosy-cheeked cake baker, 
Who long ago was laid away; 
Through the years we still remember 
Lou throwing cakes and smiles that day. 

Now a dame with hair of silver 
Making olden times more real, 
While she turned with busy fingers 
That quaint old spinning wheel. 

Now a mammoth four-wheeled engine 
With a whistle that did scream, 
Rolling by with bands aplaying 
In its cloud of smoke and steam. 

Now a cage with bars of iron 
Sylvester Woolet drove with care, 
In a great fur robe reclining, 
Sammy Goldsmith played the bear. 

Then at night a happy people 

-Homeward wended back their way; 
May this next be likened to it 
Not one thing to mar each day. 

(Dedicated to D. Hunter Patterson, 
McConnellsburg, Pa.) 

Here is one who, passing ninety, 
Is a sponsor of our plan, 
Whose life has brightened many shadows-
Hunter is Fulton's Grand Old Man. 

This poem was written for the Sesqui-Ceniennial Program by Mr. William 

S. Clevenger of McConnellsburg. As a boy of ten, he stood on the street corner 
and watched the passing of the great Centennial Parade, September 30, 1886. 
May the memory of his words linger with us; and in turn our lips tell -them to 
our sons, and they again to theirs; and generations yet unborn repeat them to 
their heirs. 

Religious History of Fulton County 


HEN THE early settlers advanced 

into the frontier country, as soon as 

clearings were made in forests, log 

houses built and fields planted, they 

turned to the erection of Churches 

and schools. In many places, these 
two were one and the same building and the 
Minister was also the school teacher. 

The first settlement in what is now Fulton4 
county was undobtedly made in the 
lower'part of the county, not far from the 
Potomac river. These early pioneers came 
up the river to where the Tonoloway Creek 
enters the river and then followed this water 
course to their chosen place for making a 
home, which later became known as the settlement 
at the Conalloways. Here already 
in 1752 a place of worship was erected as 
stated in the following, taken from, "The 
History of the Baptists in Pennsylvania"; 

"This is the tenth and youngest church 
in the province among the British Baptists 
who observe the first day of the week 
for Sabbath. It takes its distinction from 
Konoloway River nigh to which the meeting 
house stands in Air township, Cumberland 
The place of worship is 22 ft. by 18, ft., 
erected in the year 1752 on a lot of 50 
acres, towards the purchasing of which, 
the Association of Philadelphia contributed 
12 L. 6,1 in 1767. With this little 
glebe the living is worth about 30 L. a 
year to the present Minister, who is Rev. 
Joseph Powell. He was born at Pennepek 
in the county of Philadelphia, March 6, 
1734, had his education at Hopewell 
where also he was ordained in 1764, and 
henceforth became Minister at Konoloway. 
He married Rachel Rose of New 
Jersey by whom he has children, Mary, 

Tonoloway Baptist Church Built 1829 

Eleanor and Anna. The families belonging 
to the place are about 40 whereof 30 
persons are baptised and in the communion 
of the Church. (This was their state 
in 1770). 

The second building was erected about 
----and in 1829 the large brick structure 
that continues to be used was erected. During 
the Civil War this building was used as 
a nospital. 

The next oldest settlement was made in 
the Great Cove in what is now Ayr township, 
Fulton county. Here as late as 1755 
'Inoian raids and massacres made it impossible 
for the daring pioneers from across the 
iuscarora to establish themselves. Between 
1760 and 1770 the Scotch Irish took possession 
of the Cove and already in 1769 began 
to petition the Presbytery or itonegal 
ior preachers. 

"To the Revd. Presbitery of Dunigall that 
is to meet at Rocky Spring the I an inst. 
The humble supplication of the Inhabitants 
of the Great Cove Humbly Sheweth. lhat 
we cannot Enough Lament Our Deplorable 
Condition for want of Publick Ordinances; 
we have not had one supply almost these 
Six Months & we know not what to do; we 
are well acquaint with the Revd. John Black 
and know that it was not for the Lucre ot 
gain that Caus'd him to take so much pains 
to Qualify himself for the Ministry for he 
might made more another way; but it was 
to Serve God and the Souls of Men. Therefore 
we have Joined Unanimously to Call 
& Invite him for God's Sake to come and 
take the Care of Our Souls Upon him for 
we are in a perishing Condition & almost 
past Recovery. 

We have sent Our Trusty & well Beloved 
friend James Galloway to attend the Revd. 
Presbetery, and Show Our Subscriptions, and 
act, and do for us as though we were all 
present-We Cast ourselves on your Care 
with our Sincere prayers that the Almighty 
God the father of our Lord Jesus Christ may 
Direct you for his Glory and the good of his 

Among the forty-one names signed to this 
petition were: David Scott, Daniel McConnell, 
Alexander Queery, James Galloway, 
John McKinley, Edward Head, Byran Coyle, 

James Cuningham, Francis Patterson, John 
Cunningham, James Liddle, James Alexander, 
James Gibson, Wm. Alexander, Richard 

The first house of worship erected by this 
group of Presbyterians was about two miles 
southward of where McConnellsburg now 
stands, on land lately known as the Jacob 

Hykes farm. All trace of the church, has 
long since disappeared but the old burial 
ground still remains. (In this old cemetery 
Daniel McConnell, the founder of McConnellsburg, 
was buried in 1802.) When the 
old log church was built cannot be determ

ined, but it was sometime prior to the Revolution. 
Before the church was erected, services 
were held in private homes, especially 
that of John Dickey, for many years an 
Associate Judge of Bedford county. 

On January 9, 1799, Daniel McConnell 
and Mary his wife issued the deed for the 
ground where the Presbyterian Church now 
stands in McConnellsburg. This deed was 
made out "to John Dickey, Joseph Bell, John 
Davis, John McClean, and Chas. Taggart, 
trustees for the Presbyterian meeting house 
in McConnellsburg." In 1811 this congregation 
erected a house of worship on this 
plot of ground in McConnellsburg which 
was used until the present large and commodious 
building was erected in 1868. 

No doubt the third oldest church organization 
in the county is the Sideling Hill 
Baptist congregation which was founded in 
1780 and erected its first house of worship 
in 1782. This first building which was a 
log structure was replaced with a frame 
building in 1826 and in 1871 the present 
frame structure was erected. 

From this point on, the history of the 
churches in McConnellsburg and the townships 
will be given, but it will be noted 
that 'because of lack of records, it is impossible 
to give the dates of organization 
or the building of a number of the churches. 

St. Paul's Lutheran congregation erected 
the first church building in McConnellsburg, 
a small log structure in 1801. This building 
was afterwards weatherboarded and painted 
red. The present brick structure was 
erected in 1848. The deed for the ground 

on which these buildings were erected was 
given by Daniel McConnell and Mary his 
wife, May 8, 1798 to Vandle Ott, Philip 
Coleman and Geo. Humbert, trustees of the 
Lutheran congregation. 

Daniel McConnell-and his wife, Mary, 
gave a deed for two lots in McConnellsburg 
to Lorance Bulger and Daniel Bloom, trustees 
of the German Reformed or Presby

terian congregation, May 26, 1798. Rev. 
John Conrad Bucher, who served as a Captain 
in the "Bouquet Expedition" to Forts 
Bedford and Pitt and later as a Chaplain 
in the Revolution, from 1765 to 1771 was 
an itinerant preacher of the German Reformed 
Church and rode over a parish extending 
from Carlisle to Ligonier, preaching 
at many places in Franklin and Bedford 
counties. He was undoubtedly the first 
trans-Allegheny Minister to preach in the 
German language and it may be certain that 
enroute through McConnellsburg, he visited 
and preached to the German Reformed people. 
For some years prior to 1830, the Reformed 
and Lutheran people worshipped together, 
Rev. J. F. Diffenbacher of the Reformed 
Church at Mercersburg preaching for 
both groups in the Lutheran church in Mc-
Connellsburg. In 1834 the Reformed congregation 
organized and called their first 
Minister and began holding services in the 
"White Church" which had been built as a 
union church in 1827. This building, was 
used until 1895 when the present attractive 
house of worship was dedicated as St. Paul's 

Reformed Church. 

The date of the organization of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church of McConnellsburg 
is unknown, but a house of worship was 
built on north second street in 1843. In 
1870 a brick church was erected on the 

"Square" and then in 1924 the present fine 
modern structure was erected on the same 

The United Presbyterian congregation is a 
union of the Associated Reformed and the 
Seceders of the Cove. At a very early date, 
probably cotemporaneously with the Presbyterians, 
the Covenanters (Reformed Presbyterians) 
and the Seceders (Associated Presbyterians) 
established organizations in the 
Cove. These two branches united into, the 
Associated Reformed Church and in 1829 
built a substantial stone church building niear 
Webster Mills. In 1858 the United Presbyterian 
Denomination was organized -and continued 
to worship in the -stone church until 
1886 when they built their church -in Mc-
Connellsburg. A small group however. of 
the original Seceders declined to join. with 
the U. P. group and these built a frame 
church building in 1879 where the Union 
Cemetery was later established. This group 

united with the McConnellsburg U. P. congregation 
about 1921 and their church building 
is now the property of the Union Cemetery 
Association and used as a funeral chapel. 

In 1914 the Presbyterian congregation of 
McConnellsburg joined with St. Paul's Reformed 
congregation in forming The Federated 
Church of McConnellsburg which organization 
has continued ever since under 
the care of one Minster, but continuing to 
use both church buildings, alternating the 

The churches of Ayr township include 
The Hebron Reformed Church which was 
organized in Hauger's school house in 1843 
in what is known as "The Corner". The 
building was erected in 1844 and continued 
in use until 1918 when its membership was 
transferred to the Reformed church in Mc-
Connellsburg. In 1934 the building was sold 
to the Church of the Brethren who continue 
to use it as a place of worship. 

In 1849 the Lutheran congregation of Big 
Cove Tannery was organized and worshipped 
in the school house until 1871 when the 
building still used by the congregation was 

The Methodist Episcopal Church at Cito 
was organized about 1900 and erected their 
church building in 1911. 

Just north of Cito is located the church 
building of the African Methodist Episcopal 

The first church building erected in Todd 
township was that of the Nazareth Reformed 
Church at Knobsville. The organization 
was formed in a meeting at Fore's school 
house, Feb. 6, 1843 and the following year 
the church erected and used by the Reformed 
people and others until about 1916 when 
it was removed. 

The church at Knobsville is the Methodist 
Episcopal which for a number of years has 
been serving the whole community. 

For some years the Church of the Brethren 
had a place of worship a few miles north 
of McConnellsburg, but because of the removal 
of its members from the county, it 
was moved about ten years ago. 

Several miles west of McConnellsburg is 
the Bethlehem U. B. Church which has served 
the people of the community across the 
Ridge for a number of years. 

The churches of Belfast township are the 
Sideling Hill Baptist mentioned at the beginning 
of this article and the Fairview Baptist 
Church at Needmore, erected in 1871. 
There is also a Methodist Episcopal Church 
in Needmore. The Pleasant Ridge Brethren 
Church was erected in 1877. There are also 
the Pleasant Grove Christian Church and the 
Ebenezer M. E. Church. 

The churches of Bethel township are the 
Presbyterian and the M. E. Churches of Warfordsburg, 
both buildings being erected in 
1858. Other churches in the township are 
the Cedar Grove Christian, the Black Oak 

M. E., the May's Chapel Christian, Bedford 
Chapel and Hill's Chapel. 
The Methodist Episcopal Church at Burnt 
Cabins in Dublin township was organized 
in 1835 and erected their house of worship 
in 1840. The Burnt Cabins Presbyterian 
Church was organized in 1851 and built the 
church they are still using in the same year. 
The M. E. Church at Ft. Littleton was organized 
about 1816 and erected its first house 
of worship some distance from the town 
where the cemetery is still located. Later 
they erected a church building in the village. 
There is also a M. E. Church at Clear Ridge 
and a Dunkard Church in the-lower end of 
the township. 

In Brush Creek township the M. E. congregation 
was organized in 1812 and worshipped 
for some years on the second floor 
of Aker's Mill and later in the school house. 
In 1858 the present building was erected at 

The McKendree M. E. Church, named in 
honor of Bishop McKendree was built in 
1825 and it is said that the Bishop was ptesent 
for the dedication. This log structure 
was replaced with the present brick building 
in 1867. 

In the lower end of the township are two 
Christian churches, one known as the "Whips 
Cove" church and the other as the Jerusalem 

Licking Creek township has several 
churches that this year celebrate their centennial. 
The Asbury M. E. Church, named 
in honor of Bishop Asbury, was organized 
in 1836. In 1839 a plot of ground was purchased 
at Green Hill and the stone church 
still in use, was erected. 

The Green Hill Presbyterian Church was 
organized Sept. 12, 1835 and the following 

year began the erection of their house of 
worship, which still stands, a well kept white 
frame building. The congregation because 
of death and removal of members has ceased 
to exist, but the church property and the 
cemetery are well cared for by an incorporated 
association of descendants of former 
members and friends. 

The Sideling Hill Christian Church is the 
third of the organizations started in 1836 
and the present building has been in use 
since its erection in that year. 

Ihe Siloam M. E. Church is also located 
in this township and has its place of worship 
along the Licking Creek just south of Harrisonville. 

Taylor township is well supplied with 
churches, there having been at least eight. 
The Zion M. E. Church at Waterfall was 
organized in 1843 in the school house and 
the building which is still used by the congregation 
was erected in 1844. 

The date of the organization of the Hustontown 
M. E. Church is unknown, but the 
first house of worship was erected in 1851. 

For some years the United Brethren had 
a Lhurch organization in Hustontown, but 
several years ago the church building was 
sold and converted into dwelling houses. 

The M. E. Church at Dublin Mills was 
erected in 1883. 

Other churches in the township are the 
Center M. E., the Fairview M. E., the Mt. 
Tabor U. B. and the Pentecostal tabernacle. 

As noted in the beginning of this article, 

the first church organization in the county 

was the Tonoloway Baptist Church in the 

lower end of Thompson township. Other 

churches in the township are, the Damascus 

Christian, the Rehobeth M. E., the Oakley 

M. E., the Antioch Christian and the Mt. 
Zion M. E. 
In Union township the Presbyterian 
Church was first organized in 1849 and a 
house of worship erected in 1866. This organization 
ceased to exist some years ago 
and the building has been used as a community 

Other churches in the township are, the 
Buck Valley M. E., the Buck Valley Christian, 
the Buck Valley Brethren, the Missouri 
Lutheran and the Church of the Latter Day 

Among the first families to settle in Wells 
Valley about 1790, were a number of Methodists. 
They organized about 1800 with class 

meetings and in 1818 built the first church 
building in the Valley, a simple log structure 
which was used until 1828 when a larger 
and better building was erected. 

The Wells Valley Presbyterian Church 
was organized at an early date and consisted 
largely of descendants of Alexander Alexander, 
known as "Double Alick", who was 
believed to be the first permanent settler of 
the Valley in 1772. For many years he was 
an Elder of the Presbyterian Church of Mc-
Connellsburg and a regular attendant at the 
services riding horse back over the 19 miles 
one way. The first house of worship of this 
congregation was erected prior to 1834 and 
about 1900 the present church building was 
erected in Wells Tannery. 

Other churches in the township are, the 
Pine Grove M. E. Church, organized in 1870 
and built in 1881. The Church of God at 
New Grenada, was organized in 1847 and 
its house of worship built in 1861. The U. 

B. Church was organized in 1850 and its 
place of worship erected in 1853. 
The people of Fulton County have always 
given the Church and the practice of 
their religious duties an important place in 
their lives. With 60 churches for a population 
of a little more than 9000 people in the 
county, we would say today, that the county 
is over-churched, but when we take into 
consideration, that many of these churches 
date back for 75 and 100 or more years, 
we must admire their faith. In those days 
there were only dirt roads and many of 
these but rough mountain trails, travel was 
slow and tiresome and every community 
feeling the need of a place of worship, built 
its church. Today with hard surfaced roads 
and automobiles, many of these church organizations 
could be combined into stronger 
and better churches. An interesting feature 
of the religious life of the county is, that 
every one of these churches is Protestant. 
With a population composed of native born 
and with no residents in the county of the 
Roman Catholic or Jewish faiths, there has 
never been a need for any but Protestant 
churches in the county. 

It has often been said, that in proportion 
to the population more young people have 
entered the Christian Ministry and the Mission 
fields from Fulton county than from 
any other county in the state. From some 
of the congregations of the county, as many 
as five of the members have given themselves 
in full time Christian service at home and 

Fulton County Schools 


HOUGH NO official record is available, 
there is evidence that schools 
existed in parts of what is now Fulton 
County, prior to the adoption 
of the present school system in 

One of the earliest of these schools was 
along the southern border and is thought 
by some to have been located in what is now 
part of Maryland. This school existed about 
1770. As early as 1777 a school was opened 
in Ayr township at Big Spring on lands oi 
Benjamin Stevens, about four miles south 
of McConnellsburg, Pa., on farm now owned 
by Daniel Knauff. Another school was 
opened in 1780, about one half mile south 
of McConnellsburg. From then to the present 
time schools have been in operation in 
what is known as Big Cove. At the time 
this article is written Ayr township maintains 
nine one-room schools in which the 
elementary pupils receive instruction. Those 
students who graduate from the elementary 
course and who so desire, continue their 
education by attending high school at Mc-

In Belfast township, then including Licking 
Creek, a German school was taught about 
the year 1790. In 1792 an English school 
was opened by a teacher named Henry Strait. 
Shortly afterwards a school was opened near 
the old Bedford road, now the Lincoln 
Highway. These schools were all located 
along the base of Sideling Hill mountain. 
Along the old turn-pike which was built 
1817 to 1825, children were taught by travellers, 
mostly foreigners, who tramped the 

Belfast township now has a fine consoli

dated elementary school housed in a modern 
brick building located near Needmore. This 
building has six rooms and a fine auditorium. 
There are four teachers employed at present. 
The high school students from the 
district mostly attend at Warfordsburg. 

In what is now Wells township, then a 
part of Hopewell township, a school was 
opened some time prior to 1790. It was 
located just east of a residence formerly occupied 
by W. L. Moseby, near an old graveyard. 
In 1803 another building was erected 
and used as a school near where Thomas 

Griffith formerly resided. In 1806, a deserted 
dwelling near Wells Tannery, was used 
for school purposes. In 1835, two schoolhouses 
were erected in Wells Valley, one 
at Gibson's, called No. 1, and one at Bivens', 
called No. 3. These buildings were considered 
as being grand for the time though 
each cost less than $100.00. Later an old 
log house near the Valley Methodist Church 
was used as a school and was known as 
No. 2. In 1846 the citizens of the lower 
end of the valley joined with the directors 
and erected a small house near New Grenada. 
This school was and is known as No. 

4. In the summer of, 1904, Wells township 
had the distinction of establishing the firsc 
Township High School in the county. The 
school was established under much difficulty 
and opposition. The first two buildings 
erected during the summer were burned before 
they were completed. Not to be out-done 
in what they felt to be a proper move, the 
directors erected a third building and the 
school was opened at the beginning of the 
term. Out of this school came some very 
fine material. Because of small attendance 
and failure of recognition upon the part of 
the Department at Harrisburg, the school 
was discontinued in 1910, being again converted 
into an elementary school. Wells 
township at the present time conducts twoone-
room schools and one two-room school, 
all elementary. High school students from 
this district are transported to Taylor township 
and to the Smith school in Bedford 
About 1800, the first school of record was 
opened in McConnellsburg, in a mere hut 
located on the commons of the town. It is 
thought that this building stood near the 
rear of.the Presbyterian Cemetery. In 1798 
land was conveyed to the supporters of the 
English School, which would indicate that 
there may have been both English and German 
schools in existence at that time. The 
land was conveyed by the McConnells, and 
is known as lot No. 60 just north of the 
Presbyterian church. 

A few years later another house, a frame 
building, was used as a school until about 
1820 when a stone building was erected. 
The frame building referred to was located 
at or near the rear of the present Reformed 

The stone building erected in 1820 was 
located near or beside the Presbyterian 
Church. Some time after its erection a second 
story was added to the stone building 
and both stories were used for schools and 
as a place for town meetings. This building 
was used until 1862 when a two-story brick 
building was erected. This latter building 

Second McConnellsburg PublicSchool 

stood on the south side of what is now 
Memorial Park adjoining the Court House. 
Evidences of the foundation may yet be seen. 
This building was so poorly constructed that 
it was necessary to have it propped by means 
of heavy logs in order to keep it from falling 

In 1881 the board of directors bought a 
lot of ground from F. B. Sipes, situated 
just north of the County Jail, now occupied 
by the Spangler Garage, upon which a 
one-story frame, three-room building was 
erected in 1882. This building was used for 
the elementary schools until the close of 
1907. Immediately upon the closing of 
school in that year this frame building was 
razed and the foundation work was begun 
for a two story brick building which was 
completed in 1908. This building at the time 
was considered very modern. There were 
four class rooms upon the first floor, and a 
large auditorium upon the second floor. Into 
this building were moved the elementary 
classes and the high school. About 8:30 o'clock 
A. M. March 23, 1922 this building 

was destroyed by fire. For the remainder of 
the term the schols were housed in churches 
and in the court house. In 1922 six acres 
of land was purchased from John B. Runyan 
on the south side of the borough and a new 
eight room brick building was erected in 
which school was opened in the spring of 

1923. This with many substantial improve

ments is now the location of the brough 


In 1933 the borough took advantage of 
the opportunity offered under the Federal 
Civil Works Administration and made very 
much needed improvements in connection 
with its school plant. By a vote of the citi-" 
zens the brough was bonded to its limife 
which was $16,000.00 for building purposes. 
Though there was considerable verbal opposition, 
the vote, when counted, showed a 
sentiment of four to one in favor of improvements. 
Plans were secured, a C. W. A. 
project was approved, work was begun, and 
when the work was completed there had 
been added to the already existing eight-
room brick building, three fine new classrooms, 
a directors' room, an office for the 
principal, and a much needed auditorium, 
sixty by one hundred two feet. The total 
cost of these improvements was about 

The schools of the borough were graded 
in 1847. There were at that time two 
schools in the stone building aforementioned, 
and a primary school was conducted by 
Mrs. L. M. Sterrett in her dwelling, now 
the stone house owned by Frank Ott,--,tast 
Lincoln Way. 

The first high school for McConnellsburg, 
and the first in the county, was opened in 
the Thomas Comerer building in 1898 with 
Harry E. Gress as teacher. Later the high 
school occupied the Clevenger building now 
used as a dwelling and is occupied by G. C. 
Fields family. This building was 'us'ed 'until 
1908 when all the schools were moved'to the 
new building on North Second Street. 

McConnellsburg maintains a senior high 
school in connection with its graded schools. 
There are four teachers in the first eight 
grades, and six teachers in the high school. 
At the opening of the term in 1934 this 
school began a Vocational Home Economics 
Department. This year, 1936, a Department 
of Vocational Agriculture has been provided 
for, begining September 1936. 

The first school in what is now lfZion 
township was established in 1844, but'was 
soon discontinued because of lack of attend 
ance. A second school was established inn 
1852. There appears to be no official record 
for the location of these schools. Later in 
1877 there is record that Union township 
had four one-one schools for the education 

of children. At the time of this writing there 
exists the same number of schools. They 
are known as Fairview, near Amaranth; Center, 
near Buck Valley; Barnes Gap, near 
Northcraft; and Harmonia, south-west of 

Northern Brush Creek opened two schools 
in 1837 and 38. Some years later, two more 
schools were added, but one of these, which 
was located in the northern end of the district 
was-discontinued. Southern Brush 
Creek which remained a part of Bethel until 
1864, had two schools in 1837. 

In order that the puipls of this district 
might h'ave more equal opportunities; in 
1935, the-board of directors provided a transportation 
route through the entire district 
from Akersville south, upon which students, 
who desire, may daily reach the high school 
at Warfordsburg. 

Thompson township was separated from 
Bethel in 1849. In 1874 there were in 
Thompson township six schools. Three 
years previous one had been closed because 
of insufficient pupils, but was again opened. 
For a good many years prior to 1874 this 
district had maintained six schools. There 
are, at this time, six one-room schools in 
the district. At one time there were seven, 
but the one near Sharpe post office, Independence 
by name, was closed and the children 
are transported to Center which is near 
Plum Run. Most of the students from this 
district enter high school at Hancock, Md. 

In all that territory known as Bethel, 
now Bethel, Thompson, Union, and that 
part of Brush Creek known as Whip's Cove, 
there were but eight schools in 1834. 

Dublin"Township which included Taylor 
township until 1849, established schools in 
accordance with the new school law in 1837. 
Five schools were opened; one at Burnt Cabins, 
one at Ft. Littleton, and the other three 
in what is now Taylor township. Of the 
location of these latter schools we have no 
definite information. 

Dublin township through the following 
years increased the number of schools as was 
necessary to accomodate the growing number 
of children. At one time, about 1909, this 
township maintained eight schools. A close 
check-up showed that several of them had 
very small enrollments and the movement 
of consilidation was begun by first closing 
one and then another until in 1928 when a 
fine-consolidated school building wes erected 

at Ft. Littleton. To this building all the 
pupils are being transported. There are 
three teachers in the six lower grades and 
three in the Junior High School which consists 
of grades 7-8-9-10. The high school 
work is mostly completed in Taylor township 
and McConnellsburg. 

As above stated there were three schools 
in Taylor township established in 1837. Others 
were added until there were located at 
various points within its borders eight one-
room schools. Seven of these are still 
maintained. One has been closed and the 
pupils are transported. In 1925 this district 
established a township high school. The 
first two or three years it was assembled in 
the first floor of the P. 0. S. of A. hall in 
Hustontown. In 1927-28 a fine four room 
brick high school building was erected and 
the school transferred to it. This school atop 
the hill just west of Hustontown, is a first 
class senior high school and draws students 
from Wells and Dublin townships and from 
Huntingdon County. 

After the adoption of the Free School System 
for the State in 1834, much more interest 
in schools was manifested. It however 
was not unanimously favorable to better 
schools. There was no classification worth 
while and very little, if any, supervision for 
a number of years, until the department of 
County Superintends was established. For 
the most part just four subjects were taught 
-Spelling, Reading, Writing, and Ciphering. 

At that time 36 schools existed having 36 
teachers, within the county. As the population 
increased in some sections and decreased 
in others, the number of schools and the 
location of them varied from time to time 
until the number of teachers employed 
reached a maximum of eighty-seven, most of 
them in one-room schools. 

To-day there are in Fulton County 34 one-
room schools, two two-room schools, five 
graded elementary schools, and five high 
schools. There are 20 teachers employed 
in the graded schools and 21 teachers in the 
high schools. 

Since about 1909 rural districts have been 
studying more carefully the advantages of 
school administration, and as a result the 
spirit of consolidation took hold in several 
of the rural districts. From consolidation 
the idea moved on to one-of centralized 
district schools. Bethel, Licking Creek, Dublin 
and Belfast townships now have consoli

dated schools. To these schools the children 
are being transported in motorized 
busses at the expense of the district. 

Bethel township maintains a four year 
senior high school along with its graded 
elementary school. This institution is housed 
in a fine brick building located near Warfordsburg. 
This school was organized in 
1928. In addition to the regular academic 
course, the board of directors has wisely provided 
for a Department of Vocational Agriculture 
which will be available at the opening 
of the term 1936, and will mean much 
to the boys in this section of the county. 

This fine building contains eight rooms 
and a large auditorium. The board this 
year has spent much money and effort in 
making improvements to the building. The 
entire ground has been graded and the inside 
of the building has been completely 
painted. There was also a new roof put on 
the building. The first one being defective. 

Licking Creek township erected a combined 
consilidated elementary school and 
Junior-Senior high school in 1927. This 
school is located at Green Hill along the 
Lincoln Highway about one mile west of 
Harrisonville. This school gives the students 
of the district an opportunity otherwise impossible 
in many instances. It offers to the 
boys and girls both General Home Economics 
and General Agriculture. The building 

contains eight rooms and a large auditorum. 
With all this space available there is now in 
some of the classes a very much crowded 

After the establishment of the Department 
of County Superintendents for the entire 
State, school conditions improved more 
rapidly. Supervision and instruction of a 
better type added much to the better education 
of the pupils; 

The office of County Superintendent-was 
not a very lucrative position at -the -time 
of its adoption and for quite some-time afterwards. 
The first superintendent received 
an annual salary of $-200.00. This compensation 
was and has been -increased from time 
tow time. At the present time salaries- are 
regulated by State Law. 

The first County Superintendent was Reverend 
Robert Ross who served one term. 
John S. Robinson was then elected and 
George A. Smith finished his term by appointment. 
W. A. Gray then served one 
term. Professor J. F. Davis was then elected 
and John A. Woodcock was appointed 
to finish his term. Following in order from 
then were Hiram Winter, H. H. Woodall, 
Jos. F. Barton, B. W. Peck, Clem Chesnut, 
Charles E. Barton, B. C. Lamberson, J. Emery 
Thomas, Horace M. Griffith, and B. C. 
Lamberson, the present incumbent. _ 

Centennial Group -1886 

FInancialand IndustrialDevelopment


HE HISTORY of any locality can cover the mountains and dot the valleys can 
be pretty accurately described by its supply charcoal, and the bituminous coal 

economic development. F u l t o n 
County, in the words of one of its 
historians has been "singularly unemcumbered 
with capitalists". From 

the time when tne first settlers picked their 
way gingerly through the deep woods looking 
tot water, until today wien we watch the 
worid s trattic Bowing past our doors, kulton 
County has enjoyed a purely agrarian development. 
We live close to the soil securely 
rooted in the pioneer tradition, watching 
nlte harvests come with the slow turning ox 
the seasons, hearing scarcely more than an 
ecno or the uproar in the universe around 

ihe mineral wealth of Fulton County has 
never been exploited, due, in large measure, 
to its isolated location, and the inaccessability 
or the known deposits. Agriculture has 
been our primary occupation trom the earliest 
periou or small, stump-filled clearings 
until this era of the machine. With the 
inevitable logic of the frontier, the manufacture 
of leather developed as a second industry. 
The county was dotted with smithies; 
there were also lumber mills and grist 
mills. One historian, in his enthusiasm to 
do honor to the thrift and ingenuity of the 
early settlers, says they established woolen 
mills also. This may have been an overoptimistic 
view of the situation since these 
cannot have been more than enlarged cottage 

There has always been a tantalizing possibility 
that the county might develop into a 
mining center. Men have rollowed will-'o-the 
wisp dreams of great wealth that have led 
them into morasses of bankruptcy but not 
of disillusionment. Writing in 1876 Captain 
James Pott of Pott's Mills insists: "The 
great element of the future wealth of this 
county lies in its vast store of minerals, as 
yet scarcely developed further than to demonstrate 
its existence. Iron ores abound everywhere 
in great profusion-hematite, fossil, 
pipe micaceous, and others-but the 
richest veins and deposits exist in the eastern 
portion, from the Maryland line to the 
northern end of the county, while in all 
parts are found rich deposits of different varieties. 
The dense forests of timber which 

fields in the northern part of the county, the 
coke for smelting the ores in unlimited abundance. 
(We point out that Captain Pott's 
dense forests are mainly a thing or tre pas., 
partly because o0 wasrerul lumoering operations, 
and partly because or destructive Iorest 
frles.) Dickey's Mountain, in the southeastern 
part ol the county, is exceedingly 

rich in hematite and fossil ores, while Lowry's 
Knob, at the northern terminus or Dick'
ys Mountain, six miles south of viCi, 
nellsburg, is a mass o0 richest hematite ore, 
and the same is found in diuerenC parts 
of the contiguous valley and surrounding 

Captain Pott describes the foundation of 
the Hanover Iron Works "beginning as far 
back as 1827, and coming down to 184/, 
located at a point nine miles south of Mc-
Connellsburg, where exists the best water 

supply in the county. For a time business 
boomed; hematite from Lowry's Knob one 
mile away was hauled to the works where 
two furnaces and two forges were in constant 
operation. Ironically, fossil ore in 
Dickey's Mountain was not discovered until 
1841, when the mining industry had fallen 
upon evil days." The utter destruction of 
the iron business was completed in 1846-47, 
at which time operations at these establishments 
were suspended, and the works finally 
abandoned-"lhe result," remarks Captain 
Pott bitterly, "of the free trade traffic of 
1846, and not from want of either ore or 

W. Scott Alexander, Esq., writing for the 
old Philadelphia Sunday Times, 1895, continues 
lyrically where Captain Pott leaves off, 
"Both the iron ore and coal remain practically 
undeveloped by reason of the absence of 
railroads; but give the county railroads, and 
it will blossom like the rose. No county in 
the state affords a richer field for development 
than does the county without a railroad 
. .. . There are millions in it, and the 
inhabitants of counties with abandoned coal 
mines, dry oil wells, and timberless hills can, 
with a frown or a smile, seek the county awaiting 
future development." 
In addition to these homelier metals, silver 
in some quantity is said to lurk some

where in the fastnesses of Fulton County's 
mountains. There are fascinating tales of 
old mines used by the Indians, discovered 
by the whites, and then forgotten. Here 
and there men more visionary than wise, 
spent heart-breaking years searching for the 
old diggings. Nothing of any consequence 
was ever unearthed. 

This preoccupation with minerals has 
been, with one or two exceptions, outside 
the routine of daily work. Farmers, millers, 
blacksmiths, tanners, merchants, bakers, lawyers, 
doctors, ministers, bankers pursued the 
even tenure of their days without wasting 
overmuch time dreaming of wealth underfoot. 
Save for several abortive attempts to 
establish factories, and one scandalous gesture 
in the direction of a railroad, business 
enterprises have been conducted on a scale 
suitable to the needs of the county. As a 
result, there have been no labor disturbances 
and comparatively little unemployment; no 
great wealth but little dire poverty. 

Pioneers built mills even before they felled 
trees or cleared land for their own cabins. 
Since bread and hoe cakes formed a substantial 
part of the settlers' diet, these flour 
mills were the center of activity in each tiny 

The flour mills were always built along 
some stream of water large enough to guarantee 
a never-failing supply of power to 
turn the heavy stone rollers. After such a 
stream had been located, a saw-mill would 
be erected on the stream above the site chosen 
for the mill. A raceway would be excavated, 
if possible at a little falls, to serve 
both the sawmill and the flour mill. Remains 
of these old sawmills can be located 
near almost all of the pioneer grist mills. 
When the immense rafters of the mill building 
had been heaved into place, the burr 
stone would be rolled into its base. (These 
stones were usually imported from France 
and were installed at the expense of untold 
effort. Such a stone can be seen at the 
old Maun or Hoke Mill one-half mile below 
McConnellsburg). The establishment 
would then be ready to begin its rumbling 
labors to supply the settlement its staff of 

Beside serving to stimulate trade within 
the community; the early grist mills also 
made possible the establishment of other industries. 
Farmers brought grain to be 
ground on the understanding that one bush

el in ten should belong to the miller. This 
flour and any surplus that the settlers themselves 
might have was shipped out of the 
settlements to the seaboard markets. Since, at 
best transportation was slow and cumbersome 
grain was almost always ground, packed 
into wooden barrels and carted down to 
the nearest market. Some of it was hauled 
in Conestoga wagons clear to Baltimore: 
Since these barrels were needed for the storing 
of grain, the colonists had to make their 
own or do without. Cooperages were built 
to supply the barrels, which were hand-whittled. 
These cooperages were usually set up 
below the grist mills along the streams. 

The old Brewer Mill on the Tonoloway 
is perhaps the oldest mill in the county, although 
this is uncertain since no exact dates 
exist. There is a tradition that the Widow 
Kendall, one of the first of the settlers in 
the Big Cove, carried her grain to the mill 
slung before her on a horse. Leaving her 
older children to take care of themselves she 
set her youngest child on the grain bags and 
rode steadily for two days. She was in the 
habit of staying at the mill until the flour 
was ready for her to take home. This would 
argue the existence of a mill older than the 
Hunter Mill built in 1812, or the Humbert 
Mill, for which a deed exists dated 1813. 
Space does not permit us to go into detail 
about the founding of these first grist mills. 
All of them, whether on the Tonoloway, the 
Licking Creek, or the other little streams that 
thread the county, played their brave roles 
in the growth of our community. 

Duffey's Mill -Built 1812 

The Huntet Mill (known as the Duffey 
Mill today) was built by William Hunter 
about 1812. His son David Hunter enlarged 
and remodeled the original mill about 
1827, a necessity since the Cove road had 
changed its course slightly and now ran behind 
the mill instead of in front of it. The 
original mill stone still stands in the Duffey 
Mill, although for some years it has not been 
used. The Humberts built the Maun or 
Hoke Mill on land bought from David 
Scott who had a Proprietary grant to the 
tract. In 1842, David Hunter, the grandfather 
of Mr. Hunter Patterson also built 
the mill now operated by Lewis Crouse. 
In 1847, a mill below Big Cove Tannery, 
formerly an iron foundry, was converted into 
a flour mill. There was also an interesting 
mill on the Nesbitt farm. Other well-
known mills in the county are the Hershey 
Mill at Knobsville and the Baldwin Mill 
at Ft. Littleton, the Bergstresser Mill at 
Waterfall, and the Layton Mill at Warfordsburg, 
not much of their histories has 
been available. 

One of the best histories of the County 
informs us that "next to agriculture the principal 
industry of the county was at one 
time the manufacture of leather." There 
were tanneries at Emmaville, Franklin Mills 
and Saluvia. There were also tanneries owned 
by Lyon and Patterson at Wells Tannery, 
the Robinson Tannery at Big Cove 
Tannery, and the Greathead and Wagner 
Tannery in McConnellsburg. These tanneries 
were among the best in the state; they 
did a big business. They used only oak for 
the tanning. 

-There is little space to tell of the crossrcads 
stores and the inestimable services 
they have rendered the county. Traders are 
e-v-r in the van of civilization; merchants 
with established business follow. About 
them villages spring up and prosper as the 
merchants prosper, or wither as the merchant 

No consideration of the financial and industrial 
history of the county would be complete 
without reference to the growth and 
expansion of business within the confines of 
these mountains. The expansion of our 

banking system provides an excellent example. 

Since the dawn of history, metals such as 
gold, silver, copper have been used as a 
medium of exchange to facilitate commerce 
between countries. A more cumbersome 

system was necessarily employed by the 
American colonists because of the scarcity of 
cash money. The colonists used an odd assortment 
of shillings, doubloons, Spanish 
dollars, lire, or any other odd coin that happened 
to drift into the exchange. There was 
no certain standard of value, so the settlers 
made their own. They saw few coins from 
one year's end to the next. A shilling, once 
in a man's chest or safely buried under his 
hearth-stone, was likely to stay there until 
forced out into the thin trickle of currency. 
The barter system was adopted as a logical 
expedient. Farmers traded wheat, corn, po-. 
tatoes, dried apples and cherries,. butter and 
eggs for the few staples they required: salt, 
dress goods and coffee. Grain was ground 
by the miller for a percentage of the flour 
(I bushel in 10.) This system of barter was 
more or less satisfactorily employed until 
the middle of the nineteenth century when 
conditions changed and the old way became 
more of a hindrance than a help. Farms 
were producing a surplus so that the farmer 
had a balance of trade in his favor. It 
was often an inconvenience and always a 
danger to carry money long distances from 
market to the farm. Due to the peculiar 
isolation of Fulton County, a man was dependent 
upon his firearms or his muscle if 
he happened to meet a highwayman. He 
could, of course, allow his balance to accumulate 
in another community, but that 
scheme was also not without an element of 

insecurity. It became apparent that what the 
county needed was a bank. 

Accordingly, in February of 1887, the first 
bank was organized. This was a private institution 
owned and.operated by D. B. Nace, 

W. H. Nelson, B. M. Lodge, Geo. J. Pittman, 
J. Nelson Sipes, Wm. A. Kendall, and 
A. U. Nace, the only surviving member of 
the original organization. The articles of 
organization called for a capital of $10,000. 
On account of the scarcity of cash in the 
county, the capital employed for the first 
three years was only $3,000. The total assets 
at the opening were under $9,000. Not 
until 1895 was the capital increased to the 
full amount of $10,000. B. M. Lodge was 
the first president and D. B. Nace, the first 
cashier of this bank, which hopefully opened 
its doors for business in a small front 
room of a house owned by D. B. Nace. 
The First National Bank was later built on 
the site of this old house. 
At this time, mails in Fulton County were 
daily brought in from the east in a two

horse wagon. Locally, they were carried on 
foot. All business letters were written by 
hand, many with home-made quill pen,. 
McConnellsburg was a tiny village almost 
entirely isolated in winter by the combination 
of ruinously bad roads and the uncertanties 
of horse flesh. Horses, pigs and cattle 
roamed the streets and alleys. Street 
crossings were unknown and only the agile 
could avoid dust and puddles. Highway departments 
were blessings to be disclosed by 
the future, as were water and drainage systems. 
Women cooked and scoured and spun, 
with or without the assistance of hired girls. 
A brave soul here and there may have 
thought of voting, but not many of them 
weighed the subject seriously. Women's 
rights were pretty generally understood to 
be suspended outside their doorsteps. 
Throughout the county the only thriving 
businesses were saw -mills, tanneries, smithies, 
wagon-makers' shops and the cross road 
stores. These required capital and actual 

cash to operate. 

So, with all the proper signs in conjunction, 
the first bank was launched by men 
with faith enough in the future of Fulton 
county to risk investing their pooled resources 
in an institution that could serve the 
financial needs of the community. In those 
days every man knew his neighbor. The 
first bank was more than a counting house; 
it was a place where advice could be sought, 
business matters discussed, and the financial 
policies of the town and county determined. 
Woe betide the shiftless person who applied 
for a loan from that small $3,000 reserve. 
The canny men responsible for the bank 
were quick to notice character worth and 
equally quick to detect untrustworthiness. 
So well was this bank conducted that dividends 
were regularly paid through good 
years and bad. 

By 1906, the volume of business in the 
county had increased to such an extent that 
a number of the business men felt the time 
was ripe to establish another bank. Therefore, 
the First National Bank was organized 
with a capital of $25,000. The Fulton 
County Bank increased its capital to $50,000. 
Both banks paid their first interest on time 
deposits. Stimulated by this change as well 
as by prosperous agricultural developments, 
banking expanded so rapidly the old quarters 
of the two banks were too limited to accomodate 
the business. The Fulton County 
Bank erected a large brick structure, while 

the First National Bank remodeled and enlarged 
the original building.' Both banks 
installed new and up-to-date burglar-proof 
vaults and modern equipment. 

During this period, conditions in the 
country were rapidly changing. The United 
States, having recovered from the tragic and 
needless destruction of its Civil War, had 
become a mighty nation. The frontier had 
disappeared under the driving energy that 
is characteristic of the American people. Industries 
flourished in all parts of the country; 
an era of unexampled wealth and prosperity 
seemed about to dawn upon deserving 
mankind. The World War precipitated 
an avalanche of horror from which we shall 
not soon free ourselves. 

The people of Fulton County met the obligations 
of war bravely and fully. They 
sent their strong young men into the army. 
They concentrated their efforts on raising 
food supplies. Both banks met every obligation 
and demand during this trying 
time. Both subscribed for Liberty Loans 
and Victory Bonds. Their customers bought 
more War Saving stamps per capita than 
any other county in the state. 

After the war, the banks were in good condition, 
for both rest on the solid foundation 
of conservative banking principles. Not 
even the historic Bank Holiday of 1934 disturbed 
their equilibrium. All the banks in 
the country were ordered to close while 
Goverment officials inspected bonds, investment, 
loan, and deposit lists. Both Fulton 
County banks were speedily given clean bills 
of health; both re-opened on the appointed 
day. The county is justly proud of the integrity 
that characterizes these institutions 
that today have banking resources of over 
two millions of dollars. 

One hundred and fifty years have 'passed 
since Daniel McConnell cut up his land 
grant to plots and named the site McConnellsburg. 
These flowing years have brought 
pain and frustration as well as joy and satisfaction. 
Through prosperity and depression, 
Fultonians have remembered the high 
ideals of the loyal men who worked to achieve 
a measure of security for their fam

ilies, for their children and their grand children 
unto the third and fourth generation. 
We, who possess this proud estate, look with 
confidence into the future. 


The Observance of the Sesqui-Centennial 
Fulton County Home Coming 
McConnellsburg, Fulton County, Penna. 


Regular Sunday School and Morning Worship services in the Churches of the 
community with visiting guest speakers. 

P. M. in Memorial Square, McConnellsburg, Unveiling and Dedication of a 
Marker and Bronze Tablet, erected in honor of DANIEL McCONNELL, who 
laid out and founded McConnellsburg, April 20, 1786. Marker and tablet 
erected and placed by the Fulton County Historical Society and the McConnell 
Historical Addresses: 
"The McConnells in History"-Mr. R. Kirk McConnell, Esq., Greensburg, Pa. 
"The McConnells of the Great Cove"-Mr. Walter R. Sloan, McConnells

burg, Pa. 

P. M. in the McConnellsburg School Auditorium 
Concert on Hammond Electric Organ 
Union Church Service with sermon by Bishop Francis J. McConnell of New 
York City on the theme, "THE PIONEER SPIRIT". 
Special music by the Wells Valley Male Quartet. 


in McConnellsburg 

10:00 A. M. Baby Parade 
2:00 P. M. Mummers' Parade 
P. M. Base Ball Game 
at the Fair Grounds 
Antique Exhibit -Ox Roast -Band Concert 

8:15 P. M. Mammoth Historical Pageant "Time Marches On" dramatizing the 
history of Fulton county through the past one hundred and fifty years and more. 


10:00 A. M. Band Concert in Memorial Park Forum 
2:00 P. M. Base Ball Game 
4:00 P. M. Firemen's and Military Parade 
Attractions at Fair Grounds 
8:15 P. M. Historical Pageant "Time Marches On" followed by display of Fire 
9:00 A. M. Old Timers Reunions 
10:00 A. M. Fulton County Teachers' Reunion. Music by the Portage High 

School Band of Portage, Pa. 

P. M. The Sesqui-Centennial Parade with floats and marching units depicting 
historical scenes of the county and the March of Progress. 
4:00 P. M. Base Ball Game 
Attractions at Fair Grounds 

8:15 P. M. Historical Pageant "Time Marches On". Display of Fireworks. 
The Sesqui-Centennial Committee of McConnellsburg 



The Historical Pageant of Fulton County, Pennsylvania 

Arranged and Staged by The John B. Rogers Producing Co., Fostoria, Ohio 

Place of Performance -___ Fulton County Fair Grounds, McConnellsburg, Penna. 
Pageant Master ---------------------------------------------W. Ray Booth 
Associate Director ----------_ ------------------------…Jessie C. Richardson 
Pageant Chairman _______-------------------------Elizabeth Patterson Neeson 
Co-Chairman -_____--__----____________________________-Mary Logan Nace 
Historian ______--_--_--_______---------------------------Mrs. M. W. Nace 
Popularity Contest -------------------------------------------T. M. Shimer 
Publicity -__________ Rev. Wm. J. Lowe 
Music ____________________________________________ Nace

Choral Director _--___________________--_-----------------Mrs. Wm. Walker 
Rehersal Accompanist -------------------------------------Marion E. Morton 
Promotion -____--______--_--_____________--____-___Dr. Karl Hoffmeister 
Secretary ______--___--______--_____ _--______I-----Mrs.

--T. M. Shimer 
Ticket Chairman -__--__----____--_--_--________-__-__--Rev. A. A. Price 
Finance -__________--____--__________--____--__________--B.C. Lamberson 
Grounds -_______--______--____--__________--____-------------H. H. Peck 
Wardrobe Mistress _______--_--________--------------------Miss Emma Sloan 
Talent ---------------------------------------------------------Ruth Kirk 
Master of -Properties ___----_--_____________--___________-------H. C. Peck 

The curtains slowly part at'the sound of trumpets and the Queen of the Pageant, 
preceeded by her Attendants enters and ascends her throne. 

Following the Queen's welcome to the audience Miss Columbia arrives with 
her fair daughters, the United States. Following the exchange of greetings, the 
Queen and her Attendants, Miss Columbia and the States form a processional to the 
Court of Honor to witness -the Pageant. 

The Creation 
In the beginning was created the heavens and the earth,-the Mist, the Sky, 
Land and Flowers-in the Dawning of Creation. 
This will be interpreted in a beautiful and colorful ballet. 


The Indians 

This scene will set forth a typical Indian village of Teepees and its usual daily 
routine. On receipt of news that white settlers are approaching, the chief commands 
that an expedition go out against them and true to tribal custom, the braves 
engage in a war dance before leaving. 


White Men Arrive 

Scene I-This will show the arrival of the early settlers in the Great Cove, 
the unloading of pack horses, the choosing of sites for their homes, the chopping 
down of trees and the making of clearings. 

Scene 2-An Indian raid, the taking of white captives and the destruction of 
their homes; 


The Fate of the Packhorse Train 

Trading with the Indians had been prohibited, but pack horse trains tried to 
get through to the west with "warlike stores" for the Indians. The scene shows a 
packhorse train being stopped, their goods destroyed and the traders turned back. 


The Wilderness is Conquered 

This scene represents the Spirit of the Wilderness at play, the Powers of the 
River, of the Forest and the Mist Maidens dancing gleefully. Following this is 
an allegorical scene showing the Pioneers of Fulton County overcoming the obstacles 
that nature set in their way. 



Scene 1-Shows a gay ball at which the guests dance the Minuet. 

Scene 2-Brave men are assembling, training and drilling as friends and families 
Scene 3-"The Spirit of '76". 

Founding of McConnellsburg 
Scene 1-Will depict the laying out of the town by Daniel McConnell and his 
deeding of land to the citizens. 

Scene 2-A village scene portraying the inhabitants going about their everyday 
duties. The stagecoach arrives, horses are changed, some passengers alight and 
others get in the coach and they are on their way amid the waving of good-byes. 
A peddler arrives with a pack on his back containing light merchandise and notions. 


Divine Worship 

Scene 1-This will show the people on their way to church. 

Scene 2-A church service of the early days. 


Strife Between the States 

Scene 1-Shows a group of negroes, their day's work finished, singing the 


Scene 2-Shouts of "The Rebels are coming! the Rebels are coming!" fill the 
air; as do the ringing of the bells of the town. People run to and fro, plans are 
made for protection, merchants move their goods. 



The Pike 

One after another, in quick succession, we see the parade of vehicles from the 
packhorse to the most modern cars, typifying the progress of transportation on 
The Pike. 

From several parts of the world come nationalities who give the dances of 
their native lands and then join with others to form the "Wheel of Life." 


Chas. B. Stevens, President Wilson L. Nace, Vice President 
Thad. M. Shimer, Secretary Harry M. Johnston, Treasurer 

Executive Committee 
Merrill W. Nace, Chairman Rev. William J. Lowe, Secretary 
Hon. S. W. Kirk Mrs. James Anderson Mrs. Elizabeth Patterson Neeson 
Prof. B. C. Lamberson Walter R. Sloan Miss Rheue Barrmont 


W. H. Greathead, Finance 
Miss Ella Kendall, Baby Parade 
Lewis Largent, Military Parade Frank Stinson, Firemen's Parade 
Miss Inez Fields, Mummes Pad H. E. Chestnut, Historical Parade 

Mrs. Wm. Selser, u er arade Miss Ruth Woodall, Housing
Russell Nelson, Antique Exhibit 

Township Chairmen 
Ayr, James Kendall; Belfast, Levi Garland; Bethel, Denver Evans; Brush Creek, Marshall 
Lynch; Dublin, Stull Baldwin; Licking Creek, Earl Metzler; Taylor, H. P. Barton;
Thompson, Harvey Sharpe; Todd, Cyrus Wagner; Union, Wm. Hendershot; Wells, HarryBumgardner. 

The First National Bank of McConnellsburg 

We are not one hundred and fifty years old but we do have a history. Through 
these years of community progress the history of this bank has been woven into 
the larger pattern of the county's development. It is a pleasure to look back over 
the road the bank and the community have traveled together during this eventful era. 

Our record of faithful service proves our dependability. The future will see us 
measure up to our past reputation'for prompt and helpful service to depositors. 

An act of Congress has ushered in an added security which insures all deposits up 
to and including $5,000. WE CARRY THIS INSURANCE. 

OFFICERS:-John P. Sipes, President 

B. Frank Henry, Vice President 
W. Nace, Cashier 
Geo. S. Grissinger, Teller 

DIRECTORS:-John P. Sipes, B. Frank Henry, Peter 
Morton, Tobias Glazier, William Hull, 

D. E. Little, Geo. S. Grissinger, Harry 
M. Johnston, David W. Gress 

Ayr Township's Arch-Centennial 1886 

Left to Right on Horseback-Major Frank Hess, Dr. P. McCauley Cook, David Kendall, James Kendall, 
Reed Sloan, William Sloan, Geo. Tritle, Capt. Geo. W. Skinner, Hon. D. H. Patterson, William-Pittman. 


50 Years of Banking 

On the anniversary date of the Sesqui Centennial of McConnellsburg, this bank has served 
the people of Fulton County to be exact, forty nine years and six months. 

On April 1, 1906, the date on which the First National Bank opened for business, our 
resources were $151,721.64, since this date, in thirty years, our resources have increased to 
over a MILLION DOLLARS, and in this same period of time we have paid interest to our 
depositors in the amount of $325,000.00, all expenses, losses and depreciation, due to depression 
years, with $260,000.00 net earnings for the stockholders of the bank. 

We feel the confidence imposed in this old financial institution by the good people of Fulton 
County, which is greatly appreciated, comes to the bank on its record. 

Deposits Insured by the 
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 
Maximum Insurance for each Depositor $5,000.00 


Capital $50,000.00 

Surplus and Profits $132,000.00 

Compliments of 

McConnellsburg Water Co. 

JUNE 8th 1900 

Main Office 
Hamburg, Pa. 


George W. Hayes 

Dealer in 

McConnellsburg, Pa. 

The Store of DependableService Since 1865 

Appreciating the Patronage of the past and Soliciting Your Future Patronage 


Atlantic Refining Co. 


West End Garage --Gulf Service 

Fields' Sanitary Barber Shop 

East of Fulton House McConnellsburg, Pa. 

Welcome Inn Wesley W. Mellott 


Refreshments of all Kinds 

McConnellsburg, Pa. 




McConnellsburg, Penna. Phone 9002 

Compliments of 

Lloyd W. Mellott 

The Unfinished Business House Wiring a Specialty 

Men's Club Electrical Supplies of all Kinds 

M. W. Nace Call or Write for Prices 
W. L. Nace 
W. R. Sloan 
Phone 15R3 McConnellsburg. Pa.

John M. Spangler 
Glenn R. Spangler 
Hakold C. Welsh 

Owen Freise 

Leslie W. Seylar West End Restaurant 

John Stewart 

A Good Place to Eat 

Wells. H. Greathead 

Every One Welcome

George R. Reisner 

Every Thing to Eat in Season

Harry Reisner 
Edward H. Reisner 

Professional Chef Service 
Dr. John L. Neil Open from 5 a. m. to 12 p. m. 
Mrs. Oral E. Cooper, Manager 


McConnellsburg, Penna. 



The Only Complete Low Priced Car 

R.& G. Motor Co. 

McConnellsburg, Pa. Phone 9009 

Lodges' Variety Store 

Dealer in 

House Furnishing Goods, Toys, 

Novelties, Etc. 

McConnellsburg, Pa. 

McConnellsburg Dairy 


Ice Delivered any where 


Since 1875 


Suits & Furnishings 

Guaranteed Satisfaction 

--. ... .. 

-To-To-At-en To-To-

Compliments of 

D. E. Crouse 
Webster Mills, Pa. 
Compliments of 

Charles Reeder 
McConnellsburg, Pa. 

Compliments of 

Frank I. Mellott 
McConnellsburg, Pa. 

Compliments of 

New Hat and Dress Shoppe 
Mrs. Roy Kendall -:-McConnellsburg, Pa. 

Compliments of 

Fred S. Fisher 

Mifilinburg, Pa. 

Compliments of 

Mrs. Elizabeth Neeson 
Tel 37 McConnellsburg, Pa. 

0. & T. Store 


McConnellsburg, Pa. 

30 Minutes with Davy Jones...and Back to 
Life Again 


Swept Overboard 
in Midnight 
Monsoon, Frank 
Dryden Cheats 

"It's almost midnight," writes Frank Dryden. "A strength to see me through. Because they were 
terrific wave comes over and sweeps me with it over 

fresh when the mate boughtthe side. I freeze to the flashlight I'm holding, but them, I am able to give you 
I'm dressed for heavy weather. Oil-skins and sea-my story today." 
boots are pulling me under. To get out of them I 


have to hold the light under water. Ifit goes out, so 

30 East 42nd Street

will 1. But I have to take that chance ... Then the 

New York, N. Y.

whistle blows .. .They can see my light! 
"For 30 minutes I fight to stay afloat .. . Every 

minute I expect my light to go out . .. a shark to EVEREADY 
devour me. Then the ship manoeuvres alongside. 
It's too rough to launch a boat.. . they throw me a BATTERI ES 

line ... somehow I get it around me. Once on deck 

I check out, and my shipmates tell me they have to 


pry that flashlight out of my fingers .. .And, by the ii ARE FRESH 
way, it was still burning. After months cf daily 
shipboard use, those Eveready batteries had the BATTERI ES 

_ _150ow 
Once more the DATE-LINE is a LIFE-LINE 



D.A. Washabaugh K. J. Hleming Wibles' 
Lumber Electric Station 

Hauling Actylene 
Coal Welding Gulf Products 

McConnellsburg, Pa. McConnellsburg, Pa. McConnellsburg, Pa. 



Phone 23R5 McConnellsburg, Pa. 


McConnellsburg, Pa. Mrs. A. L. Wible, Prop. 


Since 1793 

Six years before the death of George Washington, wise men and women were spending 
days and dollars at this hotel. Four presidents of the United States and every governor of 
Pennsylvania since the Revolution have been its guests. 



With all its 143 years, the hotel is modern in every respect. Its meals are unexcelled, 
its rooms are comfortable, its grill is the most unique in Pennsylvania. Its service equals 
that of the best. That is why wise men and women will and have patronized this old hotel. 

Since 1793 



Roofing, Steel and Felt 

Washing Machines, Voss and Boss 
Thanks For Past Patronage 


Your Best Value 

"The Purest Kind"' 

For Every Occasion Try This Dependable "Quality" 

Dealer in 
Lime Dust for Agriculture Purpose 
Crushed Stone, of any Size, on hand at all times 
Phone 12R3 McConnellsburg, Pa. 


Established 1859 

For Over Thirty Years 

A Symbol of Quality 
Wherever Petroleum 
Products are Sold. 

Gulf Oil Corporation 


Compliments of 

Dealers in 

Groceries, Poultry, Eggs

Maryland Motor Co. 

Full Line of Kasco Feeds 
Phone 15R11


McConnellsburg, Pa. 




The Home of Good Flour 
and Good Feed Since 1812 

Phone 2-500 


Webster Mills, Pa. 



Commercial Catalogues 


Fayetteville, Penna. 

D. E. Little's T. J. Comerer 
Hardware, Farm Machinery & I

Restaurant and Rooms Furniture I 

McConnellsburg, Pa. McConnellsburg, Pa.

3 THE FULTON DEMOCRAT Nelson A. Comerer 
The Old Reliable Home Paper 
Established 1850 RADIOS ':-Sales Service I 

McConnellsburg, Pa. 

McConnellsburg, Pa.

Thad M. Shimer E.V.LYNCH, Agency 


McConnellsburg, Pa. McConnellsburg, Pa.


Modern Ca6ins ReFreshments 




Distributor of j


-:-Soft Drinks 
Needmore, Pa. Phone 33R3 McConnellsburg, Pa. 



Serving The Public 

For 28 Years 



For 56 Years of Continuous 


--. In Business Since 1892 McConnellsburg, Pa. 


-Karl S. Hoffmeister, D.ID. S. 

McConnellsburg, Pa. 

Phone 40R3 


Short Orders -Regular Meals -Sandwiches 
Schlitz on Tap 


McConnellsburg, Pa. 


Located in Old Stouteagle Store 

Fresh and Cured Meats always on hand 
Full and Up-to-date Line of Groceries Milk 

Our Motto: To Please the People 

McConnellsburg, Pa. 

R. N. SHIMER Compliments of 
Up-to-Date Tailor Paul S. Shimer 
Cleaning and Pressing 

McConnellsburg, Pa. McConnellsburg, Pa. 

John Mentzer Compliments of 
Attorney-at-law 0. L. Greathead 

McConnellsburg, Pa. McConnellsburg, Pa. 

Trouts Drug Store Compliments of 


Full and Complete Line of Drugs Inez Fields, R. N. 

Cigars Candies 
McConnellsburg, Pa. McCormellsburg, Pa. 

Harvey Bergstresser 

Crosley R. C. A. Philco Zenith Gruno 

Maytag Washers 
Perfection Oil Stoves and Ranges 


Crosley Gruno G. E. 
KeroSene Perfection Electrolux 
McConnellsburg, Pa. 

Rooms -Meals Frd W Id Compliments of 

| Refreshments Fred WIlds 

The Lincoln Electrical McConnellsburg 
Lunch . Fire Company

i ~~~~~~Contracting 
Mrs. A. J. Rotz and Repairing Jacob Clevenger 

A Good Place to Eat 
Beside Chevrolet Garage 
McConnellsburg, Pa. McConnellsburg, Pa. McConnellsburg, Pa. 

Lewis F. Largent, Commander 
McConnellsburg, Pa. 

If You Served America YOU BELONG IN THE 

In Any Foreign Campaign VT hW X/V 
.0 _Z' --s 
Name -------…---_-_-_-_-------------------------_____ 

Post Membership No.-_____________________ 

To The Adjutant Post No.-_____________________ 
City State 
I hereby apply for Active Membership in the Veterans of 
Foreign Wars of United States 

Present A ddress --------------------------------------Married 

Occupation ----------------Age_-------Single_-_-

Nearest Relative --------------Address_----------L--

Enlistment …__________________________________________ 
Place Date 

Discharge ------------_-----------------------------Place 
Country Where Foreign Service was Rendered___________ 

Foreign Service from ----------------to _________ 

Served with ------------------------------------------Company 
&Regiment, Ship or Station 

Were you Wounded ---------------------------------

.If -wounded, when, what Engagement, in what manner 

. and degree
I have ( ) have not ( ) been a member of this organization. 
If a former membher give date, name, number and 

location of Post to which you belonged -------------

Signed -----------------------------------Applicant 

Clothing -For all the Family Business Established 1883 by J. Kendall Johnston 


Shoes, Underwear, Hats and Caps, Dresses, Dress Goods 

Guns and Ammunition, Trunks and Suit Cases, Rubber Footwear, Notions, Rugs 


FORD V-8 for 1936 

Authorized Ford Dealers extend greetings and congratulations to the people 
of McConnellsburg on this gala occasion, and invite your inspection of the Ford 
V-8 for 1936. Owners' records show that the Ford V-8, the only low-priced car 
with a V-8 engine, is the most economical Ford car ever built. A demonstration 
of its fine-car performance incurs no obligation. 

Authorized Ford Dealers 

Compliments of 
D. M. Morton Rummels Restaurant Carmack Store 
Big Cove Tannery McConnellsburg McConnellsburg 

McClain Motor Service ISAIAH MELLOTT 

H. C. McClain, 
Undertaker & Embalmer 

DODGE and PLYMOUTH Prompt Service 
Needmore, Pa. 
Repairs to all Cars AMBULANCE SERVICE 


Charles Clevenger 


General Hauling 


Coal -Lumber -Wood 
Contract Hauling

Phone 9006 

In Market at all times for Paper Wood 

Pa. Call 9006 McConnellsburg, Pa. 

To The 
Subscribers of This Program 

We as the Committee Thank you for your General Cooperation 
Financially. Thereby enabling us to Present to the People of 
Fulton County and Vicinity a Book that will Live in their Memories 
for Generations to Come. Again Thanking you. 

We are 

H. E. Chesnut, 
R. B. Regi, 
Committee on Program 



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